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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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2821 - 2835 of 3702
Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on exposure and response prevention outcomes in adults and youth with obsessive-compulsive disorder

AUTHOR(S)
Eric A. Storch; Jessica C. Sheu; Andrew G. Guzick (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: Psychiatry Research

The  COVID-19 pandemic has  created novel mental health challenges for  those with  pre-existing problems including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study reports on clinician perceptions regarding the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on patients with OCD receiving exposure and response prevention treatment (ERP) prior to and during the pandemic. Participating clinicians completed a survey which included questions adapted from National Institute of Mental Health-Global Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (NIMH-GOCS) and Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS).

Mental health support in Jordan for the general population and for the refugees in the Zaatari Camp during the period of COVID-19 lockdown

AUTHOR(S)
Ziad El-Khatib; Mohannad Al Nsour; Yousef S. Khader (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
This study presented an overview about the mental health situation in Jordan during the coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) in general, and about the situation of mental health and the provided support for Syrian refugees at the Zaatari camp.
Impact of COVID‐19 on polio vaccination in Pakistan: a concise overview

AUTHOR(S)
Misbahud Din; Hammad Ali; Mudassir Khan (et al.)

Published: November 2020
The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) has disrupted immunization programs around the globe, potentially increasing life‐threatening vaccine‐preventable diseases. Pakistan and Afghanistan are the only countries, which are still struggling to eradicate wild poliovirus. All vaccination campaigns in Pakistan were suspended in April due to the COVID‐19 outbreak, leading 40 million children to miss out on polio vaccination. Like the climate crisis, the COVID‐19 pandemic could be regarded as a child‐rights crisis because it could have life‐threatening impact over children, who need immunization, now and in the long‐term.
Children and adolescents with eating disorders during COVID‐19 confinement: difficulties and future challenges

AUTHOR(S)
Montserrat Graell; M. Goretti Morón-Nozaleda; Ricardo Camarneiro (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: European Eating Disorders Review
This study aims to present the adaptations to treatment protocols made in a child and adolescent eating disorders (ED) unit during the eight-week confinement period mandated in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and examine clinical and treatment variables in the outpatient, day hospital, and inpatient care programs.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 864-870 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, morbidity, nutritional diseases
Children and youth with diabetes are not at increased risk for hospitalization due to COVID‐19

AUTHOR(S)
Roque Cardona-Hernandez; Valentino Cherubini; Dario Iafusco (et al.)

Published: November 2020

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2), responsible forthe coronavirus disease COVID-19, was first identified in Wuhan, China in December2019. Diabetes, as well as other cardiovascular comorbidities, has been recognized asa major risk factor for outcomes and mortality in adults with COVID-19, particularlyin the elderly with type 2 diabetes. Based on these conclusions, COVID-19 data onadults have been generalized to youth with diabetes. Nevertheless, experience frompediatric diabetes practices in China (Wuhan), Italy, Spain (Catalonia), and the UnitedStates (San Francisco Bay Area) consistently report only a single severe case ofCOVID-19 in a 20-year-old female youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) that was hospi-talized for bilateral pneumonia and was subsequently discharged without complications.


Relationship between children physical activity, inflammatory mediators and lymphocyte activation: possible impact of social isolation (COVID-19)

AUTHOR(S)
Murilo Merlin; Heloisa Helena de Oliveira; Maria Elizabeth Pereira Passos (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: Sport Sciences for Health
Lifestyle and body composition may be simultaneously responsible for immune response modulation. This study aimed to compare plasmatic adipokines concentration and lymphocyte cytokine production in children with diferent daily steps (DS) range, as well as to discuss the potential negative impact of the social isolation during COVID-19 pandemic in this context. DS can be a useful and low-cost way of monitoring children’s health status.
COVID-19 and youth substance use

AUTHOR(S)
Chuck Ingoglia

Published: November 2020   Journal: The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
An “epidemic hidden in a pandemic”. That is what Andrea Raby, D.O. of Bayless Integrated Healthcare, calls the threat to our youth who are now at increased risk of substance use disorder and overdose in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Anxiety, depression and PTSD among children and their parent during 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in China

AUTHOR(S)
Jinming Yue; Xueyan Zang; Yunying Le (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: Current Psychology
Home quarantine may lead to families developing a variety of psychological distress. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychological status of children and their parent during 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in China. Data were collected from children (n = 1360) and their parent (n = 1360) in China using online survey during February 2020. Demographic information, media exposure, and psychological status including anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms were assessed using self-report measures.
Vulnerability and resilience in children during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Winnie W. Y. Tso; Rosa S. Wong; Keith T. S. Tung (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is having a profound impact on the health and development of children worldwide. There is limited evidence on the impact of COVID-19 and its related school closures and disease-containment measures on the psychosocial wellbeing of children; little research has been done on the characteristics of vulnerable groups and factors that promote resilience. This research conducted a large-scale cross-sectional population study of Hong Kong families with children aged 2–12 years.
Supporting Families and Children Beyond COVID-19: Social protection in high-income countries

AUTHOR(S)
Dominic Richardson; Alessandro Carraro; Victor Cebotari; Anna Gromada

COVID-19 constitutes the greatest crisis that high-income countries have seen in many generations. While many high-income countries experienced the global financial crisis of 2007–2008, or have had national recessions, the COVID-19 pandemic is much more than that. COVID-19 is a social and economic crisis, sparked by a protracted health crisis.

High-income countries have very limited experience of dealing with health crises, having their health and human services stretched beyond capacity, restricting the travel of their populations or having to close workplaces and schools – let alone experience of all of these things combined. These unique conditions create new and serious challenges for the economies and societies of all high-income countries. As these challenges evolve, children – as dependants – are among those at greatest risk of seeing their living standards fall and their personal well-being decline.

This new UNICEF Innocenti report explores how the social and economic impact of the pandemic is likely to affect children; the initial government responses to the crisis; and how future public policies could be optimized to better support children. 
Covid-19 pandemic impact on maternal and child health services access in Nampula, Mozambique: a mixed methods research

AUTHOR(S)
Paulo das Neves Pires; Cynthia Macaringue; Ahmed Abdirazak (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: BMC Health Services Research
The Covid-19 pandemic limited access to health services in most countries, impacting negatively global health. Last March 2020 in Mozambique, a public state of emergency restrained people’s movements, reduced public services, and launched a national information campaign. The Alert Community for a Prepared Hospital implementation research, has been promoting access to maternal and child health care, at Marrere General Hospital and Marrere Health Centre, in Natikiri, Nampula, the city with the third highest incidence of Covid-19 in Mozambique. This research aimed to assess the impact of Covid-19 on access to maternal and children health services in Nampula and estimate Alert Community for a Prepared Hospital project sustainability.
Risk and resilience of well-being in caregivers of young children in response to the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Bridget Davidson; Ellyn Schmidt; Carolina Mallar (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: Translational Behavioral Medicine
The COVID-19 pandemic is impacting communities worldwide, with direct effects of illness and mortality, and indirect effects on economies, workplaces, schools/daycares, and social life. However, the effect of this pandemic on families of young children is still poorly understood. This study used a risk and resilience model to evaluate the effects of the pandemic on mental health in diverse caregivers (N = 286) with children ages birth to 5.
COVID-19 quarantine-related mental health symptoms and their correlates among mothers: a cross sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Somaya H. Malkawi; Khader Almhdawi; Alaa F. Jaber (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: Maternal and Child Health Journal
One of the strictest quarantines worldwide to limit the spread of coronavirus was enforced in Jordan during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study investigated reported mental health and changes in lifestyle practices among Jordanian mothers during COVID-19 quarantine. The specifc objectives included studying the level of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms and their potential statistical associations with demographic and lifestyle variables. Furthermore, the study aimed to investigate differences in mental health between different demographic and socio-economic groups and to examine the major lifestyle changes that occurred on mothers during the quarantine.
Barriers and facilitators to changes in adolescent physical activity during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Kwok Ng; Jemima Cooper; Fiona McHale

Published: November 2020   Journal: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
COVID-19 restrictions reduced adolescents’ opportunities for physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to examine how adolescent PA changed during school closures, to identify the key barriers and facilitators for these changes during lockdown and to use this information to understand how to manage future crises’ situations positively to prevent physical inactivity.
Baseline characteristics, management, and outcomes of 55,270 children and adolescents diagnosed with COVID-19 and 1,952,693 with influenza in France, Germany, Spain, South Korea and the United States: an international network cohort study

AUTHOR(S)
Talita Duarte-Salles; David Vizcaya; Andrea Pistillo (et al.)

Published: November 2020   Journal: Physical Therapy
This study comprehensively characterizes a large international cohort of pediatric COVID-19 patients, and almost 2 million with previous seasonal influenza across 5 countries. Although uncommon, pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) were more frequent in children and adolescents diagnosed with COVID-19 than in those with seasonal influenza. Dyspnea, bronchiolitis, anosmia and gastrointestinal symptoms were more frequent in COVID-19, and could help to differentiate pediatric COVID-19 from influenza. A plethora of medications were used during the management of COVID-19 in children and adolescents, with great heterogeneity in the use of antiviral therapies as well as of adjunctive therapies.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 100 | Issue: 11 | No. of pages: 35 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, respiratory diseases
2821 - 2835 of 3702

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.