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Cecilia Maina; Stefano Piero Bernardo Cioffi; Michele Altomare (et al.)
Bi Ze; Bin Chen; Xiaoshan Ji (et al.)
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been a most important global issue since December 2019. Although for children, the clinical course of COVID-19 is milder, it may still cause a multi-system inflammatory syndrome and has rendered 22,000 deaths among children and young people. The objective of this review is to provide an up-to-date information about COVID-19 related mortality and relevant risk factors in children and young people. This study provides a narrative review of COVID-19 related mortality and relevant risk factors in children and young people. Electronic searches for studies were conducted using PubMed and Web of Science, with a date time up to April 22, 2022. 22, 2022. Only publications in English were included.
Ömer Günes; Belgin Gülhan; Ahmet Yasin Guney (et al.)
This study aimed to determine whether parental vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevents hospitalization of COVID-19-infected children. This study was based on data obtained from the records of pediatric patients that were followed up for virologically proven COVID-19 infection between August and October 2021, during which time the delta variant was dominant in Turkey and the children were isolating at home.
Despoina Gkentzi; Konstantinos Mhliordos; Ageliki Karatza (et al.)
Angela Migowa; Pauline Samia; Sean del Rossi (et al.)
Since the onset of the recent COVID-19 pandemic, there have been growing concerns regarding multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). This study aims to describe the clinico-epidemiological profile and challenges in management of MIS-C in low-middle income countries by highlighting the Kenyan experience. A retrospective study at the Aga Khan University Hospital Nairobi, Avenue Hospital Kisumu and Kapsabet County Referral Hospital was undertaken to identify cases of MIS-C. A detailed chart review using the World Health Organization (WHO) data collection tool was adapted to incorporate information on socio-demographic details and treatment regimens.
Hongmei Wu; Kexi Liao; Caidie Yang (et al.)
This study aims to explore the psychological experience of Juvenile patient’s parents in Fangcang shelter hospital during the Omicron wave of COVID-19 pandemic. A qualitative study was conducted by using a phenomenological research method. Sixteen parents of juvenile patients with COVID-19 were recruited from National Exhibition and Convention Center (Shanghai, China) Fangcang shelter hospital (FSH) using purposive sampling. Data were collected by face-to-face in-depth interviews over 27 days, from April 9 to May 6, 2022. The interview data were analyzed using Colaizzi seven-step analysis method.
Pedram Fattahi; Sepideh Abdi; Elnaz Saeedi (et al.)
COVID-19 presents as a mild and less severe respiratory disease among children. However, it is still lethal and could lead to death in paediatric cases. The current study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of children and young people hospitalized due to COVID-19 in Qazvin-Iran. We also investigated the risk factors of death due to COVID-19 in paediatric cases. We performed a retrospective cohort study on 645 children and young people (ages 0-17) hospitalized since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The cases were confirmed with positive results of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The data were retrieved from an electronic database of demographic, epidemiological, and clinical characteristics.
Colleen C. Schreyer; Irina A. Vanzhula; Angela S. Guarda
The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with increased hospitalization rates and worsened symptom severity in patients with eating disorders (ED), but most studies focused exclusively on adolescents. Further, research evaluating the impact of COVID-19 on response to inpatient treatment for ED is limited. This study aimed to compare demographic characteristics, symptom severity at admission, and discharge outcomes for adult and adolescent inpatients with EDs admitted before and after onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. The post-COVID cohort was expected to report elevated symptomatology and poorer response to treatment compared to the pre-COVID cohort and this effect was expected to be amplified for adolescents. Patients were consecutively hospitalized adults and adolescents treated in a specialized behavioral integrated inpatient-partial hospitalization program for eating disorders between March 2018 and March 2022 (N = 261).
Maria C. L. Oliveira; Enrico A. Colosimo; Mariana A. Vasconcelos (et al.)
There have been conflicting reports on the relationship between asthma and COVID-19 severity. This study aimed to compare the risk of death among children with asthma and healthy peers hospitalized due to COVID-19. It carried out an analysis of all pediatric patients 2–19 years of age with asthma and COVID-19 registered in Influenza Epidemiological Surveillance Information System-Gripe, a Brazilian nationwide surveillance database, between February 2020 and March 2022. The primary outcome was time to death, which was evaluated considering discharge as a competitive risk using the cumulative incidence function.
K. Tewfik; C. Peta; M. C. De Giuli (et al.)
Special needs children presenting with dental problems were penalised during the Covid-19 pandemic due to the reduction of clinical activity and the risks of nosocomial infection. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of the pandemic on oral healthcare in paediatric special needs patients. It retrospectively assessed and compared the outpatient clinic activity and dental procedures performed under general anaesthesia in children with special needs at Brescia Children’s Hospital (Italy) in 2019, 2020, and 2021. Any delay between expected waiting time based on assigned priority and surgery was recorded. The efficacy of the protocol adopted to reduce the spread of Covid-19 was evaluated by reporting any infections in patients, parents, and health care providers.
Rada Faris Al-Jwadi; Elisabeth Helen Anna Mills; Christian Torp-Pedersen (et al.)
Sandra Cerar; Vesna Pirnovar
This study aimed to compare the occurrence of lower respiratory tract infections caused by respiratory syncytial virus in the neonatal population in the years before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cases of newborns, hospitalized due to viral lower respiratory tract infection from 2015 to 2020, were analyzed retrospectively, and compared according to cause (respiratory syncytial virus, non-respiratory syncytial virus) and treatment requirements before (2015−2019) and after (2020) the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Jodi J. Bloxham; Paula Levett; Jihye Lee (et al.)
Iryna Seriakova; Vitalii Yevtushenko; Sergiy Kramarov (et al.)
The coronavirus infection (COVID-19) pandemic has seen a progressive increase in childhood morbidity worldwide. Continuous mutation of the SARS-CoV-2 virus causes the wave-like course of the COVID-19 pandemic, which is characterized by an undulating course and the predominance of different variants of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. There are many reports that the clinical picture may vary depending on the circulating strain of the virus [7–11, 13–16]. Based on this, we decided to analyze and evaluate the presence of a pattern between the clinical and epidemic COVID-19 characteristics and the strain of the SARS-CoV-2 virus prevailing locally. To study the effects of various strains of SARS-CoV-2 on the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of pediatric patients; to determine the regularity between the severity of the disease and the circulating strain of SARS-CoV-2.
Zuzanna Nowak; Jakub Gawlik; Anna Wędrychowicz (et al.)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases in childhood. Because acute glycaemic com-plications account for most concerns in the management of T1DM in children, special attention during the challenging time of the global COVID-19 pandemic is required to prevent deteriorations resulting in acute hospitalization. Aim of the study is to assess how the COVID-19 pandemic influenced the incidence and causes of acute hospitalizations and emergency room visits in adolescents with established type 1 diabetes mellitus, and to characterize the admitted population. The study was conducted as a retrospective evaluation of acute hospitalizations of 39 T1DM patients between 15 and 17 years of age in the period 2018-2021.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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