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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Vaccination coverage in children in the period before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil: a time series analysis and literature review

Carla Magda Allan S. Domingues; Antônia Maria da Silva Teixeira; José Cássio de Moraes

Published: December 2022   Journal: Jornal de Pediatria

This study aims to evaluate the behavior of VCR and VCH, per municipality and per vaccines offered at the NVC, to identify priority areas for intervention. Descriptive study of a time series, using secondary data and accompanied by a narrative review of the literature evaluating VCR and VCH. Vaccines offered to children under one year and to those aged one year in the pre-pandemic period of COVID-19 (2015 to 2019) were selected and compared to those offered during the pandemic period (2020 and 2021).

Risk factors for death among children and young people hospitalized with COVID-19: a literature review

Bi Ze; Bin Chen; Xiaoshan Ji (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Pediatric Medicine

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been a most important global issue since December 2019. Although for children, the clinical course of COVID-19 is milder, it may still cause a multi-system inflammatory syndrome and has rendered 22,000 deaths among children and young people. The objective of this review is to provide an up-to-date information about COVID-19 related mortality and relevant risk factors in children and young people. This study provides a narrative review of COVID-19 related mortality and relevant risk factors in children and young people. Electronic searches for studies were conducted using PubMed and Web of Science, with a date time up to April 22, 2022. 22, 2022. Only publications in English were included.

Do parents vaccinated against COVID-19 protect their children from hospitalization due to COVID-19?

Ömer Günes; Belgin Gülhan; Ahmet Yasin Guney (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics

This study aimed to determine whether parental vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevents hospitalization of COVID-19-infected children. This study was based on data obtained from the records of pediatric patients that were followed up for virologically proven COVID-19 infection between August and October 2021, during which time the delta variant was dominant in Turkey and the children were isolating at home.

Parental seasonal influenza vaccine hesitancy and associated factors in Shanghai, China, during the COVID-19 Pandemic: a cross-sectional study

Jingyi Fan; Chuchu Ye; Yuanping Wang (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Vaccines
Seasonal influenza may overlap with the COVID-19 pandemic, and children are one of the priority populations for influenza vaccination in China, yet vaccine coverage has been low. This study aimed to investigate the extent of parental influenza vaccine hesitancy (IVH) and to explore the associated factors. The study was conducted in Shanghai, China, from 1 June 2022 to 31 July 2022, using an anonymous questionnaire to survey a random sample of parents of children aged six months to 14 years. Binary logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with IVH.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 12 | No. of pages: 15 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, infectious disease, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: China
The psychological impact of COVID-19 admission on families: results from a nationwide sample in Greece

Despoina Gkentzi; Konstantinos Mhliordos; Ageliki Karatza (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Children
The aim of the present study was to assess the psychological impact of hospitalization during the COVID-19 pandemic on parents and their offspring. We performed a nationwide cross-sectional study in Greece based on an Internet questionnaire survey. A convenience sample of parents whose offspring had been hospitalized due to COVID-19 (including multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, MIS-C), diagnosed with COVID-19 but not hospitalized, and hospitalized for another reason during the pandemic were enrolled. Parental stress was assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and the Revised Impact of Event Scale (IES-R) tools, and childhood mental wellbeing with the Children’s Revised Impact of Event 13 (CRIES-13) scale.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 9 | Issue: 12 | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Mental Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, hospitalization, infectious disease, mental stress, parents, psychological distress | Countries: Greece
Parental attitudes, intentions, decisions, and psychological wellbeing regarding COVID-19 vaccination: preschool, school-age, and adolescent caregivers

Liang-Jen Wang; Kuang-Che Kou; Kuo-Shu Tang (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Vaccines
The vaccination of all children may be one of the most important public health measures for preventing a wider spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in the community. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the attitude, intention, decision making, and psychological well-being among the caregivers of children who received SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in Taiwan. The caregivers of children (98 preschool children, 191 school-age children, and 154 adolescents) who received COVID-19 vaccination were invited to fill in the following questionnaires: Adopting Self-Protective Behavior Scale, Drivers of COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance Scale, Impact of Event Scale, Chinese Health Questionnaire, and Parental Bonding Instrument. Compared to the caregivers of adolescents, the caregivers of preschool children exhibited more protective behaviors toward the COVID-19 pandemic. The caregivers of preschool children also displayed a higher emotional impact than those of adolescents and took a greater interest in the family’s opinion about vaccination. Finally, we found that COVID-19 ideological invasion and protective parenting style were significantly related to the prevalence of mental illness among caregivers.
Associations between routine adolescent vaccination status and parental intent to get a COVID-19 vaccine for their adolescent

Cassandra Pingali; Fan Zhang; Tammy A. Santibanez (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: JAMA Pediatrics

Although COVID-19–associated illness is generally mild in adolescents, they can experience severe health outcomes, including hospitalization and death.1 COVID-19 vaccinations are effective for preventing serious COVID-19–associated illness in adolescents.1 The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends persons aged 6 months or older receive COVID-19 vaccination.2 As of April 14, 2022, among US individuals aged 12 to 17 years, COVID-19 vaccination coverage (≥1 dose) was 68%,3 lower than for other vaccines routinely recommended for adolescents.4 The ACIP recommends adolescents aged 11 to 12 years receive tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap), meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY), and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations.2 This cross-sectional study investigated associations between routine adolescent vaccination status and parental intent or hesitancy to get a COVID-19 vaccine for their adolescent. The National Immunization Survey–Child COVID Module (NIS-CCM) is a national telephone survey of households with children or adolescents aged 6 months to 17 years used to measure parent-reported COVID-19 vaccination coverage and intent to vaccinate their child.5 The NIS-CCM uses the NIS-Child sampling frame; for adolescents aged 13 to 17 years, it follows the NIS-Teen interview, allowing for analysis of both routine (HPV, MenACWY, and Tdap) and COVID-19 vaccination coverage.5 NIS-CCM interviews from July 22, 2021, through February 26, 2022, were analyzed. Survey respondents were those self-reporting being most knowledgeable about the child’s vaccinations (hereafter, parent). Vaccination status was based on parental report. Data were weighted to represent the noninstitutionalized population of US adolescents and calibrated to administered vaccinations data.3 Analyses were performed using SAS, version 9.4

Knowledge, attitudes, and acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines among secondary school pupils in Zambia: implications for future educational and sensitisation programmes

Steward Mudenda; Moses Mukosha; Brian Godman (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Vaccines
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic resulted in the closure of schools to slow the spread of the virus across populations, and the administration of vaccines to protect people from severe disease, including school children and adolescents. In Zambia, there is currently little information on the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines among school-going children and adolescents despite their inclusion in the vaccination programme. This study assessed the knowledge, attitudes, and acceptance of COVID-19 vaccines among secondary school pupils in Lusaka, Zambia. A cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2022 to October 2022.
Parents' level of COVID-19 fear, anxiety and their attitudes and behaviors toward vaccination of their children

Kazım Baş; Nazan Gürarslan Baş

Published: December 2022   Journal: Omega : Journal of Death and Dying
The aims of this study were to investigate parents’ COVID-19 fear and anxiety levels and determine the relationship between parents’ COVID-19 fear and anxiety levels and their attitudes and behaviors toward having themselves and their children vaccinated. This descriptive and cross-sectional type of research was conducted with 950 parents with 12–18 years old children.
Chinese parents' willingness to vaccinate their children against COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Yundi Ma; Jingjing Ren; Yang Zheng (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

To evaluate Chinese parents' willingness to vaccinate their children against COVID-19, identify its predictors, and provide a reference for raising the COVID-19 vaccination rate for children. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and the databases in Chinese, including CNKI, WanFang, VIP, CBM, were searched from December 2019 to June 2022, and citation tracking was used to identify relevant studies. To calculate the rate with 95% confidence intervals (CI), a random-effects model was used. To explore sources of heterogeneity, sensitivity analysis and subgroup analysis were conducted. This analysis was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42022346866) and reported in compliance with the PRISMA guidelines.

Descriptive analysis sociodemography of breastfeeding mother in Suku Anak Dalam during Covid-19 pandemic

Vittria Meilinda; Eka Rinalia

Published: December 2022   Journal: Science Midwifery
Now moment now this the problem of Covid-19 in Indonesia already start sloping however no could denied that mother breastfeed must exists enhancement power stand body especially baby with breastfeeding , breastfeeding becomes very good protection for baby.  Effect Breast milk protection is very strong in fighting disease infections through increased power hold on baby. The purpose of this study to determine the characteristics mother breast-feed in Suku Anak Dalam in on period pandemic . Quantitative research methods , design cross-sectional with a total sampling of 58 respondents mother breast-feed in Suku Anak dalam , data collection is done through observation and questionnaire.
Mothers' impressions and beliefs about taking a booster dose for COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy and lactation

Esra' O. Taybeh; Rawan Alsharedeh; Shereen Hamadneh

Published: December 2022   Journal: Cureus

This study aimed to explore perceptions and willingness to get coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) booster vaccination among pregnant and lactating women in Jordan. A cross-sectional study using a 29-item web-based questionnaire was conducted. Sociodemographic characteristics, vaccine acceptance, confidence in the booster dose of COVID-19 vaccine, perception of risk for COVID-19, and acceptance to participate in COVID-19 booster vaccine clinical trials were prospectively evaluated. Logistic regression was used to identify factors that might affect the participants’ acceptance of a COVID-19 vaccine and their willingness to enroll in clinical trials of a booster dose of COVID-19 vaccine.

Clean and healthy living behavior of pupil at one of the islamic boarding schools in Bandung Regency

Mia Kusmiati; Alya Tursina; Meta Maulida Damayanti (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: The Proceeding Of International Halal Science And Technology Conference
The lack of guidance related to healthy and clean behavior towards the community in the boarding school by primary healthcare workers, which has stopped since the Covid-19 pandemic era, has caused the need to identify the risk of diseases that often affect students. The study aimed to identify the clean and healthy living behavior of pupils in Islamic boarding schools. A survey method was conducted on 97 pupils of Nurul Huda Islamic boarding school in Bandung regency by using the questionnaire of PHBS (perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat). They were recruited to fill out 18 items of a questionnaire of clean and healthy behavior with a total sampling strategy.
Assessing parents' knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward vaccinating children (five to 15 years old) against COVID-19 in the United Arab Emirates

Aicha Bourguiba; Shahd AbuHijleh; Yasmin Nached

Published: December 2022   Journal: Cureus
Since the approval of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine for children in 2021, there had been ongoing debates about the necessity of vaccinating children, owing to the seemingly mild nature of the infection in children, despite causing significant morbidity and mortality in the 5-11 age group in 2020-2021, and its association with complications such as Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C). This sparked the need to evaluate parents’ perceptions, knowledge, and the effect of information sources on their decision-making. It is important to understand the various drivers and concerns expressed by parents locally, to shape vaccination campaigns to address such issues. While numerous studies across the world have extensively investigated parental willingness and intention to vaccinate children against COVID-19, it is important to acknowledge that these studies have been conducted before COVID-19 vaccines became approved for children in the respective countries. There is an obvious scarcity of data on the parental knowledge, attitudes, and acceptance of the vaccine for children after the respective countries have approved and provided the vaccine. The present study aims to provide data that could reveal possible barriers to vaccine uptake such as deficits in knowledge, negative attitudes, and poor practices towards the COVID-19 pandemic, and hence address these factors to make the ongoing COVID-19 vaccination campaign, as well as future childhood vaccination campaigns, more successful.
COVID-19: impact of original, gamma, delta, and omicron variants of SARS-CoV-2 in vaccinated and unvaccinated pregnant and postpartum women

Fabiano Elisei Serra; Elias Ribeiro Rosa Junior; Patricia de Rossi (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Vaccines
This study compares the clinical characteristics and disease progression among vaccinated and unvaccinated pregnant and postpartum women who tested positive for different variants of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) using the Brazilian epidemiological data. Data of pregnant or postpartum patients testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 and presenting with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from February 2020 to July 2022 were extracted from Brazilian national database. The patients were grouped based on vaccination status and viral variant (original, Gamma, Delta, and Omicron variants), and their demographics, clinical characteristics, comorbidities, symptoms, and outcomes were compared retrospectively. Data of 10,003 pregnant and 2361 postpartum women were extracted from the database. For unvaccinated postpartum women, intensive care unit (ICU) admission was more likely; invasive ventilation need was more probable if they tested positive for the original, Gamma, and Omicron variants; and chances of death were higher when infected with the original and Gamma variants than when infected with other variants. Vaccinated patients had reduced adverse outcome probability, including ICU admission, invasive ventilation requirement, and death. Postpartum women showed worse outcomes, particularly when unvaccinated, than pregnant women. Hence, vaccination of pregnant and postpartum women should be given top priority.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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