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Dean Wilkinson; Jayne Price; Charlene Crossley
The COVID-19 lockdowns (2020–2021) disrupted all aspects of usual functioning of the criminal justice system, the outcomes and impact of which are largely still unknown. The pandemic has affected individuals across the wider society, this includes a negative impact on the social circumstances of children and young people involved within youth offending services (YOS) (Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Probation, 2020; Criminal Justice Joint Inspectorates, 2021). This population frequently represents those from marginalised circumstances and are rarely given the opportunity to participate meaningfully in the services they are involved in. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of the young people serving orders with the YOS during Covid19 lockdowns and requirements. This paper outlines a creative methodology and method used to uncover the experiences and perceptions of young people undergoing an order within a YOS during the COVID-19 lockdowns. The arts-based approach entailed a novel and creative method using a lyric artist to engage with young people through a virtual platform, supporting them to create lyrics about their experiences of the YOS during this time.
Fatma Kurudirek; Duygu Arıkan; Sümeyye Ekici
Ruth Copson; Anne M. Murphy; Laura Cook (et al.)
Javiera Garcia-Meneses; Ivan Chanez-Cortes; Paulina Montoya Ceballos
Financing quality social services will require increased public investment and greater mobilization of both domestic and international resources in the post-COVID era. Currently, low- and middle-income countries invest, on average, just one third of their total government expenditure in social spending on education, health and social protection. However, the fiscal space to enhance social spending remains constrained in many parts of the world. Given the scale of the challenge facing many countries, a renewed focus on financing social spending is needed to address widening inequalities. This policy brief is the second in a series that assesses key issues affecting social spending as part of UNICEF’s work on Public Finance for Children. The brief examines how recent trends are impacting on the financing available for, and directed to, social spending in low- and middle-income countries in different regions, using secondary analysis of public expenditure data collected by international organizations. It calculates median spending figures by region and income group, using World Bank regional aggregates for domestic spending.
Kate Blake-Holmes; Andy McGowan
Anca Velicu; Monica Barbovschi; Ileana Rotaru (et al.)
This paper explores the interlinks between multiple layers of exclusion and deprivation of Roma adolescents mothers in the context of COVID-19 pandemic, in order to understand: a) how different types of exclusion (e.g., digital, social, educational) overlap and how are those types of exclusion lived and perceived by teenage mothers; and b) whether and how the COVID-19 pandemic changed existing inequalities in their situation. In our paper, we refer to teenage mothers to describe mothers who gave birth before the age of 18. The study has a qualitative exploratory approach and relies on ten interviews conducted with Roma teenage mothers in peripheral urban areas in Romania during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in the Spring of 2020. As a theoretical framework, the study employs the Relative Digital Deprivation Theory, (Helsper, 2016) which touches upon three dimensions of digital divides while revealing different markers of agency that young mothers manifest.
Caitlin Cavanagh; Isabelle Clough; April Gile Thomas
Hannah Lee; Imaan Bayoumi; Autumn Watson (et al.)
Helen Dickinson; Catherine Smith; Sophie Yates (et al.)
Alex Abramovich; Nelson Pang; Amanda Moss (et al.)
LGBTQ2S youth are overrepresented among youth experiencing homelessness and experience significantly higher rates of mental health issues compared to heterosexual and cisgender youth. COVID-19 related challenges for LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness remain unknown. To address this gap, this study aimed to understand the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on LGBTQ2S youth at risk of, and experiencing, homelessness in the Greater Toronto Area, Ontario, Canada and surrounding areas.Utilizing a mixed-methods convergent parallel design, LGBTQ2S youth experiencing homelessness were recruited to participate in virtual surveys and in-depth one-on-one interviews. Surveys included standardized measures and were administered to measure mental health outcomes and collect information on demographic characteristics, and health service use. Survey data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and statistical tests for difference of proportions. Interviews were analyzed using an iterative thematic content approach.
Louise Roberts; Alyson Rees; Dawn Mannay (et al.)
This paper considers the support available to care leavers during the Covid-19 pandemic from their corporate parents. The paper contributes to a developing evidence base concerned with social work efforts to adapt and maintain support provision during the unprecedented circumstances, and provides insight into how such support was perceived and experienced. Funded by Voices from Care Cymru and Cardiff University, a qualitative, mixed method study was conducted which included a survey of Welsh Local Authority professionals (n = 22) and interviews with Welsh care-experienced young people aged 17–24 (n = 17).
Harry Ferguson; Laura Kelly; Sarah Pink
Over recent decades, South Asia has made remarkable progress in
improving the health of mothers and children. But the year 2020 brought a
great shock to South Asia, as it did to the whole world. The COVID-19
pandemic has had major and multiple impacts – both direct and indirect.
One of the critical indirect impacts has been severe disruptions to the
delivery and use of routine services, including essential health and
nutrition services. The region saw significant drops in the use of both
preventive and curative services. Direct and Indirect Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic and Response in South Asia uses
a series of exercises based on actual observed changes in services and
intervention coverage to model impacts on mortality, hospitalizations,
and ICU admissions due to COVID-19. It also models the impact of
nationwide stay-at-home orders to curb the spread of COVID-19 on
maternal and child mortality, educational attainment of children, and
the region’s economy. The study focuses on South Asia’s six most
populous countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Pakistan and
Sri Lanka and makes the case for interventions and strategies to
minimise these indirect consequences.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
Read the latest quarterly digest on children and disabilities.
The second digest discussed children and violence during the pandemic.
The first digest covers children and youth mental health under COVID-19.
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