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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 48
COVID-19 and the mental health of children with respiratory illness

AUTHOR(S)
Ian P. Sinha; Ruth Murphy; Holly Biffin (et al.)

Published: July 2021   Journal: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Children and young people have been deeply affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Lockdowns and new ways of living have necessitated massive adjustments. Despite heroic efforts from teachers, there has been a huge impact on education, and children lost the psychosocial benefits of being in school. News coverage is incessant, and polarised narratives and opinions are amplified in social media echo-chambers. In this report, co-authored with an adolescent from our clinic, we discuss the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children and young people with respiratory problems.
Knowledge and preventive practices towards COVID-19 among pregnant women seeking antenatal services in Northern Ghana

AUTHOR(S)
Maxwell Tii Kumbeni; Paschal Awingura Apanga; Eugene Osei Yeboah (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Plos One
COVID-19 is a novel respiratory disease associated with severe morbidity and high mortality in the elderly population and people with comorbidities. Studies have suggested that pregnant women are more susceptible to COVID-19 compared to non-pregnant women. However, it’s unclear whether pregnant women in Ghana are knowledgeable about COVID-19 and practice preventive measures against it. This study sought to assess the knowledge and preventive practices towards COVID-19 among pregnant women seeking antenatal services in Northern Ghana
Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on children with asthma in Jordan: a parental questionnaire

AUTHOR(S)
Montaha Al-Iede; Karen Waters; Shereen M Aleidi (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: BMJ Paediatrics Open

This paper aims to evaluate the impact of a 10-week lockdown on children with asthma aged 4–17 years in terms of presentations to the emergency department (ED), frequency of admissions, compliance with medications and changes in pulmonary function testing results. It is a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study using Google Forms to collect parents’ and caregivers’ responses after they consented to participation.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 5 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, health services, infectious disease, respiratory diseases | Countries: Jordan
Comparative study of hospitalized children with acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus

AUTHOR(S)
Xinghua Liu; Wei Li; Bo Zhang (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: BMC Infectious Diseases
Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 in December 2019, more than 8 million cases have occurred worldwide as of June 16, 2020. However, it is important to distinguish COVID-19 from other respiratory infectious diseases, such as influenza. Here, we comparatively described the clinical characteristics of children with COVID-19 and paediatric patients with influenza.
Relationship of COVID-19 with pregnancy

AUTHOR(S)
Umme Salma

Published: May 2021   Journal: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
COVID-19 a pandemic disease caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus, which has been emerged in Wuhan city China from early December 2019 which subsequently spreading globally. As a consequence of the physiological adaptive changes and immunosuppressive condition during pregnancy are more susceptible to respiratory tract infection and pneumonia that perhaps makes them more at risk to COVID-19.There is scarce information available on COVID-19 pregnancy and no reliable evidence for vertical transmission. It is a concern that newborns are risk from postpartum contamination. Meanwhile, there was no vaccine and specific therapeutic drugs for COVID19.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 60 | No. of pages: 405-411 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19, disease transmission, pregnancy, pregnant women, respiratory diseases
Pediatric TB detection in the era of COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Javeed A. Golandaj

Published: May 2021   Journal: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
The effect of COVID-19 and measures in response to it on human lives was enormous, including healthcare. The necessary healthcare services including communicable diseases, such as Tuberculosis (TB) were badly affected. Here an attempt has been made to trace the number of notified Pediatric TB cases during and after COVID-19 lockdown and unlock period, and then compared with same period of previous year.
COVID-19 and pregnancy: risk, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

AUTHOR(S)
Vera Hapshy; Daniel Aziz; Payal Kahar (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: SN Comprehensive Clinical Medicine
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel virus responsible for causing an infection known as COVID-19. Several pulmonary and systemic manifestations of the illness have been described since the discovery of this virus. However, there have been higher-risk populations in which this infection has not been well studied nor documented. One of these populations includes the pregnant cohort. The purpose of this article is to describe the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 infection in the pregnant population and review the implications and sequelae of the infection throughout pregnancy and outcomes of live births. Also, we summarize the understanding and safety of current treatments and vaccination in pregnancy. This comprehensive review article comprises several case reports, case series, cohort studies, retrospective studies, and randomized clinical trials.
Psychosocial impact of Covid-19 outbreak on Italian asthmatic children and their mothers in a post lockdown scenario
Published: April 2021   Journal: Scientific Reports
Italy was the first European country to fight the Covid-19 outbreak. To limit the transmission of the virus, the Italian Government imposed strict domestic quarantine policies and temporary closure of non-essential businesses and schools from March 10th,2020. Although more and more literature is exploring the impact of the pandemic on non-referred children and families, only a few studies are focused on the psychosocial impact of Covid-19 in chronically ill children and their caregivers. The present study investigates asthma control and children and mothers’ psychological functioning (i.e.: psychological well-being, fear of contagion, and mothers’ Covid-19 related fears) in 45 asthmatic children aged 7-to-14, compared to a control sample. The subjects were administered an online survey after the lockdown (from 28th May to 23rd August 2020).
Rate of thrombosis in children and adolescents hospitalized with COVID-19 or MIS-C

AUTHOR(S)
Hilary Whitworth; Sarah E. Sartain; Riten Kumar (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: 75 Blood
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is associated with thrombotic complications in adults, but the incidence of COVID-19 related thrombosis in children and adolescents is unclear. Most children with acute COVID-19 have mild disease, but coagulopathy has been associated with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), a post-infectious complication. This study conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort research to determine the incidence of thrombosis in children hospitalized with COVID-19 or MIS-C and to evaluate associated risk factors.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 137 | Issue: 18 | No. of pages: 22 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, child health, child mortality, COVID-19, infectious disease, respiratory diseases
Effects of the COVID‐19 pandemic and lockdown on symptom control in preschool children with recurrent wheezing

AUTHOR(S)
Nicola Ullmann; Annalisa Allegorico; Andrew Bush (et al.)

Published: April 2021
Preschool wheezers are at high risk of recurrent attacks triggered by respiratory viruses, sometimes exacerbated by exposure to allergens and pollution. Because of the COVID‐19 infection, the lockdown was introduced, but the effects on preschool wheezers are unknown. This study hypothesized that there would be an improvement in outcomes during the lockdown, and these would be lost when the lockdown was eased.
COVID-19 in children at Strasbourg University Hospital: a retrospective study of the first 2 months of the epidemic

AUTHOR(S)
O. Lavaine; J. Spizzo; C. Arbitre (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: Archives de Pédiatrie

The emergence and rapid spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have shaken the planet, both in terms of health and economical aspects, constituting a real challenge for the scientific community. At the time of the arrival of the epidemic in France, there were limited data regarding how COVID-19 could affect children. A lesser severity compared with adults was described, but knowledge concerning clinical forms and screening strategies was missing. This retrospective and non-interventional epidemiological study aimed to describe the epidemiology and the clinical features of COVID-19 pediatric disease in the first university hospital affected by the epidemic in France.

Reduced inflammatory responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection in children presenting to hospital with COVID-19 in China

AUTHOR(S)
Guoqing Qian; Yong Zhang; Yang Xu (et al.)

Published: April 2021   Journal: EClinical Medicine
Infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in children is associated with better outcomes than in adults. The inflammatory response to COVID-19 infection in children remains poorly characterised. This study retrospectively analysed the medical records of 127 laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients aged 1 month to 16 years from Wuhan and Jingzhou of Hubei Province. Patients presented between January 25th and March 24th 2020. Information on clinical features, laboratory results, plasma cytokines/chemokines and lymphocyte subsets were analysed.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, respiratory diseases | Countries: China
Screening of COVID-19 in outpatient children with cancer or solid organ transplantation: preliminary report

AUTHOR(S)
Thaís Lira Cleto-Yamane; Gustavo Rodrigues-Santos; Maria Clara de Magalhães-Barbosa

Published: March 2021   Journal: European Journal of Pediatrics
Clinical presentation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in pediatric immunosuppressed patients is unknown. Emerging data describe a milder or asymptomatic course in children compared with adults in this scenario. This paper presents the seroprevalence and clinical features of coronavirus disease 2019 in a prospective cohort of 114 immunosuppressed children and adolescents from three groups: kidney transplantation, liver transplantation, and cancer patients.
Increased risk of rhinovirus infection in children during the coronavirus disease‐19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Emi Takashita; Chiharu Kawakami ; Tomoko Momoki (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses

Coronavirus disease (COVID‐19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2), was first detected in Japan in January 2020 and has spread throughout the country. Previous studies have reported that viral interference among influenza virus, rhinovirus, and other respiratory viruses can affect viral infections at the host and population level. To investigate the impact of COVID‐19 on influenza and other respiratory virus infections, this study analyzed clinical specimens collected from 2244 patients in Japan with respiratory diseases between January 2018 and September 2020.

COVID-19 impacts on families of color and families of children with asthma

AUTHOR(S)
Ashley H. Clawson; Cara N. Nwankwo; Alexandra L. Blair (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
This cross-sectional study quantified differences in (a) social determinants of health (SDOH) and perceived changes in SDOH during the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and (b) COVID-19 psychosocial impacts across four groups: (a) non-Hispanic White (NHW) parents of children with asthma, (b) Black, Indigenous, or other People of Color (BIPOC) parents of healthy children, (c) BIPOC parents of children with asthma, and (d) NHW parents of healthy children (referent). The NIMHD Framework was used to identify SDOHs that may change for families during COVID-19.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.