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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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466 - 480 of 557
COVID-19: a review of drugs and therapies for children

AUTHOR(S)
Patel Zeeshan Jameel; Amar M. Taksande

Published: September 2020   Journal: Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health
A review of drugs and therapy for children including: respiratory support, nutritional supplementation, immunotherapy, CoV specific therapy, chloroquine, antiviral therapy, antibiotics, anti-parasitic drugs
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 49 | Issue: 3 | No. of pages: 210-217 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, medical care, pharmaceuticals
A systematic review and meta‐analysis of children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19)

AUTHOR(S)
Xiaojian Cui; Zhihu Zhao; Tongqiang Zhang (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Journal of Medical Virology
To provide a comprehensive and systematic analysis of demographic characteristics, clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, and imaging features of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) in pediatric patients. A meta‐analysis was carried out to identify studies on COVID‐19 from 25 December 2019 to 30 April 2020. A total of 48 studies with 5829 pediatric patients were included.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 1 | No. of pages: 1057-1069 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: adolescent health, child health, child mental health, coronavirus, COVID-19
COVID-19 pandemic-related practices and policies affecting the continuity of behavioral health care among children With diabetes

AUTHOR(S)
Lauren Clary; Christine Wang; Meghan E. Byrne (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Translational Behavioral Medicine
COVID-19 has led to substantial challenges in continuing to deliver behavioral health care to all patients, including children with chronic diseases. In the case of diabetes, maintaining strong connections among children, their families, and their care team is essential to promote and sustain daily adherence to a complex medical regimen. The purpose of this paper is to describe COVID-19 pandemic-related practices and policies affecting the continuity of behavioral health care among children with diabetes.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 4 | No. of pages: 819-826 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, child health, COVID-19 response, diabetes, lockdown, teleworking
Vulnerability and weaknesses of eating habits of overweight school children as an entry risk for COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Ammal M. Metwally; Walaa S. Mahmoud; Fatma A. Shaaban (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences

In developing countries, overweight among children becomes an alarming problem and a health concern. Obesity is a factor in disease severity of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) having the greatest impact on patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight in some of the Egyptian governmental primary school children, its nutritional and socioeconomic determinants. Special focus was directed to identify the current dietary practices including risky nutritional habits of overweight children as a weak point leading to increasing their vulnerability to catching COVID-19 infection.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 8 | Issue: 1 | No. of pages: 158-166 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Nutrition | Tags: child health, child nutrition, COVID-19 response, disease prevention, obesity | Countries: Egypt
Addressing the consequences of school closure due to COVID‐19 on children's physical and mental well‐being

AUTHOR(S)
Jessica A. Hoffman; Edward A. Miller

Published: August 2020   Journal: World Medical & Health Policy
Prolonged school closures are one of the most disruptive forces in the COVID‐19 era. School closures have upended life for children and families, and educators have been forced to determine how to provide distance learning. Schools are also an essential source of nonacademic supports in the way of health and mental health services, food assistance, obesity prevention, and intervention in cases of homelessness and maltreatment. This article focuses on the physical and emotional toll resulting from school closures and the withdrawal of nonacademic supports that students rely on. The COVID‐19 pandemic is shining a spotlight on how important schools are for meeting children's nonacademic needs.
Management of hepatitis C in children and adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Maria Pokorska-Śpiewak; Mateusz Śpiewak

Published: August 2020   Journal: World Journal of Hepatology
In recent years, significant progress in the antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has been made due to the development of interferon-free therapies. Three different highly effective, oral direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens have been approved for use in adolescents with CHC between the ages of 12-years-old and 17-years-old in Europe. According to the current recommendations, all treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced children with CHC virus infection should be considered for DAA therapy to prevent the possible progression of hepatitis C virus-related liver disease and its complications. However, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak, which was classified as a pandemic in March 2020, is currently spreading throughout the world, resulting in a disruption of the healthcare system. This disruption is having a negative impact on the care of patients with chronic diseases, including children with CHC. Thus, several efforts have to be made by pediatric hepatologists to prioritize patient care in children with CHC. These efforts include promoting telemedicine in the outpatient setting, using local laboratory testing for follow-up visits, and engaging in the home delivery of DAAs for patients under antiviral therapy whenever possible.
Emerging health challenges for children with physical disabilities and their parents during the COVID-19 pandemic: the ECHO French survey

AUTHOR(S)
Marine Cacioppo; Sandra Bouvier; Rodolphe Bailly (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine

The daily lives of children with physical disabilities and their families have been significantly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The children face health risks, especially mental, behavioral, social and physical risks. This study aimed to identify potential healthcare issues relating to the wellbeing of disabled children, continuity of rehabilitation and medical care, and parental concerns during the COVID-19 lockdown.

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children with COVID-19 in Mumbai, India

AUTHOR(S)
Shreepal Jain; Supratim Sen; Srinivas Lakshmivenkateshiah (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Indian pediatrics

This is an observational study about the presentation, treatment and outcome of children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome with COVID-19 (MIS-C) in Mumbai metropolitan area in India, and it is conducted at four tertiary hospitals in Mumbai. Parameters including demographics, symptomatology, laboratory markers, medications and outcome were obtained from patient hospital records and analyzed in patients treated for MIS-C (as per WHO criteria) from 1 May, 2020 to 15 July, 2020.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 57 | No. of pages: 1015-1019 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, hospitalization, respiratory diseases | Countries: India
Ethics of COVID-19-related school closures

AUTHOR(S)
Michael Silverman; Robert Sibbald; Saverio Stranges

Published: August 2020   Journal: Canadian Journal of Public Health
COVID-19 mitigation strategies have led to widespread school closures around the world. Initially, these were undertaken based on data from influenza outbreaks in which children were highly susceptible and important in community-wide transmission. An argument was made that school closures were necessary to prevent harm to vulnerable adults, especially the elderly. Although data are still accumulating, the recently described complication, pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome, is extremely rare and children remain remarkably unaffected by COVID-19. We also do not have evidence that children are epidemiologically important in community-wide viral spread. Previous studies have shown long-term educational, social, and medical harms from school exclusion, with very young children and those from marginalized groups such as immigrants and racialized minorities most affected. The policy and ethical implications of ongoing mandatory school closures, in order to protect others, need urgent reassessment in light of the very limited data of public health benefit.
Youth call to take action against COVID-19 in Latin America and the Caribbean (U-Report)

AUTHOR(S)
Juan Pablo Arguello Yepez; Alfonso Fernández Reca

Published: August 2020

U-Report poll of 10,500 young people in 31 countries suggests most youth believe action is needed to combat COVID-19, but many still need safe and clear information.

Burden of illness in households with severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2–infected children

AUTHOR(S)
Mehgan F. Teherani; Carol M. Kao; Andres Camacho-Gonzalez (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
This study investigated of illness among household members of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)–infected children receiving medical care (n = 32). The study identified 144 household contacts (HCs): 58 children and 86 adults. Forty-six percent of HCs developed symptoms consistent with coronavirus disease. Child-to-adult transmission was suspected in 7 cases.
Childhood detention during COVID-19 in Italy: building momentum for a comprehensive child protection agenda

AUTHOR(S)
Silvia Logar; Maggie Leese

Published: August 2020   Journal: International Health
Childhood detention represents an integral part of the public health response to the COVID-19 emergency. Prison conditions in Italy put detained minors at grave risk of contracting sudden acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. To date (29 April 2020), the Italian penitentiary system is housing 161 minors (147 males), most of them in pre-trial custody, as well as 50 children <3 y of age residing with their mothers in detention. Furthermore, the government reported 5265 unaccompanied minor migrants, mainly from Gambia and Egypt. The fundamental approach to be followed in childhood detention during COVID-19 is prevention of the introduction of infectious agents into detention facilities, limiting the spread within the prison and reducing the possibility of spread from the prison to the outside community. This appears challenging in countries like Italy with intense SARS-CoV-2 transmission.
Young people’s views on their role in the COVID-19 pandemic and society’s recovery from it

AUTHOR(S)
Vic Larcher; Mariana Dittborn; James Linthicum (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Archives of Disease in Childhood
There has been little formal exploration of how young people see their role in the COVID-19 pandemic. Focus-group discussion with 15 Children’s Hospital Young People’s Forum members (23/5) to explore their perspective on the impact of COVID-19 on both their lives and those of their community, on school closures, and the role they wished to play in society’s recovery from the pandemic.
Assessment of child wellbeing during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Bishnu B. Khatri

Institution: World Vision, Consortium Nepal
Published: August 2020
While children so far have not faced direct health effects of COVID-19- the crisis is having a profound effect on their wellbeing. During the lockdown, children are more vulnerable to abuse and exploitation while their schooling is seriously disturbed. Therefore, with the objective to collect, analyze and disseminate authentic information on the situation of children in Nepal during the pandemic, Consortium Nepal conducted a research titled ‘Assessment of Child Wellbeing during COVID-19’. This assessment is accompanied by collecting responses of children, parents and local government representatives/officials from selected districts across Nepal. For the purpose, separate questionnaires were developed for all these stakeholders. Being a descriptive study, questions were developed so as to collect qualitative data as per the need and availability.
Child healthcare and immunizations in Sub-Saharan Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Danilo Buonsenso; Bianca Cinicola; Memenatu Ngaima Kallon (et al.)

Published: August 2020   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Since COVID-19 in the pediatric population is infrequently severe, the indirect costs of the pandemic, related to the measures implemented to deal with the spread of the virus, can be worse than the infection itself. To assess this issue, this study evaluates the number of children vaccinated or evaluated for the most common diseases in a poor village in Sierra Leone, showing a worrisome drop in vaccinations performed and children evaluated for acute diseases. Preliminary findings highlight that support is needed to guarantee basic services to children during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in poor settings where preventive measures can be lifesaving in the long term.
466 - 480 of 557

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.