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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 1154
The role of teachers and parents to improve children's motivational learning in pandemic situation

AUTHOR(S)
Sri Astuti; Diki Rukmana; Puri Pramudiani

Published: September 2022   Journal: International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education
This study analyzed the teachers' and parents' synergy in motivating children to take online learning at home during the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The research instrument consisted of 13 survey questions distributed via Google Form and succeeded in capturing 139 samples of parents of preschool and elementary school students spread across 17 provinces in Indonesia. Factor analysis and structural equation modeling (SEM) were conducted to analyze the instrument's validity and test hypotheses. The factor analysis results showed that the 13 instruments used showed an excellent correlation to confirm each variable's structure. The SEM analysis results showed that in the online learning system applied to preschool and elementary school children, parents play a significant role in the children's motivation to take online learning at home. Parents were also a positive and significant mediator variable in the teacher's role in increasing children's learning motivation.
Student and school characteristics associated with COVID-19-related learning decline among middle and high school students in K-12 schools

AUTHOR(S)
Holly H. Fisher; Georgianne T. Hawkins; Marci Hertz (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Journal of School Health

COVID-19-disrupted schools, including shifts to virtual learning which may have impacted academic progress. This study assessed characteristics associated with changes in academic grades (before and during the pandemic) for different learning modalities for US students ages 13-19. Students (N = 2152) completed a web survey on school-related experiences during the 2020-2021 school year. County social vulnerability and SARS-CoV-2 transmission data were merged with survey data. Multivariable logistic regression analysis for grade change was conducted with student and school characteristics for each learning modality, controlling for community characteristics.

Interpersonal communication between teachers and students through science practicum activities in increasing the learning motivation of public high school students in Depok City during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Nyken Yuliani; Teddy Oswari

Published: August 2022   Journal: International Journal of Educational Technology and Learning
The Depok City Government is an area that decided to implement teaching and learning activities with an online learning system to break the chain of covid-19 spread. During the Covid-19 pandemic, innovative online learning media, especially science subjects, were used to increase student learning motivation while studying at home. Science practicum activities are one of media that can help students' understanding, for this reason, the creativity of science teachers is needed to continue to carry out simple practicum activities at home. The purpose of this study is to find out and analyze interpersonal communication between teachers and students through science practicum activities in increasing the learning motivation of state high school students in Depok City during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research method used is descriptive qualitative, using the Paradigm of Constructivism, the theory of interpersonal communication used is the Theory of S-O-R (Stimulus-Organism-Response) and the Theory of Symbolic Interactionism. Data collection is carried out through documentation, interviews, observation, and triangulation.
The digital divide, gender and education: challenges for tribal youth in rural Jharkhand during Covid-19

AUTHOR(S)
Kumari Vibhuti Nayak; Shamsher Alam

Published: August 2022   Journal: Decision
When analysing the Covid-19 pandemic potential consequences on education, it is evident that it had adverse effects on the existing educational inequalities worldwide. However, little is known about how the digital divide have worsened the conventional educational system and reinforced pre-existing gender inequalities among the historically marginalised communities. This research paper explores how the pandemic, along with digital divide, deteriorated the educational system among the socially deprived groups (i.e. tribals also known as indigenous or Adivasis) and place them in a disadvantageous position. The paper reflects on how the Covid-19 pandemic re-configured the pre-existing issues of educational inequalities and how the digital dived have been manifested in a way that has particularly affected the young tribal girls. For this study, semi-structured interviews with tribal students, their parents and teachers residing in a remote area of Jharkhand, India, were conducted to understand their experiences of shifting to online education mode. Other than accessibility and infrastructure issue, the findings reveal that the elements of cultural and social issues (related to perceived benefits of education for girls and mindset or beliefs parents and teachers towards effectiveness of digital mode of education delivery) create and reinforce the digital divide for the tribal girls in the hinterlands.
Children's representations of the COVID-19 lockdown and pandemic through drawings

AUTHOR(S)
Alessia Cornaggia; Federica Bianco; Gabriella Gilli (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures to face it have placed children and their caregivers in front of many challenges that could represent sources of stress. This work aims to explore the point of view of children through drawing, as a spontaneous means of expression, relating it to parents’ perceptions of children’s difficulties, strengths, and mentalization skills. The sample consists of 18 children (mean age = 8.22, SD = 1.79). Parents were asked to complete: a socio-demographic questionnaire with information on the impact of COVID-19 on the family, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and the Everyday Mindreading Scale. Children were asked to draw three moments: “Before” the pandemic, “During” the lockdown, and “After,” when the COVID-19 will be passed. The drawings were coded by constructing a content and expressive analysis grid, adapting coding systems found in the literature. Data were collected at the beginning of the summer of 2020, just after the first lockdown period (from March to May 2020 in Italy).
Participating in extracurricular activities and school sports during the COVID-19 pandemic: associations with child and youth mental health

AUTHOR(S)
Kaitlyn LaForge-MacKenzie; Katherine Tombeau Cost; Kimberley C. Tsujimoto (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Sports and Active Living
In Ontario, Canada, school extracurricular activities and sports were modified or canceled for a prolonged period due to public health restrictions resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study aims to examine the association of changes to extracurricular and sport participation and child and youth mental health. Data were collected on child and youth mental health symptoms (n = 908) and participation in extracurricular activities and sports in the 2019–2020 and 2020–2021 academic years.
Game‐related behaviors among children and adolescents after school closure during the COVID‐19 pandemic: a cross‐sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Naoki Yamamoto; Yoshiro Morimoto; Hirohisa Kinoshita (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences Reports

Increased exposure to digital gaming content among youth in recent years has raised serious health concerns. Social restrictions such as school closures, imposed worldwide because of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, may increase exposure to gaming and lead to addictive gaming behavior in young people. This study investigated gaming behaviors among Japanese students during COVID-19 school closures. Students completed questionnaires regarding their living conditions, game-related behaviors, diagnosis of Internet addiction, psychological difficulties, and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

COVID-19 and vulnerable children well-being: interview with left-behind children in rural China

AUTHOR(S)
Endale Tadesse; Sabika Khalid; Cai Lianyu (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: 9
This study sought to explore the psychological well-being, academic adjustment, and quality of parental attachment of LBC during COVID-19 based on Left-Behind Children’s (LBC) word of mouth.  In light of the abundance of quantitative studies, this qualitative study explored the psychological, academic, and parental attachment experiences of rural LBC during COVID-19. To this end, this study conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 LBCs aged 10–15 in May 2021.
"I miss seeing the kids!": Australian teachers' changing roles, preferences, and positive and negative experiences of remote teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Penny Van Bergen; Emily Daniel

Published: August 2022   Journal: The Australian Educational Researcher
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant upheaval in schools in Australia and internationally. The aim of this study was to map Australian teachers’ positive and negative experiences during remote and online learning. Our study took place during the first COVID-19 wave, in the early stages of lockdown. Using an online instrument, 210 primary and secondary teachers were asked about changes in their teaching roles due to COVID-19.
The effects of the home-based exercise during COVID-19 school closure on the physical fitness of preschool children in China

AUTHOR(S)
Zhenwen Liang; Cheng Deng; Dan Li (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics

Social distancing and school closures during the COVID-19 pandemic reduced the physical activities of the preschool children living in China. However, the effects of home-based exercise on the physical fitness of Chinese preschool children during COVID-19 school closures are still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the effects of home-based exercise on the physical fitness of Chinese preschool children during COVID-19 school closure. In this retrospective analysis, data from 1,608 Chinese preschool children (aged 3–5.5 years) in a second-tier city of Guangdong Province of China (Zhongshan city) were extracted from three successive National Physical Fitness Measurement (NPFM) from 2019 to 2021. NPFM consists of weight, height, and six subtests of physical fitness including 10-m shuttle run test (SRT), standing long jump (SLJ), balance beam walking (BBW), sit-and-reach (SR), tennis throwing (TT), and double-leg timed hop (DTH) tests.

Parents' view on online education during Covid-19 pandemic in Nepal: narrative analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Saraswati Basnet; Hom Bahadur Basnet; Dilip Kumar Bhattarai

Published: August 2022   Journal: Bouddhik Abhiyan
Nearly 77 million children, has taken away their classrooms for the past 18 months in the pandemic. School children worldwide have lost 1.8 trillion hours and counting of in-person learning due to COVID-19 lockdowns. At least 1 in 3 school children had no access to remote learning during school closures. Narrative review of Analysis was prepared by using secondary data of the all international and national published journal, report and articles. The narrative review analysis was done only on; a) English language b) involved sample of at least 10 subjects and diverse research design were eligible.
National distance learning programmes in response to the COVID-19 education disruption: case study of Finland
Institution: UNESCO
Published: August 2022

The aim of this case study is to present information on national or government-led distance learning programmes in response to the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is hoped that this will enable reflection on the policy responses and their effectiveness in minimizing disruption and learning loss, enabling the continuity and quality of learning, and maintaining inclusion and equity.This case study of Finland is based on research that was conducted by the Ministry of Education and Culture and its stakeholders during the pandemic and other information available in public domain. Extensive links to source documents have been provided throughout the text, and these are mostly in the Finnish language.

Impact of learning from home: cognitive development of early childhood education student in pandemic Covid-19

AUTHOR(S)
Tria Wahyuningrum; Lida Khalimatus Sa’diya

Published: August 2022   Journal: Jurnal Obsesi
The purpose of this research was to determine how the covid-19 epidemic affected early childhood cognitive development. Principals, instructors, parents, and students served as informants in this study. The data collection techniques used in this study were inquiry in interview which were carried out to find out several things related to the impact of Covid-19 on students' cognitive development. The descriptive qualitative method was employed to analyze the data.
Books versus screens: a study of Australian children's media use during the COVID pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Sybil Nolan; Katherine Day; Wonsun Shin (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Publishing Research Quarterly
As children’s use of screens increased during the COVID pandemic, their reading of traditional books was affected, a national survey of Australian parents shows. The study was conducted by researchers at the University of Melbourne to compare young people’s use of screens and books in the pandemic. Their online survey of 513 primary caregivers of children aged seven to thirteen around Australia showed that tablet use flourished during the pandemic and that COVID lockdowns influenced book buying and library borrowing in consequential ways for publishing and literature. Many parents believed their children’s use of screens had come at the expense of book reading.
The well-being of Rohingya children in Rohingya camps of Bangladesh during the Covid 19 pandemic: a qualitative exploration

AUTHOR(S)
Atiya Rahman; Nazrana Khaled; Mahmuda Akter (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Early Child Development and Care
Covid-19 infection is an additional burden to the life of the Rohingya children living in cramped camps of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. BRAC has introduced Humanitarian Play Lab (HPL) for children’s playful learning in the camps since 2017. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the modality was changed from face-face interactions to a telecommunication model. This qualitative research aims to understand caregivers’ and frontline providers' practices and perceptions about children’s well-being during the pandemic. Interviews were conducted with purposively selected parents and frontline providers through telephone. Interviews were transcribed and thematically analysed. The lockdown directly and indirectly affected children’s mental and physical well-being. A shared parenting role was observed in child education and learning. Parents widely accepted tele-communication services for children as it was considered important for continuing children’s wellbeing and learning. This research highlights the relevance and timeliness of utilising telecommunications services by parents for children's psychosocial health and playful learning.
1 - 15 of 1154

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.