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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Clean and healthy living behavior of pupil at one of the islamic boarding schools in Bandung Regency

Mia Kusmiati; Alya Tursina; Meta Maulida Damayanti (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: The Proceeding Of International Halal Science And Technology Conference
The lack of guidance related to healthy and clean behavior towards the community in the boarding school by primary healthcare workers, which has stopped since the Covid-19 pandemic era, has caused the need to identify the risk of diseases that often affect students. The study aimed to identify the clean and healthy living behavior of pupils in Islamic boarding schools. A survey method was conducted on 97 pupils of Nurul Huda Islamic boarding school in Bandung regency by using the questionnaire of PHBS (perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat). They were recruited to fill out 18 items of a questionnaire of clean and healthy behavior with a total sampling strategy.
School nursing: New ways of working with children and young people during the Covid‐19 pandemic: a scoping review

Georgia Cook; Jane V. Appleton; Sarah Bekaert (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Journal of Advanced Nursing

This paper aimed to examine how school nurse practice evolved as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. A scoping review of international literature, conducted and reported in line with Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework. Searches were conducted in September 2021. Ten databases were searched: The British Nursing Database, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Consumer Health Database, Health and Medicine, Nursing and Allied Health, Public Health, PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science. Relevant grey literature was identified through hand searching.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 79 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 471-501 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: COVID-19 response, lockdown, nurses, schools, social distance
The impact of school education on depressive symptoms in Chinese adolescents: a prospective longitudinal study

Miao Qu; Kun Yang; Hengqin Ren (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
There is a growing but limited literature on psychological distress among Chinese students, especially the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, using a longitudinal comparison between in school and at home. This study aimed to assess the psychological status of adolescents in school and related risk and protective factors. It surveyed 13,637 adolescents before the COVID-19 outbreak (T1) and 10,216 after two months of home confinement (T2). The 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to assess depressive symptoms or the severity of depression among the adolescents. In addition, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scales were also used to screen for experiences of abuse and neglect and to measure resilience in adolescents. At baseline, 22.34% reported depressive symptoms.
School nurses' perspectives on health among school-aged children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Pernilla Garmy; Charlotta Rahr; Louise Persson (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: The Journal of School Nursing
The aim of this study was to investigate school nurses’ perspectives on students’ health during the COVID-19 pandemic in Sweden in 2021. A cross-sectional survey design was used with school nurses (n = 225) working in schools in Sweden from elementary to upper secondary levels. The Clausson School Nurse Perception Questionnaire was used with two additional questions about the COVID-19 pandemic. The school nurses rated students’ physical health as very good or good in 78% of the cases and their mental health as very good or good in 64%. There was also a negative trend in mental health during the pandemic, especially among girls. School nurses working in vulnerable areas (i.e., areas with a high proportion of immigrants and those receiving financial assistance) rated students’ physical and mental health significantly worse compared other areas.
Awareness of Covid-19 and government involvement in school healthcare promotion in demonstration elementary and secondary schools

Helen Idubamo Wankasi; Maxwell Nelson; Ebitimi Christiana Nelson

Published: July 2022   Journal: International Journal of Nursing and Health Care Research
COVID-19 has disrupted activities in all segment of our immediate and distant society in recent times. This article sought to ascertain the awareness of COVID-19 and government`s involvement in school healthcare promotion in Demonstration elementary and secondary schools. A descriptive survey research design utilizes stratified random sampling technique with 257 as sample size. A self-developed questionnaire was designed to obtain data from respondents and analysis of data was done using frequency distribution tables and bar charts.
Examining school based health service utilization among marginalized youth in Connecticut during COVID.

April Joy Damian

Published: June 2022   Journal: Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing

This study examines how the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is affecting utilization of medical and behavioral health services through school based health centers (SBHC s). It leveraged the electronic health records from one of the largest sponsors of SBHCs in the country, and tested differences in SBHC utilization with chi-square tests one year prior to the pandemic (pre-pandemic: March 2019-February 2020) compared to one year into the pandemic period (March 2020-February 2021).

School health promotion in pandemic times. Results of the COVID-HL school principal study

Kevin Dadaczynski; Orkan Okan; Melanie Messer

Published: May 2022   Journal: Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz
Die vorliegende Studie untersucht, in welchem Ausmaß Schulen Maßnahmen der Gesundheitsförderung und Prävention während der COVID-19-Pandemie umsetzen. Von besonderem Interesse sind hierbei Unterschiede nach demografischen Variablen, Schulform, Bundesland und die Beteiligung an Landesinitiativen der Gesundheitsförderung.
Screening and vaccination against COVID-19 to minimise school closure: a modelling study

Elisabetta Colosi; Giulia Bassignana; Diego Andrés Contreras (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: The Lancet. Infectious diseases

Schools were closed extensively in 2020-21 to counter SARS-CoV-2 spread, impacting students' education and wellbeing. With highly contagious variants expanding in Europe, safe options to maintain schools open are urgently needed. By estimating school-specific transmissibility, this study evaluates costs and benefits of different protocols for SARS-CoV-2 control at school. The study developed an agent-based model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in schools. It used empirical contact data in a primary and a secondary school and data from pilot screenings in 683 schools during the alpha variant (B.1.1.7) wave in March-June, 2021, in France. It fitted the model to observed school prevalence to estimate the school-specific effective reproductive number for the alpha (Ralpha) and delta (B.1.617.2; Rdelta) variants and performed a cost-benefit analysis examining different intervention protocols.

The role of school connectedness in supporting the health and well-being of youth: recommendations for school

Ellen M. McCabe; Caroline Davis; Lauryn Mandy (et al.)

Published: January 2022   Journal: NASN school nurse
The importance of students feeling connected in school cannot be overstated, as this perception is crucial to support their health and well-being. A lack of school connectedness can lead to adverse physical and mental health outcomes, including bully victimization. Numerous factors, including individual, social, and environmental, influence students' perceived sense of school connectedness. School nurses are well positioned to establish and maintain school connectedness due to their knowledge, accessibility to students, and familiarity with the school environment. This article details the importance of school connectedness and describes the associations between school connectedness, bullying, and mental health. In addition, we offer recommendations geared toward school nurses regarding strengthening school connectedness and promoting a culture of care and inclusivity within school environments, especially salient in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
COVID-19 testing among US children, parental preferences for testing venues, and acceptability of school-based testing

Chloe A. Teasdale; Luisa N. Borrell; Yanhan Shen (et al.)

Published: January 2022   Journal: Public health reports

Testing remains critical for identifying pediatric cases of COVID-19 and as a public health intervention to contain infections. This study surveyed US parents to measure the proportion of children tested for COVID-19 since the start of the pandemic, preferred testing venues for children, and acceptability of school-based COVID-19 testing. It conducted an online survey of 2074 US parents of children aged ≤12 years in March 2021. It applied survey weights to generate national estimates, and it used Rao-Scott adjusted Pearson χ2 tests to compare incidence by selected sociodemographic characteristics. It used Poisson regression models with robust SEs to estimate adjusted risk ratios (aRRs) of pediatric testing.

Long COVID—the new “invisible” illness: how school nurses can support the nursing and educational teams for student success

Megan Roesler; Patricia Fato; Barbara Obst

Published: December 2021   Journal: NASN School Nurse
School-age children are not immune to COVID-19 or the pronounced and persistent symptoms associated with a long-COVID diagnosis. Students may present with a variety of symptoms affecting their physical, cognitive, and mental health. The school community should be educated on the school-based interventions and recommendations for creating an individualized safe and successful return to school plan. As we await approval for vaccinations in school-age children younger than 12 years and continue to reposition ourselves to the waves of this pandemic and new variants of the virus, understanding the medical and educational long-term effects on our students may be a long-term need.
Prospective pilot study evaluating SARS-CoV-2 transmission-limiting measures in an on-site school

Shilpa G. Jani; Jasmin Ma; Uma Pulendran (et al.)

Published: December 2021   Journal: Academic Pediatrics

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of a comprehensive set of preventive measures in limiting secondary transmission of COVID-19 in schools. A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate SARS-CoV-2 transmission in an independent K-8 school in San Mateo County, California. The research was conducted between September 14, 2020 through March 22, 2021 and consisted of: (1) demographic and epidemiological questionnaires; (2) daily symptom reporting; (3) weekly RT-PCR testing; and (4) periodic on-site qualitative observations.

A rural school’s adaptations, improvements, and innovations during the COVID-19 pandemic

Kristen C. Wilcox

Published: November 2021   Journal: Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership
COVID-19 prompted unprecedented disruptions to schools with challenges particularly severe for high-poverty remote rural schools. This case study recounts the story of a rural school that had participated in a research–practice partnership (RPP) multi-year improvement effort prior to the pandemic and documents the ways the RPP and the school-based improvement team worked to navigate pandemic-related disruptions. This case study provides educational leaders with insights into ways to surmount challenges and innovate especially during times of significant disruption and provides prompts to consider with regard to the use of RPP support and improvement science-based processes and tools.
Is symptom screening useful for identifying COVID-19 infection in school settings? Georgia, USA

Megan Swanson; Marisa Hast; Eleanor Burnett (et al.)

Published: October 2021   Journal: The Journal of School Nursing
This study’s goal was to characterize the utility of symptom screening in staff and students for COVID-19 identification and control of transmission in a school setting. It conducted a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data for staff, students and associated household members in a Georgia school district exposed to COVID-19 cases who received RT-PCR testing and symptom monitoring. Among positive contacts, 30/49 (61%) of students and 1/6 (17%) of staff reported no symptoms consistent with COVID-19. Symptom sensitivity was 30% in elementary students and 42% in middle/high students. Fifty-three percent (10/19) of symptomatic positive contacts had at least one household member test positive for SARS-CoV-2 compared with 50% (10/20) of asymptomatic positive contacts. The absence of symptoms in children is not indicative of a lack of SARS-CoV-2 infection or reduced risk of infection for associated household members. Testing all close contacts of people with COVID-19 in schools is needed to interrupt transmission networks.
"Public health and social measures' considerations for educational authorities: schooling in the time of COVID-19: Considerations for health and educational authorities on the public health and social measures to reopen schools as safely as possible"

Kalpana Vincent; Viviane Bianco; Sarah Fuller (et al.)

Institution: *UNICEF
Published: October 2021

The return to face-to-face learning helps children return to a sense of normality, although different normality as prevention and control measures have likely altered school and classroom routines. It is important that schools should have a risk-mitigation strategy in place. Countries should ensure these strategies carefully balance the likely benefits for, and harms to, younger and older age groups of children when making decisions about implementing infection prevention and control measures. Any measure needs to be balanced with the even worse alternative of schools being closed and Any measure introduced by schools should follow standard protocols for implementation. This publication shares more detailed considerations for health and educational authorities on the public health and social measures to reopen schools as safely as possible.

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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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