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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 917
Asthma control and treatment steps in Turkish children with asthma during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Özge Atay; Suna Asilsoy; Seda Şirin Köse (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Medical Science and Discovery
Since viral infections are one of the most important factors affecting asthma control, various precautions and recommendations for asthma patients came to the fore at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study, aimed to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on asthma control and treatment steps of children with asthma.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 9 | Issue: 4 | No. of pages: 8 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: Turkey
Clinical characteristics, activity levels and mental health problems in children with long coronavirus disease: a survey of 510 children.

AUTHOR(S)
Danilo Buonsenso; Ferran Espun Pujol; Daniel Munblit (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Future Microbiology
Whether long coronavirus disease pertains to children as well is not yet clear. The authors performed a survey in children suffering from persistent symptoms since initial infection. A total of 510 children infected between January 2020 and January 2021 were included.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 17 | Issue: 8 | No. of pages: 577-588 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, health services, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases
Parenting and children's behavior during the COVID 19 pandemic: mother's perspective

AUTHOR(S)
Jael Vargas Rubilar; María Cristina Richaud; Viviana Noemi Lemos (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
Since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, many parents have felt anxious, overwhelmed, and stressed out due to the changes in education and family and working routines. This work aimed to (a) describe three dimensions of perceived parenting (positive parenting, parenting stress, and parental school support) in the COVID-19 pandemic context, (b) describe possible changes perceived by mothers in their children’s behavior during the social isolation phase, (c) analyze if behavioral changes vary according to the dimension of perceived parenting, and (d) analyze whether the characteristics of perceived parenting dimensions vary with mother’s age, number of children and number of work hours. The purposive sample consisted of 646 mothers of school-aged children in Argentina. Questionnaires on sociodemographic and work-related data, and on children’s behavior were administered, as well as an instrument (Vargas Rubilar et al., 2021) that assessed the three parenting dimensions (positive parenting, parenting stress, and parent-school support). The sociodemographic and work-related variables of the study were described using descriptive statistics: measures of central tendency, frequencies, and percentages.
Pediatric COVID-19 risk factors in Southeast Asia-Singapore and Malaysia: a test-negative case–control study

AUTHOR(S)
Judith Ju Ming Wong; Chin Seng Gan; Sanghvi Heli Kaushal (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene,

There is a scarcity of population-level data of pediatric COVID-19 infection from Southeast Asia. This study aims to describe and compare epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and outcome data among pediatric COVID-19 cases versus controls in two neighboring countries, Singapore and Malaysia. It used a test-negative case–control study design recruiting all suspected COVID-19 cases (defined by either clinical or epidemiological criteria) from January 2020to March 2021 admitted to two main pediatric centers in Singapore and Malaysia. Data were collected using a standardized registry (Pediatric Acute and Critical Care COVID-19 Registry of Asia).

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 106 | Issue: 4 | No. of pages: 1113–1120 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease control, health services, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases | Countries: Malaysia, Singapore
Health-related quality of life, Mediterranean diet, physical activity and socioeconomic factors of Greek adolescents during COVID-19: a cross sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Stamatina Papadaki; Vilelmine Carayanni

Published: April 2022   Journal: Mediterranean Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism,

Health related quality of life of the adolescents during quarantine and social isolation potentially decreases, with significant alteration on physical activities and nutrition behaviour. The present study investigates the relationship between Greek adolescents’ health related quality of life and socioeconomic factors, lifestyle and dietary characteristics, along with their adherence to the Mediterranean Diet immediately after the lockdown period in Greece. A total sample of 459 students aged 12–16 years old were recruited from secondary schools in the area of Athens. The KIDSCREEN-27 questionnaire for children and adolescents, the KIDMED test, the Godin and Shephard Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire and the Family Affluence Scale III, were used for the statistical analysis. T-tests, Kruskal Wallis, Chi-square, Anova tests and multiple regression analyses were employed.

Effects of COVID-19 on child neurodevelopment: an integrative review

AUTHOR(S)
Lucas Teixeira de Castro; Leticia Fernandes Teixeira; Giselda Tavares de Araújo (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Research, Society and Development
The effects of COVID-19 on children are still poorly understood. Considering the progressive increase in pediatric cases, we sought to gather evidence of the disease in children, to better understand its evolution, possible complications, and favor clinical practice. This is a review, whose search was carried out in the National Library of Medicine, Latin American & Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online, Virtual Health Library (BVS), PAHO and Cochrane Library. Eight articles were included, and the most common symptoms described were: cold-like symptoms, dry cough, respiratory difficulty, mild throat infection, loss of muscle strength, tonic and reflex changes in the lower limbs. However, there is still no clarity about the disease in children, requiring further research.
Child wellbeing during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study from Pakistan

AUTHOR(S)
Fatima Shafiq; Shelina Bhamani; Komal Abdul Rahim (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: The Pakistan Journal of Medicine and Dentistry

The closure of schools because of the physical restrictions applied by the government has only amplified the hardships on children, parents, and teachers alike. Thus, this study aimed to assess parents’ perception of the impact of COVID on their young children. A cross-sectional survey was taken from the parents(n=128) parents of children ages 3-8 years, using a self-reported questionnaire. A tailored-made questionnaire google link was sent to the parents registered for the webinar.  The link had all the details pertinent to the ethical considerations for the use of data. SPSS was used andp˂0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Rightly blamed the ‘bad guy’? Grandparental childcare and COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Christina Boll; Till Nikolka

Published: April 2022   Journal: Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice
This study explores the link between regular grandparental childcare and SARS-CoV-2 infection rates at the level of German counties. This analysis suggests that a region’s infection rates are shaped by region-, household- and individual-specific parameters. It extensively draws on the latter, exploring the intra- and extra-familial mechanisms fuelling individual contact frequency to test the potential role of regular grandparental childcare in explaining overall infection rates.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 37 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 23 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease prevention, disease transmission, family environment, infectious disease, pandemic | Countries: Germany
Factors associated with hospitalization or intensive care admission in children with COVID-19 in Latin America

AUTHOR(S)
Eduardo López-Medina; German Camacho-Moreno; Martin E. Brizuela (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics

Limited data is available from low-middle and upper-middle income countries of the factors associated with hospitalization or admission to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) for children with COVID-19. This study aims to describe the factors associated with hospitalization or PICU admission of children with COVID-19 in Latin America. Multicenter, analytical, retrospective study of children reported from 10 different Latin American countries to the Latin-American Society of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (SLIPE-COVID) research network from June 1, 2020, and February 28, 2021. Outpatient or hospitalized children <18 years of age with COVID-19 confirmed by polymerase chain reaction or antigen detection from the nasopharynx were included. Children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) were excluded. Associations were assessed using univariate and multivariable logistic regression models.

Long COVID (post-COVID-19 condition) in children: a modified Delphi process.

AUTHOR(S)
Terence Stephenson; Benjamin Allin; Manjula D. Nugawela (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Archives of Disease in Childhood

The aim of this study was to derive a research definition for ‘Long COVID (post-COVID-19 condition)’ in children and young people (CYP) to allow comparisons between research studies. A three-phase online Delphi process was used, followed by a consensus meeting. Participants were presented with 49 statements in each phase and scored them from 1 to 9 based on how important they were for inclusion in the research definition of Long COVID in CYP. The consensus meeting was held to achieve representation across the stakeholder groups. Statements agreed at the consensus meeting were reviewed by participants in the Patient and Public Involvement (PPI) Research Advisory Group.

Covid-19 literacy test: developing of instruments and measuring for high school students

AUTHOR(S)
Ilham Nurseha; Mieke Miarsyah; Rizhal Hendi Ristanto

Published: April 2022   Journal: Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi
COVID-19 literacy is very important in dealing with the current pandemic, especially for students who will or are carrying out offline learning. So, it is necessary to develop an instrument that can measure the literacy ability of COVID-19. This study aims to develop an instrument that can assess the COVID-19 literacy level of high school students. The research method used is research and development with Borg & Gall model, which consists of eight stages namely (1) research and initial information collection, (2) designing, (3) developing initial products, (4) expert validation, (5) initial product revision based on input from expert validators; (6) Field trials, (7) revision, (8) implementation and dissemination. The results of the development obtained 28 items consisting of eight questionnaires and 20 multiple choice questions. The questionnaire aims to obtain descriptive data about students' attitudes towards the COVID-19 pandemic, while multiple choice questions are used to measure students' knowledge.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 15 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 11 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, infectious disease, pandemic, respiratory diseases, secondary schools | Countries: Indonesia
Changes in breastfeeding exclusivity and satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Megan K. Oggero; Diane W. Wardell

Published: April 2022   Journal: Journal of Human Lactation

Because of its many benefits, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months is a common public health goal. However, only 44% of infants aged 0–6 months are exclusively breastfed worldwide and, in the United States, only 26% of infants are exclusively breastfed for 6 months. The restrictions imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic may have reduced these rates even further. This study aims to examine the differences in breastfeeding exclusivity and satisfaction before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Physical activity time and intensity in physical education during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Joana Lourenço; Catarina Rodrigues; Fábio Flôres (et al.)

Published: April 2022   Journal: Perceptual and motor skills
With the COVID-19 outbreak, schools have experienced difficulty providing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) to their students, which should normally account for at least 50% of children’s physical education (PE) class time. We aimed to determine the intensity of physical activity (PA) within PE classes at various grade levels to compare children’s in-class PA with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) recommended guidelines. Thus, 301 students (1st to 12th grade) participated in the investigation. Children were evaluated during the PE classes with different typologies and durations.
Black women, black girls, and the Covid-19 pandemic: an autoethnography of a health disparity

AUTHOR(S)
Renata Ferdinand; Rajah Emahn Ferdinand

Published: April 2022   Journal: Cultural Studies ↔ Critical Methodologies
This is an autoethnographic essay that explores how the Covid-19 pandemic affect(ed) Black women and girls. Through storytelling and narrative and performative writing, it paints a clearer picture of the lives lost due to the coronavirus by highlighting specific tragedies that occurred, and by examining the larger societal context that allowed such tragedies to unfold. In addition, it offers an intimate look at the emotional processes that occur when one is diagnosed with the virus.
Change in weight category among youth early in the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Ihuoma Eneli; Jinyu Xu; Keeley Pratt

Published: April 2022   Journal: Clinical Obesity
Remote learning and shelter-in-place orders during the COVID-19 pandemic are associated with obesity risk factors such as decreased physical activity, altered routines and sleep schedules, increased screen time, and non-nutritious food choices. The objective of this brief report is to describe change in weight category 3–6 months after the onset of the pandemic in a cohort of 4509 low-income youth. Inclusion criteria were youth aged 2–17 years with weight and height measure in a large primary care network between 1 January and 30 March 2020 (Q1), designated as pre-COVID period; and 1 June–30 September 2020, (Q3), as early-COVID period. Change in weight category was assessed between Q1 and Q3. Adjusting for visit type and time lapse, logistic regression was conducted to examine the association between weight category change and age, sex, and race/ethnicity.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.