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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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106 - 120 of 131
Child and pet care‐planning during COVID‐19: considerations for the evolving family unit

AUTHOR(S)
Britni L. Adams; Jennifer W. Applebaum; Michelle N. Eliasson (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Family Relations

Using a mixed‐methods design, this paper aimed to understand household dynamics and choices in hypothetical planning for child and pet care if an individual is faced with hospitalization for COVID‐19. As the COVID‐19 public health crisis persists, children and pets are vulnerable to caregiver hospitalization.

The role of pandemic‐related pregnancy stress in preference for community birth during the beginning of the COVID‐19 pandemic in the United States

AUTHOR(S)
Heidi Preis; Brittain Mahaffey; Marci Lobel

Published: March 2021   Journal: Birth
The COVID‐19 pandemic introduced unparalleled uncertainty into the lives of pregnant women, including concerns about where it is the safest to give birth, while preserving their rights and wishes. Reports on the increased interest in community births (at home or in birth centers) are emerging. The purpose of this project was to quantitatively investigate psychological factors related to this birth preference.
Unintended consequences of restrictive visitation policies during the COVID-19 pandemic: implications for hospitalized children

AUTHOR(S)
Jean L. Raphael; Woodie Kessel; Mona Patel

Published: March 2021   Journal: Pediatric research
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in devastating consequences worldwide with over 2,000,000 deaths. Although COVID-19 demonstrates less morbidity and mortality among children,1 it has dramatically altered the health-care experience for children and families. This is particularly true for those cared for in inpatient settings. The competing priorities of safeguarding families and health-care personne from a serious infection, stewardship of limited resources, ensuring family-centered care (FCC), and carrying out end-of-life care have led to tensions in how to effectively implement and execute necessary restrictive visitation policies. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides broad guidelines to health-care facilities on the management of visitors, hospitals must determine how to implement such guidelines.
‘Do I, don’t I?’ a qualitative study addressing parental perceptions about seeking healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Gabriella Watson; Lucy Pickard; Bhanu Williams (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Archives of disease in childhood
Paediatric emergency departments have seen reduced attendance during the COVID-19 pandemic. Late paediatric presentations may lead to severe illness and even death. Maintaining provision of healthcare through a pandemic is essential. This qualitative study aims to identify changing care-seeking behaviours in child health during the pandemic and ascertain parental views around barriers to care.
Impact of outpatient SARS-CoV-2 infections in minority children

AUTHOR(S)
Vanessa Denny; Niva Shah; Karolina Petro (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: Medicine
Data regarding COVID-19 in the adult population and hospitalized children is rapidly evolving, but little is known about children infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 who do not require hospitalization. This observational, retrospective study analyzed risk factors, demographics and clinical course of non-hospitalized patients  21 years of age with COVID-19 infection.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 100 | Issue: 8 | No. of pages: 3 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, child health, COVID-19, hospitalization, infectious disease
Promoting and protecting human milk and breastfeeding in a COVID-19 world

AUTHOR(S)
Diane L. Spatz; Riccardo Davanzo; Janis A. Müller (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
The global COVID-19 pandemic has put enormous stress on healthcare systems and hospital staffing. However, through all this, families will continue to become pregnant, give birth, and breastfeed. Unfortunately, care of the childbearing family has been de-prioritized during the pandemic. Additionally, many healthcare practices during the pandemic have not been positive for the childbearing family or breastfeeding. Despite recommendations from the World Health Organization to promote early, direct breastfeeding and skin to skin contact, these and other recommendations are not being followed in the clinical setting. For example, some mothers have been forced to go through labor and birth alone in some institutions whilst some hospitals have limited or no parental visitation to infants in the NICU. Furthermore, hospitals are discharging mothers and their newborns early, limiting the amount of time that families receive expert lactation care, education, and technical assistance. In addition, some hospitals have furloughed staff or transferred them to COVID-19 wards, further negatively impacting direct care for families and their newborns.
Clinical profile, hospital course and outcome of children with COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Karthi Nallasamy; Suresh Kumar Angurana; Muralidharan Jayashree (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

This paper aims to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics and outcome of hospitalized children with COVID-19 during the initial phase of the pandemic. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted at the dedicated COVID-19 hospital of a tertiary care referral center in North India. Consecutive children aged 14 y or younger who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR from nasopharyngeal swab between 1 April 2020 and 15 July 2020 were included.

Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, hospitalization | Countries: India
Fever without source as the first manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection in infants less than 90 days old

AUTHOR(S)
Daniel Blázquez-Gamero; Cristina Epalza; José Antonio Alonso Cadenas (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: European Journal of Pediatrics
Fever without source (FWS) in infants is a frequent cause of consultation at the emergency department, and the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 could affect the approach to those infants. The aim of this study is to define the clinical characteristics and rates of bacterial coinfections of infants < 90 days with FWS as the first manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infection. This is a cross-sectional study of infants under 90 days of age with FWS and positive SARS-CoV2 PCR in nasopharyngeal swab/aspirate, attended at the emergency departments of 49 Spanish hospitals (EPICO-AEP cohort) from March 1 to June 26, 2020.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 8 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, early childhood, emergency aid, hospitalization | Countries: Spain
The association of viral load and disease severity in children with COVID‐19

AUTHOR(S)
Kubra Aykac; Burcu Ceylan Cura Yayla; Yasemin Ozsurekci (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: Journal of Medical Virology
It is still not fully understood how to predict the future prognosis of patients at the diagnosis COVID‐19 due to the wide clinical range of the disease. This study aimed to evaluate whether SARS‐CoV‐2 viral load could predict the clinical course of pediatric patients. It was conducted retrospectively with medical records of pediatric patients who were tested for SARS‐CoV2 between April 12, and October 25, 2020 in the University of Health Sciences, Ankara Educating and Training Hospital and Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 19 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease transmission, hospitalization | Countries: Turkey
A case series of children and young people admitted to a tertiary care hospital in Germany with COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Jonathan Remppis; Tina Ganzenmueller; Malte Kohns Vasconcelos (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: BMC Infectious Diseases
While our knowledge about COVID-19 in adults has rapidly increased, data on the course of disease and outcome in children with different comorbidities is still limited. Prospective, observational study at a tertiary care children’s hospital in southern Germany. Clinical and virology data from all paediatric patients admitted with SARS-CoV-2 infection at our hospital were prospectively assessed.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19 response, hospitalization, lockdown | Countries: Germany
Epidemiology, characteristics and outcome of children hospitalized with COVID-19 in Oman: a multicenter cohort study

AUTHOR(S)
Laila S. Al Yazidi; Zaid Al Hinai; Badriya Al Wailib (et al.)

Published: January 2021   Journal: International Journal of Infectious Diseases
To describe the epidemiology, clinical and laboratory features, and outcome of children hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the Middle East. A multicenter retrospective study of children hospitalized with COVID-19 in 7 centers across Oman between February and July 2020.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 655-660 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, hospitalization, infectious disease | Countries: Oman
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the emergency department of a tertiary children’s hospital

AUTHOR(S)
Umberto Raucci; Anna Maria Musolino; Domenico Di Lallo (et al.)

Published: January 2021   Journal: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Italy was the first country in Europe affected by COVID-19: the emergency started on February 20, 2020, culminating with national lockdown on March 11, which terminated on May 4, 2020. This article describes how the pandemic affected Emergency Department (ED) accesses in a tertiary children’s hospital, composed by two different pediatric centers, one located in Rome’s city center and the second, Palidoro (regional COVID-19 center), in its surrounding metropolitan area, both in the Lazio region, analyzing the profile of admitted patients during the pandemic period in terms of their general characteristics (at presentation in the ED’s) and urgent hospitalizations compared to prepandemic period.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 12 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, emergency aid, hospitalization | Countries: Italy
Post-traumatic stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms in caregivers of children tested for COVID-19 in the acute phase of the Italian outbreak

AUTHOR(S)
A. Orsini; M. Corsi; V. Pedrinelli (et al.)

Published: January 2021   Journal: Journal of Psychiatric Research
The recent COVID-19 pandemic pointed out new burdens for researchers on mental health and that evidence-based (EB) studies on vulnerable populations are timely needed. The present paper aims at analysing the impact of suspicious of SARS-COV-2 infection in a cohort of parents presented at 3 major hospitals (spread between north and center of Italy) during the Italian COVID-19 pandemic phase 1.
Development of a family-friendly system for Japanese parents infected with COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda; Chikako Honda; Riho Iwasaki-Motegi

Published: December 2020   Journal: Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health
The number of coronavirus disease 2019–infected people taking treatment at home is increasing every day in Japan. Even though they need to be hospitalized, due to the inability to secure childcare, infected parents are taking medical treatment at home. This short report focused on developing a new childcare system in Japan for parents infected with coronavirus disease 2019. It is important that each public sector makes family-friendly policies to ensure the development of a childcare system equipped to deal with the current pandemic.
Comparison of the characteristics, morbidity, and mortality of COVID-19 and seasonal influenza: a nationwide, population-based retrospective cohort study

AUTHOR(S)
Lionel Piroth; Jonathan Cottenet; Anne-Sophie Mariet (et al.)

Published: December 2020   Journal: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine
To date, influenza epidemics have been considered suitable for use as a model for the COVID-19 epidemic, given that they are respiratory diseases with similar modes of transmission. However, data directly comparing the two diseases are scarce. This study did a nationwide retrospective cohort study using the French national administrative database (PMSI), which includes discharge summaries for all hospital admissions in France. All patients hospitalised for COVID-19 from March 1 to April 30, 2020, and all patients hospitalised for influenza between Dec 1, 2018, and Feb 28, 2019, were included.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 9 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, epidemiology, hospitalization, infectious disease | Countries: France
106 - 120 of 131

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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Each quarterly thematic digest features the latest evidence drawn from the Children and COVID-19 Research Library on a particular topic of interest.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.