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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Vietnamese high school EFL teachers' perceptions toward online teachingunder the impact of COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Vo Thi Le Chi; Phuong Hoang Yen

Published: August 2022   Journal: European Journal of English Language Teaching
The coronavirus disease case, commonly known as Covid-19, has spread internationally since March 2020. Approximately 100 countries, including Vietnam, closed their schools due to a public health emergency, according to UNESCO. Due to the circumstance, teachers were forced to convert from in-person instruction to online instruction. In the context of Covid-19, this study investigated how EFL high school instructors felt about online English language education. A descriptive design and a mixed-methods approach were utilized in this investigation. Six EFL high school teachers in the Mekong Delta were interviewed for this study to get their perspectives.
Distance learning in early childhood during the COVID-19 crisis: family and educators' experiences

AUTHOR(S)
Raquel Plotka; Ruth Guirguis

Published: August 2022   Journal: Early Childhood Education Journal
The COVID-19 crisis presented teachers and families with the challenge of educating young children online. This study explored the experiences with virtual education of 51 parents and 53 teachers of young children.
Early childhood teachers' professional learning and development during the homeschooling period

AUTHOR(S)
Tünde Barabási; Gabriella-Mária Stark

Published: August 2022   Journal: Technium Social Sciences Journal
The interpretation framework of this study is the professional development and learning: Postholm’s definition of professional development, informal learning, the continuously professional learning defined by Szivák et al., mutual and cooperative learning. The central question of this empirical investigation was to what extent the practice of homeschooling during the pandemic can be framed as professional learning and development in the case of Hungarian early childhood teachers from Romania. It hypothesized that, despite the serious challenges of the pandemic, both practicing early childhood teachers and educational experts perceive and identify the elements of homeschooling which can also be framed as professional development and learning.
Books versus screens: a study of Australian children's media use during the COVID pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Sybil Nolan; Katherine Day; Wonsun Shin (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Publishing Research Quarterly
As children’s use of screens increased during the COVID pandemic, their reading of traditional books was affected, a national survey of Australian parents shows. The study was conducted by researchers at the University of Melbourne to compare young people’s use of screens and books in the pandemic. Their online survey of 513 primary caregivers of children aged seven to thirteen around Australia showed that tablet use flourished during the pandemic and that COVID lockdowns influenced book buying and library borrowing in consequential ways for publishing and literature. Many parents believed their children’s use of screens had come at the expense of book reading.
Digital learning and the lopsidedness of the education in government and private primary schools during the COVID-19 pandemic in West Bengal, India

AUTHOR(S)
Bappa Sarkar; Nazrul Islam; Ranjan Roy (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: E-Learning and Digital Media
Since March 2020, all academic institutions have been closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and have been encouraged online mode of education to the students in West Bengal, India. The most profound negative effect of the school closure has been noticed on primary education. This research examines how school closures in both government and private primary schools in West Bengal result in uneven teaching-learning opportunities in formal and non-formal education during the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study was conducted based on an online survey in West Bengal using a structured questionnaire. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test, Shapiro-Wilk Test, Pearson Chi-squared (χ2) test, and logistic regression were used to check the relationships among the variables. Based on 473 responses to an online survey administered to the parents and educated family members of 3–10 years aged children from both government and private primary schools in West Bengal.
Challenges of online learning for children with special educational needs and disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic: a scoping review

AUTHOR(S)
Indre Bakaniene; Martyna Dominiak-Świgoń; Miguel Augusto Meneses da Silva Santos (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected education at all levels in various ways. This paper provides a review of the literature on the challenges of online learning for children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND). In total, 17 studies from nine countries were analysed. The challenges of online learning for children with SEND reported by teachers and parents and the strategies applied to overcome the challenges were identified.

Remote parent coaching in preschool mathematics: evidence from Peru

AUTHOR(S)
Emma Näslund-Hadley; Juan Manuel Hernández-Agramonte; Carolina Mendez (et al.)

Published: August 2022
This study evaluates the effects of a 10-week intervention that randomly provided access to remote coaching to parents of preschool children over the summer break in Peru. In response to learning losses during COVID-19 induced school closures, education coaches offered guidance and encouragement to parents in activities aimed to accelerate the development of core mathematical skills.
Designing a tool to address the depression of children during online education

AUTHOR(S)
Asma Alwadei; Reem Alnanih

Published: August 2022   Journal: Procedia Computer Science

Advances in communication and information technology have changed the way humans interact. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the technology for communication has caused depression and anxiety, including among children and teens. Depression among children and teens may go unrecognized and untreated, as parents and teachers may have difficulty recognizing the symptoms. COVID-19 has changed traditional learning methods, forcing children to stay home and connect through online education. Although some children may function reasonably well in less-structured environments, many children with significant depression suffer a noticeable change in social activities, loss of interest in an online school, poor online academic performance, or changes in appearance. Home quarantine has affected children's mental health, and it has become challenging for school counselors to predict depression in many children participating in online education. This study aims to design and develop a tool for predicting depression among children aged 7 to 9 years old by recording students' online classes and sending a note to the child's academic file. The idea of needing this tool arose as an output for applying the design thinking approach to the online education website during COVID-19. This inspired the authors to combine the lecture recordings and the prediction of depression into one tool. Image processing techniques are applied to generate the results predicted by the model on the collected videos. The overall accuracy for classifying depressed and not depressed videos is 89%.

Rethinking dating and sexual violence prevention for youth during the pandemic: examining program feasibility and acceptability

AUTHOR(S)
Anna Segura; Michelle Henkhaus; Victoria Banyard (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sexual and dating violence (SDV) is a social and health but preventable public issue. Most evidence-based prevention programs have been evaluated using an in-person delivery mechanism. Project Dream, Own and Tell (DOT) is a 13- to 18-week SDV prevention program targeting youth from traditionally underserved communities in New York City that shifted from in-person to online delivery in response to social distancing requirements during the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of the current study was to understand how youth perceive learning SDV prevention in an online environment (acceptability and feasibility of the online DOT program). A mixed methods triangulation design was used including responses to Ecological Momentary Assessments (n = 25), a brief post survey with Likert-scale items (n = 18), and semi-structured interviews with 12 participants. The sample comprised Latinx/Hispanic, Asian American, Arab American, and African American youth between the ages of 15 and 21 from urban communities. Youth indicated both strengths and challenges of the online format. Strengths included ease of fitting the program into their schedules, avoiding long commutes, and the potential to create a safe online space for participants to engage in sexual violence prevention discussions and thus, feel less exposed. Challenges included internet connectivity issues, difficulties in building trustworthy relationships with other participants when not sharing the same physical space, some characteristics of the program’s activities, and the lack of adequate space from which to attend the program (i.e., shared spaces).
Absence of a COVID-induced academic drop in high-school physics learning

AUTHOR(S)
Eric W. Burkholder; Carl E. Wieman

Published: July 2022   Journal: Physical Review Physics Education Research
At the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the majority of secondary instruction in the United States transitioned to an online environment. In many parts of the country, online schooling continued for upwards of two years. Many experts have hypothesized an “academic slide”—a reduction in student learning—following this period of online instruction. This study investigated the change in student preparation for introductory college physics in incoming Stanford University students between the fall term of 2019 to the fall term of 2021. We did this by looking at the performance on a validated physics diagnostic exam that all Stanford students intending to take a physics course took before enrolling in an introductory physics course. We found no statistically or educationally significant change in scores. Despite many anecdotal faculty reports, at least for this population, the level of student preparation in physics and related math appears to be unchanged.
Implementation and challenges of online education during the COVID-19 outbreak: a national survey of children and parents in China

AUTHOR(S)
Wenting Zhu; Qianqian Liu; Xiumin Hong

Published: July 2022   Journal: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
This study aims to explore the implementation and challenges of China's national online education strategy – “Suspending Classes Without Stopping Learning” (SCWSL) – during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of children and their parents. Altogether 28,334 children (aged 6-8 years) and their parents were randomly sampled from nine cities in five provinces of China, and a mixed-method design involving a questionnaire and interviews was used.
Secondary school students' experience with online lessons during the first two waves of the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Silvia Barnová; Slávka Krásna; Zuzana Geršicová

Published: July 2022   Journal: R&E-SOURCE
In the proposed paper, the authors present the results of a questionnaire survey on Slovak secondary school students’ experiences gained during the first two waves of the COVID-19 pandemic. Two questionnaire surveys have been carried out within an ongoing research project focused on the limits of online learning in secondary schools and on new opportunities brought by the involuntary transfer from school-based to distance learning during the pandemic crisis. The research sample consists of secondary school students who, in June 2020, were questioned about their experiences with online lessons during the first wave of the pandemic, and, in the academic year 2020/2021, a questionnaire on their experiences gained during the second pandemic wave was administered to them.
Ensuring future resilience beyond ICT and online teaching and learning of social studies in Ghanaian senior high schools: lessons from COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
John Zengulaaru; Ernest Nyamekye (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Social Education Research
The emergence of COVID-19 has posed unprecedented challenges to every sphere of social life, including education. To mitigate the educational challenges, students and teachers were urged to adjust to online teaching and learning. This spurred a slew of studies into ICT and online teaching and learning. However, studies had given little attention to resilient mechanisms beyond ICT and online teaching and learning, particularly, in Social Studies. This study, therefore, purported to elicit the challenges encountered by students and teachers in the teaching and learning of Social Studies during the COVID-19 school closures. It also sought to identify holistic resilient approaches to withstand future unforeseen contingencies. An explanatory sequential mixed method design was employed in this study. Overall, 300 form three students of senior high school and 15 Social Studies teachers participated in this study. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS Version 20. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the qualitative data.
A qualitative study on mothers' experiences attending an online infant massage class: "It is funny! I feel close to my baby!"

AUTHOR(S)
Siti Khuzaiyah; Qorinah Sakilah Estiningtyas Adnani; Nur Chabibah (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: BMC Nursing volume

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacts maternal and perinatal health. Fear of COVID-19 transmission may lead to psychological disorders among mothers, such as anxiety and depression, which might affect the infant's health. Innovation is needed to address problems related to this condition. This study aimed to explore the experiences of mothers who had attended online infant massage classes.  This qualitative survey recruited 12 Indonesian mothers who had infants aged < 12 months and joined the online infant massage class. An open-ended question form was used to collect data, which were analyzed using thematic content analysis.

Digital divide or digital provide? Technology, time use and learning loss during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
M. Niaz Asadullah; Anindita Bhattacharjee

Published: June 2022
COVID-19 school closure has caused a worldwide shift towards technology-aided home schooling. Given widespread poverty in developing countries, this has raised concerns over new forms of learning inequalities. Using nationwide data on primary and secondary school children in slum and rural households in Bangladesh, the authors examine how learning time at home during the early months of school closure varies by access to technology at home.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.