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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Comparison of the characteristics, morbidity, and mortality of COVID-19 and seasonal influenza: a nationwide, population-based retrospective cohort study

AUTHOR(S)
Lionel Piroth; Jonathan Cottenet; Anne-Sophie Mariet (et al.)

Published: December 2020   Journal: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine
To date, influenza epidemics have been considered suitable for use as a model for the COVID-19 epidemic, given that they are respiratory diseases with similar modes of transmission. However, data directly comparing the two diseases are scarce. This study did a nationwide retrospective cohort study using the French national administrative database (PMSI), which includes discharge summaries for all hospital admissions in France. All patients hospitalised for COVID-19 from March 1 to April 30, 2020, and all patients hospitalised for influenza between Dec 1, 2018, and Feb 28, 2019, were included.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 9 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, infectious disease, COVID-19, epidemiology, hospitalization | Countries: France
Health-care organization for the management and surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children during pandemic in Campania region, Italy

AUTHOR(S)
Francesco Nunziata; Eugenia Bruzzese; Marco Poeta (et al.)

Published: December 2020   Journal: Italian Journal of Pediatrics

In comparison with adults, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection in children has a milder course. The management of children with suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease (COVID-19) needs to be appropriately targeted. A hub-and-spoke system was designed, to provide healthcare indications based on the use of telemedicine and stringent admission criteria, to coordinate local stakeholders and to disseminate information.

Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, disease control, health services, COVID-19, hospitalization | Countries: Italy
Is vitamin D deficiency a risk factor for COVID‐19 in children?

AUTHOR(S)
Kamil Yılmaz; Velat Şen

Published: December 2020   Journal: Pediatric pulmonology

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) is a global health problem that can result in serious complications. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical importance of vitamin D deficiency in children with COVID‐19.This study includes 40 patients who were diagnosed to have COVID‐19 and hospitalized with the real‐time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction method, 45 healthy matched control subjects with vitamin D levels. The age of admission, clinical and laboratory data, and 25‐hydroxycholecalciferol (25‐OHD) levels were recorded. Those with vitamin D levels which are below 20 ng/ml were determined as Group 1 and those with ≥20 ng/ml as Group 2.

Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 3595–3601 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, public health, COVID-19, hospitalization
Parental Coronavirus disease 2019 testing of hospitalized children: rethinking infection control in a pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Ameer Hassoun; Nishant Prasad; Suzanne Pugh

Published: November 2020   Journal: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) poses a challenge to infection control within hospital systems. Asymptomatic children and their caretakers carry the risk of silently spreading infection in pediatric emergency departments and hospital units. Our current knowledge is evolving, and infection control measures are frequently changing depending on new emerging data. This research conducted a point-prevalence study to assess SARS-CoV-2 Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR) results of hospitalized children, their asymptomatic caretakers, and caretaker-child test concordance at a major community hospital in New York City.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 9 | Issue: 5 | No. of pages: 364-365 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, disease transmission, COVID-19 response, hospitalization | Countries: United States
Covid-19 pandemic impact on maternal and child health services access in Nampula, Mozambique: a mixed methods research

AUTHOR(S)
Paulo das Neves Pires; Cynthia Macaringue; Ahmed Abdirazak (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: BMC Health Services Research
The Covid-19 pandemic limited access to health services in most countries, impacting negatively global health. Last March 2020 in Mozambique, a public state of emergency restrained people’s movements, reduced public services, and launched a national information campaign. The Alert Community for a Prepared Hospital implementation research, has been promoting access to maternal and child health care, at Marrere General Hospital and Marrere Health Centre, in Natikiri, Nampula, the city with the third highest incidence of Covid-19 in Mozambique. This research aimed to assess the impact of Covid-19 on access to maternal and children health services in Nampula and estimate Alert Community for a Prepared Hospital project sustainability.
The challenges of a children’s hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic: the pediatric surgeon’s point of view

AUTHOR(S)
Gloria Pelizzo; Sara Costanzo; Luciano Maestri (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: Pediatric Reports
During the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) emergency, in the pediatric surgical setting, it has been essential to avoid and contain infections as well as to protect both the patients and the surgical team. During this emergency, procedures and workflow were adapted to provide the safest possible environment for both the surgical team and the patients. Pediatric surgical activities were reorganized during the COVID-19 pandemic at the “Vittore Buzzi” Children’s Hospital, which is a pediatric/maternal hospital located in Milan (Lombardy Region), Italy. Resources were optimized in order to maintain high levels of care and quality of assistance. During the COVID-19 emergency, the pediatric surgical department at the “Vittore Buzzi” Children’s Hospital became an acute care surgical service.
Safeguarding children's right to health in hospital during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Jennifer McIntosh; Montserrat Esquerda Aresté; Joe Brierley (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Children's hospitals have long been advocates of a rights-based approach to health care and will be crucial for ensuring that the rights of children are protected during future COVID-19 surges.
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children with COVID-19 in Mumbai, India

AUTHOR(S)
Shreepal Jain; Supratim Sen; Srinivas Lakshmivenkateshiah (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Indian pediatrics

This is an observational study about the presentation, treatment and outcome of children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome with COVID-19 (MIS-C) in Mumbai metropolitan area in India, and it is conducted at four tertiary hospitals in Mumbai. Parameters including demographics, symptomatology, laboratory markers, medications and outcome were obtained from patient hospital records and analyzed in patients treated for MIS-C (as per WHO criteria) from 1 May, 2020 to 15 July, 2020.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 57 | No. of pages: 1015-1019 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, respiratory diseases, COVID-19, hospitalization | Countries: India
Children's emergency presentations during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Damian Roland; Rachel Harwood; Nick Bishop (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in large-scale changes to the National Health Service (NHS) systems in the UK to accommodate a predicted surge in acutely unwell adults presenting to emergency and critical care departments. This article describes a rapid, multicentre surveillance project with three main aims: (1) to identify the number of children with delayed presentations to hospital in large emergency departments; (2) to find out what proportion of these delays was due to hesitance of parents in attending versus the proportion that was due to advice from primary care staff or NHS 111 referrals; and (3) to find out whether these delays might have resulted in harm to children (using admission to hospital as a proxy).

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 4 | Issue: 8 | No. of pages: e32-e33 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, emergency aid, health care facilities, health services, hospitalization | Countries: United Kingdom
Benefits and risks of visitor restrictions for hospitalized children during the COVID pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Alice K. Virani; Henry T. Puls; Rebecca Mitsos (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Pediatrics

To control the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the virus responsible for coronavirus disease 2019, many hospitals have strict visitor restriction policies. These policies often prohibit both parents from visiting at the same time or having grandparents or other family members visit at all. We discuss cases in which such policies created ethical dilemmas and possibly called for compassionate exceptions from the general rules.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 146 | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, hospitalization
How should our testing behavior change with time in children in current COVID‐19 pandemic?

AUTHOR(S)
Yin Zhang; Jilei Lin; Hongmei Xu (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: European Journal of Clinical Investigation

More paediatric‐confirmed cases have been reported with the global pandemic of COVID‐19. This study aims to summarize the key points and supply suggestions on screening paediatric COVID‐19 patients more appropriately. We retrospectively included paediatric patients who have accepted SARS‐CoV‐2 RT‐PCR testing in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (30 January 2020 to 13 February 2020) and compared them with paediatric‐confirmed COVID‐19 cases. Besides, a review was carried out by analysing all current literature about laboratory‐confirmed paediatric cases with COVID‐19.

Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, infectious disease, COVID-19, hospitalization | Countries: China
French West Indies castaway children as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak

AUTHOR(S)
Jérôme Rambaud; Olivier Flechelles

Published: June 2020   Journal: Acta Paediatrica
This short communication describes the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the paediatric population of French West Indies and it underlines ethical and policy problems.
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 109 | Issue: 9 | No. of pages: 1 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, child health, emergency aid, COVID-19, multi-country, hospitalization
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.