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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 147
The world somehow stopped moving: impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent psychiatric outpatients and the implementation of teletherapy

Mercedes M. Huscsava; Christian Scharinger; Paul L. Plener (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Child and Adolescent Mental Health
The COVID-19 pandemic results in disproportional consequences for psychiatric patients. Due to restraints in physical contacts, providers switched from face-to-face contacts to teletherapy, but prior experiences were mostly limited. The study aimed at assessing symptom dynamics, potentially increased adversities and factors influencing a successful transition into teletherapy in adolescent psychiatric outpatients during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Relationship of fear of COVID-19 and pregnancy-related quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic

Somayyeh Naghizadeh; Mojgan Mirghafourvand

Published: June 2021   Journal: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing

The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and quality of life in Iranian pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study was carried out on 250 Iranian pregnant women. Data was collected through questionnaires including demographic and obstetric characteristics, fear of COVID-19 and quality of life. An adjusted general linear model was used to determine the relationship between variables.

Alcohol and substance use in pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic

Preeti Kar; Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen; Gerald Giesbrecht (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Europe PMC
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on rates of alcohol and substance use raises significant concerns, as substances may be coping mechanisms for social isolation and/or disruptions to employment and the economy. Pregnant women are currently experiencing unusually high rates of anxiety and depression symptoms and may be especially affected. This study analysed results from an ongoing study of pregnant individuals in Canada: Pregnancy during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Participants were asked about current substance during pregnancy, and concerns about the threat of COVID-19 to their baby’s life, decreased quality of prenatal care, and whether they felt more socially isolated, experienced financial difficulties, or lost their job.
Acceptability and feasibility of using digital technology to train community practitioners to deliver a family-based intervention for adolescents with drug use disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic

Anja Busse; Wataru Kashino; Sanita Suhartono (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Addictive Behaviors Reports

By adhering to government preventative messages to stay-at-home and social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic, training practitioners in person in implementing a family-based intervention (i.e., Treatnet Family) is not possible. The present study examined the feasibility and acceptability of using digital technology to remotely deliver Treatnet Family training to practitioners in community counselling services in Indonesia. Fifteen practitioners, from the association of addiction counsellors in Indonesia, participated in the Treatnet Family workshop remotely. The training was delivered by four national Treatnet Family trainers remotely via a digital platform for five days with additional take-home assignments.

Parenting & children’s psychological adjustment during the COVID-19 pandemic

Samantha J. Gregus; Juventino Hernandez Rodriguez; Melissa A. Faith (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: School Psychology Review
Empirical data on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on families with school-aged children is limited. This study used a cross-sectional, descriptive design to examine pandemic-related family impacts and whether impacts varied based on demographics. It also examined whether parenting behaviors in response to the virus and parent–child interactions were related to pandemic impacts and children’s psychological adjustment. It surveyed 595 United States parents (69.2% non-Latinx White, 12.1% Black/African American) using Amazon Mechanical Turk in May 2020.
Those in the shadow of the pandemic: impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak on the mental health of children with neurodevelopmental disorders and their parents

Baris Guller; Ferhat Yaylaci; Damla Eyuboglu

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Journal of Developmental Disabilities
This study aimed to investigate the emotional and behavioral responses of children with neurodevelopmental disorders and their parents during the recent novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the associated factors. Our study included 299 children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders and 299 mothers or fathers. Participant groups were as follows: autism spectrum disorder (n = 131, 43.8%); intellectual disability (n = 103, 34.4%); specific learning disorder (n = 46, 15.4%); and communication disorder (n = 19, 6.4%).
Navigating pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic: the role of social support in communicated narrative sense-making

Emily Charvat; Haley Kranstuber Horstman (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of Family Communication
Grounded in communicated narrative sense-making theory (CNSM), this study explored how women who were pregnant during the COVID-19 pandemic (n = 21) communicatively made sense of their experience in light of their received social support. Interview data were inductively analyzed for emergent themes and deductively analyzed for type of social support and narrative tone. Findings uncovered themes of a) connecting to mitigate stress, b) drawing on others’ knowledge, c) receiving socially distant instrumental support, and d) lacking medical professional support.
Beyond a traumatic loss: the experiences of mourning alone after parental death during COVID-19 pandemic

Zahra Asgari; Azam Naghavi; Mohammad Reza Abedi

Published: May 2021   Journal: Death Studies
Millions of adolescents around the world lost their loved ones due to the COVID-19 pandemic; at the same time, health protocols in many countries do not allow mourners to practice their familiar rituals around death and dying. This study explored the experience of 15 Iranian adolescents who had lost their parent(s) during the pandemic through a phenomenological approach. Two main themes including distress in a shattered life and crisis in crisis were extracted from the interviews. Findings highlight the importance of immediate and alternative ways of support for adolescents who lost their parents during the pandemic.
COVID-19 pandemic fears and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in adolescents with pre-existing mental disorders: an exploratory cross-sectional study

Yasser Saeed Khan; Muayad Jouda; Yahia Albobali (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry

Previous research has established an association between pandemic fears and the development of obsessive-compulsive symptoms mainly in the general population. This study aims to explore whether COVID-19 pandemic fears are associated with obsessive-compulsive symptoms and vice versa in adolescents with preexisting mental and behavioural disorders.

Coparenting autistic children during COVID-19: emerging insights from practice

Sarah Southey; Rae Morris; Michael Saini

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Social Work
Globally, parents and caregivers of children with autism have been particularly impacted by the recent changes due to COVID-19. Reduced access to schools, community supports, and therapeutic services makes parenting more challenging during the pandemic, and especially for parents with children with autism and who are experiencing family breakdown. There remains little guidance to assist coparenting autistic children during COVID-19 after separation and divorce. This brief paper summarizes emerging issues arising in clinical practice to offer recommendations for social work practice.
Beyond the four walls: the evolution of school psychological services during the COVID-19 outbreak

Gary E. Schaffer; Elizebeth M. Power; Amy K. Fisk (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Psychology in the Schools
The emergence of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in early 2020 led to the sudden temporary closure of K-12 schools across the United States. Schools were tasked with providing remote instruction to students, and many of these children continued to require mental and behavioral health services provided by school psychologists. In this study, 675 school psychologists were surveyed across the United States to examine how their roles and responsibilities changed as a result of COVID-19. Participants reported the perceived impact of COVID-19 on students’ mental health and difficulty serving students and families, as well as their concerns and recommendations pertaining to school reentry. Overall, respondents in this study reported that their roles and responsibilities notably changed because of COVID-19. Participants noted their belief that children and educators will need increased mental health support upon returning to school. Implications for future practice and research are discussed.
Mental health among pregnant women with COVID-19–related stressors and worries in the United States
Published: May 2021   Journal: Birth

Few studies have evaluated whether pandemic-related stressors, worries, and social distancing have affected the mental health of pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data came from an online survey of United States pregnant women (n = 715), conducted in May 2020. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale were used to assess depressive symptoms, thoughts of self-harm, and moderate or severe anxiety. Multiple logistic regressions were used to examine the associations of COVID-19 experiences with mental health outcomes.

Ghosts in the nursery in exile: supporting parenting in exile during the COVID-19 pandemic

Lena Schestag; Janina Mehner-Gentner; Lea Stein (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies
The early prevention project “Strong together!” supports refugee parents and their young children (0–4 years) in Berlin, Germany. It aims to mitigate the transmission of trauma to the generation born in exile. For refugee families who have only recently arrived in Germany, the COVID-19 pandemic poses a particularly great challenge. Not only are they confronted with numerous challenges in respect to re-building their lives in Germany after fleeing war and persecution, but are also vulnerable to conscious and unconscious anxieties, fantasies, and conflicts evoked by the pandemic and the threat it poses to their lives. This was observed in the context of the mother–child groups of “Strong together!”. Many expressed great insecurity, heightened levels of anxiety, re-experiencing of traumatic scenes, and over-strictly self-isolating themselves and their children, even attraction to fundamentalist ideologies. In this paper, some of the empirical and clinical findings of “Strong together!” are summarized and reflected on within a framework of psychoanalytic trauma theory.
An investigation of women’s pregnancy experiences during the covid-19 pandemic: a qualitative study

Ruveyde Aydin; Songül Aktaş

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Journal of Clinical Practice

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has adversely affected the physical and psychosocial health of pregnant women and their access to antenatal care and health services. This study aims to examine women's pregnancy experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic.

A framework-based approach to assessing mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on children and adolescents

Ping-I Lin; Gautam Srivastava; Linda Beckman (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry
The COVID-19 pandemic has yielded extensive impacts globally in the year of 2020. Although the mental health of children and adolescents may be particularly susceptible to stressors stemming from the pandemic and anti-contagion policies, most ongoing efforts are geared toward curbing the viral spread. In the current perspective, this study have identified four domains of factors corresponding to an ecological framework that may directly or indirectly influence the mental health of children and adolescents during the pandemic. The evidence suggests that anti-contagion policies might trigger cascades that impact the mental health of children and their families through multiple different sectors that used to form a safety net for youths. Additionally, children with neuropsychiatric disorders could experience exacerbated symptoms during the pandemic. Furthermore, the risk of domestic violence has surged during the pandemic, which further compounds the imminent mental health crisis. A mental health pandemic could be inevitable if no proactive prevention strategies were in place.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.