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Idris ; Andi Nursiah; Isymiarni Syarif (et al.)
Knowledge about handwashing is important as an effort to prevent Covid-19 in children. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of handwashing with soap (CTPS) counseling on children's knowledge and attitudes in the era of the Covid-19 pandemic. This research was designed as a quasi-experimental approach with a pre-test,post test group design approach. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The sample for the study consisted of children aged 12 to 14 years, for a total of 30 people.The instrument used was a questionnaire with a meter using the Guttman scale. The data were analyzed using a statistical test (Wilcoxon test). The results of this study showed that based on the statistical test results of the ranking test signed by Wilcoxon, a p-value = 0,000 was obtained, which means that the p value is less than 0,05. There was an effect of counseling on handwashing with soap (CTPS) on the knowledge and attitudes of MTS class VII students.
Cut Yuniwati; Fithriany
Tahreem Nisar; Syed Ammar Bin Zia; Sarah Ishaq (et al.)
The covid-19 has disrupted all parts of life especially maternal-child relationship. Many lactating womenwerequarantinedincovid-19whichhasaffectednourishmentoftheirinfant. Breastfeeding has innumerable benets for both mother and infants as it provides them protection. The Maternal-child relationship is drastically affected if an infant is separated from its mother. It greatly affects lactation, which acts as a shield against infectious diseases. It is approved by all the international agencies and government bodies to promote breastfeeding including the neonates of infected mothers. It is suggested to adopt proper hand and respiratory hygiene measures to prevent transmission from mother to infant. Although many studies and literature reviews have conrmed that there are no direct transmission cases related to coronavirus during breastfeeding. However, WHO, UNICEF, and many other organizations suggested to adopt some hygiene-specic guidelines while practicing lactation. These include wearing a mask, washing hands, and disinfecting surfaces. As we are in the middle of this pandemic and new information is being gathered by scientists, it is hoped that they will also support promoting breastfeeding. As its advantages outweigh the risks of COVID-19. The main aim of this review is to promote early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding during COVID-19.
Eun-Yeob Kim; Chilhwan Oh; Hwa-Jung Sung (et al.)
Ling-Yin Chang; Jason Wang; Tung-liang Chiang
Chunling Lu; Yiqun Luan; Sara N. Naicker (et al.)
The COVID-19 pandemic and governments’ attempts to contain it are negatively affecting young children’s health and development in ways we are only beginning to understand and measure. Responses to the pandemic are driven largely by confining children and families to their homes. This study aims to assess the levels of and associated socioeconomic disparities in household preparedness for protecting young children under the age of five from being exposed to communicable diseases, such as COVID-19, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Using data from nationally representative household surveys in 56 LMICs since 2016, we estimated the percentages of young children under the age of five living in households prepared for communicable diseases (e.g., COVID-19) and associated residential and wealth disparities at the country- and aggregate-level. Preparedness was defined on the basis of space for quarantine, adequacy of toilet facilities and hand hygiene, mass media exposure at least once a week, and phone ownership. Disparities within countries were measured as the absolute gap in two domains—household wealth and residential area - and compared across regions and country income groups.
Samantha Ciardi Sassone; Susan Silva; Jed Metzger (et al.)
Wei Lyu; George L. Wehby
The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to early restrictions on access to dental care and social distancing requirements. This study examines the early effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on children’s oral health and access to dental care in the United States. Using nationally representative data from the National Survey of Children’s Health, this study compares several measures of children’s oral health and dental care use early during the pandemic in 2020, and one year earlier. Logistic (multinomial or binary) regression models are estimated adjusting for several child/household covariates and state fixed effects. Similar comparisons are estimated for 2019 relative to 2018 to evaluate pre-pandemic trends.
Maya Gotler; Liat Oren; Shoshanna Spierer (et al.)
The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with several changes in maintenance of children's dental health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the extent of these changes. Parents were asked to anonymously respond to a questionnaire regarding alterations in their children's oral-habits, such as frequency of eating and drinking, tooth brushing, signs of stress and receiving dental care during the lockdown period. The participants were reached either during their visit to the clinics or by social media groups of the authors.
Timothy J. Hilbert; Candace Brancato; Kelsey Carter (et al.)
Carmen Anthonj; Sophie Githinji; Christoph Höser (et al.)
The Asia-Pacific region faces the challenge of having 369 million people without access to basic sanitation services and 163 million people lacking access to basic drinking water. UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Regional Office (EAPRO) has been working in the area of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in 26 countries in the region with the intent of helping countries reach Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6, which targets universal and equitable water, sanitation and hygiene for all by 2030. This report provides a summary of the progress, major WASH results achieved, and lessons learned in the East Asia and Pacific Region in 2020. It also provides a brief financial analysis as well as a narrative on challenges that the region faces— dominated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Finally, the report offers a look into the WASH programme in 2021 and what the future of WASH must look like in order for us to meet national goals as well as the SDGs.
Ann E. Aronu; Awoere T. Chinawa; Edmund N. Ossai (et al.)
Corona virus pandemic (COVID 19) has emerged as the single most important topical issue and poses a challenge to medicine. Adolescent school children are exposed to a varying degree. The study is aimed to determine the knowledge of the mode of spread and preventive practices among college adolescents attending six secondary schools in Enugu metropolis.
Julie Perry; Natasha McClure; Rebecca Palmer
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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