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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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School nursing: New ways of working with children and young people during the Covid‐19 pandemic: a scoping review

Georgia Cook; Jane V. Appleton; Sarah Bekaert (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Journal of Advanced Nursing

This paper aimed to examine how school nurse practice evolved as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. A scoping review of international literature, conducted and reported in line with Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework. Searches were conducted in September 2021. Ten databases were searched: The British Nursing Database, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Consumer Health Database, Health and Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health, Public Health, PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science. Relevant grey literature was identified through hand searching.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 79 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 471-501 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: COVID-19 response, lockdown, nurses, schools, social distance
The effect of work stress, workload, and social support on nurses' self-perceptions of parenting roles during Covid-19 pandemic

Selver Mete İzci; Bengü Çetinkaya

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Nursing Management

This study aims to investigate the effects of workload, work stress and social support on nurses' self-perceptions regarding their parenting roles in the Covid-19 pandemic and to examine the effect of nurse parents' sociodemographic characteristics on work stress and workload during the Covid-19 pandemic. The Covid-19 pandemic has brought many challenges in the lives of nurses who are fighting at the forefront of the pandemic. One hundred ninety-eight nurse parents participated in the study conducted with a relational study design using an online questionnaire spread through social networks. ‘The Nurse Parents Descriptive Information Form’, ‘The Swedish Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire (DCSQ)’ and ‘The Self-Perception of Parental Role Scale (SPPR)’ were used for the study data.

Navigating through motherhood in pregnancy and postpartum periods during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review and qualitative meta-synthesis

Xutong Zheng; Jiayu Zhang; Xinxin Ye (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Nursing Management

The aim of this work is to critically appraise and synthesize the qualitative studies on the experiences, perspectives, and consequences of pregnant women experiencing motherhood during the COVID-19 pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a threat to the health of pregnant women. Such a pandemic disrupted their routine care, as well as normal daily life. However, little is known about their coping strategies to the changes brought by COVID-19. A qualitative systematic review was conducted according to the Enhancing Transparency in Reporting the Synthesis of Qualitative Research (ENTREQ) checklist. A meta-aggregative approach rooted in pragmatism and Husserlian transcendental phenomenology was used to synthesize the findings. Dependability and credibility of both study findings and synthesized findings were appraised by Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) ConQual process.

School nurses' perspectives on health among school-aged children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Pernilla Garmy; Charlotta Rahr; Louise Persson (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: The Journal of School Nursing
The aim of this study was to investigate school nurses’ perspectives on students’ health during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden in 2021. A cross-sectional survey design was used with school nurses (n = 225) working in schools in Sweden from elementary to upper secondary levels. The Clausson School Nurse Perception Questionnaire was used with two additional questions about the COVID-19 pandemic. The school nurses rated students’ physical health as very good or good in 78% of the cases and their mental health as very good or good in 64%. There was also a negative trend in mental health during the pandemic, especially among girls. School nurses working in vulnerable areas (i.e., areas with a high proportion of immigrants and those receiving financial assistance) rated students’ physical and mental health significantly worse compared other areas.
impact of the covid 19 pandemic on the process of exclusive breastfeeding

Nurul Anjarwati; Veny Erlisa Irawan

Published: April 2022   Journal: Jurnal Kesehatan Mesencephalon
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on health occurred in all age groups including pregnant women, mothers giving birth, and newborns. Breastfeeding during a pandemic requires special attention because of the short-term and long-term health implications. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the success of exclusive breastfeeding. The research design is qualitative with in-depth interview data collection methods on 7 participants. The sample was selected according to the inclusion criteria, namely mothers who gave birth during a pandemic and when data were collected on children aged 6-12 months in the working area of the Kepanjen Health Center, Kab. Poor. Researchers as the main instrument in the study and interview guides as a reference for questions.
The role of school connectedness in supporting the health and well-being of youth: recommendations for school

Ellen M. McCabe; Caroline Davis; Lauryn Mandy (et al.)

Published: January 2022   Journal: NASN school nurse
The importance of students feeling connected in school cannot be overstated, as this perception is crucial to support their health and well-being. A lack of school connectedness can lead to adverse physical and mental health outcomes, including bully victimization. Numerous factors, including individual, social, and environmental, influence students' perceived sense of school connectedness. School nurses are well positioned to establish and maintain school connectedness due to their knowledge, accessibility to students, and familiarity with the school environment. This article details the importance of school connectedness and describes the associations between school connectedness, bullying, and mental health. In addition, we offer recommendations geared toward school nurses regarding strengthening school connectedness and promoting a culture of care and inclusivity within school environments, especially salient in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Exploring the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the children and families cared for by pediatric-focused advanced practice registered nurses

Daniel Crawford; Susan Van Cleve; Ann Marie McCarthy (et al.)

Published: January 2022   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Health Care

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly affected children and families. The purpose of this study is to better understand the perceptions of pediatric-focused Advanced Practice Registered Nurses (P-APRNs) on the impact of COVID-19 on patients and practice. A 25-item electronic survey including a mixture of Likert scales, multiple choice and open-ended questions was sent via email to NAPNAP listserv.

COVID-19 patient care predicts nurses' parental burnout and child abuse: mediating effects of compassion fatigue

Margaret C. Stevenson; Cynthia T. Schaefer; Vaishnavi M. Ravipati (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect

Nurses who are also parents may be at risk not only for professional compassion fatigue, but also parental burnout – a reliable and valid predictor of child abuse and neglect. In support, recent research reveals that parents' COVID-19 related stressors predicted elevated potential for child abuse (Katz and Fallon, 2021). This study explored the harmful effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on nurses' parental burnout, child abuse, and child neglect, as mediated by compassion fatigue (i.e., a combination of job burnout and secondary traumatic stress). Participants were 244 nurses (M age = 32.4; 87% female) who were parents of young children (age 12 or under) recruited via chain referral sampling.

Long COVID—the new “invisible” illness: how school nurses can support the nursing and educational teams for student success

Megan Roesler; Patricia Fato; Barbara Obst

Published: December 2021   Journal: NASN School Nurse
School-age children are not immune to COVID-19 or the pronounced and persistent symptoms associated with a long-COVID diagnosis. Students may present with a variety of symptoms affecting their physical, cognitive, and mental health. The school community should be educated on the school-based interventions and recommendations for creating an individualized safe and successful return to school plan. As we await approval for vaccinations in school-age children younger than 12 years and continue to reposition ourselves to the waves of this pandemic and new variants of the virus, understanding the medical and educational long-term effects on our students may be a long-term need.
Psychosocial outcomes of COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare workers in maternity services

Recep Erin; Yeşim Bayoğlu Tekin

Published: June 2021   Journal: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology

This study investigated the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on social support and anxiety levels in healthcare professionals working in maternity services situated in Trabzon, Turkey. It was designed retrospectively and observationally. Social support to the participants was measured using a scale called the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS). State anxiety scale (STAI TX-1) and trait anxiety scale (STAI TX-2) were used to determine the level of anxiety. All scales were measured before and during the pandemic. Independent t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data where p < 0.05 was considered significant.

Perinatal behavioral health, the COVID-19 pandemic, and a social determinants of health framework

Sharon L. Ruyak; Katie T. Kivlighan

Published: June 2021   Journal: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing
The United States has greater prevalence of mental illness and substance use disorders than other developed countries, and pregnant women are disproportionately affected. The current global COVID-19 pandemic, through the exacerbation of psychological distress, unevenly affects the vulnerable population of pregnant women. Social distancing measures and widespread closures of businesses secondary to COVID-19 are likely to continue for the foreseeable future and to further magnify psychosocial risk factors. This study proposes the use of a social determinants of health framework to integrate behavioral health considerations into prenatal care and to guide the implementation of universal and comprehensive psychosocial assessment in pregnancy. As the most numerous and well-trusted health care professionals, nurses are ideally positioned to influence program and policy decisions at the community and regional levels and to advocate for the full integration of psychosocial screening and behavioral health into prenatal and postpartum care as core components.
Experiences of nurses caring for perinatal women and newborns during the COVID‐19 pandemic: A descriptive qualitative study

Hee Sun Kang; Yedong Son; Mi Ja Kim (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Nursing Open

Nurses are pivotal in caring for patients infected with COVID-19. Little is known about experiences of nurses in maternity care during the pandemic. Therefore, this study aimed to describe nurses’ experiences of caring for perinatal women and newborns during the pandemic. A descriptive qualitative study was conducted. Data were collected from August–November 2020 using focus group and in-depth interviews. A total of 24 nurses working in maternity and newborn care units participated in the study. Content analysis method was used for data analysis.

The dual role of nurses as mothers during the pandemic period: qualitative study

Melike Yavaş Celik

Published: April 2021   Journal: Early Child Development and Care

This study aims to determine the changing routines of nurses in maternal role due to Covid-19 outbreak. This is qualitative interview research and is based on the descriptions of the interviews with the participants. Interviews were recorded on the phone with nurses. It was semi-structured and used a snowball sample, and in-depth interviews were made. Three themes were determined in this research. The themes are 1. Imperatives of the Covid-19 pandemic, 2. Theme: Concerns about infecting their children with Covid-19, 3. Theme: Impaired communication with children. Also, nurses express difficulty about child care, communication with children and concerns about infecting their children. Nurses and their children have been adversely affected by this process and have a feeling of inadequate parental roles.

Preparing for a school-located COVID-19 vaccination clinic

Katherine Park; Rebecca Cartmill; Belinda Johnson-Gordon (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: NASN School Nurse
School-located vaccination events (SLVE) have a long history in the United States and have successfully contributed to lower morbidity and mortality due to vaccine-preventable diseases. The school is an ideal place to reach children from all cultures, socioeconomic groups, and age-groups and is conveniently situated in communities for ease of accessibility for students, parents, and staff alike. School nurses play an important role in planning for SLVE and are ideally positioned to initiate this process and provide accurate information, dispelling myths about vaccines. Because school nurses are considered a trusted source of health information by the school community, they can provide valuable education on the impact of vaccination on student and staff attendance. Conducting a successful SLVE requires research, planning, and partnerships, and these partnerships are needed both within the school setting and outside this setting, within the community at large.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19, nurses, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: United States
Utilizing academic–community partnerships with nursing students to improve hand hygiene in elementary students to reduce transmission of COVID-19

Julie Perry; Natasha McClure; Rebecca Palmer

Published: January 2021   Journal: NASN School Nurse
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has raised awareness about the vital role school nurses have in improving the overall health of children. School nurses provide health promotion within schools, yet over 60% of schools have only a part-time nurse or no nurse. Nursing students may be valuable partners for health promotion and academic–community partnerships may be mutually beneficial to schools of nursing and local schools. Using a nursing student team to teach hand hygiene while school health staff were present provided an opportunity for hands-on training to help the staff master curriculum content and ensure competency. This article describes a collaborative partnership initiative that expanded access to health promotion education in schools to increase knowledge about reducing the spread of infectious disease, such as COVID-19, while providing valuable clinical experiences for nursing students.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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