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Eliza Gordon-Lipkina; Christopher Steven Marcumb; Shannon Kruk (et al.)
Children with developmental disabilities are vulnerable to morbidity associated with COVID-19. This paper aims to understand attitudes toward routine childhood vaccinations versus the COVID-19 vaccine in a population of families affected by mitochondrial disease (MtD), a form of developmental disability. An online survey was administered via several advocacy groups for children with MtD.
Laura Theall; Kim Arbeau; Ajit Ninan (et al.)
Maria Rosaria Juli; Rebecca Juli; Giada Juli (et al.)
According to data released by the Ministry of Health in 2021 in Italy about three million young people suffer from eating disorders with onset before the age of 13 and the number tends to be increasing. This work aims to understand if and to what extent the areas of family functioning are related to the way of eating of adolescents in the period of restriction due to COVID-19. In particular, which dimensions of family functioning can be correlated with dysfunctional eating habits. The group that took part in the study was composed of 154 non clinical subjects, of which 124 females, 27 males and 3 non-binary gender subjects. The tests used were the McMaster Family Assessment Device and the Binge Eating Scale, in addition a personal data sheet was used containing the details of the subjects who participated anonymously, recruited at the university of Italy. The data have some limitations, first of all the low number of the sample and the online modality in compiling the tests.
Nneka Ibekwe-Okafor; Jacqueline Sims; Sihong Liu (et al.)
Ali Haider Mohammed; Bassam Abdul Rasool Hassan; Abdulrasool M. Wayyes (et al.)
The issue around vaccination of children has brought divergent opinions among the populations across the globe and among the Arab population. There has been a low response rate to the calls for vaccination of children and this is reflective of the sentiments which parents may have towards their children being vaccinated. This study aims to explore the parents’ health beliefs, intentions, and strategies towards the COVID-19 vaccine for their children among Arab population. A cross-sectional study using an online survey from October to December 2021, was carried out in five Arab countries in the Middle East. A reliable health belief model (HBM) including five domains: severity, susceptibility, benefits, barriers and cues to action, was adopted. Chi-square, Mann–Whitney test, and multivariable logistic regression were performed for data analysis.
Ayman A. Atalla; Jamal Faydh; Saad Althuwaybi (et al.)
disease 2019 (COVID19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus
2 (SARSCoV2), is currently a global pandemic with the highest number of people
affected in the modern era; only a small proportion of children have been
infected with COVID-19. Most of them were asymptomatic or only had mild
symptoms. Both direct and indirect advantages will result from an effective and
a safe COVID-19 vaccination. Vaccine hesitancy is a potential threat to global
public health. Parental attitudes to-wards the vaccines play a key role in the
success of the herd immunity for COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate the
parents’ willingness and attitudes about the COVID- 19 vaccine in Taif city in
K.S.A. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample of 384
parents. The data collection tool was an online questionnaire that consisted of
sociodemographic data of parents and children, and questions for assessment of
parents’ willingness to vaccinate their children with the COVID-19 vaccine. All
data were entered and analyzed by using SPSS program version 22. The committee
is accredited by the National Committee for Bioethics with No. (HAO-02-T-105)
and the proposal fulfills the requirements of Taif Uni-versity and accordingly
ethical approval was granted.
Lixiang Yan; Stella Talic; Holly Wild (et al.)
Stringent public health measures have been shown to influence the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 within school environments. We investigated the potential transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a primary school setting with and without public health measures, using fine-grained physical positioning traces captured before the COVID-19 pandemic. Approximately 172.63 million position data from 98 students and six teachers from an open-plan primary school were used to predict a potential transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in primary school settings.
Un I Choi; Yimin Pang; Yu Zheng (et al.)
The decision about vaccinating children is subject to their parents' decision. To inform strategies that support full vaccination coverage, it is important to understand the parents' vaccination attitude and tendency to act. This study aims to investigate the intention and the factors affecting parents' decision-making about vaccinating their children. A cross-sectional, self-administered online questionnaire was completed by parents of children aged 3–12 yeas in Macao between 7 March and 17 April 2022. The survey tool was informed by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) which composes of the variable “intention” and three TPB constructs (Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Perceived Behavioral Control). Respondents rated their level of agreement on the construct statements using a 5-point Likert scale. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine if the TPB constructs were predictors of parents' intention.
Priscila Costa; Evelyn Forni; Isabella Amato (et al.)
This study aimed to analyze the risk and protective factors to the development of children under three years of age during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cross-sectional, quantitative study carried out in three early childhood education centers in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in October 2020. The data were collected with an online questionnaire. Risk and protection factors were measured with the Primeira Infância Para Adultos Saudáveis (Early Childhood For Healthy Adults) instrument and the children's development status was measured using the Caregiver Reported Early Development Instruments – CREDI.
Filiz Tubaş; Ayşe Şener Taplak; Sena Berra Tatar
Helen Lomax; Kate Smith
Emily Robbins; Steven Daoud; Seleshi Demissie (et al.)
Atopy and allergic asthma have been found to be protective against coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in adults but have not been studied in children. This study aimed to identify whether children and adolescents with asthma had less severe disease and lower morbidity from COVID-19 than their counterparts without asthma. This was a retrospective chart review from March 1, 2020, through January 31, 2021. Charts were eligible for inclusion if patients were over 6 years of age and below 20 years of age and tested positive for COVID-19 by PCR or antigen testing or were COVID-19 antibody positive when they presented to the emergency department (ED). Patients were grouped according to disease severity and divided into two groups, those with asthma and those without. A total of 1,585 patients were included—1,492 without asthma and 93 with asthma.
Julie Spray; Hannah Fechtel; Jean Hunleth
Lauren Robinson; Mary-Anne Measey; Daryl Efron (et al.)
This study aimed to explore the effects of COVID-19 pandemic restrictions varying in severity and duration on health-related behaviours in children aged 5–17 years. It used data from the Royal Children's Hospital National Child Health Poll, an online cross-sectional survey of Australian caregivers. The survey assessed 1222 caregivers' perceived changes in health-related behaviours (physical activity, sleep, screen-time, diet, outdoor activity, family and peer connectedness) of 2011 children aged 5–17 years in a typical week from June to September 2020 (when jurisdictions experienced varying restriction severity and duration) compared to retrospective reports of behaviour before March 2020 (pre-pandemic). To compare the effects of varying restriction severity in Victoria, New South Wales (NSW) and other states and territories on health-related behaviours binary logistic regression was used, adjusting for caregiver demographics and weighted to reflect Australia's parent population.
UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.
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