Logo UNICEF Innocenti
Office of Research-Innocenti
menu icon

Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

RESULTS:   1299     SORT BY:


Select one or more filter options and click search below.

UNICEF Innocenti Publication
UNICEF Publication
Open Access
1 - 15 of 1299
Age and sex differences in the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and coping mechanisms in Latin American youth

Rosa Elena Ulloa; Rogelio Apiquian; Francisco R. de la Peña (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Psychiatric Research

The COVID-19 pandemic has had negative effects on mental health. Understanding sex and age differences in the perception of stressors, the use of coping strategies, and the prevalence of depression and anxiety can lead to detecting at-risk groups. A cross-sectional online study surveyed perceived stressors, coping strategies, and the PHQ-9 and GAD-7 rating scales for symptoms of depression and anxiety. The study was open from Spring 2020 to Spring 2021 and was aimed at children, adolescents and young adults of Latin America.

A predictive model for depression risk in Thai youth during COVID-19

Wongpanya S. Nuankaew; Patchara Nasa-ngium; Prem Enkvetchakul (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Advances in Information Technology
The risk of depression in youth affects future development of the learning process. Therefore, it is important to study on preventing the risk of depression in youth. The purpose of this research was (1) to study the risk situation of youth’ depression in Thailand, and (2) to develop a model for predicting depression among youth in Thailand. The data used in the research were 1,413 samples from 9 faculties at the Rajabhat Maha Sarakham University, and Phadungnaree School at Mueang District of Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand. Research tools and procedures used were the data mining principles to analyze and develop prototype models. It includes the decision tree, naïve bayes, and artificial neural networks techniques.
COVID-19–related hardship and mental health in Puerto Rican children: the moderating role of adverse childhood experiences (ACES)

Mateus Mazzaferro; Prudence W. Fisher; Glorisa Canino (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Home
Research on the mental health impact of COVID-19 has called attention to the high levels of symptoms among children. Latinx children experience more COVID-19 related hardship (CRH; eg, child infection, parental job loss) and are disproportionately exposed to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)—a risk factor for negative mental health outcomes. ACEs are associated with alterations in physiology that may make children more vulnerable to future stressors. However, no study has investigated whether ACEs may exacerbate symptoms associated with CRH in Latinx children. This study sought to examine whether prior exposure to ACEs moderates the association between CRH and behavioral and emotional symptoms in Puerto Rican children across 2 contexts, the South Bronx (SB), NYC, and San Juan (SJ), Puerto Rico.Participants were Puerto Rican youth (n = 138; 68 in SB, 70 in SJ) aged 3 to 12 years (mean = 8.3, SD = 2.2) enrolled in the Boricua Youth Study and assessed between March 2020 and September 2021. Parents were interviewed about their child’s ACEs, CRH experienced by the family (16 items), and their child’s internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Hierarchical linear regression was performed for 2 age groups: 3-5 years (younger) and 6-12 years (older), with internalizing and externalizing as dependent variables and child ACEs, CRH, and their interaction as independent variables, adjusting for child's age and gender.
Trrns, screens, and COVID-19: how the pandemic is changing youth's relationships with media and their psychiatrists

Erin L. Belfort

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
This study will discuss the implications of COVID-19 on mental health of youth and how the pandemic has affected access to treatment services including telepsychiatry. Pearls of telepsychiatry, a new modality of treatment for many of us, will be reviewed. The study will explore how media and technology use has changed for youth in the context of remote learning and limited opportunities to be together with friends and extended family. Based on our clinical experience, it will discuss certain populations by age and diagnosis and review the unique challenges the pandemic has created for academic, family, and peer functioning. The authors will use literature searches to supplement their clinical experiences with youth.
Parental psychosocial factors predicting adolescents' psychological adjustment during the surging and remission periods of COVID-19 in China: a longitudinal study

Yuting Li; Xinxin Huang; Jianyin Qiu (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

Parents play a critical role in adolescents' psychological adjustment, especially in stress response. Few studies have investigated parental impact on adolescents' psychological adjustment in the pandemic. The longitudinal study examined how parental psychosocial factors at the surging period of the pandemic (T1) in China predicted adolescents' anxiety and depression concurrently and at the remission periods three (T2) and six months (T3) later. Middle and high school students and their parents from three schools in Shanghai, China, completed online surveys on March 10, 2020 (T1), June 16, 2020 (T2), and Sep 25, 2020 (T3). Adolescents' anxiety/depression levels were assessed by matching self- and parent-reports at T1, T2, T3, and parents reported their psychological state (emotion and psychopathology), pandemic response (appraisal and coping), and perceived social support (PSS) at T1.

Association between depressive symptoms in the postpartum period and COVID-19: a meta-analysis

Chenxinzi Lin; Bin Chen; Youjing Yang (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

With the pandemic of COVID, the public are faced with tremendous threatens both physically and mentally. Postpartum depression (PPD) is one of the most serious complications of childbearing, bringing severe impact on a woman's mental state and mood after birth. Research has shown that maternal mental state is closely correlated with PPD, those undergo the emergency or significant life changes during the postpartum period are more likely to suffer from PPD. In this study, we conducted the meta-analysis to estimate the association between PPD and COVID-19 pandemic. PubMed, Web of Science, PsycINFO, ScienceDirect, CNKI, China Science and Technology Journal Database, and WANFANG Database were searched for potentially relevant articles published before April 2022. Review Manager 5.2 was used to perform a meta-analysis and subgroup analysis to compute the pooled odds ratio.

Effectiveness of online interventions for the universal and selective prevention of mental health problems among adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Dabok Noh; Hyunlye Kim

Published: October 2022   Journal: Prevention Science
With the emergence of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic as a threat to mental health, the demand for online interventions that can replace face-to-face approaches for the prevention of mental health problems is increasing. Although several previous reviews on online interventions have targeted adolescents with symptoms of or those diagnosed with mental illness, there is still a lack of evidence on the effectiveness of online preventive interventions for general and at-risk adolescents. Therefore, this review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of online interventions on the prevention of an increase in the scores of stress, anxiety, and depression in general and at-risk adolescents. A search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library CENTRAL. Altogether, 19 studies were included, and 16 studies were used for the meta-analysis.
Help-seeking attitudes and behaviours for mental health problems in adolescents before and during the first COVID-19 school closures in Germany

Sophia Lustig; Julian Koenig; Stephanie Bauer (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Early Intervention in Psychiatry

Comparing measures of psychological wellbeing and help-seeking in youths before and within the first school closures due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic enables a better understanding of the effects the pandemic has for those seeking professional help for mental health problems. Data were obtained from the Germany-based ProHEAD school study. Pre-lockdown and lockdown samples (n = 648) were compared regarding pupils' psychological wellbeing, help-seeking attitudes and help-seeking behaviour.

Sociodemographic and mental health characteristics associated with changes in movement behaviours due to the COVID-19 pandemic in adolescents

Amanda Lien; Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga; Karen A. Patte (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Activity, Sedentary and Sleep Behaviors volume

Control measures enacted to control the spread of COVID-19 appear to have impacted adolescent movement behaviours. It remains unclear how these changes relate to sociodemographic characteristics and indicators of mental health. Understanding these relationships can contribute to informing health promotion efforts. The purpose of this study is to examine sociodemographic and mental health characteristics associated with changes in movement behaviours (physical activity, screen time, sleep duration) due to the COVID-19 pandemic among adolescents. This cross-sectional study used May–June 2020 survey data and included 7349 students from Quebec, Ontario, and British Columbia (Canada). ANOVA, χ2 tests, and estimation of effect sizes using Cohen’s d and h tests were performed between self-reported perceived changes (increase; decrease; no change) to physical activity, TV watching, social media use, and sleep duration as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and gender, age, race/ethnicity, income, depression and anxiety symptoms, flourishing-languishing, and self-rated mental health.

Assessment of anxiety and depression, and coping mechanisms during COVID-19 lockdown among pregnant women

Rukiyat Adeola Abdus-salam; Rasheedat Omolola Balogun; Temitayo Victor Lawal (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Heliyon
COVID-19 lockdown was associated with disruption of daily life, economy, essential health services including maternal health service, and psychological reflexes such as panic, sleep disorders, fear, anxiety, and depression. This study aimed to assess the perception of pregnant women on the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and the prevalence of common mental health disorders (CMHD) among pregnant women. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 380 pregnant women at the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan; participants were enrolled using a simple random sampling technique. Data was collected using pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire. Information obtained – sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics, perception and reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown, effect on ANC, coping mechanisms, and presence of CMHD (anxiety and depression) were measured using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Data were analysed using STATA 16.0 Software. Descriptive and bivariate statistics were performed. The level of significance was p-value < 0.05.
Internet-based parent training with telephone coaching on managing disruptive behavior in children during The COVID-19 pandemic

Saana Sourander; Andre Sourander; Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: JMIR Pediatrics and Parenting

There is growing concern about the short- and long-term impacts that the COVID-19 pandemic will have on the mental health and psychosocial well-being of children and families. There are no existing studies about feasibility and outcomes using internet-based parent training programs with telephone coaching for disruptive behavioral problems in childhood during the COVID-19 pandemic in clinical settings.  This study explored how the Strongest Families Smart Website (SFSW) parent training program, with telephone coaching, provided support during the COVID-19 pandemic at specialist family counseling centers in Helsinki, Finland, when restrictions made face-to-face counseling impossible. This study followed the success of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) and its implementation study of the SFSW parent training program by primary care child health clinics. The aim was to improve parenting skills, so that parents could tackle disruptive behavior by developing positive parent-child relationships. It started in May 2020, when the COVID-19 pandemic was at its height in Finland.

Perceived Covid-19-crisis intensity and family supportive organizational perceptions as antecedents of parental burnout: A study conducted in Italy in March/April 2021 and 2022

Marta Redaelli; Marloes L. van Engen; Stéfanie André

Published: October 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
The purpose of this study is to investigate to what extent perceived Covid-19-crisis intensity (PCCI) leads to the experience of parental burnout (PB), a syndrome characterized by exhaustion, emotional detachment from one’s own children and a sense of inefficacy in the role as parent. Furthermore, the mediating role of work–family conflict (WFC) is examined. The buffering effect of family supportive organizational perceptions during the pandemic (FSOP-p) on the relationship between work–family conflict and parental burnout is also explored. Data were collected in March–April 2021 and March/April 2022. In spring 2021, 222 Italian working parents with at least one minor child living at home filled out the questionnaire.
The impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of pregnant women in Shanghai, China

Jiali Zhang; Hualong Yuan; Liping Xu (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Public Health

COVID-19 has dramatically impacted people's health, especially mental health. This study aimed to compare the psychological status of pregnant women before and after the COVID-19 outbreak. Participants were recruited (from September 29, 2019, to November 5, 2020) and screened by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7). The study participants were categorized into three groups based on two turning-points: January 23, 2020, when China initiated a locked-down strategy, and May 11, 2020, when Shanghai started to ease the COVID-19 measures. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the factors associated with depression and anxiety in pregnant women. We used enter method for variable selection; only variables with P < 0.10 were included in the final model.

Well-being during the pandemic–insights from a rapid review on the mental health of disadvantaged youth and young adults

Maja Kuchler; Saskia Beckmann; Celine Habig (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Sustainability
The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic had a wide range of impacts on living conditions, opportunities and mental health. As discussed by society and supported by some studies, young people were particularly affected. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of research that explicitly addressed the mental health outcomes of adolescents’ and young adults’ transition. A systematic literature search in PubMed, PsycInfo, PSYNDEX, Embase and LIVIVO was conducted in February 2022. 42 of 2562 screened publications from industrialized/high-income countries were included and analyzed. All included publications show that the mental health of young people worsened during the pandemic. Several studies suggest(ed) that youths with less education and low socioeconomic status were affected most. Regarding different stages of adolescence, study results are heterogeneous.
Relationship between children with neurodevelopmental disorders and their caregivers and friends during early phase of COVID-19 school closure in Japan: association with difficulty in implementing infection prevention measures

Tomoka Yamamoto; Sanae Tanaka; Arika Yoshizaki (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic people had to implement various infection prevention measures. Researchers have reported the difficulties experienced by children with neurodevelopmental disorders in implementing these measures and their caregivers’ resultant anxiety and stress. This study examined the relationship between these difficulties and the deterioration of the children’s relationships with their caregivers and friends during school closure and after school reopened. A total of 150 caregivers of children with neurodevelopmental disorders answered a questionnaire asking about parent‒child relationships, their child’s friendships, and the presence or absence of difficulty in implementing infection prevention measures at three time points: before the pandemic, while schools were closed, and after school reopened. The frequency and percentages of the child’s behavioral problems, deterioration in their relationships, and difficulty implementing infection control measures were calculated. Using the relationship deterioration scores, independent and multiple regression analyses were performed for the presence or absence of difficulty implementing infection control measures, presence or absence of caregivers’ mental health concerns, and the presence or absence of deterioration of one or more problematic behaviors.

1 - 15 of 1299

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


Subscribe to updates on new research about COVID-19 & children



facebook twitter linkedin google+ reddit print email
Article Article

Check our quarterly thematic digests on children and COVID-19

Each quarterly thematic digest features the latest evidence drawn from the Children and COVID-19 Research Library on a particular topic of interest.
Campaign Campaign

COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.