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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 187
Loss of continuity of care in pediatric neurology services during COVID-19 lockdown: an additional stressor for parents

Serena Cesario; Consuelo Basile; Matteo Trevisan (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Children

This study aimed to investigate the consequence of the COVID 19-related lockdown on the well-being of children with neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders and the repercussion on parental stress during the period 9 March 2020–3 May 2020. A web-based survey was shared via mail with the parents of children affected by chronic neurologic disorders and neurodevelopmental disorders in the continuity of care in two Italian tertiary centers, independently by the severity of the diseases and the required frequency of controls. For each patient, they were asked to identify a single main caregiver, among the two parents, to fill in the questionnaire. Parental stress was measured via the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Statistical analysis was performed with IBM SPSS Statistics version 25. The differences between the clinical groups were performed with one way ANOVA. The dimensional effect of the clinical variables on outcome was evaluated by multiple linear regression analysis.

Mental health profiles of autistic children and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic

Marina Charalampopoulou; Eun Jung Choi; Daphne J. Korczak (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Paediatrics & Child Health

Canadian province-wide lockdowns have challenged children’s mental health (MH) during the COVID-19 pandemic, with autistic children being at particular risk. The purpose of this study was to identify sub-groups of autistic children with distinct mental health change profiles, to understand the child-, parent-, and system-specific factors associated with such profiles in order to ultimately inform future interventions. Data were drawn from a large Canadian cohort (N=1,570) across Ontario, resulting in 265 autistic children (mean age=10.9 years, 76% male). K-means clustering analyses were employed to partition distinct MH profiles in six MH measures (mood, anxiety, OCD symptoms, irritability, inattention, hyperactivity) and group differences were examined with reference to the above factors.

Provider and caregiver satisfaction with telehealth evaluation of autism spectrum disorder in young children during the COVID-19 pandemic

Debra L. Reisinger; Elesia Hines; Christine Raches (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
The present study examines provider and caregiver satisfaction with telehealth evaluation of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children during the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic. A telehealth model of ASD evaluation was implemented with 308 children ages 14 to 78 months between May 2020 to June 2021. Data were gathered from electronic health records, autism-specific telehealth diagnostic tools, and post-evaluation surveys. Overall, the majority of providers and caregivers were satisfied with telehealth ASD evaluation. Multiple variables were associated with ratings of satisfaction, differing by providers and caregivers. Findings have important implications for the feasibility and acceptability of telehealth ASD evaluations, in addition to key factors to consider in optimizing and sustaining telehealth evaluations beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.
Affect, behaviors of children with intellectual disabilities and parents' coping strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic

Minjie Ma; Xiao Wang; Peiyu Qi (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry

In early 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic emerged. To prevent the spread of the virus, China implemented restrictions on going out and ensured that people stayed at home. This study aims to investigate the affect and behaviors of children with intellectual disabilities (ID) during the lockdown. The informal coping strategies adopted by parents and their effects were further evaluated. In this study, a total of 457 parents of children (mean age: 14.82 years ± 1.96) with ID in 12 provincial administrative regions across China were surveyed online using the Positive and Negative Affect Scale and our own questionnaire on daily behaviors, problem behaviors and informal coping strategies.

The effectiveness of psychoeducation to improve the well-being of parents having children with autism during the pandemic

Nurussakinah Daulay; Nefi Darmayanti

Published: May 2022   Journal: Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi
This study aimed to determine the role of group-based parenting support training with the psychoeducational method in improving the well-being of parents having children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) during the pandemic. The participants were 10 parents divided into the psychoeducational group and 12 parents in the control group in one State Special School for Autism in Medan. The instrument used a scale based on seven aspects of subjective well-being, as expressed by White (2010). Furthermore, data analysis was carried out using an independent sample t-test.
The role of family counseling in handling autistic children during at-home learning periods

Imam Mujahid; Irwan Abdullah; Minsih (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Psikohumaniora: Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi

The creation of good relations between family members during the COVID-19 pandemic is  considered  important  to  accommodate  the  learning needs  of  autistic  children  as  during  the pandemic,  they  are  not  able  to  learn  optimally.  This  study  aims  to  establish  the  role  of  family counseling  in  handling  autistic  children  during  at-home learning. The research uses  a qualitative case  study  design.  The  informants  were  parents  and core  families  of  autistic  children,  and  data collection  involved interviews,  observations,  and  documentation.  The  data  analysis  techniques employed were inductive analysis through reduction, data description, data coding, interpretation, and  conclusions.

Animation based instructional approach for learning attainment and cognitive functioning of Indian children with ADHD during COVID-19 crisis

Jaishree Devi; Ananta Kumar Jena

Published: May 2022   Journal: Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties
Animation based online instructional sessions were organised for enhancing learning attainment and cognitive functioning skills for children diagnosed with ADHD symptoms. The study aimed to examine the effectiveness of animation-based instruction for the empowerment of learning attainment in relation to the cognitive functioning in students with ADHD during COVID-19 crisis. Quasi-experimental design was done on students with ADHD (n = 75, 11–12 years) from three different schools of Assam, India.
Second wave of the study of Taiwanese caregivers of children with ADHD in the COVID-19 pandemic: intentions to vaccinate their children for COVID-19, and related factors

Ching-Shu Tsai; Liang-Jen Wang; Ray C. Hsiao (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Vaccines
The second wave of the Study of Taiwanese Caregivers of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in the COVID-19 Pandemic was conducted at the time of a severe COVID-19 outbreak. The aims of this study were to compare the level of the intentions of caregivers of children with ADHD to vaccinate their children between the first and second waves of study, as well as to examine the COVID-19 pandemic and non-COVID-19 pandemic factors related to caregivers’ intentions. In total, 252 caregivers of children with ADHD completed the structured questionnaires, including the Drivers of COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance Scale; the Risk Perception of the COVID-19 Scale; caregivers’ Difficulties in Asking Their Children to Adopt Self-Protective Behavior Scale; the Brief Symptom Rating Scale; the Parental Bonding Instrument; the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham version IV Scale; and the questionnaires for the intentions to vaccinate their children and child’s medication use for treating ADHD.
"I'm the family ringmaster and juggler": autistic parents' experiences of parenting during the COVID-19 pandemic

Melanie Heyworth; Simon Brett; Jacquiline den Houting (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Autism in Adulthood

Little is known about autistic parenthood. The literature that exists suggests that autistic parents can find it difficult to manage the everyday demands of parenting and domestic life. While emerging research has also highlighted more positive parenting experiences, greater understanding of autistic parenthood is needed. This study sought to understand autistic parents' parenting experiences during the initial phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thirty-five Australian autistic parents (95% women) of autistic children (aged 4–25 years) took part in semi-structured interviews designed to elicit their experiences of life during lockdown.

Environmental and social determinants of leisure-time physical activity in children with autism spectrum disorder

Jihyun Lee; Sean Healy; Justin A. Haegele (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Disability and Health Journal

It is increasingly recognized that children's physical activity behaviors are shaped by neighborhood environment factors and their parent's support. However, these factors have been scarcely studied among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a population at risk of inactivity. This cross-sectional survey study was designed to examine how neighborhood environmental factors and parental support are related to physical activity levels of children with ASD. Also, this study examined if the relationship between the environment and physical activity is modified by demographic factors and COVID-19 related concerns.

Pandemic parenting: a pilot study of in-person versus internet-DOCS K-5 for caregivers of school-age children with disruptive behaviors

Heather Agazzi; Holland Hayford; Nicholas Thomas (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Clinical child psychology and psychiatry
Behavioral parent training (BPT) programs are needed to address disruptive behavior disorders among school-aged children. Given the prolonged COVID-19 pandemic and associated mental health consequences, adapting BPTs to telehealth modalities is necessary to ensure continued services to children and families. This pilot study evaluated the use of a telehealth vs in-person modality to deliver the Developing Our Children's Skills K-5 (DOCS K-5) BPT. Participants were caregivers of children enrolled in elementary school exhibiting disruptive behaviors who participated in either in-person DOCS K-5 (n = 21) or internet-DOCS K-5 (i-DOCS K-5; n = 34).
Lockdown in France: impact on families of young children with special needs

Stéphanie Pinel-Jacquemin; Amalia Martinez; Maud Martinasso (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology

Families with young children have faced serious challenges during the first lockdown as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to remote working, parents have had to monitor their children’s schoolwork and manage their daily lives. When one of the children also has neuro-developmental disorders, this results in an increased burden. We can therefore wonder how these families with one or more young children (under 6 years old) with special needs have experienced and dealt with this lockdown. In this context, the “COVJEUNENFANT” study focused more specifically on the subjective experience, as a parent, of those who cared for children with special needs (i.e., with developmental disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, proven disabilities or chronic health conditions) compared to the general population. It aimed to see if the consequences of the health crisis were significantly different from those perceived by respondents in the general population (n = 490) and if the sociodemographic structure of these families differed from those of other respondents.

TV, computer, tablet and smartphone use and autism spectrum disorder risk in early childhood: a nationally-representative study

Maria Melchior; Katharine Barry; David Cohen (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: BMC Public Health

Screen media use in early childhood has largely increased in recent years, even more so during the COVID-19 epidemic, and there is much discussion regarding its influence on neurodevelopment, including Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study examined the relationship between use of TV, computer, tablet and smartphone at age 2 years and risk of ASD assessed in telephone-based questionnaires among 12,950 children participating in the nationally representative ELFE (‘Etude Longitudinale Française sur les Enfants’) birth cohort study in France.

Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in children with autism spectrum disorder - a literature review

Saeed Ahmed; Aunsa Hanif; Ikram Khaliq (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: International Journal of Developmental Disabilities

This review summarizes evidence pertaining to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the psychological health of children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). An electronic search was conducted using four major databases: PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Using an umbrella methodology, the reference lists of relevant papers were reviewed, and citation searches were conducted. The study included articles written in English between January 2020 and March 2021 that focused on the psychological health of autistic children and adolescents.

Investigating the impact of at-home learning on secondary school-aged children with ADHD: a qualitative study

Brad Hatton; Lauren Powell

Published: April 2022   Journal: Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs
Students with ADHD can benefit from at-home learning in terms of managing their symptoms; however, lockdown restrictions due to the pandemic are having negative impacts on the student population. This study was designed to ascertain how students with ADHD have been impacted by at-home learning under lockdown restrictions. An interpretative phenomenological analysis was conducted using semi-structured interviews from students, parents and teaching staff. These interviews were used to identify three main themes (anxiety caused by at-home learning, change in social interaction and academic impact of at-home learning) that best identified the participants' experiences.
16 - 30 of 187

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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