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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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331 - 345 of 352
Risks to Bangladeshi children and young people during covid-19 outbreak

AUTHOR(S)
Sazedur Rahman; Zohra S. Lassi; Sheikh Mohammad Shariful Islam

Published: June 2020   Journal: BMJ

Children and young people are at higher risk of adverse health outcomes including obesity, neglect, and abuse by parents, and thus are more prone to mental health and chronic health issues during the covid-19 pandemic. The current lockdown situation has led children and young people into a sedentary lifestyle, which might increase the incidence of obesity 

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 369 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, lockdown | Countries: Bangladesh
Paediatrics is a big player of COVID-19 in Hong Kong

AUTHOR(S)
K.L. Hon; Karen K.Y. Leung

Published: June 2020   Journal: Hong Kong Medical Journal
As of 23 April 2020, there have been 104 confirmed paediatric cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Hong Kong. Fortunately, all cases were mild or asymptomatic with no fatalities. The proportion of patients with COVID-19 who are aged <19 years is 14.1% in Hong Kong, which is higher than other countries . This may be attributable to high numbers of overseas students returning to Hong Kong; even those who are asymptomatic are tested as part of the current border controls. Mortality for patients aged <19 years is very low, with less than 10 reported cases, mostly teenagers.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 26 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 265-266 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 | Countries: Hong Kong
Why children avoid the worst coronavirus complications might lie in their arteries

AUTHOR(S)
David Cyranoski

Published: June 2020   Journal: Nature
Evidence is mounting that healthy blood vessels protect children from serious effects of COVID-19, such as stroke.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 582 | No. of pages: 324-325 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19
Will COVID-19 pandemic-associated lockdown increase myopia in Indian children?

AUTHOR(S)
Muthu Sumitha; Srinivasan Sunjay; Vasudha Kemmanu (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: Indian Journal of Ophtalmology
Like most other Asian countries, India has also seen a gradual increase in the incidence and prevalence of myopia. Increased screen‑time, prolonged near work, reduced outdoor activities are some of the important risk factors for myopia according to various studies. Countries like China, where schools have replaced books with tablets and computers, evidently have a higher incidence of myopia.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 68 | Issue: 7 | No. of pages: 1496 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 | Countries: India
Migrant and displaced children in the age of COVID-19: how the pandemic is impacting them and what we can do to help

AUTHOR(S)
Danzhen You; Naomi Lindt; Rose Allen

Institution: *UNICEF
Published: May 2020   Journal: Migration Policy Practice

Millions of children live outside of their country of birth as migrants or refugees or are displaced within their own borders. Facing acute deprivations in their access to school, health care, clean water and protective services, these children are among the most vulnerable populations on the globe. How will COVID-19 impact their precarious existence?  This article examines the enormous socioeconomic challenges that the COVID-19 pandemic poses for children on the move across four dimensions: poverty, survival and health, learning and protection and safety. It also considers how new laws and regulations enacted in response to the pandemic are impacting these children. It then suggests the necessary policies and actions to protect this intensely vulnerable population. 

A review of COVID-19 in children

AUTHOR(S)
Parisa Khoshnevisasl; Mansour Sadeghzadeh; Sara Sadeghzadeh

Published: May 2020   Journal: Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics

This study gathers useful information about the virology, pathogenesis, epidemiology, manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment with special consideration of pediatric patients. This review article helps medical caregivers to receive a quick and effective approach to deal with this disease in their practice.



Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 11 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease control, disease transmission, epidemiology, infectious disease
Children’s heart and COVID-19: up-to-date evidence in the form of a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Giulia Sanna; Pier Paolo Bassareo

Published: May 2020   Journal: European Journal of Pediatrics

The new coronavirus disease outbreak in 2019 (COVID-19) represents a dramatic challenge for healthcare systems worldwide. As to viral tropism, lungs are not the only COVID-19 target but also the heart may be involved in a not negligible percentage of the infected patients. Myocarditis-related cardiac dysfunction and potentially life-threatening arrhythmias are the main aftermaths. A few studies showed that myocardial injury in adult patients is often linked with a fatal outcome. Conversely, scientific evidence in children is sparse, although several reports were published with the description of a cardiac involvement in COVID-19 paediatric patients. In these young subjects, a background of surgically treated congenital heart disease seems to be a predisposing factor. This systematic review is aimed at summarizing all COVID-19 cases with a cardiac involvement published in paediatric age and trying to explain the underlying mechanisms responsible for COVID-19-related myocardial damage.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 179 | No. of pages: 1079-1087 | Language: English | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19, Heart diseases
Management of COVID-19 positive pediatric patients undergoing minimally invasive surgical procedures: systematic review and recommendations of the board of European society of pediatric endoscopic surgeons

AUTHOR(S)
Alessio Pini Prato; Andrea Conforti; Markus Almstrom (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Hospital response to the COVID-19 outbreak has involved the cancellation of elective, deferrable surgeries throughout Europe in order to ensure capacity for emergent surgery and a selection of elective but non-deferrable surgeries. The purpose of this document is to propose technical strategies to assist the pediatric surgeons to minimize the potential aerosolization of viral particles in COVID-19 patients undergoing urgent or emergent surgical treatment using laparoscopic approaches, based on the currently available literature. 
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
Clinical characteristics of children with COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Carmen Lok Tung Ho; Peter Oligbu; Olakunle Ojubolamo (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: AIMS Public Health
The clinical profile of children with COVID-19 is unknown due to the few number of cases reported. Currently, available data suggest they may have a milder form of illness. Methods: A review of the literature published from June 2019 to March 2020 was undertaken to evaluate the clinical presentation, management and outcomes of COVID-19 in in children.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 7 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 258-273 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
Rapid systematic review of neonatal COVID-19 including a case of presumed vertical transmission

AUTHOR(S)
Morris Gordon; Taher Kagalwala; Karim Rezk (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: BMJ Paediatrics Open
This article aims to carry out a systematic review of the available studies on COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) in neonates seen globally since the onset of the COVID-19 global pandemic in 2020. The paper also describes a premature baby with reverse transcription (RT)-PCRpositive COVID-19 seen at the Blackpool Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK.
Cite this research | Open access | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19, early childhood
Clinical characteristics and diagnostic challenges of pediatric COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Tu-Hsuan Chang; Jhong-Lin Wu; Luan-Yin Chang

Published: May 2020   Journal: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association

Current studies on pediatric coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are rare. The clinical characteristics and spectrum are still unknown. Facing this unknown and emerging pathogen, we aimed to collect current evidence about COVID-19 in children. This systematic review in PubMed and Embase aims to find relevant case series. Because some reports were published in Chinese journals, the journals and publications of the Chinese Medical Association related to COVID-19 were completely reviewed. A random effects model was used to pool clinical data in the meta-analysis.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 119 | Issue: 5 | No. of pages: 982-989 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child diseases, child health, COVID-19
Impact assessment of COVID-19 outbreak on wellbeing of children and families in Albania
Institution: World Vision Albania
Published: May 2020
This impact assessment aims to highlight the urgent, medium and long-term needs of families and children in Albania as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic in Albania. The assessment methodology has an exploratory approach that involved the collection of socio and economic data related to Albanian families during the lockdown period.
Handwashing data to inform the COVID-19 response
Institution: *UNICEF
Published: May 2020 UNICEF Publication
Washing hands frequently and properly with soap and water is critical to preventing diseases. Yet the latest global estimates find that 3 billion people lacked soap and water at home, 900 million children lacked soap and water at their school, and 40% of health care facilities were not equipped to practice hand hygiene at points of care. Adequate water, sanitation and hygiene services for households, schools and healthcare facilities are essential to prevent the spread of infectious diseases including COVID-19. The low levels of coverage of these basic services in many parts of the world reflect substantial inequalities between and within countries and contribute to the vulnerability of these populations to the pandemic.
A wake-up call: COVID-19 and its impact on children's health and wellbeing.

AUTHOR(S)
Henrietta H. Fore

Institution: The Lancet
Published: May 2020   Journal: The Lancet Global Health
As cases of COVID-19 surge worldwide and threaten to overwhelm life-saving health services, the survival of mothers and children is at great risk. Henrietta Fore, Executive Director of UNICEF, highlights the risks for maternal and child health in low- and middle-income countries if essential health services are disrupted as a result of COVID-19.
Response to children’s physical and mental needs during the COVID-19 outbreak

AUTHOR(S)
Xiao-Bo Zhang; Yong-Hao Gui; Xiu Xu (et al.)

Published: May 2020   Journal: World Journal of Pediatrics
School closure and stay-at-home, as a part of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI), have been implemented in China since February as an effective way to mitigate the spread of the virus during the COVID-19 outbreak. As concerns rose over the potential impacts of such NPI measures on children’s health, such as longer exposure to digital screens, irregular sleep pattern, weight gain, and loss of cardiorespiratory fitness [1], the Chinese Government, experts on public health, educators on school health, and teachers have been making joint and massive efforts to provide distance learning with well-organized online courses to help.
331 - 345 of 352

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.