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Shuheng Yu; Liu Hong; Gaoming Ma
Ivan Coursac; Daniel Kelly
This background paper outlines the scale and urgency of financing education for SDG4 in the post-COVID Asia-Pacific region. The paper focuses primarily on the public financing of education and it directly addresses three main questions: (i) What are the key issues and challenges for education finance in the Asia-Pacific? Situating public education financing within the broader contexts of human capital development and social sector spending; (ii) What has been the impact of COVID-19 on education finance? From the immediate economic and education system impacts to the longer-term effects linked to significant and inequitable learning loss; and finally (iii) What are the priority areas for action? The paper proposes five main recommendations to guide post-COVID recovery and the financing of more inclusive, efficient and resilient regional education systems. The paper includes a list of resources at the end to support the implementation of the recommendations.
Megan L. Dolbin-MacNab; Alexandra B. Jeanblanc; Carol M. Musil (et al.)
Haogen Yao; Mathieu Brossard; Suguru Mizunoya (et al.)
COVID-19 school closures initially revealed more than 75% of children lacked access to critical digital learning opportunities. Three out of four were living in the poorest 40% of households. Digital learning is impossible without connectivity and electricity. However, in places like Chad, Malawi and Niger, the proportion of people with access to electricity is below 1 in 5. What efforts will ensure these children are not further left behind in future crises if schools are again closed? How much will universal access to digital learning cost? The answer is US$1.4 trillion. This paper estimates the cost of universalizing digital learning by 2030, in alignment with the conceptual framework of the Reimagine Education initiative. It provides a rationale for cost assumptions; classifies costs into enabling digital learning and delivering digital learning; and, finally, discusses financing achievability by comparing the estimated costs with current spending in education and other sectors.
Protiva Kundu; Shivani Sonawane
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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