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The connection between civic space, civil society engagement and access to healthcare has been sharply highlighted during the COVID-19 pandemic. Civil society around the world has mobilised to bring attention to the needs of the most vulnerable people, and demonstrated the invaluable role it plays in addressing inequities and championing health for all. It is this commitment and zeal that will make UHC possible. This study sets out why accountability is vital to achieving universal health coverage. It also makes the case for protecting and expanding civic space as a way of encouraging civic engagement, resulting in accountability. We put forward recommendations to governments and global health actors to improve meaningful civil society inclusion in health governance.
Indar Kumar Sharawat; Prateek Kumar Panda
Marloes van Gorp; Heleen Maurice‐Stam; Layla C. Teunissen (et al.)
Dominic Richardson; Alessandro Carraro; Victor Cebotari; Anna Gromada
Antoine Martenot; Imad Labbassi; Amélie Delfils-Stern (et al.)
Shaili Amatya Amatya; Tammy E. Corr; Chintan K. Gandhi (et al.)
Nick Spencer; Rita Nathawad; Emmanuele Arpin (et al.)
Inequity in routine childhood vaccination coverage is well researched. Pandemics disrupt infrastructure and divert health resources from preventive care, including vaccination programmes, leading to increased vaccine preventable morbidity and mortality. COVID-19 control measures have resulted in coverage reductions. We conducted a rapid review of the impact of pandemics on existing inequities in routine vaccination coverage. PICO search framework: Population: children 0–18 years; Intervention/exposure: pandemic/epidemic; Comparison: inequality; Outcome: routine vaccination coverage. The review demonstrates a gap in the literature as none of the 29 papers selected for full-paper review from 1973 abstracts identified from searches met the inclusion criteria.
Masood Sadiq; Omeir Ali Aziz; Uzma Kazmi (et al.)
The COVID-19 pandemic has created the largest disruption of education systems in history, affecting nearly 1.6 billion school-age children in more than 190 countries. Already last year, 250 million school-age children being out of school, the world was facing a “learning crisis”. But now with the COVID-19 pandemic, this crisis could turn into a generational catastrophe. While many children will continue with their education once schools reopen, others may never return to school. Current estimates indicate that 24 million children will never return to the classroom and among those, disproportional number of girls. To avert this crisis, we need to reimagine how we deliver good quality and inclusive education to the world children. Among other things, this calls for urgent investments in school health and nutrition programmes and create the conditions for children to lead healthy lives. This also includes health and nutrition literacy offered through the curriculum and through counselling in the school health services which provides young people with knowledge, skills, values, culture and behaviours they need to lead healthy, empowered lives.
Briana Christophers; Benjamin Gallo Marin; Rocío Oliva (et al.)
There are sparse patient-level data available for children with novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Therefore, there is an urgent need for an updated systematic literature review that analyzes individual children rather than aggregated data in broad age groups. Six databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, Google Scholar, medRxiv) were searched for studies indexed from January 1 to May 15, 2020, with MeSH terms: children, pediatrics, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2. 1241 records were identified, of which only unique papers in English with individual patient information and documented COVID-19 testing were included. This review of 22 eligible studies followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses of individual participant data guidelines.
Douglas J. Opel; Douglas S. Diekema; Lainie Friedman Ross (et al.)
The zeal to develop and
implement a vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
infection has been exceptional. Operation Warp Speed, the Trump
administration's proposal, seeks to produce hundreds of millions of
doses of a vaccine by January 2021. Recent polls show as many as 70% of
adults in the United States plan to get vaccinated against COVID-19 once
a vaccine is available.
And thousands of adults have registered to participate as volunteers in
human challenge trills to speed up the development of a new vaccine. We anticipate that this fervor will eventually lead to
discussions about making a COVID-19 vaccine mandatory. An obvious group
to target for mandatory vaccination is children. Not only do we already
mandate several vaccines for them to attend school, but strategies to
reopen schools or keep them open may be predicated on it.
Emily M. Pang; Rachelle Sey; Theodore De Beritto
Leisha D. Nolen; Sara Seeman; Dana Bruden (et al.)
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
Read the latest quarterly digest on children and youth mental health under COVID-19.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response