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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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316 - 330 of 362
Addressing the indirect effects of COVID-19 on the health of children and young people

AUTHOR(S)
Neil Chanchlani; Francine Buchanan; Peter J. Gill

Published: August 2020   Journal: CMAJ
Countries that have seen substantial disruption to usual medical services and widespread public health measures related to COVID-19 are likely to see both immediate and long term indirect effects of the pandemic on health. The potential adverse effects on children and young people’s health may be underappreciated. This paper discusses how limited access to primary and secondary health care, parental fear of seeking health care, daycare and school closures, employment and financial instability, and greater risk of exposure to adverse childhood experiences may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. It also considers potential mitigation strategies, including restructuring the way in which health care is delivered for children and young people.
Why we need longitudinal mental health research with children and youth during (and after) the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Mark Wade; Heather Prime; Dillon T. Browne

Published: August 2020   Journal: Psychiatry Research
In recent weeks, dozens of studies have been designed to examine the mental health consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. Absent from the literature is the expressed need for research that is both longitudinal and developmental. To date, studies with children and youth have been almost exclusively cross-sectional While immensely informative, these studies cannot speak to the long-term effects of the pandemic, nor the complex set of stressors that instigate these difficulties or the mechanisms through which those stressors operate. This article presents five common effects that occur in developmental psychopathology that emphasize the need for longitudinal mental health research with children and youth.
Talking to children about illness and death of a loved one during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Elizabeth Rapa; Louise Dalton; Alan Stein

Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
In the midst of the devastating death toll and hospitalisations from COVID-19, the psychological effect of this unfolding pandemic on children has been unconscionably overlooked. The overwhelming media coverage and barrage of public health messages sustain a high level of physical and emotional threat within our communities, which is intensely observed by children. Age-appropriate explanations are paramount to ensure children have a coherent narrative and emotional support for their experiences. This need is magnified when someone in the family is hospitalised for or dies from COVID-19.
The effects of social deprivation on adolescent development and mental health

AUTHOR(S)
Amy Orben; Livia Tomova; Sarah-Jayne Blakemore

Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Adolescence (the stage between 10 and 24 years) is a period of life characterised by heightened sensitivity to social stimuli and the increased need for peer interaction. The physical distancing measures mandated globally to contain the spread of COVID-19 are radically reducing adolescents' opportunities to engage in face-to-face social contact outside their household. This study describes, from an interdisciplinary viewpoint, how social deprivation in adolescence might have far-reaching consequences. Human studies have shown the importance of peer acceptance and peer influence in adolescence. Animal research has shown that social deprivation and isolation have unique effects on brain and behaviour in adolescence compared with other stages of life. However, the decrease in adolescent face-to-face contact might be less detrimental due to widespread access to digital forms of social interaction through technologies such as social media. The findings reviewed highlight how physical distancing might have a disproportionate effect on an age group for whom peer interaction is a vital aspect of development.
Managing psychological distress in children and adolescents following the COVID-19 epidemic: a cooperative approach

AUTHOR(S)
Xiao Zhou

Published: August 2020   Journal: Psychological trauma : theory, research, practice and policy
Children and adolescents are susceptible to the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic and tend to show posttraumatic distress. Immediately after an epidemic, governments and social organizations often provide psychological services for children and adolescents to relieve their distress. However, many adolescents report distress even long after a traumatic event because of the unaddressed traumatic atmosphere in schools or families. To advance this issue, this article proposes a cooperative model of psychological services provision for children and adolescents in response to the COVID-19 epidemic.
Children and adolescents are susceptible to the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic and tend
to show posttraumatic distress. Immediately after an epidemic, governments and social organizations
often provide psychological services for children and adolescents to relieve their distress. However, many
adolescents report distress even long after a traumatic event because of the unaddressed traumatic
atmosphere in schools or families. To advance this issue, this article proposes a cooperative model of
psychological services provision for children and adolescents in response to the COVID-19 epidemic
Children and adolescents are susceptible to the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) epidemic and tend
to show posttraumatic distress. Immediately after an epidemic, governments and social organizations
often provide psychological services for children and adolescents to relieve their distress. However, many
adolescents report distress even long after a traumatic event because of the unaddressed traumatic
atmosphere in schools or families. To advance this issue, this article proposes a cooperative model of
psychological services provision for children and adolescents in response to the COVID-19 epidemic
The Impact of COVID-19 on Health Behavior, Stress, Financial and Food Security among Middle to High Income Canadian Families with Young Children

AUTHOR(S)
Nicholas Carroll; Adam Sadowski; Amar Laila (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Nutrients
The purpose of this study was to identify how health behaviors, level of stress, financial and food security have been impacted by the pandemic among Canadian families with young children.
Factors affecting the anxiety levels of adolescents in home-quarantine during COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey

AUTHOR(S)
Şenay Kılınçel; Oğuzhan Kılınçel; Gürkan Muratdağı

Published: August 2020   Journal: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry
This study was aimed to determine the results of home-quarantine measures taken for adolescents during the pandemic and the affecting factors. It was conducted as an online cross-sectional self-report questionnaire and included children aged between 12 and 18 years.
Psychological flexibility and inflexibility as sources of resiliency and risk during a pandemic: Modeling the cascade of COVID-19 stress on family systems with a contextual behavioral science lens

AUTHOR(S)
Jennifer S. Daks; Jack Peltz; Ronald D. Rogge

Published: August 2020   Journal: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the historic economic shutdown and stay at home efforts to slow its spread have radically impacted the lives of  families across the world, completely disrupting routines and challenging them to adjust to new health risks as well as to new work and family demands.
The current study applied a contextual behavioral science lens to the spillover hypothesis of Family Systems Theory to develop a multi-stage mechanistic model for how COVID-19 stress could impact family and child functioning and how parents’ psychological flexibility could shape those processes.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 18 | No. of pages: 16-27 | Language: English | Topics: Mental Health | Tags: child well-being, lockdown, parent-child relationship, psychological distress | Countries: United States
Elevated depression and anxiety symptoms among pregnant individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Catherine Lebel; Anna MacKinnon; Mercedes Bagshawe (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders
This study assessed symptoms of anxiety and depression among pregnant individuals during the current COVID-19 pandemic and determined factors that were associated with psychological distress. 1987 pregnant participants in Canada were surveyed in April 2020. The assessment included questions about COVID-19-related stress and standardized measures of depression, anxiety, pregnancy-related anxiety, and social support.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 277 | No. of pages: 5-13 | Language: English | Topics: Mental Health | Tags: maternal care, pregnant women, psychological distress | Countries: Canada
Do suicide rates in children and adolescents change during school closure in Japan? The acute effect of the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic on child and adolescent mental health

AUTHOR(S)
Aya Isumi; Satomi Doi; Yui Yamaoka

Published: August 2020   Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect
This study investigates the acute effect of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic on suicide among children and adolescents during school closure in Japan.
Material hardship and parenting stress among grandparent kinship providers during the COVID-19 pandemic: The mediating role of grandparents' mental health

AUTHOR(S)
Yanfeng Xua; Qi Wu; Sue E. Levkoff

Published: August 2020   Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect
 This study examined the relationship between material hardship and parenting stress among grandparent kinship providers, and assessed grandparents’ mental health as a potential mediator to this relationship during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.
Children's dental anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic: Polish experience

AUTHOR(S)
Aneta Olszewska; Piotr Rzymski

Published: August 2020   Journal: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Dental fear and anxiety is a significant issue that affects pediatric patients and creates challenges in oral health management. Considering that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, along with its associated sanitary regime, social distancing measures and nationwide quarantines, could itself induce public fears, including in children, it is of great interest to explore whether this situation and the necessity of reorganizing dental care could potentially affect the emotional state of pediatric patients facing a need for urgent dental intervention.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 12 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Mental Health | Tags: child mental health, health care, psychological distress | Countries: Poland
Is the psychological impact of exposure to COVID-19 stronger in adolescents with pre-pandemic maltreatment experiences? A survey of rural Chinese adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Jing Guo; Mingqi Fu; Danxia Liu

Published: August 2020   Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect
The aims were to examine whether exposure to COVID-19 predicts elevated levels of anxiety and post-traumatic stress symptoms and whether pre-pandemic maltreatment experiences exacerbate this impact on mental health in adolescents.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Mental Health | Tags: adolescent well-being, mental health, psychological distress | Countries: China
School closure in response to epidemic outbreaks: Systems-based logic model of downstream impacts

AUTHOR(S)
Dylan Kneale; Alison O'Mara-Eves; Rebecca Rees

Published: August 2020
School closures have been a recommended non-pharmaceutical intervention in pandemic response owing to the potential to reduce transmission of infection between children, school staff and those that they contact. However, given the many roles that schools play in society, closure for any extended period is likely to have additional impacts. Literature reviews of research exploring school closure to date have focused upon epidemiological effects; there is an unmet need for research that considers the multiplicity of potential impacts of school closures.
Psychosocial consequences of COVID-19 in children, adolescents and young adults: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Androniki Stavridou; Angeliki-Argyroula Stergiopoulou; Eleni Panagouli (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Systematic review of psychosocial impact of COVID-19 in children and adolescents.
316 - 330 of 362

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.