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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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46 - 60 of 783
A population-based serological study of post-COVID syndrome prevalence and risk factors in children and adolescents

Roxane Dumont; Viviane Richard; Elsa Lorthe (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Nature Communications
Post-COVID syndrome remains poorly studied in children and adolescents. Here, we aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of pediatric post-COVID in a population-based sample, stratifying by serological status. Children from the SEROCoV-KIDS cohort study (State of Geneva, Switzerland), aged 6 months to 17 years, were tested for anti-SARS-CoV-2 N antibodies (December 2021-February 2022) and parents filled in a questionnaire on persistent symptoms in their children (lasting over 12 weeks) compatible with post-COVID. Of 1034 children tested, 570 (55.1%) were seropositive.
Impact of early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic on sexually transmitted infection screening claims among adolescent females in a pediatric accountable care organization in Ohio, United States

Laura Hart; Fareeda W. Haamid; Cynthia Holland-Hall (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Medical Journeys

Testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) decreased during the early months of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Less is known about the extent to which screening of asymptomatic adolescents for STIs was specifically affected. Our aim was to describe the impacts of early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic on asymptomatic STI screening and overall STI testing among adolescent females aged 13 to 19. We hypothesized that screening would decrease more than overall testing. This study evaluated claims data from a pediatric accountable care organization responsible for approximately 40,000 adolescent females. It assessed rates of asymptomatic screening and overall testing for chlamydia and gonorrhea in this population, comparing the early pandemic to pre-pandemic levels.

Willingness and attitudes of parents towards COVID-19 vaccines for children in Vietnam

Thi Loi Dao; Hue Vu Thi; Philippe Gautret (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Communication in Healthcare

With an increasing need for COVID-19 vaccination around the globe, we aim to investigate willingness and attitudes of parents regarding COVID-19 vaccines for children in Vietnam. A 24-item online survey was conducted among 602 parents and legal guardians of children under 18 years of age.

Efficacy, effectiveness and safety of vaccines against COVID-19 for children aged 5-11 years: a living systematic review with meta-analysis

Vanessa Piechotta; Waldemar Siemens

Published: November 2022   Journal: Lancet
To date, more than 628 million confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infections were recorded globally. Highest incidences were usually observed in school-aged children. The aim of this living systematic review is to evaluate vaccine efficacy/effectiveness (VE) and safety of COVID-19 vaccines approved in the European Union for children aged 5-11 years. In this version, we included studies of any design identified through searching the COVID-19 L·OVE (Living OVerview of Evidence) platform up to 13 September 2022. We assessed risk of bias and rated the certainty of evidence (CoE) using GRADE.
COVID-19 vaccination in pediatric population with transfusion dependent thalassemia

Vineeta Singh; Nirali F. Sanghvi; Priyanka Aggarwal (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Pediatric Hematology Oncology Journal

Similar to normal pediatric population, children with thalassemia are at risk of acquiring COVID-19 infection. Theoretically, they are at higher risk of severe infection because of comobidities associated with chronic transfusions. This study is an attempt to find out the awareness of COVID-19 vaccination in transfusion dependent thalassemia patients attending thalassemia clinic at our institute. It is an observational study consisting of 21 children with transfusion dependent thalassemia from 12 years to 18 years of age attending the thalassemia clinic between May to July 2022. Awareness and the status of COVID-19 vaccination in children and their families was assessed using a questionnaire.

Effectiveness of health education in COVID-19 prevention for children using comic with cultural context media

Ariani Pongoh; Via Dwi Lingga; Fitra Duh (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results

COVID-19  was  a  new  SARS  variance  identified  in  2019  and  declared  the  cause  of  the  global  pandemic  in  March  2020. Nowadays, the case has experienced a fluctuating case phase, along with the mutation of the SARS Cov-19 variant that has not stopped yet. Confirmation cases and deaths occur in various ages, including in children. Although the data on COVID-19 case in children is low, efforts to prevent the transmission of Covid-19 in children is needed. This study aims to identify the effect of health education efforts to prevent Covid-19 transmission through 3M (wearing a mask, washing hands and physical distancing) habituation which was carried out using comic media with a cultural context. This  study  uses pre-experimental  research  with  one  group  pretest-posttest design.  The  study  was  conducted  to  see  the  effect  of providing  education  using  culture-based  comic  media  (independent  variable)  on  elementary  school  students'  attitudes  in  3M  practice (dependent variable). The population in this study were all students aged 10-12 years at MI Al-Kautsar Sorong, a total of 45 children. In this study, the sampling technique used is total sampling. The data were analysed with the Wilcoxon test.

The influence of counseling and storytelling method on the anxiety levels of primary school children to receive COVID-19 vaccine

Anita Dyah Listyarini; Maftuhah Khoirotun Nisa; Icca Narayani Pramudaningsih (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results,
The World Health Organization, WHO explains that sadness and anxiety are the most common mental health problems. Anxiety for children occurs due to the COVID-19 vaccination program by the government may cause uncooperative attitudes. Thus, this situation may lower the children's effectiveness to join learning activities. This research analyzed the influence of counseling with the storytelling method on the anxiety of school learners to receive COVID-19 vaccination in Primary School 03 Bulungcangkring. This research applied a quasi-experimental research design with a pre- and post-test control group approach. The sample consisted of 58 respondents taken with the proportionate stratified random sampling technique. Each group, the intervention, and control group, consisted of 29 respondents. The researchers analyzed the data with paired t-test.
Change and continuity in preventive practices across the COVID-19 pandemic among rural and urban Latinx immigrant worker families

Sara A. Quandt; Sydney A. Smith; Jennifer W. Talton (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Hygiene
The COVID-19 pandemic has put essential workers at high risk for contracting the disease. This study documents situational compliance with public health recommendations such as masking and social distancing among rural and urban Latinx families, with the goal of understanding change over time in COVID-19 risk reduction behaviors. Respondents for 67 rural families and 44 urban families responded to repeated telephone surveys at three time points in the first year of the pandemic, providing data on use of masks and social distancing by themselves and family members while interacting with others at home, work, and in the community. Cumulative logistic regression models were employed to compare changes in risk behaviors between rural and urban groups over time.
Factors associated with COVID‑19 vaccine uptake among adolescents and young adults recently diagnosed with cancer

Gary Kwok; Samantha Reese; Sanjana Dugad (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) recently diagnosed with cancer are medically vulnerable but little is known about vaccine uptake/intent in this group. AYAs reported on their COVID-19 vaccine uptake/intent. Logistic regression models examined factors associated with vaccine uptake. Higher education (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.9, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.0–3.5) and knowing someone diagnosed with COVID-19 (aOR = 7.2, 95% CI: 1.6–33.5) were associated with increased vaccine uptake. Prior personal diagnosis of COVID-19 (aOR = 0.1, 95% CI: 0.1–0.7) was associated with lower odds of uptake. Targeted interventions may be needed to improve uptake among this group. (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04585269).
Safety of COVID-19 Pfizer-BioNtech (BNT162b2) mRNA vaccination in adolescents aged 12-17 years: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Patrick D. M. C. Katoto; Amanda S. Brand; Liliane N. Byamungu (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
The COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected adolescents. Safe and effective vaccines are pivotal tools in controlling this pandemic. We reviewed the safety profile of the BNT162b2 COVID-19 vaccine in adolescents using mostly real-world data to assist decision-making. We used random-effects model meta-analysis to derive pooled rates of single or grouped adverse events following immunization (AEFI) after each primary and booster dose, as well as after combining all doses. Reporting on over one million participants with safety data were included.
In-hospital mortality of COVID-19 in Iranian children and youth: a multi-centre retrospective cohort study

Pedram Fattahi; Sepideh Abdi; Elnaz Saeedi (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Global Health

COVID-19 presents as a mild and less severe respiratory disease among children. However, it is still lethal and could lead to death in paediatric cases. The current study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of children and young people hospitalized due to COVID-19 in Qazvin-Iran. We also investigated the risk factors of death due to COVID-19 in paediatric cases. We performed a retrospective cohort study on 645 children and young people (ages 0-17) hospitalized since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. The cases were confirmed with positive results of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The data were retrieved from an electronic database of demographic, epidemiological, and clinical characteristics.

Effectiveness of the booster of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine among Japanese adolescents: a cohort study

Yoshika Saito; Kana Yamamoto; Morihito Takita (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Vaccines
Vaccination is effective in preventing COVID-19-related hospitalization among all age groups, but there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of the booster of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine among adolescents. This study analyzed the data on the status of SARS-CoV-2 infection and their vaccination profiles in adolescents aged 13–18 years in Soma city (Fukushima, Japan) (n = 1835) from 14 May to 15 June 2022. The crude incidence rate and 95% confidence interval were calculated with the negative-binomial regression model after classifying the immunization status. The crude effectiveness of a booster administration to prevent infections was estimated as 86.4% (95% confidence interval: 57.2–95.7) when compared with the primary vaccination alone.
COVID-19 vaccine coverage disparities in rural and farm children

Jeffrey J. VanWormer; Gabriella Alicea; Bryan P. Weichelt (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Vaccine

The risks of severe outcomes associated with SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) are elevated in unvaccinated individuals. It remains crucial to understand patterns of COVID-19 vaccination, particularly in younger and remote populations where coverage often lags. This study examined disparities in COVID-19 vaccine coverage in farm children and adolescents. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in patients of the Marshfield Clinic Health System (MCHS) in Wisconsin. The sample included children/adolescents age 5-17 years who were eligible for COVID-19 vaccine initiation for ≥ 90 days (as of September 30, 2022), stratified by those who lived vs did not live on a farm. Outcomes included COVID-19 vaccine initiation, series completion, and booster receipt. Multivariable regression was used to examine associations between COVID-19 vaccination and farm, as well as rural and non-rural, residence.

Risk factors for adolescent pregnancy in the new normal era of the Covid-19 pandemic: a case-control study

Eny Qurniyawati; Santi Martini; Fariani Syahrul (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: BIO Web of Conferences
Cases of early marriage are reported to have increased during the pandemic due to stressed teenagers with the pressure of online learning. The increase in this number plays a role in increasing the risk of teenage pregnancy. This study aimed to analyse the risk factors for adolescent pregnancies during the new normal era of the COVID-19 pandemic. A case-control design using a simple random sampling technique involved 40 pregnant adolescents aged 15-19 years and 80 non-pregnant adolescents during the online learning period (July 2021 to January 2022) in Ngawi Regency, Indonesia. Data obtained from interviews were analysed to find Odds Ratio (OR) with a 95% Confidence Interval (CI).
Evaluating the impact of COVID-19 on severity at admission and response to inpatient treatment for adult and adolescent patients with eating disorders

Colleen C. Schreyer; Irina A. Vanzhula; Angela S. Guarda

Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal of Eating Disorders

The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with increased hospitalization rates and worsened symptom severity in patients with eating disorders (ED), but most studies focused exclusively on adolescents. Further, research evaluating the impact of COVID-19 on response to inpatient treatment for ED is limited. This study aimed to compare demographic characteristics, symptom severity at admission, and discharge outcomes for adult and adolescent inpatients with EDs admitted before and after onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.  The post-COVID cohort was expected to report elevated symptomatology and poorer response to treatment compared to the pre-COVID cohort and this effect was expected to be amplified for adolescents. Patients were consecutively hospitalized adults and adolescents treated in a specialized behavioral integrated inpatient-partial hospitalization program for eating disorders between March 2018 and March 2022 (N = 261).

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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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