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Lourdes Ezpeleta; José Blas Navarro; Núria De la Osa (et al.)
Pietro Ferrara; Giulia Franceschini; Giovanni Corsello (et al.)
Children and adolescents who experience a prolonged state of physical isolation during COVID-19 may look
for alternative, attractive or unconventional forms of socialization, available in the web
world. This may expose them to the risks of unsupervised cyberspace exploration beyond the
open web, which may lead them to areas that are usually not available to visitors. They may pass
the gates of the “open” and “deep web” sections and enter into the dangerous “dark web” zones,
which predominantly host unethical and criminal activities. In those shadowy corners of the
worldwide web, there exist dangers ranging from identity theft and drug trade to suicide chat-rooms
and child pornography.
This commentary, authored by EPA-UNEPSA members of the working group on social pediatrics,
briefly discusses the features of the dark web and its implications for children and adolescents. The aim is to raise awareness of pediatricians and families on the growing risk of child exploitation
through the web, at a time when vulnerable young people face home lockdowns with potential
abusers intruding on their privacy.
Shelley Kathleen Krach; Tracy L. Paskiewicz; Malaya M. Monk
Jason M. Fogler; Sébastien Normand; Nicole O’Dea (et al.)
Ghadir Zreik; Kfir Asraf; Iris Haimov (et al.)
Margot Thierry; Avhild Strømme; Katharine Williamson (et al.)
Children affected by humanitarian crises are among
the most vulnerable to abuse, exploitation, violence and neglect and
most in need of protection, yet there is limited commitment to fund
protective responses. Throughout 2020, the impact of the global COVID-19
pandemic and the containment measures have layered risk upon risk for
children in humanitarian crises. Although the overall funding for child
protection is increasing, the funding gap remains wide due to the needs
increasing at an alarming rate. This report builds on analysis undertaken in 2019 and documented in the report Unprotected: Crisis in Humanitarian Funding for Child Protection (Unprotected 2019) and incorporates 2019 and 2020 funding, as well as additional funding streams related to refugee context.
Liubiana Arantes de Araújo; Cássio Frederico Veloso; Matheus de Campos Souza (et al.)
Nina Langer Primdahl; Anne Sofie Borsch; An Verelst (et al.)
Michael B. Cahapay
Shreela V. Sharma; Amier Haidar; Jacqueline Noyola (et al.)
Shreela V. Sharma; Ru-Jye Chuang; Melinda Rushing (et al.)
Sapna Dhiman; Pradeep Kumar Sahu; William R. Reed (et al.)
While COVID-19 outbreak has had adverse psychological effects in children with special needs, the mental state and burden on their caregivers during this pandemic has yet to be reported. The COVID-19 outbreak has had a significant impact on caregiver strain compared to perceived strain before the pandemic. Prevalence of depressive symptoms is high among caregivers of children with special needs. Negative perception of homecare therapy is associated with higher perceived strain and poor mental health. Not using tele-rehabilitation and perception of it being a poor medium for rehabilitation pose greater mental health risks.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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