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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Association of economic recession and social distancing with pediatric non-accidental trauma during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Ruth A. Lewit; Meera Kotagal; Vincent P. Duron (et al.)

Published: February 2022   Journal: Journal of Surgical Research

There has been concern that the incidence of non-accidental trauma (NAT) cases in children would rise during the COVID-19 pandemic due to the combination of social isolation and economic depression. This study aimed to evaluate NAT incidence and severity during the pandemic across multiple US cities. Multi-institutional, retrospective cohort study comparing NAT rates in children <18 years old during the COVID-19 pandemic (March-August 2020) with recent historical data (January 2015-February 2020) and during a previous economic recession (January 2007-December 2011) at level 1 Pediatric Trauma Centers. Comparisons were made to local and national macroeconomic indicators.

Impact of “Stay-at-home” orders on non-accidental trauma: a multi-institutional study

AUTHOR(S)
Amelia T. Collings; Manzur Farazi; Kyle Van Arendonk (et al.)

Published: February 2022   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Surgery

It is unclear how Stay-at-Home Orders (SHO) of the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the welfare of children and rates of non-accidental trauma (NAT). This study hypothesized that NAT would initially decrease during the SHO as children did not have access to mandatory. A multicenter study evaluating patients <18 years with ICD-10 Diagnosis and/or External Cause of Injury codes meeting criteria for NAT. “Historical” controls from an averaged period of March-September 2016-2019 were compared to patients injured March-September 2020, after the implementation of SHO (“COVID” cohort). An interrupted time series analysis was utilized to evaluate the effects of SHO implementation.

Enhancing teaching recovery techniques (TRT) with parenting skills: RCT of TRT + parenting with trauma-affected Syrian refugees in Lebanon utilising remote training with implications for insecure contexts and COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Aala El-Khani; Kim Cartwright; Wadih Maalouf (et al.)

Published: August 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Child psychosocial recovery interventions in humanitarian contexts often overlook the significant effect that caregivers can have on improving children’s future trajectory. This study enhanced the well-established, evidenced-based child trauma recovery programme Teaching Recovery Techniques (TRT) intervention with parenting sessions, i.e., TRT + Parenting (TRT + P), which aims to improve parent mental health and their ability to support their children’s mental health. It also described the findings of a three-arm randomised controlled trial comparing enhanced TRT + P vs. TRT and waitlist.
Trauma-informed care in schools: a necessity in the time of COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Shanon S. Taylor

Published: June 2021   Journal: Beyond Behavior
With students having experienced dramatic changes to their lives and perhaps personally experiencing serious illness and death within their immediate or extended families due to the COVID-19 pandemic, schools may have to examine how to broadly implement the use of trauma-informed care in schools. This article examines why experiences related to the pandemic are considered traumas and what supportive practices have been identified in the research that educators can use to help students.
Web-based, second-best togetherness: psychosocial group intervention with children of holocaust survivors during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Irit V. Felsen

Published: May 2021   Journal: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Evidence from multiple samples of trauma-exposed populations across the globe suggests that intergenerational trauma constitutes a biopsychological risk factor which manifests itself throughout the life cycle of offspring of trauma survivors. Prior empirical studies have shown that adult children of Holocaust survivors (OHS, also referred to in select quotes as 2G for “Second Generation”) are vulnerable to life-threatening situations. This study aimed to examine the reactions of OHS to the COVID-19 pandemic, which posed a serious threat to the lives of many, in particular to older adults.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.