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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 382
Pediatric and adolescent COVID‐19 vaccination side effects: a retrospective cohort study of Iranian teenage group in 2021

AUTHOR(S)
Nader Tavakoli; Nahid Nafissi; Sima Shokri (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Medical Virology
This study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy profile of teenager COVID-19 vaccination. In this retrospective cohort study, contact numbers of parents of teenagers under 18 years of age referred to a teenager vaccination centers in Tehran-Iran to receive the corona vaccine were collected, and the following information was obtained via the phones: demographic information, type of vaccine, and the number of doses received, as well as additional information like complications and required treatments. Eleven thousand forty-two subjects aged 10−18 years, mean age 14.55 ± 1.83 year  including 5374 boys and 5768 girls were investigated.
Associations between fear of COVID-19, dental anxiety, and psychological distress among Iranian adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Maryam Tofangchiha; Chung-Ying Lin; Janneke F. M. Scheerman (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: BDJ Open volume

The present study evaluated the association of fear of COVID-19 with dental anxiety, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), and psychological distress (depression, anxiety and stress), as well as exploring the mediating role of dental anxiety in the association of fear of COVID-19 with OHRQoL and psychological distress. A cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescents in high schools of Qazvin city (Iran) from March-June 2021, recruited through a two-stage cluster sampling method. All the adolescents completed a self-administered survey assessing (i) fear of COVID-19, (ii) depression, anxiety and stress, (iii) OHRQoL, and (iv) dental anxiety. Structural equation modelling was used to evaluate all the hypothesised associations, and the model fit was estimated.

Awareness, barriers and concerns of adolescents toward the COVID-19 vaccine: a cross-sectional study in Singapore

AUTHOR(S)
Prawira Oka; Benecia Wan Qing Thia; Shyna Zhuoying Gunalan (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

COVID-19 vaccination is a key public health measure to mitigate the crippling effects of the pandemic. COVID-19 vaccination began in adults and targeted adolescents at a later stage. However, medical decision-making on its uptake among the latter was unknown, which could be affected by their literacy and concerns about the vaccine. The study aimed to elucidate the awareness, concerns and barriers of adolescents toward the COVID-19 vaccine. A cross-sectional online survey using a self-developed questionnaire was conducted between June to November 2021. The adolescent participants were students from institutes of post-secondary education who were recruited via convenience sampling. The data were collated from an officially approved electronic platform, audited and analyzed. Continuous and categorical variables were expressed as mean (standard deviation) and percentages, respectively.

Safety monitoring of COVID-19 vaccination among adolescents aged 12 to 17 years old in the Republic of Korea

AUTHOR(S)
Seontae Kim; Insob Hwang; Mijeong Ko (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives

This study aimed to disseminate information on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine safety among adolescents aged 12 to 17 years in the Republic of Korea. Two databases were used to assess COVID-19 vaccine safety in adolescents aged 12 to 17 years who completed the primary Pfizer-BioNTech vaccination series. Adverse events reported to the web-based COVID-19 vaccination management system (CVMS) and collected in the text message-based system were analyzed.

Exploring innovative teaching approaches to adolescents' sexual and reproductive health and rights education during the COVID-19 pandemic in Oluno Circuit, Oshana region of Namibia

AUTHOR(S)
Anna Niitembu Hako; Petrus Dhiginina Shipalanga

Published: June 2022   Journal: European Journal of Educational Sciences

Access to youth-friendly services is critical to ensuring Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and the psychological well-being of adolescents. This qualitative study explored the innovative teaching approaches to adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health and rights education during the COVID-19 pandemic in the Oluno circuit. A sample of 10 Life Skills teachers was purposively selected and individual face to face interviews were conducted. Data was analysed using a thematic approach. The findings revealed that the radio, WhatsApp, recorded audios and handouts were used to engage learners on sexual reproductive health information when schools were closed. It is further established that WhatsApp and the radio were the mainly used methods because they were appropriate and user friendly.

Attitude and acceptance of COVID-19 vaccine in parents and adolescents: a nationwide survey

AUTHOR(S)
Hyunju Lee; Young June Choe; Shinkyeong Kim (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are currently authorized for emergency use in adolescents aged 12–17 years; however, there is concern and uncertainty regarding the safety and necessity of COVID-19 vaccination. A survey was carried out to assess the attitudes and acceptance towards vaccination in adolescents. A nationwide web-based survey was conducted among adolescents aged 12–17 years and their parents between June 29 and July 8, 2021 on a platform provided by the Ministry of Education.
The evaluation of physical activity levels and sleep quality of high school and university students during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Merve Koca Kosova; Sercin Kosova

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Turkish Sleep Medicine
There are major changes in the lifestyles of students with the limitations of the Coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. This study aimed to determine the physical activity status and sleep quality of high school and university students during the pandemic and to compare the sleep quality findings according to their physical activity status. The data were collected electronically. The short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ short form) and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scale were used. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used for the determination of the difference between the groups, which were separated according to IPAQ scores. The correlation between the metabolic equivalents (METs) obtained from the IPAQ score and PSQI score was evaluated using Spearman’s correlation analysis.
Long COVID in children and young people: uncertainty and contradictions

AUTHOR(S)
Carolyn A. Chew-Graham; Tracy A. Briggs; Binita Kane

Published: June 2022   Journal: British Journal of General Practice

‘Long COVID’ describes both ongoing symptomatic COVID-19 (5–12 weeks after onset) and post-COVID-19 syndrome (≥12 weeks after onset). Long COVID is also a patient-preferred term so will be used throughout this editorial to describe symptoms lasting ≥4 weeks after an acute episode of COVID-19. As the phenomenon of long COVID emerged and came to be recognised, including with the publication of the guideline by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network, and the Royal College of General Practitioners, there was still limited evidence about whether children and young people could suffer with prolonged symptoms following an acute COVID-19 infection. The general opinion was still that SARS-CoV-2 was a mild infection in the young.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 72 | Issue: 719 | No. of pages: 2 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: United Kingdom
Investigation of the relationship between family relationships and self-regulation skills of adolescents in the COVID-19 pandemic: an analytical cross-sectional research

AUTHOR(S)
Selvinaz Sacan; Sevinç Zeynep Kavruk

Published: June 2022   Journal: Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Health Sciences
Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19)] pandemic, which surrounded the world, affected all individuals, especially families and children. In this study, it is aimed to examine the relationship between 'adolescents' family relationships and self-regulation skills during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. This analytical-cross-sectional study was conducted with 294 adolescents aged 13-18 years who were reached via social Networks between June 20 and September 20, 2020. In data collection, the Youth Information Form, Family Assessment Scale, and Self-regulation Scale created by the researchers were used.
Healthy lifestyle gone bad: effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the daily habits of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes

AUTHOR(S)
Giovana B. de Oliveira; Janine Alessi; Isadora Nunes Erthal (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism

This study aims to assess caregivers’ perception about the changes in the daily habits of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic. Primary caregivers of youth aged ≤18 with or without type 1 diabetes were selected for the diabetes and the control groups. Caregivers estimated the youth’s time (hours) of physical activity and screen time before and during the pandemic, and rated the quality of eating habits and medication adherence from 0 to 10. The primary outcome was the change in physical activity time, screen time, and eating habits scores during isolation. Between-group analyses and within-group comparisons were conducted. A post hoc analysis was performed using logistic regression to correct for confounding factors.

Food security, household size and anemia status among Malaysian urban poor adolescents during the pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Satvinder Kaur; Nik Norasma Che’Ya; Wan Ying Gan (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Current Developments in Nutrition
The study aimed to determine the association between food security, household size, and anemia status among Malaysian urban poor adolescents during the pandemic. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 204 urban poor adolescents aged between 10–17 years in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia between November 2021 to January 2022. Food insecurity status was assessed using the 18-item US Household Food Security Survey Module. Anthropometric assessments including weight and height were performed and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. WHO Anthro Plus was used to determine the height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age (BAZ). Haemoglobin concentration was measured using HemoCueR 201+.
Children and adolescents dietary habits and lifestyle changes during COVID-19 lockdown in Italy

AUTHOR(S)
Giovanni Farello; Marianna D’Andrea; Alessia Quarta (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Nutrients
This study evaluated the changes in lifestyle during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in a sample of children and adolescents in order to assess any increase in risk factors for the onset of cardiovascular diseases in later ages. It is a cross-sectional study involving 965 parents who completed an online survey about dietary habits and lifestyle during the first lockdown in Italy (from 9 March 2020 to 18 May 2020) and compared their findings with the period before the pandemic. The inclusion criteria were parents (or caregivers) with Italian residency and with children aged between 5 and 18 years.
Changes in nutrition of children/adolescents and their parents during the first COVID-19 lockdown in Greece: the COV-EAT study

AUTHOR(S)
Niki Demertzi; Maria Perperidi; Christos Georgiou (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Public Health and Toxicology
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the eating behaviour of children and adolescents during the first lockdown implemented in Greece due to COVID-19 and to explore possible correlations with corresponding changes in the eating behaviour of their parents. A quantitative cross-sectional study was performed using an online questionnaire. The research sample consisted of 397 parents with children aged 2-18 years, who were recruited from 63 municipalities in Greece.
Association between changes in physical activity levels and depressive symptoms in high school students during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Gicele de Oliveira Karini da Cunha; Gabriel Barros da Cunha; Tiago Wally Hartwig (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Journal of Movement & Health
The study examined the association between depressive symptoms (DS) and perceptions of changes in the physical activity (PA) levels in high school students during the COVID-19 pandemic.  186 students of a federal education institution from southern Brazil participated in the study. Perception of changes in the PA levels during the pandemic and the DS were collected through questionnaires in an electronic form. DS was scored and classified in low or increased depressive symptoms.
An exploratory study to assess the acceptance and attitude towards COVID-19 vaccination among school-going adolescents aged 15-17 years in selected schools of Nadia district

AUTHOR(S)
Saswati Bhowmick; Ruby Dhankher; Ananya Mukhopadhyay (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health
The vaccination along with COVID appropriate behaviour plays a key role to decrease the spread of infection in all age groups. The present study aimed at assessing the acceptance and attitude of school-going adolescents aged between15-17 years who recently became eligible to be part of the COVID-19 mass vaccination drive in India along with matching up the COVID appropriate behaviour. A cross-sectional survey-based study was conducted in February 2022 among 300 school-going adolescents aged between 15-17 years selected through multi-stage sampling. A selfreported questionnaire survey instrument in the Google form was used to collect the data. A total of 260 adolescents responded with a response rate of 86.7%. Most of the participants were female (64.2%). The majority of adolescents (80%) had already taken the COVID-19 vaccination at the time of the survey. Very few adolescents had doubts regarding the safety of the vaccine (0.7%). Around 74.6% of adolescents had a good attitude towards COVID-19 vaccination with a mean score of 20.6±2.4. More than half of the adolescents (58%) reported good practice related to COVID appropriate behaviour (CAB) with a mean score of 48.2±6.2. The majority of school-going adolescents had a good attitude and acceptance towards the ongoing vaccination drive and reportedly observed good CAB practices. Long-term COVID-19 preventive approaches along with vaccination need to be employed to support the wellbeing of adolescents
16 - 30 of 382

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.