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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 129
Hearing outcomes of infants born to mothers with active COVID-19 infection

AUTHOR(S)
Panagiota Kosmidou; Ioannis Karamatzanis; Sotiris Tzifas (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Medical Journeys

COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, is a highly contagious respiratory tract infection. A major concern of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women is vertical maternal-fetal transmission and the ramifications on infant hearing. This retrospective study aims to investigate whether perinatal exposure to SARS-CoV-2 has an impact on the hearing of the offspring. The study population included neonates born to unvaccinated COVID-19 positive mothers in the University Hospital of Patras, Greece from March 2020 to January 2021. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests were performed on the neonates on the first, second,, and seventh day of life. All neonates underwent transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) within the first three months of life and were all examined at the age of nine months.

Long COVID-19 in children: an Italian cohort study.

AUTHOR(S)
Gianfranco Trapani; Giuseppe Verlato; Enrico Bertino (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Italian Journal of Pediatrics

Long COVID-19 syndrome is a complex of symptoms that occurs after the acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, in the absence of other possible diagnoses. Studies on Long COVID-19 in pediatric population are scanty and heterogeneous in design, inclusion criteria, outcomes, and follow-up time. The objective of the present study is to assess the prevalence of Long COVID-19 syndrome in a cohort of Italian pediatric primary care patients, observed for a period of time of 8 to 36 weeks from healing. Prevalence was also assessed in a cohort of pediatric patients hospitalized during acute infection. Data concerning 629 primary care patients with previous acute SARS-CoV-2 infection were collected by a questionnaire filled in by Primary Care Pediatrician (PCP). The questionnaire was administrated to patients by 18 PCPs based in 8 different Italian regions from June to August 2021. Data concerning 60 hospitalized patients were also collected by consultation of clinical documents.

Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: Italy
Preschool children with asthma during the Covid-19 pandemic: fewer infections, less wheezing

AUTHOR(S)
Zülfikar Akelma; Sema Çetin; Nevzat Başkaya (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Asthma

A few studies have already investigated preschool children with asthma during the pandemic. The purpose of this research was to investigate how preschool children with asthma were affected by the precautionary measures adopted during the pandemic. Preschool children with asthma aged 18–60 months evaluated in our clinic in March–May 2019, before the Covid-19 pandemic, were included in the study. The lockdown continued during March, April, and May 2020. The questionnaires and asthma symptom control tests for preschool children with asthma in 2019 and 2020 were then evaluated.

The significance of D-dimer investigation in Iraqi children with COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Raed Khudhair Farhan; Ahmed Jawad Kadhim Al Abdullah; Mundher Abdzaid Shamhood

Published: May 2022   Journal: International Journal of Health Sciences,
The proportion of children affected with COVID-19 accounted for approximately 1 to 2 % of all infected cases and the disease often follows a mild to moderate disease. Increased coagulation and events that are thrombotic were repeatedly recorded in adult patients with COVID-19. Nevertheless, till now, there is no consensus about thrombotic events in children in published articles.  This studyaimes to make evaluation of d-dimer level in children with COVID-19 and the rate of thrombotic complications. The present research that is of cross sectional type was carried out in Children and Maternity Teaching Hospital in Al-Diwaniyah Province, Iraq. The study included 168 children with COVDI-19 proved by positive RT-PCR results following nasopharyngeal swabs. The age ranged from one month up to 15 years and the study included 77 girls and 91 boys.
Changes in physical activity and sedentary time among children with asthma during the COVID-19 pandemic and influencing factors.

AUTHOR(S)
Sandra Lee; Ai Zhang; Lei Liu (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Journal of Asthma

Regular physical activity is essential for asthma control in children, but it remains understudied within the context of COVID-19. Physical activity and sedentary time levels before and during the COVID-19 pandemic among children with asthma were documented and differences by characteristics were explored. This was a cross-sectional self-administered online survey study of 5- to 17-year-old children with asthma from the United States between December 2020 and April 2021.

Post-covid syndrome in children in rare cases of COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
I. N. Zakharova; I. M. Osmanov; T. M. Tvorogova (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Pediatrics. Consiliumj Medicum
Post-covid syndrome (PCS) is a symptom complex that occurs during and after COVID-19 lasting more than 12 weeks, which is not a possible disease. The clinical manifestations of PCS are many-sided, under their mask or manifestations or exacerbations of chronic organic activity, the trigger of which was the virus, are hidden. PCS is a diagnosis of exclusion. The main manifestations of PCS: autonomic dysregulation, cognitive and psycho-emotional disorders, disorders of the respiratory system, cardiovascular, digestive systems. Direct pathogenic factors, the main neurological manifestations are PCS of preservation of brain hypoperfusion, hypoxia and hypoxemia, resulting in energy deficiency of neuronal structures, violation of the probable, as well as virus-induced structural detection of neurons in the cortex and subcortical structures of the brain. The severity and duration of exposure appear to be increasingly dependent on the body's response to SARS-CoV-2. PCS has a different severity of severity in recovered patients and does not always depend on the severity of the acute period. Timely examination with differential diagnosis allows not only to make a diagnosis, but also to recommend therapy with a personalized approach to the correction of PCS.
Transmission risk of COVID-19 in high school and college water polo

AUTHOR(S)
Raymond J. Kreienkamp; Christopher J. Kreienkamp; Cindy Terrill (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: BMC Infectious Diseases

Concerns that athletes may be at a higher risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission has led to reduced participation in sports during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to assess COVID-19 incidence and transmission during the spring 2021 high school and college water polo seasons across the United States. This prospective observational study enrolled 1825 water polo athletes from 54 high schools and 36 colleges. Surveys were sent to coaches throughout the season, and survey data were collected and analyzed.

Experiences of at-risk women in accessing breastfeeding social support during the Covid-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Emila Siwik; Samantha Larose; Dalia Peres (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Journal of Human Lactation

With strict public health measures implemented in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many breastfeeding parents, who are within an at-risk population, have experienced limited formal and/or informal breastfeeding social support. In the Canadian context, the experiences of these women is unknown. This study aims to explore the experiences of at-risk postpartum breastfeeding women in accessing formal and informal breastfeeding social support during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Outcomes and risk factors of death among hospitalized children and adolescents with obesity and COVID-19 in Brazil: An analysis of a nationwide database

AUTHOR(S)
Ana Cristina Simões e Silva; Mariana A. Vasconcelos; Enrico A. Colosimo (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Pediatric Obesity

Obesity is a well-recognized risk factor for critical illness and death among adult patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. This study aimed to characterize the clinical outcomes and risk factors of death related to obesity in a cohort of hospitalized paediatric patients with COVID-19. It performed an analysis of all paediatric patients with obesity and COVID-19 registered in SIVEP-Gripe, a Brazilian nationwide surveillance database, between February 2020 and May 2021. The primary outcome was time to death, which was evaluated by using cumulative incidence function.

Asthma control and treatment steps in Turkish children with asthma during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Özge Atay; Suna Asilsoy; Seda Şirin Köse (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Medical Science and Discovery
Since viral infections are one of the most important factors affecting asthma control, various precautions and recommendations for asthma patients came to the fore at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study, aimed to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on asthma control and treatment steps of children with asthma.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 9 | Issue: 4 | No. of pages: 8 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: Turkey
Clinical characteristics, activity levels and mental health problems in children with long coronavirus disease: a survey of 510 children.

AUTHOR(S)
Danilo Buonsenso; Ferran Espun Pujol; Daniel Munblit (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Future Microbiology
Whether long coronavirus disease pertains to children as well is not yet clear. The authors performed a survey in children suffering from persistent symptoms since initial infection. A total of 510 children infected between January 2020 and January 2021 were included.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 17 | Issue: 8 | No. of pages: 577-588 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, health services, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases
Pediatric COVID-19 risk factors in Southeast Asia-Singapore and Malaysia: a test-negative case–control study

AUTHOR(S)
Judith Ju Ming Wong; Chin Seng Gan; Sanghvi Heli Kaushal (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene,

There is a scarcity of population-level data of pediatric COVID-19 infection from Southeast Asia. This study aims to describe and compare epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and outcome data among pediatric COVID-19 cases versus controls in two neighboring countries, Singapore and Malaysia. It used a test-negative case–control study design recruiting all suspected COVID-19 cases (defined by either clinical or epidemiological criteria) from January 2020to March 2021 admitted to two main pediatric centers in Singapore and Malaysia. Data were collected using a standardized registry (Pediatric Acute and Critical Care COVID-19 Registry of Asia).

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 106 | Issue: 4 | No. of pages: 1113–1120 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease control, health services, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: Malaysia, Singapore
Effects of COVID-19 on child neurodevelopment: an integrative review

AUTHOR(S)
Lucas Teixeira de Castro; Leticia Fernandes Teixeira; Giselda Tavares de Araújo (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Research, Society and Development
The effects of COVID-19 on children are still poorly understood. Considering the progressive increase in pediatric cases, we sought to gather evidence of the disease in children, to better understand its evolution, possible complications, and favor clinical practice. This is a review, whose search was carried out in the National Library of Medicine, Latin American & Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Virtual Health Library (BVS), PAHO and Cochrane Library. Eight articles were included, and the most common symptoms described were: cold-like symptoms, dry cough, respiratory difficulty, mild throat infection, loss of muscle strength, tonic and reflex changes in the lower limbs. However, there is still no clarity about the disease in children, requiring further research.
Long COVID (post-COVID-19 condition) in children: a modified Delphi process.

AUTHOR(S)
Terence Stephenson; Benjamin Allin; Manjula D. Nugawela (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Archives of Disease in Childhood

The aim of this study was to derive a research definition for ‘Long COVID (post-COVID-19 condition)’ in children and young people (CYP) to allow comparisons between research studies. A three-phase online Delphi process was used, followed by a consensus meeting. Participants were presented with 49 statements in each phase and scored them from 1 to 9 based on how important they were for inclusion in the research definition of Long COVID in CYP. The consensus meeting was held to achieve representation across the stakeholder groups. Statements agreed at the consensus meeting were reviewed by participants in the Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) Research Advisory Group.

Covid-19 literacy test: developing of instruments and measuring for high school students

AUTHOR(S)
Ilham Nurseha; Mieke Miarsyah; Rizhal Hendi Ristanto

Published: April 2022   Journal: Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi
COVID-19 literacy is very important in dealing with the current pandemic, especially for students who will or are carrying out offline learning. So, it is necessary to develop an instrument that can measure the literacy ability of COVID-19. This study aims to develop an instrument that can assess the COVID-19 literacy level of high school students. The research method used is research and development with Borg & Gall model, which consists of eight stages namely (1) research and initial information collection, (2) designing, (3) developing initial products, (4) expert validation, (5) initial product revision based on input from expert validators; (6) Field trials, (7) revision, (8) implementation and dissemination. The results of the development obtained 28 items consisting of eight questionnaires and 20 multiple choice questions. The questionnaire aims to obtain descriptive data about students' attitudes towards the COVID-19 pandemic, while multiple choice questions are used to measure students' knowledge.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 15 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 11 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases, secondary schools | Countries: Indonesia
1 - 15 of 129

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.