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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on asthma symptoms and management: A prospective analysis of asthmatic children in Ecuador

AUTHOR(S)
Angélica M. Ochoa-Avilés; Cristina Ochoa-Avilés; Diana A. Morillo-Argudo

Published: June 2021   Journal: World Allergy Organization Journal

Asthma affects up to 33% of children in Latin American settings. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on access to and use of health services. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on asthma exacerbations, medical facility visits, and use of asthma medications in children. It used data from a prospective cohort of 213 children aged 5–17 years in 3 Ecuadorian cities and analysed the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on asthma.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 14 | Issue: 6 | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, child diseases, COVID-19 response, health services, lockdown, medical care, social distance | Countries: Ecuador
The impact of coronavirus lockdown on oral healthcare and its associated issues of pre-schoolers in China: an online cross-sectional survey

AUTHOR(S)
Chang Liu; Shuang Zhang; Chenzheng Zhang (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: BMC Oral Health
The sudden outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic infuenced people’s daily life. During lockdown of Wuhan city, the oral health and its associated issues of preschool children were investigated and guidance for dental clinics when the epidemic were controlled in the future were also provided.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19 response, medical care, preschool children | Countries: China
Why do children still have preventable caries?

AUTHOR(S)
Alizey Kazmi; Maryam Ismail; Nadia Kazmi

Published: January 2021   Journal: BDJ Team
Despite extensive knowledge on the pathogenesis of caries, improvements in general oral health and preventive evidencebased toolkits such as Delivering better oral health, 1 childhood caries continues to be the leading cause of paediatric admission to hospital for extraction under general anaesthesia (GA). With caries being a preventable disease2,3 and the rationale to use GA being complicated with the risk of morbidity and mortality,4 the issue of childhood caries needs to be addressed. Te COVID-19 pandemic has further complicated the situation, as routine access to care is limited.
Characteristics and considerations in the medical treatment of COVID‐19 in children

AUTHOR(S)
Kazunori Imai; Asako Matsushima; Shinji Saitoh

Published: November 2020   Journal: Acute Medicine & Surgery
It is rare for children to be in serious condition or die from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 [SARS‐CoV‐2]) except for those with underlying diseases such as chronic lung disease (including asthma), cardiovascular disease, and immunosuppressive disease. Recently, patients with hyperinflammatory shock have been identified among children who are confirmed to have or are suspected of having SARS‐CoV‐2 infection. The presenting signs and symptoms are characterized by prolonged fever, abdominal pain, and cardiac involvement without any signs of pneumonia on chest computed tomography. However, it is uncertain at this time whether SARS‐CoV‐2 infection affects this syndrome. 
Pediatric Teleheath: opportunities created by the COVID-19 and suggestions to sustain its use to support families of children with disabilities

AUTHOR(S)
Chantal Camden; Mindy Silva

Published: October 2020   Journal: Physical & Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics
Telehealth is being rapidly adopted by physical and occupational therapists in pediatrics as a strategy to maintain services during the COVID-19 crisis. This perspective presents a mix of theoretical and practice perspectives to support the implementation of telehealth. Although research evidence is just emerging, there is sufficient indication to believe telehealth is effective. However, which telehealth strategies are best for which children and families, and which intervention goals, are not yet clear.
A national consensus management pathway for paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19 (PIMS-TS): results of a national Delphi process

AUTHOR(S)
Rachel Harwood; Benjamin Allin; Christine E. Jones (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19 (PIMS-TS) is a novel condition that was first reported in April, 2020. This study aims to develop a national consensus management pathway for the UK to provide guidance for clinicians caring for children with PIMS-TS.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, infectious disease, medical care | Countries: United Kingdom
Coronavirus disease (COVID) 2019 in children: a short review

AUTHOR(S)
Sham Balkisanji Lohiya; Sachin Damke; Richa Chaudhary

Published: September 2020   Journal: International Journal of Current Research and Review
Since December 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a series of Cases of severe pneumonia worldwide. It originated in Wuhan in Hubei province, China. SARS-CoV-2 causes infection by ACE receptors, similar to SARS. It causes potential damage to vital organs, mainly the lungs. COVID- 19 mainly affects respiratory tract with symptoms ranging from upper respiratory tract infection like symptoms to full-blown ARDS. Although the pediatric age group is shown to be less susceptible to severe infection, they can very well act as an intermediate in the transmitter of the virus. Treatment is symp-tomatic for mild diseases, but severe disease and ARDS require ICU management and specific treatment.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 12 | Issue: 17 | No. of pages: 172-177 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, medical care, respiratory diseases
COVID-19: a review of drugs and therapies for children

AUTHOR(S)
Patel Zeeshan Jameel; Amar M. Taksande

Published: September 2020   Journal: Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health
A review of drugs and therapy for children including: respiratory support, nutritional supplementation, immunotherapy, CoV specific therapy, chloroquine, antiviral therapy, antibiotics, anti-parasitic drugs
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 49 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 210-217 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, medical care, pharmaceuticals
Care during COVID-19 must be humane and person centred

AUTHOR(S)
Angela Coulter; Tessa Richards

Published: September 2020   Journal: BMJ : British medical journal
The public swung solidly behind health and social care staff during the early phase of the covid-19 pandemic and applauded professionals’ commitment, selflessness, and hard work. But patient organisations, including The BMJ’s patient and public advisory panel, were dismayed to see how rapidly the hard won policies that embed the principle of patient and public involvement in healthcare decision making were swept away in the rush to respond to the crisis. The covid-19 pandemic is no reason to roll back the tide on person centred care.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 370 | No. of pages: 2 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: medical care
European consensus recommendations for neonatal and paediatric retrievals of positive or suspected COVID-19 patients

AUTHOR(S)
Ulrich Terheggen; Christian Heiring; Mattias Kjellberg (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: Pediatric Research
The 2020 novel coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2) pandemic necessitates tailored recommendations addressing specific procedures for neonatal and paediatric transport of suspected or positive COVID-19 patients. The aim of this consensus statement is to define guidelines for safe clinical care for children needing inter-facility transport while making sure that the clinical teams involved are sufficiently protected from SARS-CoV-2. A taskforce, composed of members of the European Society of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care (ESPNIC) Transport section and the European Society for Paediatric Research (ESPR), reviewed the published literature and used a rapid, twostep modified Delphi process to formulate recommendations regarding safety and clinical management during transport of COVID19 patients.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.