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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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When Peppa Pig and Confucius meet, joining forces on the battlefield of health literacy–a qualitative analysis of COVID-19 educational materials for children and adolescents from China, the USA, and Europe

AUTHOR(S)
Maria Świątkiewicz-Mośny; Anna Prokop-Dorner; Magdalena Ślusarczyk (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Plos One
In times of pandemic, health literacy (HL) is very important, as it helps to find, understand, and use essential health information and services. According to WHO, HL is pivotal in fighting infodemic effectively, and education is a vital tool for developing it. The presented work analyzed 247 educational materials dedicated to children, adolescents, and their carers explaining the pandemic, prepared by the Chinese, American, German, Italian and Polish governments and international non-governmental organizations. Focusing on the textual and visual side of the documents, it investigated how the pandemic is explained and what discursive measures were used to inform young citizens about the risks and consequences of pandemic restrictions. Additionally, it verified whether the materials helped developing critical thinking, which is crucial to prevent spreading fake news and conspiracy theories. Although the analyzed materials were prepared in different cultural contexts, this research identified that all of them contained simple instructions on the desired behaviours during the pandemic. Key messages relating to the importance of hygienic behaviors were often supplemented with guidelines on how to successfully complete each action.
Effectiveness of health education in COVID-19 prevention for children using comic with cultural context media

AUTHOR(S)
Ariani Pongoh; Via Dwi Lingga; Fitra Duh (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results

COVID-19  was  a  new  SARS  variance  identified  in  2019  and  declared  the  cause  of  the  global  pandemic  in  March  2020. Nowadays, the case has experienced a fluctuating case phase, along with the mutation of the SARS Cov-19 variant that has not stopped yet. Confirmation cases and deaths occur in various ages, including in children. Although the data on COVID-19 case in children is low, efforts to prevent the transmission of Covid-19 in children is needed. This study aims to identify the effect of health education efforts to prevent Covid-19 transmission through 3M (wearing a mask, washing hands and physical distancing) habituation which was carried out using comic media with a cultural context. This  study  uses pre-experimental  research  with  one  group  pretest-posttest design.  The  study  was  conducted  to  see  the  effect  of providing  education  using  culture-based  comic  media  (independent  variable)  on  elementary  school  students'  attitudes  in  3M  practice (dependent variable). The population in this study were all students aged 10-12 years at MI Al-Kautsar Sorong, a total of 45 children. In this study, the sampling technique used is total sampling. The data were analysed with the Wilcoxon test.

Children's understanding of COVID-19 spread and its preventive strategies in Uganda: a cross sectional study among children aged 10 to 13 years in Hoima District

AUTHOR(S)
Christine Nalwadda Kayemba; Lydia Kabwijamu; Maxencia Nabiryo (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Journal of Interventional Epidemiology and Public Health

The control of COVID-19 among children is mainly dependent on preventive strategies including proper use of facemask s, hand hygiene etiquette and social distancing. Despite ongoing risk communication, it is not clear how children understand COVID-19 and the control measures. We described children's understanding of COVID-19 transmission and the preventative strategies in Uganda. This cross-sectional study was conducted between July and September 2020, among a random sample of 372 children (10 to 13 years) in Hoima district. It collected data using a structured questionnaire and observation checklists to elicit information on children's knowledge on COVID-19 transmission, its symptoms, preventive strategies and also their practices on handwashing and wearing a facemask. Descriptive analysis was conducted to summarize and describe children's knowledge and performance of COVID-19 preventive strategies.

Assessing the validity of digital health literacy instrument for secondary school students in Ghana: the polychoric factor analytic approach

AUTHOR(S)
Edmond Kwesi Agormedah; Frank Quansah; Francis Ankomah (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Digital Health
The emergence of the coronavirus pandemic resulted in the heightened need for digital health literacy among the youth of school-going age. Despite the relevance of digital health literacy among the general public (including students), it appears the measurement of digital health literacy is still a challenge among researchers. Recently, Dadackinski and colleagues adapted existing digital health literacy measures to fit the COVID-19 situation. Since this development, the instrument has been widely used with few validation studies with none in Africa and specifically, in Ghana. The purpose of the study was to assess the validity of the digital health literacy instrument (DHLI) for secondary school students in Ghana using the polychoric factor analysis.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 12 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: COVID-19 response, health education, lockdown, social distance | Countries: Ghana
The effectiveness of health promotion using social media on adolescent knowledge about Covid-19 in the work area of Health Center Batu Panjang, Rupat District, Bengkalis Regency

AUTHOR(S)
Nanda Tri Cahtiya; Hastuti Marlina; Novita Rany

Published: September 2022   Journal: Science Midwifery

Health promotion through teen social media can increase knowledge about  Covid - 19  by 95%  and  influence  behavior  to  prevent Covid-19 by 77%. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the  use  of  social  media  for  health  promotion  on  youth  Covid-19 knowledge  in  the  workplace  at  Batu  Panjang  Health  Centre,  Rupat District,   Bengalis   Regency in   2021. This   type of research   is quantitative analysis with a quasi-experimental    design.    The population for this study was all 12th graders at Rupat High School, for a total of 30 respondents. Research tools are using Whatsapp and Instagram  to  promote  health.  Collecting  data  using  a  questionnaire via google form. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate tests. The result of the research is that there is a difference in the average value of respondents' knowledge before and after health promotion using whatsapp  and  instagram  is  63.73  and  85.33  in  the  whatsapp  group and 64.13 and 80.00 in the instagram group.

 


Examining roles, support, and experiences of community health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh: a mixed methods study

AUTHOR(S)
Shongkour Roy; Sarah Kennedy; Sharif Hossain (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Global Health: Science and Practice
Understanding community health workers’ (CHWs) experiences of sustaining routine health care promotion and provision activities as well as their challenges in adopting new responsibilities within a dynamic context is critical. This study explored the roles and perspectives of CHWs within the government-led coronavirus disease (COVID-19) community health response in Bangladesh.
Cite this research | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 4 | No. of pages: 16 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: community health workers, COVID-19, health education, health services, infectious disease, pandemic | Countries: Bangladesh
Exploring pandemic-related health literacy among adolescents in Germany: a focus group study

AUTHOR(S)
Anne-Kathrin Mareike Loer; Olga Maria Domanska; Christiane Stock (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Archives of Public Health

Health literacy enables people to cope efficiently with health threats, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. However, little is known about health literacy among adolescents in general and especially in the context of pandemics. This study aimed to explore pandemic-related health literacy among adolescents by addressing cognitive, behavioral, conative, and affective components of the multidimensional health literacy construct. Four online focus groups with 24 adolescents aged 13-17 years from four German federal states were conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic in May and June 2021. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

Health information and education needs for youth with complex communication needs during the Covid-19 pandemic: rehabilitation professionals’ perspectives

AUTHOR(S)
Kerstin Monika Tönsing; Shakila Dada; Kirsty Bastable (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Disability and Rehabilitation

The worldwide Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted inequities faced by persons with complex communication needs (CCN) in accessing health information and education. This study reports on the perspectives of South African rehabilitation professionals regarding access to health information and education for youth with CCN. Two asynchronous online written focus groups were conducted with 15 rehabilitation professionals. Participants’ contributions were thematically analysed.

Factors affecting parent health-promotion behavior in early childhood according to family cohesion: Focusing on the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Song I. Parka; In Young Chob

Published: August 2021   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing

This study investigated and compared the factors influencing parents' promotion of healthy behavior in young children according to their family cohesion level during the COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea. This was a cross-sectional study involving 432 parents of young children (ages 1–6) in six South Korean cities (320 and 112 from the high and low family cohesion groups, respectively). We collected data using self-report questionnaires on parents' health promotion behavior, stress, risk perception due to COVID-19, positive psychological capital, and family cohesion, and analyzed it using stepwise multiple regressions with the SPSS program.

Health education program for children in Godog Village-Garut as a preventive effort to the COVID-19 virus

AUTHOR(S)
Nopi Rantika; Shilpa Fitria; Kharisma Putri

Published: August 2020   Journal: Indonesian Journal of Comm unity Empowerment
This paper deals with the problem of encouraging community service activities so that they can be active in efforts to prevent COVID-19. The purpose of this educational activity is to prevent the spread of Covid-19 which is increasingly happening in Indonesia, so it is hoped that adults and children can take Covid-19 prevention. The method used during this activity is in the form of offline and online education to the surrounding community, where the material presented is in the form of proper handwashing and how to make hand sanitizers.
Cite this research | Vol.: 1 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 38-44 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: handwashing, health care, health education | Countries: Indonesia
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.