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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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The effectiveness of health promotion using social media on adolescent knowledge about Covid-19 in the work area of Health Center Batu Panjang, Rupat District, Bengkalis Regency

AUTHOR(S)
Nanda Tri Cahtiya; Hastuti Marlina; Novita Rany

Published: September 2022   Journal: Science Midwifery

Health promotion through teen social media can increase knowledge about  Covid - 19  by 95%  and  influence  behavior  to  prevent Covid-19 by 77%. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the  use  of  social  media  for  health  promotion  on  youth  Covid-19 knowledge  in  the  workplace  at  Batu  Panjang  Health  Centre,  Rupat District,   Bengalis   Regency in   2021. This   type of research   is quantitative analysis with a quasi-experimental    design.    The population for this study was all 12th graders at Rupat High School, for a total of 30 respondents. Research tools are using Whatsapp and Instagram  to  promote  health.  Collecting  data  using  a  questionnaire via google form. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate tests. The result of the research is that there is a difference in the average value of respondents' knowledge before and after health promotion using whatsapp  and  instagram  is  63.73  and  85.33  in  the  whatsapp  group and 64.13 and 80.00 in the instagram group.

 


"Will it work as well on Zoom?" A natural experiment during the Covid-19 pandemic of delivering parenting groups via video conferencing or in person

AUTHOR(S)
Livia van Leuven; Maria Lalouni; Martin Forster

Published: August 2022   Journal: Journal of Child and Family Studies
While rates of child maltreatment increased during the Covid-19-pandemic, face-to-face interventions to support families got difficult to carry out due to restrictions. Meanwhile, many services do not have access to parenting programs designed for digital or remote delivery. A solution employed by some services was to use video conferencing (VC) to deliver their regular parenting programs. This study examined the effectiveness of the universal group-based parenting program ABC offered through VC instead of on-site meetings during the pandemic. Pre and post measurements were collected from 469 parents participating in either 1) ABC with VC meetings only, 2) on-site meetings only, or 3) blended – a combination of VC and on-site sessions. In addition, 74 group leaders completed a survey about their experiences of VC groups.
Personal and witnessed cyber victimization experiences among adolescents at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Guadalupe Espinoza

Published: August 2022   Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
Personal experiences with cyber victimization among adolescents have been consistently associated with well-being problems. Few studies have examined the impact of witnessing cyber victimization on adolescent well-being. The current study examines adolescents’ personal and witnessed experiences with cyber victimization during the beginning stages of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The main aim of the study is to test whether witnessing cyber victimization incidents among peers strengthens or weakens the association between personal cyber victimization incidents and adolescents’ feelings of anxiety. Adolescents from the United States were recruited via social media site advertisements. An online survey was completed by 992 adolescents (Mage=16.09, SD=1.24) from ethnically diverse backgrounds (49% White, 18% Asian/ Asian-American, 14% Latinx, 9% Black/African-American, and 10% Other).
Addressing child obesity via social networks: experience report of actions of the health lifestyle project at school in the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Sarah Cavalcante Brandão; Ingra Bezerra de Melo Gonçalves; Ítalo Emanoel de Sousa Chaves (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: International Journal of Health Science

Childhood obesity is a nutritional disorder considered a serious public health problem worldwide because it is responsible for a large part of the emergence of chronic degenerative diseases and, consequently, raises the levels of morbidity and mortality. The beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic contributed to the increase in the rates of this comorbidity, as the established transmission containment measures led to a reduction in physical activity, an increase in screen time and anxiety-related disorders. Thus, the Healthy Lifestyle at School extension project, developed at the Faculty of Medicine of the Federal University of Cariri (UFCA), whose objective is to act in the identification, prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, recognized the need adapting face-to-face activities to the remote context. An account was created on the social network Instagram in order to alert about the problem and with the objective of reaching the target audience through educational, preventive and control measures against childhood obesity. The study is a qualitative analysis, of the experience report type, based on data obtained between April and September of the year 2020 on the Project’s social media page. It can be seen from this study that the challenge for extension projects to remain as guides for good health practices and remote knowledge production showed satisfactory results with the use of the social network as a tool for health promotion and education.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 43 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 4 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Nutrition | Tags: child health, child nutrition, COVID-19 response, lockdown, obesity, physical activity, social distance, social media | Countries: Brazil
Associations between adverse childhood experiences, adolescent screen time and physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Julia Raney; Alexander Testa; Dylan B. Jackson (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Academic Pediatrics
This study aims to determine the associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), adolescent screen time, and physical activity during the early COVID-19 pandemic. Data (2016-2020) from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study were analyzed. Linear regression analyses estimated associations between ACE score and screen time and physical activity in May 2020, adjusting for potential confounders.
Family context, identity and internet use: a cross-sectional study in a group of Italian adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Monica Pellerone; Stesy Giuseppa Razza; Juan Martinez Torvisco (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal

Literature has demonstrated the adaptive function of identity development and family context toward manifestation of problem behaviors in adolescence. The present research investigates: a) the influence of dysfunctional family dynamics on the Internet use; b) the impact that psychological and physical sensations - following excessive Internet use - can have on the quality of family relationships. The research involved 150 Italian students (65 males and 85 females) aged between 14 and 20 years (M =15.99, S.D = 1.94). The research lasted for 1 school year. Participants completed: an anamnestic questionnaire; the Family Assessment Device (FAD) in order to value the family functioning; and a self-report constructed ad hoc questionnaire, named “Adolescents and Digital Technologies” to measure frequency of use of social networks and Internet, the motivation for the use of social networks, the physical and psychological sensation perceived following their use.

Effect of COVID-19 lockdown on refractive errors in Italian children aged 5-12 years: a multi-center retrospective study.

AUTHOR(S)
Edoardo Trovato Battagliola; Pietro Mangiantini; Mattia D’Andrea (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: European Journal of Ophthalmology

This study aims to explore the potential consequences of the COVID-19 lockdown on the prevalence of myopia among Italian children aged 5–12 years.It is a retrospective multicenter study conducted in Italy. Population: children aged 5–12. Selection: random selection of children who received an eye exam between 2016 to 2021. Inclusion criteria: healthy children presenting for a routine eye exam. Exclusion criteria: presence of ocular comorbidities other than refractive error, such as blepharoptosis, media opacities, corneal or retinal dystrophies, strabismus, amblyopia, or concurrent therapy with atropine 0.01%.

Changes and correlates of screen time in adults and children during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Mike Trott; Robin Driscoll; Enrico Irlado (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: eClinicalMedicine.

Screen time has increased as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and several correlates have been associated with these increases. These changes, however, have not been aggregated. It was the aim of this review to (a) aggregate changes in screen time in adults and children, and (b) report on variables in relation to screen time during the COVID-19 pandemic. A systematic review of major databases was undertaken for studies published from inception to 06/12/2021, using a pre-published protocol (PROSPERO ID: CRD42021261422). Studies reporting (a) screen time pre-versus-during the pandemic, (b) screen time percentage change, or (c) correlates of screen time during the pandemic were included. A random effects meta-analysis was undertaken with subgroup analysis by age group and type of screen time.

Impact of mass media on changes in food habits and food preferences among adolescence during Covid–19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
V. Meenakshi; S. Bharathi; B. Siva Sankari (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: YMER
The emergence of COVID 19 pandemic has severely impacted individuals from all walks of life. The present aims to evaluate the mass media impact on food habits, food preference and quality of life during the COVID 19 among adolescence. An questionnaire was framed and converted as Google form. The developed Google form was sent to 200 adolescents belonging to AC & RI and CSC & RI, Madurai and the received 200 responses from the students. The data obtained was consolidated.
Finding the link between cyberbullying and suicidal behaviour among adolescents in Peninsular Malaysia

AUTHOR(S)
Siti Aisyah Mohd Fadhli; Jasy Liew Suet Yan; Ahmad Shahril Ab Halim (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Healthcare
Social media engagement has contributed to the rise of cyberbullying, which has recently triggered tragic suicides among adolescents. The objective of this cross-sectional study is to determine the prevalence of cyberbullying, suicidal behaviour, and their association among adolescents in Peninsular Malaysia. The study was conducted among 1290 secondary school adolescents aged between 13 and 17 years old in Peninsular Malaysia using a self-administered and anonymous online questionnaire.
Social media and online digital technology use among muslim young people and parents: qualitative focus group study.

AUTHOR(S)
Caitlin H. Douglass; Aidan Borthwick; Megan S. C. Lim (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: JMIR Pediatrics and Parenting

Digital technology and social media use are common among young people in Australia and worldwide. Research suggests that young people have both positive and negative experiences online, but we know little about the experiences of Muslim communities. This study aims to explore the positive and negative experiences of digital technology and social media use among young people and parents from Muslim backgrounds in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. This study involved a partnership between researchers and a not-for-profit organization that work with culturally and linguistically diverse communities. We adopted a participatory and qualitative approach and designed the research in consultation with young people from Muslim backgrounds. Data were collected through in-person and online focus groups with 33 young people aged 16-22 years and 15 parents aged 40-57 years. Data were thematically analyzed.

Caregivers’ psychological distress, technology use, and parenting: the importance of a multidimensional perspective

AUTHOR(S)
Jasmine Zhang; Sheri Madigan; Dillon Browne (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Computers in Human Behavior
In the interconnected family context, caregivers' digital media use holds important implications for children's developmental outcomes via parent-child relationships. This may be particularly salient during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, when caregivers were more reliant on technology than ever before. This study examined caregivers' psychological well-being, digital media use, and parenting practices, with a particular focus on specific aspects of media use. Caregivers (n = 549) with at least two children aged 5–18 participated in a multinational project examining family functioning and well-being amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. Parents completed questionnaires assessing their psychological distress, media use habits, and parenting practices. Comparisons of structural regression models revealed that operationalizing caregivers' media use as a single general construct disregards important nuances in its relations to psychological distress and parenting.
YouTube as a source of educational content in teenagers' learning practices

AUTHOR(S)
Zinaida Adelhardt; Thomas Eberle

Published: April 2022   Journal: European Conference on Social Media Section
Usage of YouTube for educational purposes became particularly relevant for teenagers as a support for their home-schooling. This study aimed to find out what strategies teenagers use to find relevant educational content on the service and how important this content was for their everyday learning practices before and during the COVID pandemic. It analyzed online behavior of 34, 14 to 15-year old teenagers (47% male) who took part in a long-term adventure trip with digital media left aside. It gathered quantitative data seven months before the trip (March 2019), just before the trip (October 2019), on the last day of the trip (April 2020), and five months after the trip (September 2020). It also conducted in-depth interviews with nine teenagers, who named YouTube as their favourite online service. Our intention is now to conduct nine additional interviews with the same teenagers to see whether their everyday learning practices changed within the last year. Implications drawn from this study, further research perspectives, and limitations will be presented and discussed.
Facebook recruitment for research of children and parents during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Micah A. Skeens; Malcolm Sutherland-Foggio; Callista Damman (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Applied Nursing Research

The COVID-19 pandemic has created unique challenges for recruitment of adults and children into clinical research. The sudden onset of stay-at-home orders and social distancing enacted in much of the United States created sudden barriers for researchers to recruit participants in-person. Recognizing the critical need to understand the impact of COVID-19 on children and families in real time, studies required an alternative approach. The present study sought to develop methods and establish the feasibility of utilizing Facebook's targeted advertising to enroll schoolaged children and their parents for a study examining the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on families. This study used an 8 week pay-per-click advertisement approach via Facebook for research recruitment. Parents of children age 8 to 17 were invited and asked to include their child. Standardized measures were included for parents and children. Zip code targeting was used to increase diversity in participants.

Relationship between adolescents’ perceptions of social support and their psychological well-being during COVID-19 pandemic: a case study from Turkey

AUTHOR(S)
Fatma Kurudirek; Duygu Arıkan; Sümeyye Ekici

Published: March 2022   Journal: Children and Youth Services Review
The aim of this research was to establish the relationship between the perceptions of social support and the psychological well-being among adolescents during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This research, which includes descriptive and relative features, was conducted from December 15, 2020 to January 31, 2021. There were 378 participants, all of whom were adolescents aged from 13 to 18 years who were living in Turkey. Either the adolescents themselves or their parents used social media tools or sites such as Facebook, Whatsapp, Instagram, etc., and they had all agreed to participate voluntarily.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.