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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 2245
Young lives under pressure: protecting and promoting young people’s mental health at a time of global crises

AUTHOR(S)
Kath Ford; Richard Freund

Institution: Young Lives
Published: November 2022

Mental health issues are triggered and prolonged by multiple factors, particularly rising levels of global poverty and inequality. Young Lives research shows that COVID-19, climate and conflict crises are exacerbating this further, triggering high levels of anxiety and depression and declining well-being amongst young people at a critical period in their lives when resilience to mental health issues is typically built.  This policy brief brings together new evidence from our longitudinal study on how global crises are impacting the mental health of disadvantaged youth in poor countries and calls for urgent action to support developing countries to respond effectively.

Short report: vaccine attitudes in the age of COVID-19 for a population of children with mitochondrial disease

AUTHOR(S)
Eliza Gordon-Lipkina; Christopher Steven Marcumb; Shannon Kruk (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Research in Developmental Disabilities

Children with developmental disabilities are vulnerable to morbidity associated with COVID-19. This paper aims to understand attitudes toward routine childhood vaccinations versus the COVID-19 vaccine in a population of families affected by mitochondrial disease (MtD), a form of developmental disability. An online survey was administered via several advocacy groups for children with MtD.

Age and sex differences in the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and coping mechanisms in Latin American youth

AUTHOR(S)
Rosa Elena Ulloa; Rogelio Apiquian; Francisco R. de la Peña (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Psychiatric Research

The COVID-19 pandemic has had negative effects on mental health. Understanding sex and age differences in the perception of stressors, the use of coping strategies, and the prevalence of depression and anxiety can lead to detecting at-risk groups. A cross-sectional online study surveyed perceived stressors, coping strategies, and the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 rating scales for symptoms of depression and anxiety. The study was open from Spring 2020 to Spring 2021 and was aimed at children, adolescents and young adults of Latin America.

A predictive model for depression risk in Thai youth during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Wongpanya S. Nuankaew; Patchara Nasa-ngium; Prem Enkvetchakul (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Advances in Information Technology
The risk of depression in youth affects future development of the learning process. Therefore, it is important to study on preventing the risk of depression in youth. The purpose of this research was (1) to study the risk situation of youth’ depression in Thailand, and (2) to develop a model for predicting depression among youth in Thailand. The data used in the research were 1,413 samples from 9 faculties at the Rajabhat Maha Sarakham University, and Phadungnaree School at Mueang District of Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand. Research tools and procedures used were the data mining principles to analyze and develop prototype models. It includes the decision tree, naïve bayes, and artificial neural networks techniques.
COVID-19 and mental health disorders in children and adolescents (Review)

AUTHOR(S)
Miao-Shui Bai; Chun-Yue Miao; Yu Zhang (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Psychiatry Research
The new coronavirus has been present for two years and has had a widespread and sustained impact worldwide. There is growing evidence in the literature that COVID-19 may have negative effects on mental illness in patients and in healthy populations. The unprecedented changes brought about by COVID-19, such as social isolation, school closures, and family stress, negatively affect people's mental health, especially that of children and adolescents. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature and summarize the impact of COVID-19 disorders on children's and adolescents’ mental health, the mechanisms and risk factors, screening tools, and intervention and prevention.
COVID-19–related hardship and mental health in Puerto Rican children: the moderating role of adverse childhood experiences (ACES)

AUTHOR(S)
Mateus Mazzaferro; Prudence W. Fisher; Glorisa Canino (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Home
Research on the mental health impact of COVID-19 has called attention to the high levels of symptoms among children. Latinx children experience more COVID-19 related hardship (CRH; eg, child infection, parental job loss) and are disproportionately exposed to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)—a risk factor for negative mental health outcomes. ACEs are associated with alterations in physiology that may make children more vulnerable to future stressors. However, no study has investigated whether ACEs may exacerbate symptoms associated with CRH in Latinx children. This study sought to examine whether prior exposure to ACEs moderates the association between CRH and behavioral and emotional symptoms in Puerto Rican children across 2 contexts, the South Bronx (SB), NYC, and San Juan (SJ), Puerto Rico.Participants were Puerto Rican youth (n = 138; 68 in SB, 70 in SJ) aged 3 to 12 years (mean = 8.3, SD = 2.2) enrolled in the Boricua Youth Study and assessed between March 2020 and September 2021. Parents were interviewed about their child’s ACEs, CRH experienced by the family (16 items), and their child’s internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Hierarchical linear regression was performed for 2 age groups: 3-5 years (younger) and 6-12 years (older), with internalizing and externalizing as dependent variables and child ACEs, CRH, and their interaction as independent variables, adjusting for child's age and gender.
Sleep in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities during COVID-19: an integrative review

AUTHOR(S)
Rebecca Kronk; Inah Kim; David Nolfi

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Sleep issues occur at higher rates in children with neurodevelopmental disorders than in the typical population. Little is known about the impact of COVID-19 on sleep issues in this population. This integrative review aimed to characterize studies during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020–2022) addressing the prevalence and management of sleep issues in children and youth with neurodevelopmental disorders. Comprehensive database searches were used to identify articles, and 31 studies were considered suitable for this review.
Trrns, screens, and COVID-19: how the pandemic is changing youth's relationships with media and their psychiatrists

AUTHOR(S)
Erin L. Belfort

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
This study will discuss the implications of COVID-19 on mental health of youth and how the pandemic has affected access to treatment services including telepsychiatry. Pearls of telepsychiatry, a new modality of treatment for many of us, will be reviewed. The study will explore how media and technology use has changed for youth in the context of remote learning and limited opportunities to be together with friends and extended family. Based on our clinical experience, it will discuss certain populations by age and diagnosis and review the unique challenges the pandemic has created for academic, family, and peer functioning. The authors will use literature searches to supplement their clinical experiences with youth.
Parental psychosocial factors predicting adolescents' psychological adjustment during the surging and remission periods of COVID-19 in China: a longitudinal study

AUTHOR(S)
Yuting Li; Xinxin Huang; Jianyin Qiu (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

Parents play a critical role in adolescents' psychological adjustment, especially in stress response. Few studies have investigated parental impact on adolescents' psychological adjustment in the pandemic. The longitudinal study examined how parental psychosocial factors at the surging period of the pandemic (T1) in China predicted adolescents' anxiety and depression concurrently and at the remission periods three (T2) and six months (T3) later. Middle and high school students and their parents from three schools in Shanghai, China, completed online surveys on March 10, 2020 (T1), June 16, 2020 (T2), and Sep 25, 2020 (T3). Adolescents' anxiety/depression levels were assessed by matching self- and parent-reports at T1, T2, T3, and parents reported their psychological state (emotion and psychopathology), pandemic response (appraisal and coping), and perceived social support (PSS) at T1.

Association between depressive symptoms in the postpartum period and COVID-19: a meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Chenxinzi Lin; Bin Chen; Youjing Yang (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

With the pandemic of COVID, the public are faced with tremendous threatens both physically and mentally. Postpartum depression (PPD) is one of the most serious complications of childbearing, bringing severe impact on a woman's mental state and mood after birth. Research has shown that maternal mental state is closely correlated with PPD, those undergo the emergency or significant life changes during the postpartum period are more likely to suffer from PPD. In this study, we conducted the meta-analysis to estimate the association between PPD and COVID-19 pandemic. PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, ScienceDirect, CNKI, China Science and Technology Journal Database, and WANFANG Database were searched for potentially relevant articles published before April 2022. Review Manager 5.2 was used to perform a meta-analysis and subgroup analysis to compute the pooled odds ratio.

Effectiveness of online interventions for the universal and selective prevention of mental health problems among adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Dabok Noh; Hyunlye Kim

Published: October 2022   Journal: Prevention Science
With the emergence of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic as a threat to mental health, the demand for online interventions that can replace face-to-face approaches for the prevention of mental health problems is increasing. Although several previous reviews on online interventions have targeted adolescents with symptoms of or those diagnosed with mental illness, there is still a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of online preventive interventions for general and at-risk adolescents. Therefore, this review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of online interventions on the prevention of an increase in the scores of stress, anxiety, and depression in general and at-risk adolescents. A search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library CENTRAL. Altogether, 19 studies were included, and 16 studies were used for the meta-analysis.
Help-seeking attitudes and behaviours for mental health problems in adolescents before and during the first COVID-19 school closures in Germany

AUTHOR(S)
Sophia Lustig; Julian Koenig; Stephanie Bauer (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Early Intervention in Psychiatry

Comparing measures of psychological wellbeing and help-seeking in youths before and within the first school closures due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic enables a better understanding of the effects the pandemic has for those seeking professional help for mental health problems. Data were obtained from the Germany-based ProHEAD school study. Pre-lockdown and lockdown samples (n = 648) were compared regarding pupils' psychological wellbeing, help-seeking attitudes and help-seeking behaviour.

Impact of COVID-19 inequalities on children: an intersectional analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Gabriel Lemkow–Tovías; Louis Lemkow; Lucinda Cash-Gibson (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Sociology of Health & Illness
Societal concerns about the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic have largely focussed on the social groups most directly affected, such as the elderly and health workers. However, less focus has been placed on understanding the effects on other collectives, such as children. While children’s physical health appears to be less affected than the adult population, their mental health, learning and wellbeing is likely to have been significantly negatively affected during the pandemic due to the varying policy restrictions, such as withdrawal from face to face schooling, limited peer-to-peer interactions and mobility and increased exposure to the digital world amongst other things. Children from vulnerable social backgrounds, and especially girls, will be most negatively affected by the impact of COVID-19, given their different intersecting realities and the power structures already negatively affecting them.
The associations between accelerometer-measured physical activity levels and mental health in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Wen Yang; Ming Hui Li; Jane Jie Yu (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
This study aims to examine the associations between physical activity (PA) levels and mental health in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (IDs) during the COVID-19 pandemic, 117 participants aged between 6 and 17 years with IDs from 10 Hong Kong special schools were included. There were positive dose–response associations between PA (i.e., light PA, moderate PA, and vigorous PA) and mental health, and participants with higher levels of moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and self-concept (SC) had better social quality of life (QoL) than those with lower levels of MVPA and SC. Moreover, personal and environmental factors such as age, body mass index, school, sex, ID level, and parental education level influenced the PA levels and QoL in children and adolescents with IDs.
Sociodemographic and mental health characteristics associated with changes in movement behaviours due to the COVID-19 pandemic in adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Amanda Lien; Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga; Karen A. Patte (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Activity, Sedentary and Sleep Behaviors volume

Control measures enacted to control the spread of COVID-19 appear to have impacted adolescent movement behaviours. It remains unclear how these changes relate to sociodemographic characteristics and indicators of mental health. Understanding these relationships can contribute to informing health promotion efforts. The purpose of this study is to examine sociodemographic and mental health characteristics associated with changes in movement behaviours (physical activity, screen time, sleep duration) due to the COVID-19 pandemic among adolescents. This cross-sectional study used May–June 2020 survey data and included 7349 students from Quebec, Ontario, and British Columbia (Canada). ANOVA, χ2 tests, and estimation of effect sizes using Cohen’s d and h tests were performed between self-reported perceived changes (increase; decrease; no change) to physical activity, TV watching, social media use, and sleep duration as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and gender, age, race/ethnicity, income, depression and anxiety symptoms, flourishing-languishing, and self-rated mental health.

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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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Each quarterly thematic digest features the latest evidence drawn from the Children and COVID-19 Research Library on a particular topic of interest.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.