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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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UNICEF Innocenti Publication
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556 - 570 of 593
The role of children in transmission of SARS-CoV-2: a rapid review

AUTHOR(S)
Xue Li; Wei Xu; Marshall Dozier (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: Journal of Global Health
Understanding the role of children in the transmission of SARSCoV-2 is urgently required given its policy implications in relation to the reopening of schools and intergenerational contacts. This article conducted a rapid review of studies that investigated the role of children in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2. It synthesized evidence for four categories: 1) studies reporting documented cases of SARS-CoV-2 transmission by infected children; 2) studies presenting indirect evidence on the potential of SARS-CoV-2 transmission by (both symptomatic and asymptomatic) children; 3) studies reporting cluster outbreaks of COVID-19 in schools; 4) studies estimating the proportions of children infected by SARS-CoV-2, and reported results narratively
Cite this research | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, disease control, disease transmission
Effect of the COVID‐19 pandemic on anxiety among children with cystic fibrosis and their mothers

AUTHOR(S)
Burcu Pınar Senkalfa; Tugba Sismanlar Eyuboglu; Ayse T. Aslan (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: Pediatric Pulmonology

This study aimed to evaluate anxiety among children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and their mothers related to the COVID‐19 pandemic. A total of 45 patients with CF and their mothers were enrolled in the study together with 90 age‐matched healthy children and their mothers as a control group. The State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was administered by teleconference with children aged 13 to 18 years old and their mothers. The STAI for children was administered with children aged 9 to 12 years. Results were compared with age‐matched healthy children and their mothers. The relationship between anxiety scores of children with CF and their mothers was evaluated by comparing with clinical data of children with CF. At the conclusion of the teleconference, mothers were asked whether their anxiety had changed as a result of the interview.

Novel Coronavirus 2019 transmission risk in educational settings

AUTHOR(S)
Chee Fu Yung; Kai-qian Kam; Karen Donceras Nadua (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: Clinical Infectious Diseases
This report describes the risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission among children in educational settings (preschool and secondary school). Transmission risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in schools is unknown. These investigations, especially in preschools, could not detect SARS-CoV-2 transmission despite screening of symptomatic and asymptomatic children. The data suggest that children are not the primary drivers of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in schools and could help inform exit strategies for lifting of lockdowns.
International comparison of guidelines for managing neonates at the early phase of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Anna Lavizzari; Claus Klingenberg; Jochen Profit (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: Pediatric Research

The COVID-19 pandemic threatens global newborn health. This paper describes the current state of national and local protocols for managing neonates born to SARS-CoV-2-positive mothers. Care providers from neonatal intensive care units on six continents exchanged and compared protocols on the management of neonates born to SARS-CoV-2-positive mothers. Data collection was between March 14 and 21, 2020. The study is focused on central protocol components, including triaging, hygiene precautions, management at delivery, feeding protocols, and visiting policies.

French West Indies castaway children as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak

AUTHOR(S)
Jérôme Rambaud; Olivier Flechelles

Published: June 2020   Journal: Acta Paediatrica
This short communication describes the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the paediatric population of French West Indies and it underlines ethical and policy problems.
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
I would like to insist on the situation
in the West Indies
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 109 | Issue: 9 | No. of pages: 1 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child care services, child health, COVID-19, emergency aid, hospitalization, multi-country
Child health and delivery of care during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond

AUTHOR(S)
Joseph L. Mathew

Published: June 2020   Journal: The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

This paper examines how the pandemic and mitigation efforts affected the physical and emotional well-being of parents and children in India. Although pediatric cases are fewer and milder, pediatric health care services are severely affected in the country and restarting these services is necessary. Several additional issues merit consideration, both with respect to COVID, as well as other child health needs affected by COVID.

Cite this research | Vol.: 87 | No. of pages: 579-582 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: child care services, child education, child health, health care facilities | Countries: India
Development of child immunity in the context of COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Małgorzata Kloc; Rafik M. Ghobrial; Ernest Kuchar (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: Clinical Immunology
Children, because of having an immature immune system, are usually more prone than the adults to the mi-crobial infections and have more severe symptoms, which is especially true for the newborns, and very young children. However, the review of clinical data from the current COVID-19 pandemic indicates otherwise. This article explains what are the main features and components of children's immune system, the role of maternal transmission of immunity, and what are the possible explanations for the seemingly lower infection rate and severity of COVI-19 in children.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 217 | No. of pages: 4 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, immunization
Should schools reopen early or late? : transmission dynamics of COVID-19 in children

AUTHOR(S)
Vijesh S. Kuttiatt; Ramesh P. Menon; Philip Raj Abraham

Published: June 2020   Journal: The Indian Journal of Pediatrics volume
This article deals with the uncertainty regarding time line of school reopening. Given the unique disease characteristics and the transmission dynamics of COVID-19 in children, it favours calibrated early reopening for two reasons: prolonged closure of schools during the COVID-19 pandemic is likely to have negative psychosocial effect in children besides secondary economic effects, and societal learning and grooming of children that happens in school environment cannot be supplanted by a virtual learning platform.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 87 | No. of pages: 755-756 | Language: English | Topics: Education, Health | Tags: child education, child health, e-learning, school attendance
On mothering and being mothered: A personal reflection on women's productivity during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Annette Clancy

Published: June 2020   Journal: Gender, Work & Organization
This is a personal reflection, as a female academic during Covid-19, on how women's academic productivity seems primarily to be discussed in relation to a different kind of productivity-motherhood. A recent procedure in a maternity hospital, evoked feelings and associations of mothering and being mothered, and how these associations hover over relationships regardless of whether wombs are productive or not. My hope in writing this piece, is that every woman's fear and anxiety may be productively contained (regardless of how she is seen from the outside or momentarily construed from within) during this time of extraordinary turmoil.
Cover
Yemen 5 years on: Children, Conflict and COVID-19
Institution: *UNICEF
Published: June 2020 UNICEF Publication
Millions of children in Yemen could be pushed to ‘the brink of starvation’ due to huge shortfalls in humanitarian aid funding amid the COVID-19 pandemic – according to a new UNICEF report marking more than five years since conflict escalated in the country. Yemen five years on: Children, conflict and COVID-19 warns that as Yemen’s devastated health system and infrastructure struggle to cope with coronavirus, the already dire situation for children is likely to deteriorate considerably.
Asthma and COVID‐19 in children: A systematic review and call for data

AUTHOR(S)
Jose A. Castro‐Rodriguez; Eric Forno

Published: June 2020   Journal: Pediatric Pulmonology
Whether asthma constitutes a risk factor for coronavirus disease‐2019 (COVID‐19) is unclear. Here, we aimed to assess whether asthma, the most common chronic disease in children, is associated with higher COVID‐19 risk or severity in pediatric populations.
COVID-19 Impacts on African Children: How to protect-a-generation at risk

AUTHOR(S)
Eric Hazard

Institution: Save the Children
Published: June 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented with the virus spreading in almost all countries in the world. In Africa, 55 out of 54 countries have reported at least one COVID-19 infection. Luckily for Africa, confirmed COVID-19 cases remain comparatively low, at 158,000 as of June 3rd; which is partly attributable to early and decisive action taken by many African governments as well as a youthful population. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has hit Africa not only as a health crisis but also as a devastating socio-economic crisis that may persist over the months and years to come. This policy paper underscores that, although children do not represent a high-risk group for direct COVID-19 fatality, the pandemic posts far-reaching secondary impacts that heighten risks to African children’s rights and wellbeing.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children: a systematic review of imaging findings

AUTHOR(S)
Susan C. Shelmerdine; Jovan Lovrenski; Pablo Caro-Domínguez (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: Pediatric radiology
COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus infection that can cause a severe respiratory illness and has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). Because children appear to be less severely affected than adults, their imaging appearances have not been extensively reported.
Promoting and supporting children’s health and healthcare during COVID-19 – International Paediatric Association Position Statement

AUTHOR(S)
Jonathan D. Klein; Berthold Koletzko; Mortada H El-Shabrawi (et al.)

Published: June 2020   Journal: BMJ
This paper provides recommendations from the International Pediatric Association for children’s health and healthcare during COVID-19. The IPA highlights the health needs of children and outlines priorities for preserving newborn, child and adolescent health during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond, where social distancing and lockdowns threaten access to routine care and preventive services.
Risks to Bangladeshi children and young people during covid-19 outbreak

AUTHOR(S)
Sazedur Rahman; Zohra S. Lassi; Sheikh Mohammad Shariful Islam

Published: June 2020   Journal: BMJ

Children and young people are at higher risk of adverse health outcomes including obesity, neglect, and abuse by parents, and thus are more prone to mental health and chronic health issues during the covid-19 pandemic. The current lockdown situation has led children and young people into a sedentary lifestyle, which might increase the incidence of obesity 

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 369 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, lockdown | Countries: Bangladesh
556 - 570 of 593

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.