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Eliza Gordon-Lipkina; Christopher Steven Marcumb; Shannon Kruk (et al.)
Children with developmental disabilities are vulnerable to morbidity associated with COVID-19. This paper aims to understand attitudes toward routine childhood vaccinations versus the COVID-19 vaccine in a population of families affected by mitochondrial disease (MtD), a form of developmental disability. An online survey was administered via several advocacy groups for children with MtD.
Thadchaigeni Panchalingam; Yuyan Shi
Ha Thi Hong Nguyen; Mrike Aliu; Kimberly Ann Ashburn (et al.)
Calvin J. Chiew; M. Premikha; Chia Yin Chong (et al.)
Ali Haider Mohammed; Bassam Abdul Rasool Hassan; Abdulrasool M. Wayyes (et al.)
The issue around vaccination of children has brought divergent opinions among the populations across the globe and among the Arab population. There has been a low response rate to the calls for vaccination of children and this is reflective of the sentiments which parents may have towards their children being vaccinated. This study aims to explore the parents’ health beliefs, intentions, and strategies towards the COVID-19 vaccine for their children among Arab population. A cross-sectional study using an online survey from October to December 2021, was carried out in five Arab countries in the Middle East. A reliable health belief model (HBM) including five domains: severity, susceptibility, benefits, barriers and cues to action, was adopted. Chi-square, Mann–Whitney test, and multivariable logistic regression were performed for data analysis.
Ayman A. Atalla; Jamal Faydh; Saad Althuwaybi (et al.)
disease 2019 (COVID19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus
2 (SARSCoV2), is currently a global pandemic with the highest number of people
affected in the modern era; only a small proportion of children have been
infected with COVID-19. Most of them were asymptomatic or only had mild
symptoms. Both direct and indirect advantages will result from an effective and
a safe COVID-19 vaccination. Vaccine hesitancy is a potential threat to global
public health. Parental attitudes to-wards the vaccines play a key role in the
success of the herd immunity for COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate the
parents’ willingness and attitudes about the COVID- 19 vaccine in Taif city in
K.S.A. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample of 384
parents. The data collection tool was an online questionnaire that consisted of
sociodemographic data of parents and children, and questions for assessment of
parents’ willingness to vaccinate their children with the COVID-19 vaccine. All
data were entered and analyzed by using SPSS program version 22. The committee
is accredited by the National Committee for Bioethics with No. (HAO-02-T-105)
and the proposal fulfills the requirements of Taif Uni-versity and accordingly
ethical approval was granted.
Grazia Miraglia del Giudice; Lucio Folcarelli; Annalisa Napoli (et al.)
Pregnant women, especially those with comorbidities, compared to those non-pregnant, have higher risk of developing a severe form of COVID-19. However, COVID-19 vaccine uptake is very low among them. An anonymous questionnaire was administered to randomly selected women 18 years of age that were currently pregnant or had just given birth between September 2021 and May 2022 in the geographic area of Naples. Vaccine hesitancy was assessed using the vaccine hesitancy scale (VHS).
Mary Carol Burkhardt; Anne E. Berset; Yingying Xu (et al.)
Annamaria Mascolo; Gabriella Di Mauro; Federica Fraenza (et al.)
Although the European Medicines Agency (EMA) encourage coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination in pregnant women, the scientific evidence supporting the use of COVID-19 vaccines during pregnancy is still limited. This study aimed to investigate adverse events following immunization (AEFI) with COVID-19 vaccines during pregnancy. It retrieved Individual Case Safety Reports (ICSRs) related to the use of COVID-19 vaccines during pregnancy from the EudraVigilance database for the year 2021. It analyzed AEFI related to the mother and fetus/newborn. The reporting odds ratio (ROR) was computed to compare the reporting probability of spontaneous abortion between COVID-19 vaccines.
Un I Choi; Yimin Pang; Yu Zheng (et al.)
The decision about vaccinating children is subject to their parents' decision. To inform strategies that support full vaccination coverage, it is important to understand the parents' vaccination attitude and tendency to act. This study aims to investigate the intention and the factors affecting parents' decision-making about vaccinating their children. A cross-sectional, self-administered online questionnaire was completed by parents of children aged 3–12 yeas in Macao between 7 March and 17 April 2022. The survey tool was informed by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) which composes of the variable “intention” and three TPB constructs (Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceived Behavioral Control). Respondents rated their level of agreement on the construct statements using a 5-point Likert scale. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine if the TPB constructs were predictors of parents' intention.
Atsuyuki Watanabe; Jun Yasuhara; Masao Iwagami (et al.)
The risk and benefits of COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy are under investigation. Pooled evidence regarding neonatal and maternal outcomes in association with COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy is scarce. This study aimed to evaluate the association between COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy and peripartum outcomes. PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched on April 5, 2022. Language restrictions were not applied.
Dongqing Wang; Angela Chukwu; Mary Mwanyika-Sando (et al.)
Alexandra Byrne; Lindsay A. Thompson; Stephanie L. Filipp (et al.)
The United States has the highest number of total cases and deaths due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide (Johns Hopkins COVID Dashboard, 2021). Despite COVID-19 vaccine availability, uptake in the United States has been slow and vaccine hesitancy has been a significant barrier to achieving widespread vaccine uptake. Understanding determinants of vaccine acceptance is essential to implement successful population health interventions to increase COVID-19 vaccination. This study developed an anonymous cross-sectional parent survey to assess factors associated with parent and child COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and hesitancy during the initial pediatric vaccine rollout amongst adolescents 16 years +. The survey was sent via email to 25,308 parents registered to the Alachua County Public School System in May 2021 and remained active until July 2021.
Angela Y. Chang; Peter Aaby; Michael S. Avidan (et al.)
Recent reviews summarize evidence that some vaccines have heterologous or non-specific effects (NSE), potentially offering protection against multiple pathogens. Numerous economic evaluations examine vaccines' pathogen-specific effects, but less than a handful focus on NSE. This paper addresses that gap by reporting economic evaluations of the NSE of oral polio vaccine (OPV) against under-five mortality and COVID-19. It studied two settings: (1) reducing child mortality in a high-mortality setting (Guinea-Bissau) and (2) preventing COVID-19 in India. In the former, the intervention involves three annual campaigns in which children receive OPV incremental to routine immunization. In the latter, a susceptible-exposed-infectious-recovered model was developed to estimate the population benefits of two scenarios, in which OPV would be co-administered alongside COVID-19 vaccines. Incremental cost-effectiveness and benefit-cost ratios were modeled for ranges of intervention effectiveness estimates to supplement the headline numbers and account for heterogeneity and uncertainty.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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