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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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241 - 255 of 264
A case for girl-child education to prevent and curb the impact of emerging infectious diseases epidemics

AUTHOR(S)
Shadrack Frimpong; Elijah Paintsil

Published: September 2020   Journal: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Not only do epidemics such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), and the current Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) cause the loss of millions of lives, but they also cost the global economy billions of dollars. Consequently, there is an urgent need to formulate interventions that will help control their spread and impact when they emerge. The education of young girls and women is one such historical approach. They are usually the vulnerable targets of disease outbreaks – they are most likely to be vehicles for the spread of epidemics due to their assigned traditional roles in resource-limited countries. Based on our work and the work of others on educational interventions, this study proposes six critical components of a cost-effective and sustainable response to promote girl-child education in resource-limited settings.
A national consensus management pathway for paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19 (PIMS-TS): results of a national Delphi process

AUTHOR(S)
Rachel Harwood; Benjamin Allin; Christine E. Jones (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19 (PIMS-TS) is a novel condition that was first reported in April, 2020. This study aims to develop a national consensus management pathway for the UK to provide guidance for clinicians caring for children with PIMS-TS.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, infectious disease, medical care | Countries: United Kingdom
SARS-CoV-2 transmission, the ambiguous role of children and considerations for the reopening of schools in the fall

AUTHOR(S)
Cleo Anastassopoulou; Nicholas Spanakis; Athanasios Tsakris

Published: September 2020   Journal: Future Microbiology
The reopening of schools in the fall entails risks given the controversies in pediatricCOVID-19 pathogenesis and the ambiguous role of children in transmission.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 150 | Issue: 13 | No. of pages: 1201-1206 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, infectious disease, school attendance
Social distancing for COVID-19 and diagnoses of other infectious diseases in children

AUTHOR(S)
Jonathan Hatoun; Emily Trudell Correa; Sara Mary Alice Donahue (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Pediatrics
Social distancing (SD) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has largely removed children from school, day care, and other contact with peers. In addition to reducing transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, these changes would be expected to reduce the transmission of other infectious diseases among children. This study aims to determine the effect of SD on 12 infectious diseases commonly diagnosed in pediatric primary care that are contagious to various extents.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 146 | Issue: 4 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, infectious disease | Countries: United States
SARS-CoV-2 infections in children and young people

AUTHOR(S)
Susanna Felsenstein; Christian Hedrich

Published: September 2020   Journal: Clinical Immunology
This manuscript reviews age-related host factors that may protect children from COVID-19 and complications associated, and addresses the confusion around seropositivity and immunity.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 2200 | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, child immunization, COVID-19, infectious disease
Adolescents’ health in times of COVID-19: a scoping review

AUTHOR(S)
Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira; Jorge Luiz da Silva; André Luiz Monezi Andrade (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
COVID-19, the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 (novel coronavirus), emerged in China in December 2019 and spread quickly throughout the world. In this scenario, the current study aimed to identify the impact or effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescents’ health. This is a scoping literature review based on the following databases: Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SciELO, and PUBCOVID19. The study adopted the stages proposed by the Joanna Briggs Institute for scoping reviews, and the question orienting the procedures consisted of the acronym PCC (population; concept; context).
Parents’ knowledge and attitude towards COVID‐19 in children: a Jordanian study

AUTHOR(S)
Sawsan Abuhammad

Published: August 2020   Journal: The International Journal of Clinical Practice

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a rapid global spread.  All individuals of all age groups are at risk of COVID-19. This study aims to describe the knowledge and attitude of Jordanian parents regarding COVID-19 in children, including clinical signs of the disease, modes of transmission and protection measures. A cross-section study among Jordanian parents was conducted. The size of the sample was 810. Information regarding the clinical signs of the disease, modes of transmission, protection measures against COVID-19 and satisfaction with governmental measures was collected.


Burden of illness in households with severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2–infected children

AUTHOR(S)
Mehgan F. Teherani; Carol M. Kao; Andres Camacho-Gonzalez (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
This study investigated of illness among household members of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)–infected children receiving medical care (n = 32). The study identified 144 household contacts (HCs): 58 children and 86 adults. Forty-six percent of HCs developed symptoms consistent with coronavirus disease. Child-to-adult transmission was suspected in 7 cases.
COVID-19 in children and the role of school settings in COVID-19 transmission
Institution: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Published: August 2020
The aim of this document is to provide an overview of the epidemiology and disease characteristics of COVID-19 in children (0-18 years) in EU/EEA countries and the United Kingdom (UK), and an assessment of the role of childcare (preschools; ages 0-<5 years) and educational (primary and secondary schools; ages 5-18 years) settings in COVID-19 transmission.
Objectives for COVID-19 testing in school settings
Institution: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Published: August 2020
The aim of this document is to provide an overview of major aspects of testing, contact tracing, contact identification and contact follow-up in school settings within the EU/EEA countries and the United Kingdom (UK).
Infection control practices in children during COVID-19 pandemic: differences from adults

AUTHOR(S)
Ilker Devrim; Nuri Bayram

Published: August 2020   Journal: The American Journal of Infection Control
Limited studies have been published on practices and management of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children. Despite the fact that COVID-19 rarely caused any severe disease in children, the asymptomatic children might be playing an important role for spreading COVID-19 in healthcare facilities. This review aimed at sharing our experience of how to handle patients with COVID-19 in a pediatric referral and tertiary care hospital to prevent the possible transmissions to the healthcare workers (HCWs).
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 48 | Issue: 8 | No. of pages: 933-939 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, child health, COVID-19, disease control, disease transmission, infectious disease
Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Australian educational settings: a prospective cohort study

AUTHOR(S)
Kristine Macartney; Helen E. Quinn; Alexis J. Pillsbury (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
School closures have occurred globally during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, empiric data on transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) among children and in educational settings are scarce. In Australia, most schools have remained open during the first epidemic wave, albeit with reduced student physical attendance at the epidemic peak. This study examines SARS-CoV-2 transmission among children and staff in schools and early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings in the Australian state of New South Wales (NSW).
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 4 | Issue: 11 | No. of pages: 807-816 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: child education, child health, COVID-19 response, infectious disease, school attendance | Countries: Australia
Limited secondary transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in child care programs - Rhode Island, June 1-July 31, 2020

AUTHOR(S)
Ruth Link-Gelles; Amanda L. Della Grotta; Caitlin Molina (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Report on secondary transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in child care programs in Rhode Island.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 69 | Issue: 34 | No. of pages: 1170-1172 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic | Countries: United States
Seasonal influenza activity in young children before the COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan, China

AUTHOR(S)
Z. Xia; L. Yang; N. Li (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
The activity of influenza A at the end of 2019 was higher than previous two years in children younger than 6 years old in Wuhan, China. The 2019–2020 winter peak of seasonal influenza preceded the COVID-19 outbreak, with a higher and earlier peak than those of the 2017–2018 and 2018–2019 seasons. This study compares these results with those of two previous studies to further discuss the possible interference between influenza and COVID-19 in young children.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 3 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, infectious disease, multi-country
How should our testing behavior change with time in children in current COVID‐19 pandemic?

AUTHOR(S)
Yin Zhang; Jilei Lin; Hongmei Xu (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: European Journal of Clinical Investigation

More paediatric‐confirmed cases have been reported with the global pandemic of COVID‐19. This study aims to summarize the key points and supply suggestions on screening paediatric COVID‐19 patients more appropriately. We retrospectively included paediatric patients who have accepted SARS‐CoV‐2 RT‐PCR testing in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (30 January 2020 to 13 February 2020) and compared them with paediatric‐confirmed COVID‐19 cases. Besides, a review was carried out by analysing all current literature about laboratory‐confirmed paediatric cases with COVID‐19.

Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, hospitalization, infectious disease | Countries: China
241 - 255 of 264

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.