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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Teen firearm access during COVID: a repeated cross-sectional analysis of Pennsylvania families

AUTHOR(S)
Lacey Nicole Wallace

Published: July 2022   Journal: Safer Communities

This study aims to investigate patterns in adolescent gun access and household gun storage in 2021 and 2022. Data were collected from two cross-sectional surveys of Pennsylvania parents with a teenage child at home.

Study of the physical aggressive behaviors due to violent video games among early adolescents in Al-Mazar Al-Janobe District in the south of Jordan

AUTHOR(S)
Heba Adnan Althnaibat; Waqar Al-kubaisy; Faris Alsaraireh

Published: May 2022   Journal: International Journal of Health Sciences
Violent video games (VVGs) that have clearly emerged during the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic are the reason why early adolescents are exposed to physical aggression and physical violence. This is a problem and has consequences and damages to society as a whole. Therefore, parents and teachers should pay attention to solving this problem and addressing it, so we discussed this problem in our study. This research aims to study of the physical aggressive behaviors due to violent video games among early adolescents in Al-Mazar Al-Janobe district in the South of Jordan. The method that was followed in this study is a cross-sectional study conducted in the Al-Mazar Al-janobe district during the period from first May up to 1st August 2020 using a web-based questionnaire. The study sample consisted of (462) early adolescent pupils aged 10-13 years (boys and girls) from 61 primary schools (private and government). The results obtained were analyzed using SPSS version 21, descriptive and inferential statistics such as t-tests, chi-square, correlation and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were performed and α < 0.05 level of significance was considered.
COVID-19 and youth violence: views from the frontline

AUTHOR(S)
Carole Gibbs; Alaina De Biasi; Jennifer E. Cobbina-Dungy (et al.)

Published: May 2022   Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice
Violent crime tends to be concentrated in economically disadvantaged, racially minoritized communities, particularly among youth. Emerging research suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic may have exacerbated the drivers of violence in these communities but provides limited insight into its effects in a single locale, especially small to mid-size cities, and on those on the frontlines of youth violence (i.e., youth service workers). The current study provides an in-depth, qualitative examination of these dynamics in vulnerable neighborhoods in Lansing, Michigan, centering the voices of those instrumental to violence prevention and community resilience. Specifically, it explores youth service providers’ perceptions of how COVID-19 changed youth violence and impacted families, communities, and organizations working to prevent and control youth violence. It uses the socioecological model adopted by the public health field to explain and prevent violence to guide our work, as this framework recognizes the interlocking and interactive effects of systemic, community, and relational experiences on youth behavior.
Characterization of wellbeing and its relationship with exposure to violence in Mexican and Chilean early and late adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Mónica Bravo‑Sanzana; Xavier Oriol; Rafael Miranda

Published: January 2022   Journal: Child Indicators Research
The current COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has generated negative psychological effects on the global population. In this context, one of the most vulnerable groups is adolescents, who have faced a range of challenging scenarios. The consequences of this pandemic for the wellbeing of adolescents need to be researched across countries. From this perspective, this study aims to characterize the wellbeing of adolescents from Mexico and Chile during the pandemic and delve into the relationship between victimization and the hedonic and eudaimonic types of wellbeing. Data from adolescent students (n = 3,275) were used, with the support of the Global Research Alliance.
‘Why is it so different now I’m bisexual?’: young bisexual people’s experiences of identity, belonging, self-injury, and COVID19

AUTHOR(S)
Brendan J. Dunlop; Cheryl Hunter; Matina Shafti (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Psychology & Sexuality
Bisexual people demonstrate higher rates of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) in comparison to other groups. This study aimed to explore bisexual people’s experiences of sexuality, NSSI and the COVID19 pandemic. Fifteen bisexual people (16–25 years old) with experience of NSSI participated in online qualitative interviews. Thematic analysis was used. Preliminary findings were shared with a subset of participants for member-checking. Participants described experiences of falling between the binary worlds of heterosexuality and homosexuality and described discrimination and invalidation related to this. Lack of access to positive bisexual representation contributed to feelings of self-loathing, with NSSI used to manage emotions or self-punish. The effect of lockdown was not clear cut, depending on personal circumstances and meanings of social interaction for participants. There is a need for greater recognition of significant societal narratives around bisexuality within clinical formulations of mental health difficulties and NSSI within this population.
COVID-19: Reducing the risk of infection might increase the risk of intimate partner violence

AUTHOR(S)
N. van Gelder; Amber Peterman; Alina Potts

Published: April 2020   Journal: The Lancet E Clinical Medicine
The ongoing pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2, the causal agent of the acute respiratory distress syndrome COVID-19, is placing unprecedented stress on healthcare systems and societies as a whole. The rapid spread of the virus in the absence of targeted therapies or a vaccine, is forcing countries to respond with strong preventative measures ranging from mitigation to containment. In extreme cases, quarantines are being imposed, limiting mobility to varying degrees.
While quarantines are an effective measure of infection control, they can lead to significant social, economic and psychological consequences. Social distancing fosters isolation; exposes personal and collective vulnerabilities while limiting accessible and familiar support options. The inability to work has immediate economic repercussions and deprives many individuals of essential livelihoods and health care benefits. Psychological consequences may range from stress, frustration and anger to severe depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A recent review drawing on lessons from past pandemics shows the length of quarantine increases the risk for serious psychological consequences.

COVID-19: How prepared are global education systems for future crises?

AUTHOR(S)
Asif Saeed Memon; Annika Rigole; Taleen Vartan Nakashian; Wongani Grace Taulo; Cirenia Chávez; Suguru Mizunoya

This research brief is one of a series exploring the effects of COVID-19 on education. It focuses on how school closures affect children and the resiliency of education systems to respond to such disruptions and mitigate their effect.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.