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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Autistic young people's experiences of remote psychological interventions during COVID-19

Lucy Adams; Nicoletta Adamo; Matthew J. Hollocks (et al.)

Published: January 2023   Journal: Autism
Telepsychiatry has been rapidly adopted to help control the spread of coronavirus. Clinicians have raised concerns over this for individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. The remote delivery of psychological interventions in particular requires further attention as their in-person delivery has autism spectrum disorder–associated challenges which overlap with the challenges of telepsychiatry broadly (i.e. beyond autism spectrum disorder). Autistic service-users (aged 15–18 years, n = 6) and clinicians working with this client group (n = 8) were therefore interviewed about their experience of remote psychological interventions during the pandemic. The sample size was determined using preregistered thematic saturation calculations. Thematic analysis of responses identified challenges/barriers, benefits, facilitators, and factors perceived to cause variability in experiences of remote delivery.
Telework during COVID-19: effects on the work–family relationship and well-being in a quasi-field experiment

Maria José Chambel; Vânia Sofia Carvalho; Alda Santos

Published: December 2022   Journal: Sustainability
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, organizations are forced to adopt teleworking. However, little is known about this work modality longitudinally. This study aims to clarify the impact of continuing to work on the organization’s premises and shifting to a telework situation on the work and family relationship and employees’ well-being. Using a sample of 435 bank employees with two waves, two groups were compared: (1) workers who continued to work on the organization’s premises (213), and (2) workers’ who had shifted to a telework situation (222). The first set of data were collected prior to the pandemic and the second approximately 10 months after its onset.
Tele-assessment of young children referred for autism spectrum disorder evaluation during COVID-19: associations among clinical characteristics and diagnostic outcome

Rebecca McNally Keehn; Brett Enneking; Liliana Wagner (et al.)

Published: December 2022   Journal: Autism
Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a rapid acceleration of innovative research on health services delivery, including real-world clinical implementation and evaluation of tele-assessment for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Extending this promising work, the present study examined clinical characteristics and diagnostic outcome for young children receiving autism spectrum disorder tele-assessment during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Parent's perspective on teletherapy of pediatric population with speech and language disorder during Covid-19 lockdown in India

Kapil Sikka

Published: December 2022   Journal: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery
The pandemic COVID-19 led to the sudden imposition of lockdown and travel restrictions worldwide, that made tele practice one of the most viable options for various hospitals and healthcare centres. The present study aimed at exploring the parental perspective on teletherapy, for children having speech and language delay, during the covid-19 pandemic lockdown. A total of 100 parents with children with speech and language delays and who have undergone a minimum of five teletherapy sessions at a tertiary care hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown were recruited. A questionnaire with 12 close-ended questions was administered over the phone call to know the parent’s perspective on the impact of teletherapy and its benefits. The responses obtained were tabulated and calculated for percentage response to each question.
Mitigating rural adolescent trauma: remote delivery of a trauma-informed yoga intervention during COVID-19

Lauren Davis; Alexandra Aylward

Published: December 2022   Journal: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
Given the prevalence of childhood trauma in rural Montana, this project is intended to help mitigate stressors that may contribute to poor behavioral and mental health in high school-aged children, which may be exacerbated by the collective trauma of the COVID-19 pandemic. The immediate goal was to measure physical and mental health outcomes in adolescents resulting from a remotely delivered trauma-informed yoga intervention designed to foster positive youth development. Our study builds on the successes from an initial feasibility pilot study one year prior in order to evaluate a more robust intervention comparing experimental and control group outcomes. Students at a small, rural high school in Montana volunteered to participate in a 6-week, twice-weekly trauma-informed yoga intervention in their physical education class.
Telepsychiatry use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic among children enrolled in Medicaid

Mir M. Ali; Kristina D. West; Erin Bagalman (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Psychiatric Services

This study examined telepsychiatry use among children enrolled in Medicaid before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. A retrospective analysis was conducted of claims data from the Transformed Medicaid Statistical Information System for children (ages 3–17) with any mental health service use in 2019 (N=5,606,555) and 2020 (N=5,094,446).

Effect of tele nursing on health outcomes of children with rheumatic arthritis and satisfaction of their caregivers during Covid-19 pandemic

Hemat Mostafa Amer; Elham S. Elzyen; Doaa A. Zayed (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Egyptian Journal of Health Care
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is autoimmune illness which mostly affects the joints. Access to care and rheumatic arthritis outcomes and satisfaction may be improved by utilizing the tele-nursing especially during the outbreak of COVID-19. This study aims to investigate the effect of tele nursing on health outcomes of children with rheumatic arthritis and satisfaction of their caregivers during Covid 19 pandemic. Three out patients’ clinics of rheumatology were selected from; Menoufia University hospital, Teaching hospital and school health insurance clinics. A purposive sample of 120 students were selected and divided equally to study and control group. Data was collected using The Arabic form of The Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report & Client Satisfaction Questionnaire.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 14 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 19 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, disabled children, health services, lockdown, social distance, teleworking | Countries: Egypt
Adolescent technology-use and creative activities during COVID-19: a qualitative study

Lauren M. Zaeske; Taylor P. Harris; Amanda Williams (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Thinking Skills and Creativity
This study investigated how COVID-19 impacted creative adolescent engagement with their creative activities, as well as how they utilized technology to cope with the pandemic. Using qualitative methods, this study was guided by phenomenology using both constructivist and transformative paradigms. Participants were English-speaking adolescents from the Midwest in the United States. They were identified as creative by their teachers according to known creative profiles and were invited to attend an all-day creative career workshop over Zoom, where the focus groups occurred for this study. Five focus groups, consisting of 25 participants, were conducted, guided by semi-structured interviews. The transcripts from the focus groups were analyzed using reflexive thematic analysis by the first, second, and third authors.
Accessibility at what price? Therapists' experiences of remote psychotherapy with children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Anette Erlandsson; David Forsström; Alexander Rozental (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy has traditionally been delivered in person, but recent technological advances have made it possible to conduct remote treatments. There is currently strong evidence for the efficacy of guided self-help with online support from a therapist, but less is known about video-mediated psychotherapy. The COVID-19 pandemic has however forced many therapists to provide remote treatments. This transition might be especially trying for therapists of children and adolescents, but their experiences are underexplored. This study aimed to investigate their perceptions of video-mediated psychotherapy. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 therapists and analyzed using thematic analysis. The therapists described how they struggled with technical and ethical issues and tried to overcome the loss of their usual therapeutic tools. They were concerned that the online format led to less effective treatments or could have negative effects, even if it might increase care availability. Generally, they felt frustrated, inadequate, and stressed, and experienced less job satisfaction. The therapists concluded that video-mediated sessions might be a good alternative for children and adolescents – provided the therapists themselves could determine for whom and when to offer video sessions. Implications of their experiences are discussed, including how psychotherapy training might have to incorporate issues related to remote psychotherapy.
Telemedicine utilization and perceived quality of virtual care among pregnant and postpartum women during the COVID-19 pandemic

Ann Davis; Dani Bradley

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
The aim of this research was to examine the association between perceived quality of care during the COVID-19 pandemic and the modality of maternity care visits, virtual or in-person. This study utilized an online nationwide survey about experiences in prenatal and postpartum care between 18 April and 6 August 2020. Perceived quality of care was categorized into worse care, better, or the same care as compared to before the pandemic. Barriers were categorized into five groups: (1) concern for the privacy of health information, (2) not having a private or quiet place, (3) lack of physical exam or measurements, (4) quality of care, and (5) technology issues. Data analyses included bivariate analyses and multivariate logistic regression.
Working from home and resilience among working parents during Covid-19

Shilpa Jain; Neeru Choudhary

Published: November 2022

As a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, working from home (WFH) was introduced wherever it was possible around the world. For working parents (employees with at least one dependent child), it was not simply WFH, but it also included challenges related to a new way of learning from home for their children. The pandemic changed the way people worked in organisations; we’ve all had to adjust our daily routines to cope with it and we are still learning how to do so. The aim of this study was to investigate the experiences of working parents and examine the factors that contributed to their resilience while working from home during New Zealand’s first lockdown in March–April 2020. Ten in-depth, semi[1]structured interviews were undertaken with working parents (having at least one school-aged child) drawn from sectors such as banking, education and professional services in the Wellington region. Data was analysed using a thematic analysis approach.

The effect of home exercises given to school-aged children during the COVID-19 pandemic process on sports motivation

Kayhan Söğüt; Elisa Calisgan; Betül Akyo (et al.)

Published: November 2022
This study aimed to investigate the effect of home exercises given to secondary and high school students during the pandemic process on sports motivation. This study was conducted on 117 (n:61 female, n:56 male) people aged 11-15 years. The children given online via the EBA home exercises program in the study were reached at Kangal Mehmet Salih Şirin, Sivas Selçuk, Sivas Durdulu, Gürün 80. Yıl Boarding District Secondary School and Kangal Koç Anatolian High School. Individuals were evaluated with Sport Motivation Scale at the pre-post exercise program.
Widening racial disparities during COVID-19 telemedicine transition: a study of child mental health services at two large children's hospitals

J. Corey Williams; Molly Ball; Nora Roscoe (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Home
To examine whether racial disparities in access to pediatric mental health care were affected during the COVID-19 telemedicine transition at both The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Boston Children’s Hospital (BCH). Electronic health records were queried for all unique outpatient visits from a pre-pandemic period in 2019 and a within-pandemic period in 2020. Changes in the proportion of patients were compared based on insurance status, clinic location, and racial identification. Hypotheses were tested via logistic regression analyses.
Economic value and characteristics of cloud pharmacy for children based on internet hospital in western China during the COVID-19 pandemic: cross-sectional survey study

Bin Yang; Qiang Wen; Yi Zhang (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

Online health care services have been encouraged by the Chinese government in recent years, and the COVID-19 pandemic catalyzed the rapid growing of internet hospitals. As an integral part of online health care services, little is known about the economic value and characteristics of cloud pharmacy especially for children. This study aimed to reveal the economic value and comprehensive characteristics of pediatric cloud pharmacy during the COVID-19 pandemic in a tertiary children's hospital in western China. A total of 33,254 online prescriptions over the course of February 2020 through December 2021 were analyzed with respect to the user profiles, diseases, consulting behaviors, distribution of departments, delivery region and distance, drug information and degree of satisfaction. The cost savings for patients calculated lost wages and the high-speed railway fees for transport to and from hospital.

The effects of a physical activity online intervention program on resilience, perceived social support, psychological distress and concerns among at-risk youth during the COVID-19 pandemic

Michal Glaser; Gizell Green; Avi Zigdon (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Children
COVID-19 restrictions have led to social isolation affecting youth’s health, particularly at-risk youth. This study examined whether an online mentoring health intervention (OMHI) would strengthen characteristics that can prevent risky behaviors: resilience, perceived social support, psychological distress, and crisis concerns. Fifty-six secondary-school students participated, 27 in the intervention group and 29 in the control group (mean age 16.18, SD 0.83 vs. 16.62, SD 0.82, respectively). The study took place between March and August 2020.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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