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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Assessment of parent–teacher relationships in early childhood education programs during the COVID-19 pandemic

Grace Keengwe; Ariri Onchwari

Published: December 2022   Journal: Early Childhood Education Journal
Relationships between families and schools are important in the educational experiences of young children. However, the COVID-19 pandemic that began in 2019 and spread rapidly around the world disrupted many families, teachers, early childhood programs, and other child-support institutions. There is much to be learned on how this pandemic specifically affected parent–teacher relationships. This study examined whether parent, teacher and other program characteristics had an impact on early childhood parents’ ratings of the quality of their relationships with teachers.
Experiences of teachers in implementing the "Education in emergency" During COVID-19 pandemic, 2020: a case study in lower secondary school in Eastern Bhutan

Tashi Phuntsho

Published: December 2022   Journal: Bhutan Journal of Research and Development
This  paper  reports  a  case  study  carried  out  in  a  lower  secondary  school  in  the eastern district of Bhutan on implementing the “Education in Emergency” programduring  the  closure  of  schools  in  2020  due  to  the  novel  COVID-19  pandemic.  It investigated  teachers’  experiences  of  how  effectively  they  implemented  the “Education in Emergency” (EiE) Programme initiated by the Ministry of Education, Bhutan  through  various  online  tools.  This  study  employed  a  sequential  multi-method paradigm starting with the survey of all teachers (n=35), preceded by in-depth semi-structured interviews, observations,and detailed field notes of teachers (n=6)  who  were  purposefully  selected  based  on  the  survey findings. The  study focused on understanding the teachers’ awareness of the change  of  curriculum, students’  level  of  preparedness  for  online  learning,  support  from  various stakeholders; school, parents,and Dzongkhag Education Sector, and perceptions of  teachers  on  the  special program“Reaching the Unreached” initiatedby  the school solely aimed at benefiting the students who were unable to access from thee-learning platforms.
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on risk of burn-out syndrome and recovery need among secondary school teachers in Flanders: a prospective study

Hannah De Laet; Yanni Verhavert; Kristine De Martelaer (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, schools were closed, teachers had to teach from home and after a while, they had to return to the classroom while the pandemic was still on-going. Even before the pandemic, teachers were already more at risk for burn-out syndrome compared to the general population. Furthermore, not much research pertaining to this population has been carried out during the pandemic and so the impact of the pandemic on teachers' risk of burn-out syndrome and recovery need remains unclear. The aim of the current study was to fill this knowledge gap and map out the impact on risk of burn-out syndrome and recovery need at different time points during the pandemic. At baseline, 2,167 secondary school teachers in Flanders were included in this prospective study. Questionnaire data were obtained at ten different time points between September 2019 and August 2021.

Preschool teachers' practices of online learning during the pandemic: insights from Egypt

Ahmed Hassan Hemdan Mohamed; Samah Abd Al Fatah; Mohamed Marzouk

Published: November 2022   Journal: Education 3-13
The purpose of this study was to examine preschool teachers’ practices of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 389 preschool teachers from 48 preschools (governmental, experimental, private, and international) in greater Cairo, Egypt responded to a survey in the Fall semester of 2021/2022. The survey was comprised of seven subscales (45 items) that represented teachers’ online practices during the pandemic. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that teachers’ online learning practices in private and international schools outperformed those in other schools. Teachers who have a teaching experience (11–20 years) outperformed other teachers. Teachers who had training related to online learning showed better practices than other teachers who had not. The multivariate analysis of variance showed that there are statistically significant differences according to the type of school.
Primary school teacher's perception of game-based learning in online learning: the advantages and challenges

Sri Nani Rezeki Siburian; Yogi Saputra Mahmud

Published: November 2022   Journal: IJECA : International Journal of Education and Curriculum Application)

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted almost all aspects of life, including education. This unprecedented shift to online learning has forced schools to implement distance learning through online-based learning. To keep the students engaged and motivated through online learning, many teachers changed their learning method from traditional learning to game-based learning (GBL) by incorporating games into learning. This study investigated primary school teachers' perceptions of game-based learning advantages and challenges in Science Learning on online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data were collected through observation and semi-structured interviews of five primary school teachers and analyzed using thematic analysis of qualitative data. The results revealed that the teachers found a positive association between GBL and students' performance. GBL is a learning media that could engage students' participation and learning motivation in class. However, some teachers were also concerned about the declines in students' grades and several obstacles teachers encountered while implementing GBL. Some recommendations for future research and practice are proposed in the current study.

Remote education in kindergarten during the pandemic in teachers' perception

Marzenna Magda-Adamowicz

Published: November 2022   Journal: Prima Educatione
The subject of this interpretative research is knowledge about the planning, organisation and implementation of remote kindergarten education by kindergarten teachers of the Lubusz and Lower Silesian voivodeships using non-standardised interviews. The need for a sudden transition to remote education highlighted not only shortcomings in institutions preparing online classes, but also the low digital competences of kindergarten teachers, as well as children and their parents. The school managements did not present a position, but simply had talks with the teachers about how to implement remote preschool education. Teachers described how their remote work evolved, from simple transfer of materials, through texts read, experiments, theatres, or films.
In relation to the relationship: teachers of pupils with multiple disabilities and parents following the COVID-19 pandemic

Michal Nissim; Orly Ido; Yasser Sanduka (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: European Journal of Special Needs Education
The purpose of this research is to study the relationship between parents of pupils with multiple disabilities and their teachers. This, in order to understand the needs for special education teacher training programmes as these are perceived by the teachers who experienced an abrupt transition to distance learning as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research combines both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The data was collected through an online questionnaire which included open and closed questions. The closed questions were analysed through frequency mapping and percentages and the open questions were analysed through content analysis method. The participants of the research were 48 teachers from schools for pupils with multiple disabilities who were teaching via distance learning during the 2019–2020 school year at the time of the first lockdown. Thematic analysis resulted in the identification of three main themes: (1) Factors challenging the cooperation between parents and the teachers; (2) supportive needs of parents; (3) Recommendations for training of teachers. There is no doubt that the teachers’ toolbox must encompass two central aspects: First is the inclusion of hands-on digital experience in the teachers’ training. The second includes the incorporation of skills focusing involving parents when teaching via distance learning; that is, training parents how to use the assistive technology during distance learning.
Feeling supported and engaged during COVID-19: the role of family and colleagues in promoting teachers' well-being

Annalisa Soncini; Francesca Floris; Maria Cristina Matteucci

Published: November 2022   Journal: Teachers and Teaching
The present study aimed at analysing the impact of teachers’ perceived family and colleague support and work engagement on their well-being and life satisfaction during the first European wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. While implementing distance learning and complying with school closures, 1036 Italian teachers took part in an online survey. A structural equation path model showed that perceiving to be supported by family members directly influenced teachers’ well-being and life satisfaction. The perceived support of colleagues promoted life satisfaction directly and indirectly via increased teachers’ work engagement, whereas teachers’ well-being only indirectly.
Secondary school teachers and Outpatient Physicians: differences in attitudes towards vaccination against COVID-19 in Slovakia

Maria Tatarkova; Romana Ulbrichtova; Viera Svihrova (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Vaccines
The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in attitudes towards vaccination against COVID-19 among secondary school teachers and outpatient physicians. A cross-sectional study was realised using anonymous questionnaires. The EPI Info 7 program and R software, version 4.0.2 were used for statistical analysis. The questionnaire was completed by 868 respondents (teaching staff N = 451; outpatient physician N = 417). The number of employees vaccinated against COVID-19 was 742 (85.5%). The number of those vaccinated against COVID-19 and influenza (last season) was 192 (21.9%). The statistically significant predictors were the level of fear of COVID-19 (OR 1.40; 95% CI 1.29–1.52), profession—outpatient physicians (OR 2.56; 95% CI 1.55–4.23), history of COVID-19 (OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.22–0.54), gender (OR 0.55; 95% CI 0.33–0.89) and influenza vaccination at any time in the past (OR 3.52; 95% CI 1.10–11.31).
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 11 | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, infectious disease, teachers, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: Slovakia
Exploring perception of the latest Covid-19 official educational measures amongst Algerian secondary school teachers

Youcef Benamor; Amina Assila Adil

Published: November 2022   Journal: Technium Social Sciences Journal
Taking novel and less killing identities, Covid-19 has created havoc in education systems worldwide and Algeria was no exception. The Algerian authorities and education policymakers consequently found themselves obliged to take measures necessary to adapt schooling and learning environments to this health crisis. Hence, this study aimed to unravel secondary school teachers’ perceptions of the adopted Covid-19 educational measures so as to 1) explore the changes they brought about into the learning environment and 2) investigate their effects on the learning process. To this end, exploratory research was conducted, opting for a mixed-method approach using document analysis and a questionnaire to which 140 teachers responded.
The relationship between teachers' ICT abilities and parental guidance on student learning motivation during the Covid-19 pandemic in Batupapan

Perawati Patiung; Marwati Abdul Malik; Jaka Warsihna

Published: October 2022   Journal: Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a relationship between the teacher's ICT ability and parental tutoring on students' learning motivation at SDN Gugus Batupapan, Tana Toraja Regency. This research was conducted on teachers of highgrade students, namely grades 4.5 and 6 at SDN Gugus Batupapan. The population of high-class students at SDN Gugus Batupapan is 587 students. In this study, the Yamane or Slovin formula was used to determine the sample size for students, namely by using probability sampling technique with random sampling so that a total sample of 247 students was obtained. While the population of the number of teachers as many as 24 teachers. The method used in this study to see the causal relationship of an independent variable (X) to a certain variable (Y) is to use the ex-post facto research method with the type of correlation research. This study used two types of analysis, namely descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical analysis on SPSS 24. Based on the statistical analysis of the teacher's ICT ability variable, the highest score was 105.00 and the lowest score was 74.00. The results of the analysis show that the mean is 88.3333, the median is 89.000, the mode is 89.00 and the standard deviation is 8.41152. Analysis of the variable data on parenting tutoring data obtained the highest score of 108.00 and the lowest score of 55.00. 

"I don't know how they think this is possible": work‐life of academic parents during the COVID‐19 pandemic

Amanda L. Mollet; Lisa E. Wolf-Wendel

Published: October 2022   Journal: New Directions for Higher Education
This exploratory qualitative study focused on understanding the work-life experiences of academic parents during the COVID-19 pandemic. It provides multiple theoretical and policy implications to engage during and beyond the pandemic while ending with a challenge: how can the lessons learned from the pandemic inform the development of more equitable and inclusive work-life policies that support healthy work-life success for all faculty?
Understanding educators' perspectives and experiences of COVID-19 in schools serving children with intellectual/developmental disabilities

Erin F. Jones; Vini Singh; Calliope Holingue (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Education
The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted educators, both personally and professionally. However, very little is known about the extent of these impacts among educators’ serving children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The present study surveyed 230 educators (teachers, staff, and administrators) to assess their wellbeing, concerns during the pandemic, and perceived importance of various COVID-19 school mitigation strategies. Data were gathered May/June of 2021 from two separate school districts, one in the Midwest and the other in the Mid-Atlantic, serving children with IDD. Nearly half of all survey respondents reported poor wellbeing.
Enhancing the health and well-being of Asia-Pacific learners and teachers at school post-COVID-19: technical paper

Inon Schenker

Institution: UNESCO, *UNICEF
Published: October 2022

A  new  social  contract  for  education  in  the  Asia-Pacific  region  paves  the  way  for  building fairer and strengthened education systems in the post-COVID-19 era. It will repair inequalities, while transformingthe future, rebuild relationships with each other, with the planet and with technology and support full realization of   all the inter-connected Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (UNESCO, 2022).  In this new social contract, schools must continue to play a vital role in enhancing health, nutrition andthe well-being of   learners, teachers and the community. School Health and Nutrition (SHN) programmesthat  address  the  health,  nutrition  and  well-being  of    learners  and  teachers  are  not  only  essential  for maximizing every child’s life expectancy and potential as a learner; they are cost effective, with benefitsacross multiple sectors and they are a sound economic investment (Oliveira de FPSL et al., 2020).

Building back better: preparing and supporting teachers to address the learning crisis

Lay Cheng Tan

Institution: UNESCO, *UNICEF
Published: October 2022

The UNESCO Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education (UNESCO Bangkok), in partnership with the UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (ROSA), the UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Regional Office (EAPRO)and the Ministry of   Education of   Thailand, will convene the 2nd Asia-Pacific Regional Education Ministers’ Conference  (APREMC-II)  in  June  2022 to  reflect  on  how  education  systems can  be  strengthened  and transformed to become more equitable, inclusive, responsive, relevant and resilient to better deliver on the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 commitments. This background paper has been commissioned by UNESCO Bangkok and the convening partners to facilitate discussions  on  teacher  education and  professional  development  at    the  primary  and secondary  education levels. The participating Member States will deliberate priorities and plans for teachers in their post-COVID-19 learning  recovery  and  reconstruction  efforts  during  the  conference.  Drawing  on  existing  studies  and reports, the paper focuses on the following issues in the Asia-Pacific region: 1) Overview of   the teaching profession and the impact of   the learning crisis and COVID-19pandemic on teachers; 2) Promising policies and practices to strengthen teachers’ competencies and performance for thepost-COVID-19 learning recovery and reform; 3) Teacher competencies required for learning recovery (including assessment of   learning levels,identification of   learning loss and recuperation), addressing the learning crisis, teaching in digital and hybrid environments, optimizing governance and leadership and enhancing teachers’ well-being; and; 4) Recommendations for preparing and supporting teachers for learning recovery, addressing the learning crisis and for education in the new normal and for the future.

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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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