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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Inclusive education for exceptional children in Egypt and the US: reforming Egyptian inclusive education system in post-pandemic world

Noha Abbas

Published: January 2023   Journal: Gulf Education and Social Policy Review
Inclusive education means that exceptional children (EC) can fully participate in the learning process alongside their typically developing peers, supported by reasonable accommodations and teaching strategies that are tailored to meet their individual needs. The main goal of inclusion policies for EC is to provide high-quality education for all without discrimination and to ensure the implementation of equal opportunity principles. The primary purpose of this study is to explore the reality of inclusive education systems in Egypt and the United States (US) and to develop a better understanding of similarities and differences and thus identify the lessons learned. The study applied a comparative analysis method.
Remote graphic-based teaching for pupils with visual impairments: understanding current practices and co-designing an accessible tool with special education teachers

Kaixing Zhao; Julie Mulet; Clara Sorita (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction
The lockdown period related to the COVID-19 pandemic has had a strong impact on the educational system in general, but more particularly on the special education system. Indeed, in the case of people with visual impairments, the regular tools relying heavily on images and videos were no longer usable. This specific situation highlighted an urgent need to develop tools that are accessible and that can provide solutions for remote teaching with people with VI. However, there is little work on the difficulties that this population encounters when they learn remotely as well as on the current practices of special education teachers. Such a lack of understanding limits the development of remote teaching systems that are adapted. This paper conducted an online survey regarding the practices of 59 professionals giving lessons to pupils with VI, followed by a series of focus groups with special education workers facing teaching issues during the lockdown period. It followed an iterative design process where successive low-fidelity prototypes were designed to drive successive focus groups.
Preschool teachers' practices of online learning during the pandemic: insights from Egypt

Ahmed Hassan Hemdan Mohamed; Samah Abd Al Fatah; Mohamed Marzouk

Published: November 2022   Journal: Education 3-13
The purpose of this study was to examine preschool teachers’ practices of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 389 preschool teachers from 48 preschools (governmental, experimental, private, and international) in greater Cairo, Egypt responded to a survey in the Fall semester of 2021/2022. The survey was comprised of seven subscales (45 items) that represented teachers’ online practices during the pandemic. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that teachers’ online learning practices in private and international schools outperformed those in other schools. Teachers who have a teaching experience (11–20 years) outperformed other teachers. Teachers who had training related to online learning showed better practices than other teachers who had not. The multivariate analysis of variance showed that there are statistically significant differences according to the type of school.
Primary school teacher's perception of game-based learning in online learning: the advantages and challenges

Sri Nani Rezeki Siburian; Yogi Saputra Mahmud

Published: November 2022   Journal: IJECA : International Journal of Education and Curriculum Application)

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted almost all aspects of life, including education. This unprecedented shift to online learning has forced schools to implement distance learning through online-based learning. To keep the students engaged and motivated through online learning, many teachers changed their learning method from traditional learning to game-based learning (GBL) by incorporating games into learning. This study investigated primary school teachers' perceptions of game-based learning advantages and challenges in Science Learning on online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data were collected through observation and semi-structured interviews of five primary school teachers and analyzed using thematic analysis of qualitative data. The results revealed that the teachers found a positive association between GBL and students' performance. GBL is a learning media that could engage students' participation and learning motivation in class. However, some teachers were also concerned about the declines in students' grades and several obstacles teachers encountered while implementing GBL. Some recommendations for future research and practice are proposed in the current study.

YouTube and learning media during COVID-19: a case study on primary school education

Muh. Alif Kurniawan; Zalik Nuryana; Yusuf Hanafiah (et al.)

Published: November 2022
COVID-19 has an impact on all aspects of life, including education and learning. To ensure that teaching and learning activities continue to run well, teachers are required to master learning media that support online learning. One of the learning media used online is YouTube. Besides being easy to reach, there are currently many learning materials available on YouTube. But the problem is how effective YouTube is as a learning medium, especially for elementary school children. This type of research is qualitative research using a case study approach. The data collection methods used in this study were interviews, questionnaires and documentation. The goal in this study is to explore and find out the effectiveness of YouTube as a learning medium for PAI during the Covid-19 pandemic for elementary school level children.
The impact of smartphone use on learning effectiveness: a case study of primary school students

Jen Chun Wang; Chia-Yen Hsieh; Shih-Hao Kung

Published: November 2022   Journal: Education and Information Technologies
This study investigated the effects of smartphone use on the perceived academic performance of elementary school students. Following the derivation of four hypotheses from the literature, descriptive analysis, t testing, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson correlation analysis, and one-way multivariate ANOVA (MANOVA) were performed to characterize the relationship between smartphone behavior and academic performance with regard to learning effectiveness. All coefficients were positive and significant, supporting all four hypotheses.
Survey of New Jersey K-12 professionals on work-based learning during COVID-19: a preliminary study and future implications

Maryanne L. Campbell; Derek G. Shendell

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of School Health

The New Jersey Safe Schools Program (NJSS) offers an online professional development certification course, titled “Designing and Implementing Student Training Plans,” for NJ high school (HS) teachers developing secondary school student work-based learning (WBL) programs. WBL provides students opportunities to engage in career-related field tasks, aligned to curricular instruction. In January-July 2021, during 7 cohorts of trainings, questions in the training's assignment gauged teacher and student concerns regarding worksite placements during the COVID-19 pandemic, learning delivery format preferences, and alternative activities for WBL credit.

Changes in demands and resources faced by the early childhood education workforce due to COVID-19

Charlotte V. Farewell; Jennie Quinlan; Jini Puma (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Early Childhood Research
The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on demands, resources, and job satisfaction among a convenience sample of early childhood education (ECE) staff employed in Head Start preschools in a large metro area of Colorado. A survey was administered to a sample of Head Start staff at two timepoints: Time 1 (pre-COVID-19 pandemic) in October of 2019 (n = 137) and Time 2 (during the COVID-19 pandemic) in November of 2020 (n = 86). The survey consisted of a combination of validated measures to assess personal and external demands and resources and work satisfaction.
Seniorhigh school teachers' challenges and coping strategies in teaching literature in online environment

Erina Andriani

Published: October 2022   Journal: LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching
The teaching-learning process in Indonesia was mostly done online due to the Covid-19 pandemic. This sudden shift caused challenges for EFL teachers. Aside from providing linguistic lessons, EFL teachers also struggled in providing literature lessons, as it had distinct ways of teaching from linguistics. However, only a few studies researched the teachers’ challenges in teaching literature online and the ways they solved them. Therefore, this study aims to explore the teachers’ challenges in teaching literature in an online environment and their strategies to deal with them. This study used a narrative inquiry method and the data were gathered with a semi-structured interview from senior high school teachers.
Impact of an arts-based public health literacy program delivered online to high school students during the COVID-19 pandemic

Hannah R. Thompson; Jackie Mendelson; Maya Zame (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Health Communication
The COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with the domestic socio-political unrest of 2020, provides a critical opportunity to reframe how we engage with youth around health and disease risk. The Bigger Picture (TBP), a spoken word, arts-based public health literacy campaign, uses a social justice and racial equity frame to activate youth around social determinants of health, including salient topics such as type 2 diabetes, COVID-19, climate change, and police violence. This quasi-experimental study determined the impact of providing an online adaptation of TBP during the COVID-19 pandemic to urban, low-income, diverse high school students (3 intervention schools assigned to receive TBP-based spoken word program; 3 comparison schools received a non-health focused spoken word program). It used outcomes derived from the Culture of Health framework, including: (1) health-related mind-sets and expectations; (2) sense of belonging; and (3) civic engagement. Students completed pre/post surveys; a subset of adults and youth from all 6 schools completed semi-structured interviews.
Interpersonal communication between teachers and students through science practicum activities in increasing the learning motivation of public high school students in Depok City during the COVID-19 pandemic

Nyken Yuliani; Teddy Oswari

Published: August 2022   Journal: International Journal of Educational Technology and Learning
The Depok City Government is an area that decided to implement teaching and learning activities with an online learning system to break the chain of covid-19 spread. During the Covid-19 pandemic, innovative online learning media, especially science subjects, were used to increase student learning motivation while studying at home. Science practicum activities are one of media that can help students' understanding, for this reason, the creativity of science teachers is needed to continue to carry out simple practicum activities at home. The purpose of this study is to find out and analyze interpersonal communication between teachers and students through science practicum activities in increasing the learning motivation of state high school students in Depok City during the Covid-19 pandemic. The research method used is descriptive qualitative, using the Paradigm of Constructivism, the theory of interpersonal communication used is the Theory of S-O-R (Stimulus-Organism-Response) and the Theory of Symbolic Interactionism. Data collection is carried out through documentation, interviews, observation, and triangulation.
"Assessment of children's readiness for school by preschool teachers /reminiscences from the time of the pandemic/"

Stanisława Katarzyna Nazaruk; Magdalena Szydłowska

Published: August 2022   Journal: Rozprawy Społeczne = Social Dissertations
The aim of the undertaken research was to find out the assessment carried out by preschool education teachers on the school readiness of children during the pandemic. The research was carried out by the method of survey using the author's questionnaire survey among 90 teachers in kindergartens on the territory of Biała Podlaska and Biała district.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 16 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 15 | Language: English | Topics: Education | Tags: COVID-19 response, lockdown, preschool children, preschool education, social distance, teachers, teaching methods | Countries: Poland
E-learning during the COVID-19 lockdown: an interview study with primary school music teachers in Italy

Michele Biasutti; Roberta Antonini Philippe; Andrea Schiavi

Published: July 2022   Journal: International Journal of Music Education
The present article provides an in-depth look at the strategies and practices developed by a cohort of primary school music teachers in Italy to deliver online music lessons during the COVID-19 lockdown. This research used a qualitative methodology based on semi-structured interviews to bring out our participants’ voices and reflections in a very personal manner and examine their perspectives on issues important to their profession and daily work.
Using digital storytelling to improve pupils' speaking skills in the age of COVID 19

Viknesh Nair; Melor Md Yunus

Published: July 2022   Journal: Sustainability
Speaking in English is one of the most important skills that students must learn in school, and it is a pertinent tool for communicating in the real world. However, pupils in rural schools often faced difficulty in conversing in the English language, as they did not have adequate opportunities or an engaging environment to practice the language, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. It was observed though School-Based Assessment (SBA) that pupils had limited levels of fluency, accuracy, and pronunciation. Hence, this quasi-experimental study aims to investigate the use of Toontastic 3D, a digital storytelling app, to improve pupils’ speaking skills. In this study, a pre- and post-test and a questionnaire were used as methods for data collection.
The impact of screen time and mobile dependency on cognition, socialization and behaviour among early childhood students during the Covid pandemic- perception of the parents

Joseph Genimon Vadakkemulanjanal; Thomas M. Agnes; Elizabeth Sneha (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Digital Education
Digital technology systems are adopted rapidly throughout the globe for the virtual learning process especially with the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic. Digital screen-based gadgets are integrated to provide a seamless interactive medium of learning even before the initiation of formal education. Studies on the technology use of younger children are critical as uncontrolled gadget use affects their developmental stages yet these studies are still in the infancy stage. This study analyses the psychoeducational impact of extended use of digital gadgets and mobile dependency on early childhood manifested through their cognition, socialization and behaviour. This descriptive study is based on the random responses of 511 parents about their young children of 3-6 years distributed at five civil districts of Kerala State.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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