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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Sexual and reproductive health and rights in the era of COVID-19: a qualitative study of the experiences of vulnerable urban youth in Ethiopia

AUTHOR(S)
Nicola Jones; Kate Pincock; Workneh Yadete (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Sexual Health

Youth who have migrated from rural to urban areas in Ethiopia are often precariously employed, lack access to sexual and reproductive health services, and are at heightened risk of sexual violence. However, little is known about the sexual and reproductive health consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and associated lockdowns and service disruptions for urban-dwelling socially disadvantaged youth. This paper draws on qualitative virtual research with 154 urban youths aged 15–24 years who were past and present beneficiaries of United Nations Population Fund-funded programs, and 19 key informants from the city bureaus and non-governmental organisations in June 2020. Semistructured interviews by phone explored the impact of COVID-19 on young people’s sexual and reproductive health and rights.

Sexual and reproductive health services during outbreaks, epidemics, and pandemics in sub-Saharan Africa: a literature scoping review

AUTHOR(S)
Mwila Ng’andu; Aldina Mesic; Jake Pry (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Systematic Reviews

The COVID-19 pandemic could worsen adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH). This study sought evidence on the indirect impacts of previous infectious disease epidemics and the current COVID-19 pandemic on the uptake of ASRH in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to design relevant digital solutions. This literature scoping review aimed to synthesize evidence on the indirect impacts of COVID-19 on ASRH in SSA per the Arksey and O’Malley framework and PRISMA reporting guidelines. It conducted the search on PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and ResearchGate in June and November 2020. It included all peer-reviewed, English-language primary studies on the indirect impacts of infectious disease epidemics on the uptake of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in SSA.

Progression of vision in Chinese school-aged children before and after COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Wenjing Wang; Shuzhen Peng; Faxue Zhang (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: International Journal of Public Health

This study aims to investigate the changes of vision, including the prevalence of myopia, hyperopia, poor vision, and the spherical equivalent refraction (SER), in school-aged children before and after the pandemic of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). A school-based vision screening study was performed on children in 133 primary schools in Wuhan. This study was conducted in 4 consecutive years (2018–2021).

Let there be light—Digital eye strain (DES) in children as a shadow pandemic in the era of COVID-19: a mini review

AUTHOR(S)
Sudip Bhattacharya; Petra Heidler; Sheikh Mohd Saleem (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

Digital eye strain, which is often ignored by the public, has emerged as a “Shadow Pandemic” in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic.  The current paper is aimed at discussing the ill effect of digital screens on eyes in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.  A literature search was done using “PubMed,” “Google scholar”, and “Scopus” using key terms like “Digital Eye Strain,” “Eyestrain,” or “Computer Vision Syndrome.” Relevant articles were identified and included to support the argument for this narrative review.

Accessing hearing‐health services for deaf and hard‐of‐hearing children during the COVID-19 pandemic: parent and child perspectives

AUTHOR(S)
Ahmed Mardinli; Rona Weerasuriya; Alanna Gillespie (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Australian Journal Of Social Issues
To describe hearing-health service use, especially use of telehealth, during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in deaf/hard-of-hearing children. In 2020, the Victorian Childhood Hearing Longitudinal Databank surveyed 497 (61.6%) families of deaf/hard-of-hearing children aged 0.4–19.6 years, with 449 (90.3%) providing quantitative data and 336 (67.6%) providing free-text comments about COVID-19's impact on service use and access. This study summarised quantitative data using descriptive statistics and analysed free-text responses using inductive and deductive reasoning.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 57 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 27 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, health services, lockdown, parent-child relationship, social distance | Countries: Australia
Public health communication: Attitudes, experiences, and lessons learned from users of a COVID-19 digital triage tool for children

AUTHOR(S)
Janet Michel; Julia Rehsmann; Annette Mettler (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

The pandemic has made public health communication even more daunting because acceptance and implementation of official guidelines and recommendations hinge on this. The situation becomes even more precarious when children are involved. Our child-specific COVID-19 online forward triage tool (OFTT) revealed some of the public health communication challenges. This study aimed to explore attitudes, experiences, and challenges faced by OFTT users and their families, in regard to public health recommendations. It selected key informants (n = 20) from a population of parents, teachers, guardians, as well as doctors who had used the child-specific COVID-19 OFTT and had consented to a further study. Videos rather than face-face interviews were held. Convenience and quota sampling were performed to include a variety of key informants. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed for themes.

The emotional neglect potentials of nurses working in the COVID-19 service towards their children: a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Vildan Apaydin Cirik; Elif Bulut; İlknur Kahriman (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
This study aims to examine in depth the potential child emotional neglect behaviors of nurses working in the COVID-19 service, and their feelings, thoughts, and experiences regarding the causes and effects on their children. The study was designed as a qualitative study based on a descriptive phenomenological approach. A purposeful sample of service providers (N = 22) in the COVID-19 clinics of the region's largest hospital in northeast Turkey in terms of education and patient care were recruited for the study. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews using the individual in-depth face-to-face interview method. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed with Braun and Clarke's thematic analysis method. The research was reported by following Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research-COREQ.
Awareness of Covid-19 and government involvement in school healthcare promotion in demonstration elementary and secondary schools

AUTHOR(S)
Helen Idubamo Wankasi; Maxwell Nelson; Ebitimi Christiana Nelson

Published: July 2022   Journal: International Journal of Nursing and Health Care Research
COVID-19 has disrupted activities in all segment of our immediate and distant society in recent times. This article sought to ascertain the awareness of COVID-19 and government`s involvement in school healthcare promotion in Demonstration elementary and secondary schools. A descriptive survey research design utilizes stratified random sampling technique with 257 as sample size. A self-developed questionnaire was designed to obtain data from respondents and analysis of data was done using frequency distribution tables and bar charts.
Nowcasting impact of COVID-19 on multidimensional child poverty

AUTHOR(S)
Olivera Fiala; Aristide Kielem; Enrique Delamónica (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Statistical Journal of the IAOS
From the onset, it was clear that the impact of the global economic and social crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic was unlikely to affect all children equally. Thus, it was necessary to ascertain the impact of COVID-19 on child poverty as the events unfolded. Many of the indirect effects of the pandemic – disruptions to health services, delayed vaccination programmes, widespread school closures, and increases in food insecurity – have significant impacts on the realisation of children’s rights and, consequently, were expected to increase material deprivations across different dimensions. The question was by how much? In this article we explain the modelling and methodological approach to project or nowcast the answer to that question. The method is dynamic as it was revised as additional information emerged during 2020 and 2021.
‘Long COVID’: symptom persistence in children hospitalised for COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Ali A. Asadi-Pooya; Meshkat Nemati; Hamid Nemati

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

This study aimed to describe the long-term outcome with respect to symptom persistence amongst children hospitalised for COVID-19. This was a follow-up study of 58 children and adolescents hospitalised with COVID-19. For all patients, the data were collected in a phone call to the family in December 2021 (9 months after the initial study and more than 13 months after their admission to hospital). We inquired about their current health status and obtained information, if the responding parent consented orally to participate and answer the questions.

The impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the market for childcare

AUTHOR(S)
Diana Weinert Thomas

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy

This paper assesses the short-term consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the market for childcare and speculates about potential long-term consequences of pandemic-related policy intervention. The paper uses basic statistics and data to describe changes in the market for childcare.

Traditional Chinese medicine in treating children with Coronavirus disease 2019: a scoping review

AUTHOR(S)
Naifan Duan; Bin Liu; Xiaona Li (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is currently widely spread across the world. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) plays an important role in the overall treatment process. As a special group of population, the treatment outcome of children with COVID-19 has attracted much attention. This study summarizes the current situation of TCM treatment of children with COVID-19. The results showed that TCM displayed a positive role in the treatment process, and that no significant adverse reactions were found.
Early (years) reactions: comparative analysis of early childhood policies and programs during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Joanne Kearon; Sarah Carsley; Meta van den Heuvel (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: BMC Public Health volume

During the first wave of COVID-19 there was little evidence to guide appropriate child and family programs and policy supports. This study compared policies and programs implemented to support early child health and well-being during the first wave of COVID-19 in Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Singapore, the UK, and the USA. Program and policy themes were focused on prenatal care, well-baby visits and immunization schedules, financial supports, domestic violence and housing, childcare supports, child protective services, and food security.

The direct and indirect impact of COVID-19 pandemic on maternal and child health services in Africa: a scoping review

AUTHOR(S)
Prince A. Adu; Lisa Stallwood; Stephen O. Adebola (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Global Health Research and Policy

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to disrupt the availability and utilization of routine and emergency health care services, with differing impacts in jurisdictions across the world. In this scoping review, we set out to synthesize documentation of the direct and indirect effect of the pandemic, and national responses to it, on maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) in Africa. A scoping review was conducted to provide an overview of the most significant impacts identified up to March 15, 2022. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, HealthSTAR, Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus electronic databases. Peer reviewed literature that discussed maternal and child health in Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic, published from January 2020 to March 2022, and written in English was included. Papers that did not focus on the African region or an African country were excluded. A data-charting form was developed by the two reviewers to determine which themes to extract, and narrative descriptions were written about the extracted thematic areas.

Mothers' health practices regarding care of their epileptic children during restriction of COVID-19 outbreak

AUTHOR(S)
Azza Mohamed Fathy Attia; Hala Samir Ahmed El-husseiny; Rehab Abd El Aziz El Sayed Abd El Aziz

Published: July 2022   Journal: International Egyptian Journal of Nursing Sciences and Research
Currently, the COVID-19 is considered one of the most severe health problems in the world. One of the most important chronic diseases common among children that need treatment for a long time is epilepsy, whose provision of appropriate medical treatment at the time of Corona has become one of the most considerable difficulties facing society during the pandemic outbreak. The aim is to assess the health practices of the mothers regarding caring for their children with epilepsy during the COVID-19 outbreak. A descriptive design was utilized to perform the study. The Setting: The present study has performed the outpatient at the Psychological hospital, and Al-Naser Specialized Hospital for children in Port Said city, Egypt.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 3 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 337-356 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: care of disabled children, COVID-19 response, health services, lockdown, maternal care, social distance | Countries: Egypt
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.