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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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31 - 45 of 219
Psychospiritual care for parents during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Randy G. Quendan; Reiner B. Lingad; Ivan Efreaim A. Gozum

Published: March 2021   Journal: Journal of Public Health
In a recent article, energy poverty increases the likelihood of depression in parents. The authors responded that this situation must be given attention because parental well-being can influence child development and outcomes. With this, this paper proposes that an avenue that can be done is by providing a psychospiritual care for parents especially during the COVID-19 pandemic in which anxieties among family members arise.
Impact of COVID-19 on mental health in adolescents: a systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Elizabeth A. K. Jones; Amal K. Mitra; Azad R. Bhuiyan

Published: March 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Due to lack of sufficient data on the psychological toll of the COVID-19 pandemic on adolescent mental health, this systematic analysis aims to evaluate the impact of the pandemic on adolescent mental health. This study follows the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews of 16 quantitative studies conducted in 2019–2021 with 40,076 participants. Globally, adolescents of varying backgrounds experience higher rates of anxiety, depression, and stress due to the pandemic. Secondly, adolescents also have a higher frequency of using alcohol and cannabis during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, social support, positive coping skills, home quarantining, and parent–child discussions seem to positively impact adolescent mental health during this period of crisis. Whether in the United States or abroad, the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted adolescent mental health. Therefore, it is important to seek and to use all of the available resources and therapies to help adolescents mediate the adjustments caused by the pandemic
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on behavioral and emotional aspects and daily routines of Arab Israeli children

AUTHOR(S)
Rafat Ghanamah; Hazar Eghbaria-Ghanamah

Published: March 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Negative psychological effects of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) have been identified in adults and children, such as anxiety and sleep disorders. However, research about the impact of this pandemic on children from ethnical minorities is scarce. We tested the effects of COVID-19 outbreak on psychological aspects and daily routines among Arab Israeli Children. An online crosssectional survey was conducted among Arab Israeli parents, including behavioral and emotional aspects questionnaire and questions addressing using of screens, sleep, and physical activities.
Depression and anxiety symptoms associated with internet gaming disorder before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal study

AUTHOR(S)
Zhaojun Teng; Halley M. Pontes; Qian Nie (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Journal of behavioral addictions
The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has profoundly impacted aspects of human life globally. Playing videogames has been encouraged by several organizations to help individuals cope with the COVID-19 pandemic and associated restrictive measures. This longitudinal study was the first to examine gaming in the context of the pandemic and its association with depressive and anxiety symptoms. The sample comprised 1,778 children and adolescents (50.7% male) who were part of the Project of School Mental Health in Southwest China.
Loss of childcare and classroom teaching during the Covid-19-related lockdown in spring 2020: A longitudinal study on consequences on leisure behavior and schoolwork at home

AUTHOR(S)
Tanja Poulain; Christof Meigen; Carolin Sobek (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Plos One

In spring 2020, the first Covid-19-related lockdown included the closing of kindergartens and schools. Home schooling, the lack of social contacts with peers and the care of the children at home posed an enormous challenge for many families. The present study investigated the leisure behavior of 285 one- to 10-year-old German children at two time points (t1 and t2) during the Covid-19-related lockdown in spring 2020. In the subsample of primary school children (n = 102), we also explored children’s attitudes towards schoolwork at home. Analyses focused on the change of behavior from t1 to t2, on differences in these changes depending on socio-economic status (SES), and on associations of behavior with SES, the number of children at home, and the frequency of receiving learning materials from school.

Socioeconomic inequality in child mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: first evidence from China

AUTHOR(S)
Wen Li; Zijing Wang; Guanghai Wang (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders
There are increasing concerns that the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic will disproportionately affect socioeconomically disadvantaged children. However, there lacks empirical evidence on socio-economic inequalities in child mental health and associated factors.
Implementation lessons from the transition to telehealth during COVID-19: a survey of clinicians and young people from youth mental health services

AUTHOR(S)
Jennifer Nicholas; Imogen H. Bell; Andrew Thompson (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Psychiatry Research
Whilst telehealth may overcome some traditional barriers to care, successful implementation into service settings is scarce, particularly within youth mental health care. This study aimed to leverage the rapid implementation of telehealth due to COVID-19 to understand the perspectives of young people and clinicians on how telehealth impacts service delivery, service quality, and to develop pathways for future uses. Youth mental health service users (aged 12-25) and clinicians took part in an online survey exploring service provision, use, and quality following the adoption of telehealth.
The short-term effect of COVID-19 on schoolchildren's generosity

AUTHOR(S)
Hubert János Kiss; Tamás Keller

Published: March 2021   Journal: Applied Economics Letters
This online survey aims to measure the change in altruism of primary school students (N = 983) towards classmates and schoolmates during the school closures due to COVID-19. The W1 responses arrived, on average, after 39 days of online education, while W2 responses arrived, on average, 31 days after W1. There was no significant change in generosity both towards classmates and schoolmates between waves. Students with better cognitive abilities are less likely to become selfish towards schoolmates.
A cross-sectional study of anxiety, stress, perception and mental health towards online learning of school children in India during COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Priyanka Harjule; Azizur Rahman; Basant Agarwal

Published: March 2021   Journal: Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics
The unprecedented outbreak of coronavirus disease has been spread across the world, affecting the lifestyle of the people. It has significantly changed the way of global education and the teaching-learning process. The aim of this study is to provide a broad insight into the awareness characteristics, attitudes and perceived mental health of the school children and their parents towards online learning in India during 2019-nCoV pandemic. The results of this cross-sectional study showed that there is a significant difference between the preferred modes of learning online or traditional classroom methods during the pandemic. A significant increase in the screen times of school children was observed while learning online under school closure scenario.

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children with ASD and their families: an online survey in China

AUTHOR(S)
Saijun Huang; Tao Sun; Yanna Zhu (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
The COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown will have short-term and long-term psychosocial and mental health implications for children. Children with autism may have some specific needs for support because of their difficulties in social communication, stereotyped behavior patterns, and other specificities brought about by autism. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on ASD children and their families.
COVID-19 quarantine: psychological impact and support for children and parents

AUTHOR(S)
Francesco Demaria; Stefano Vicari

Published: March 2021   Journal: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
In response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, national governments have imposed urgent sanitary and social measures to control the spread of the virus. One such measure is quarantine, which involves restricting people’s movement through the isolation of infected or suspected infected individuals in order to reduce the risk of new infections. Research has shown that quarantine is a psychologically stressful experience. With respect to children, lack of school and interruptions to daily routines could have a negative impact on their physical and mental health. Parents may also pass their psychological distress to children and practice inappropriate parenting behaviors, which could contribute to the development of post-traumatic stress symptoms in children.In order to prevent these negative outcomes, governments must carefully consider any their decision to impose quarantine and family social care services must work together with children’s mental health services to ensure that the experience is as tolerable and safe as possible.
Associations between feelings/behaviors during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and depression/anxiety after lockdown in a sample of Chinese children and adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Yan Liu; Song Yue; Xiaoran Hu (et al.)

Published: March 2021   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

Children and adolescents may be more susceptible to mental disorders due to COVID-19 pandemic than adults. This study aimed to identify correlated factors for depression/anxiety among children and adolescents after COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. An online survey by cluster sampling was conducted after lockdown in 5175 Chinese children and adolescents with informed consents from their parents. The 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder scales with 10-point cutoff were used to measure depression and anxiety, separately.

Mostly worse, occasionally better: impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of Canadian children and adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Katherine Tombeau Cost; Jennifer Crosbie; Evdokia Anagnostou (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: European child & adolescent psychiatry
This large cross-sectional study examined the impact of COVID-19 emergency measures on child/adolescent mental health for children/adolescents with and without pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses. Using adapted measures from the CRISIS questionnaire, parents of children aged 6–18 (N=1013; 56% male; 62% pre-existing psychiatric diagnosis) and self-reporting children/adolescents aged 10–18 (N=385) indicated changes in mental health across six domains: depression, anxiety, irritability, attention, hyperactivity, and obsessions/compulsions.
Interventions to Ameliorate the Psychosocial Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Children—A Systematic Review

AUTHOR(S)
Katharina Boldt; Michaela Coenen; Ani Movsisyan (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
The aim of this study was to identify interventions targeting children and their caregivers to reduce psychosocial problems in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic and comparable outbreaks. The review was performed using systematic literature searches in MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and COVID-19-specific databases, including the CDC COVID-19 Research Database, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Global Database on COVID-19 Research and the Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register, ClinicalTrials.gov, the EU Clinical Trials Register and the German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS) up to 25th September 2020.
Mostly worse, occasionally better: impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of Canadian children and adolescents

AUTHOR(S)
Katherine Tombeau Cost; Jennifer Crosbie; Evdokia Anagnostou (et al.)

Published: February 2021   Journal: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
This large cross-sectional study examined the impact of COVID-19 emergency measures on child/adolescent mental health for children/adolescents with and without pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses. Using adapted measures from the CRISIS questionnaire, parents of children aged 6–18 (N=1013; 56% male; 62% pre-existing psychiatric diagnosis) and self-reporting children/adolescents aged 10–18 (N=385) indicated changes in mental health across six domains: depression, anxiety, irritability, attention, hyperactivity, and obsessions/compulsions.
31 - 45 of 219

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.