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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Why we need longitudinal mental health research with children and youth during (and after) the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Mark Wade; Heather Prime; Dillon T. Browne

Published: August 2020   Journal: Psychiatry Research
In recent weeks, dozens of studies have been designed to examine the mental health consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. Absent from the literature is the expressed need for research that is both longitudinal and developmental. To date, studies with children and youth have been almost exclusively cross-sectional While immensely informative, these studies cannot speak to the long-term effects of the pandemic, nor the complex set of stressors that instigate these difficulties or the mechanisms through which those stressors operate. This article presents five common effects that occur in developmental psychopathology that emphasize the need for longitudinal mental health research with children and youth.
Physiological advantages of children against COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Sinan Yavuz; Selman Kesici; Benan Bayrakci

Published: August 2020   Journal: Acta Paediatrica
This short article discusses the potential theories that could explain why children have a lower incidence and milder clinical manifestations than adults.
The
author discussed the potential theories that could explain why chil-
dren have a lower incidence and milder clinical manifestations than
adults.
The
author discussed the potential theories that could explain why chil-
dren have a lower incidence and milder clinical manifestations than
adults.
Impacts of COVID-19 on childhood malnutrition and nutrition-related mortality

AUTHOR(S)
Derek Headey; Rebecca Heidkamp; Saskia Osendarp (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: The Lancet
The unprecedented global social and economic crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic poses grave risks to the nutritional status and survival of young children in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Of particular concern is an expected increase in child malnutrition, including wasting, due to steep declines in household incomes, changes in the availability and affordability of nutritious foods, and interruptions to health, nutrition, and social protection services.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 306 | Issue: 10250 | No. of pages: 519-521 | Language: English | Topics: Child Poverty, Nutrition | Tags: child care services, child nutrition, COVID-19, impact, low-income countries, multi-country
COVID-19: Effects of school closures on foundational skills and promising practices for monitoring and mitigating learning loss

AUTHOR(S)
Maria Carolina Alban Conto; Spogmai Akseer; Thomas Dreesen; Akito Kamei; Suguru Mizunoya; Annika Rigole

While remote learning measures are essential for mitigating the short-term and long-term consequences of COVID-19 school closures, little is known about their impact on and effectiveness for learning.

This working paper contributes to filling this gap by: 1. Exploring how disrupted schooling may affect foundational learning skills, using data from MICS6 (Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys - round 6) in 2017–2019; 2. Examining how countries are delivering and monitoring remote learning based on data from the UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank’s National Education Responses to COVID-19 School Closures survey; and 3. Presenting promising key practices for the effective delivery and monitoring of remote learning.

Limited secondary transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in child care programs - Rhode Island, June 1-July 31, 2020

AUTHOR(S)
Ruth Link-Gelles; Amanda L. Della Grotta; Caitlin Molina (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Report on secondary transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in child care programs in Rhode Island.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 69 | Issue: 34 | No. of pages: 1170-1172 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic | Countries: United States
Sars-cov-2 infection in children in Southern Italy: a descriptive case series

AUTHOR(S)
Daniela Loconsole; Desirèe Caselli; Francesca Centrone (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
This study analyzed the frequency of SARS-CoV-2 infection among all children aged <18 years in the Apulia region of Southern Italy and the characteristics of the infected children. Clinical and demographic data were collected through the national platform for COVID-19 surveillance.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 17 | Issue: 17 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, respiratory diseases | Countries: Italy
The role of parents' attention in the moral development of children in the amid of COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Eri Susanto; Suyadi Suyadi

Published: August 2020   Journal: Jurnal ilmiah sekolah dasar
This research was conducted to identify the role of parental attention in the moral development of elementary school children during the Covid-19 pandemic. This research concludes that it is essential for parents to pay attention to the moral development of their children, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, in general, parents have played a role in accompanying their children during the Covid-19 and SFH pandemic.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 4 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 5 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child development, COVID-19, COVID-19 response, parental guidance | Countries: Indonesia
COVID-19: Are children able to continue learning during school closures?
Institution: *UNICEF
Published: August 2020 UNICEF Publication

In response to the unprecedented educational challenges created by school closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic, more than 90 per cent of countries have implemented some form of remote learning policy. This factsheet estimates the potential reach of digital and broadcast remote learning responses, finding that at least 463 million students around the globe remain cut off from education, mainly due to a lack of remote learning policies or lack of equipment needed for learning at home. This data primarily stems from the UNESCO-UNICEF-World Bank Survey on National Education Responses to COVID-19 School Closures (June-July 2020), as well as household microdata from sources like Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS).

COVID‐19 pandemic‐related psychopathology in children and adolescents with mental illness

AUTHOR(S)
Oskar Hougaard Jefsen; Christopher Rohde; Bettina Nørremark (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
The coronavirus disease (COVID‐19) pandemic is likely to have negative health consequences way beyond those caused by the virus per se – including significant psychological distress. Children and adolescents who already live with a mental illness may be particularly vulnerable to the distress associated with the pandemic – due to, for example, fear of the virus as well as the significant societal changes launched to minimize spread of the virus (social distancing and quarantine). In this editorial perspective, this study (a) provides data on COVID‐19 pandemic‐related psychopathology in children and adolescents from a large psychiatric treatment setting in Denmark, (b) gives advice on how the likely harmful effects of the COVID‐19 pandemic on the mental health of children and adolescents may be minimized, and (c) proposes six lines of research into pandemic‐related psychopathology with emphasis on children and adolescents.
How should our testing behavior change with time in children in current COVID‐19 pandemic?

AUTHOR(S)
Yin Zhang; Jilei Lin; Hongmei Xu (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: European Journal of Clinical Investigation

More paediatric‐confirmed cases have been reported with the global pandemic of COVID‐19. This study aims to summarize the key points and supply suggestions on screening paediatric COVID‐19 patients more appropriately. We retrospectively included paediatric patients who have accepted SARS‐CoV‐2 RT‐PCR testing in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (30 January 2020 to 13 February 2020) and compared them with paediatric‐confirmed COVID‐19 cases. Besides, a review was carried out by analysing all current literature about laboratory‐confirmed paediatric cases with COVID‐19.

Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, hospitalization, infectious disease | Countries: China
Role of social determinants of health in widening maternal and child health disparities in the era of Covid-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Deepa Dongarwar; Veronica B. Ajewole; Emmanuella Oduguwa (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
This article presents a conceptual model that describes the social determinants of health pathways contributing to worse outcomes in minority maternal and child health populations due to the current COVID-19 pandemic.
A literature review of 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV2) infection in neonates and children

AUTHOR(S)
Matteo Di Nardo; Grace van Leeuwen; Alessandra Loreti (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: Pediatric Research
At the time of writing, there are already millions of documented infections worldwide by the novel coronavirus 2019 (2019-nCoV or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2)), with hundreds of thousands of deaths. The great majority of fatal events have been recorded in adults older than 70 years; of them, a large proportion had comorbidities. Since data regarding the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics in neonates and children developing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are scarce and originate mainly from one country (China), this survey reviews all the current literature from 1 December 2019 to 7 May 2020 to provide useful information about SARS-CoV2 viral biology, epidemiology, diagnosis, clinical features, treatment, prevention, and hospital organization for clinicians dealing with this selected population.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 8 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: bibliographies, child health, COVID-19, health care, impact
European consensus recommendations for neonatal and paediatric retrievals of positive or suspected COVID-19 patients

AUTHOR(S)
Ulrich Terheggen; Christian Heiring; Mattias Kjellberg (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: Pediatric Research
The 2020 novel coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2) pandemic necessitates tailored recommendations addressing specific procedures for neonatal and paediatric transport of suspected or positive COVID-19 patients. The aim of this consensus statement is to define guidelines for safe clinical care for children needing inter-facility transport while making sure that the clinical teams involved are sufficiently protected from SARS-CoV-2. A taskforce, composed of members of the European Society of Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care (ESPNIC) Transport section and the European Society for Paediatric Research (ESPR), reviewed the published literature and used a rapid, twostep modified Delphi process to formulate recommendations regarding safety and clinical management during transport of COVID19 patients.
COVID-19 PICU guidelines: for high- and limited-resource settings

AUTHOR(S)
Saraswati Kache; Mohammod Jobayer Chisti; Felicity Gumbo (et al.)

Published: July 2020   Journal: Pediatric Research
Fewer children than adults have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and the clinical manifestations are distinct from those of adults. Some children particularly those with acute or chronic co-morbidities are likely to develop critical illness. Recently, a multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) has been described in children with some of these patients requiring care in the pediatric ICU. An international collaboration was formed to review the available evidence and develop evidence-based guidelines for the care of critically ill children with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Where the evidence was lacking, those gaps were replaced with consensus-based guidelines. This process has generated 44 recommendations related to pediatric COVID-19 patients presenting with respiratory distress or failure, sepsis or septic shock, cardiopulmonary arrest, MIS-C, those requiring adjuvant therapies, or ECMO. Evidence to explain the milder disease patterns in children and the potential to use repurposed anti-viral drugs, anti-inflammatory or anti-thrombotic therapies are also described.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 88 | No. of pages: 705-716 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, health care, multi-country, public health
Media monitoring during COVID-19: domestic violence, sexual violence, child abuse, women’s rights, gender equality

AUTHOR(S)
Lana Wells

Published: July 2020
Between December 1, 2019 and July 16, 2020, this document has been updated daily with the goal of compiling media updates related to domestic violence, sexual violence, child maltreatment, gender equality and women’s rights during COVID-19 in selected countries. The objective of this process was to monitor and understand media coverage of these issues to inform the development and implementation of policies, programs, and approaches to prevent and address domestic violence, sexual violence, child maltreatment, and gender inequality in the context of COVID-19.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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Check our quarterly thematic digests on children and COVID-19

Each quarterly thematic digest features the latest evidence drawn from the Children and COVID-19 Research Library on a particular topic of interest.
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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.