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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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Pediatric healthcare professionals' opinions, attitudes, and vaccine hesitancy toward personal and children's COVID-19 vaccination

Filiz Tubaş; Ayşe Şener Taplak; Sena Berra Tatar

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Surgery and Medicine
Pediatric healthcare professionals are at the forefront of both facilitating an increase vaccine acceptability and reduction in vaccine hesitancy and play a vital role in eliminating vaccine hesitancy of families. In this context, it was thought that the individual pediatric healthcare professional’s vaccine hesitancy could affect successful administration of the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination. This study aimed to determine the opinions and attitudes of pediatricians and pediatric nurses toward the COVID-19 vaccination and the reasons for vaccine hesitancy. The study also aimed to identify their views and attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccination in children.  The survey was carried out as a cross-sectional study between February and May 2021. The study sample consisted of 83 pediatricians and 79 pediatric nurses. Necessary permission was obtained before the study began. Data were collected using questionnaires that had been prepared by researchers. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods and a chi-squared test.
Parental COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy among parents of children aged 5-18 years in Thailand: a cross-sectional survey study

Pantira Parinyarux; Kanokkarn Sunkonkit; Kitiyot Yotsombut

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice

To promote an acceptance rate of COVID-19 immunization among Thai children, concerns about parental vaccination hesitancy should be urgently studied. This study aimed to examine the parental COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy (PVh) level and influencing factors among Thai parents of children 5–18 years of age. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Thailand during May and June of 2022. The Google forms for data collection were distributed to parents (a father, a mother, or one who nurtures and raises a child) via various online social media. Data regarding PVh level, relevant attitudes, experiences of COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination (EC&V), and family contexts (FC) were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Mann–Whitney U test was used to compare the differences among groups of parents based on EC&V and FC. The factors influencing PVh were assessed by multiple regression analysis.

Relationship attitude with student parent acceptance against COVID-19 vaccine in elementary school children age (6-11 years) in Makassar city

Firman ; Ansariadi ; Andi Zulkifli (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: InternationalJournal of Health Sciences

This study examines the relationship between attitudes and parental acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine in elementary school children aged (6-11 years) in Makassar City. The type of research used is analytic observational with a cross sectional study design. The population in this study were all parents of students with school-age children (6-11 years) in Makassar City who were categorized as eligible for vaccination, which was around 264,000 people. While the number of samples as many as 1,073 parents of students. The sampling technique used is snowball sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS with Chi-square test. Data analysis performed was univariate and bivariate. The results showed that the attitude variable had a significant relationship (p<0.05).

Cite this research | Open access | Issue: Special Issue VII | No. of pages: 7 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, infectious disease, pandemic, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: Indonesia
Vaccine effectiveness, school reopening, and risk of Omicron infection among adolescents aged 12-17 years

Malcolm Risk; Heidi Miao; Gary Freed (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health
The BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) is approved for adolescents aged 12–17 years. This study estimated BNT162b2 vaccine effectiveness (VE) and a booster dose effectiveness in adolescents aged 12–17 years and the impact of opening schools and the Omicron variant on risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in adolescents. It used logistic regression with a test-negative design controlling for gender and race to estimate BNT162b2 VE and the effectiveness of a booster dose in adolescents aged 12–17 years. To evaluate the effect of school opening on Omicron transmission, it used Cox proportional hazards regression to compare adolescents to a reference group of adults aged 22–33 or aged 65+ years, investigating whether risk for adolescents increased relative to the reference group after school opened.
Impact of COVID‐19 pandemic on influenza virus prevalence in children in Sichuan, China

Pinjia Wang; Yidan Xu; Zhe Su (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Journal of Medical Virology
This study performed a retrospective analysis of influenza A and B virus antigen detection data in children in Sichuan Province from January 2019 to December 2021, with the goal of studying the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on influenza circulation in children in Sichuan, China. During the pandemic, both the number of specimens and the positive rates of the influenza virus fell dramatically. The positivity for influenza A virus decreased from 22.5% in 2019 to 9.9% in 2020 to 0.2% in 2021 (p < 0.001). The lowest and highest positive rates for the influenza B virus occurred in 2020 and 2021, respectively, with a statistically significant 3-year comparison (p < 0.001).
Predicting vaccine hesitancy among parents towards COVID-19 vaccination for their children in Singapore

Jia Ming Low; Chloe Wen Ting Soo; T. A. Phuong (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics

There was a considerably slower uptake among children despite the high COVID-19 vaccination uptake amongst adults and adolescents in Singapore. This was concerning as unvaccinated children are at risk of severe COVID-19 infections and a source and reservoir of infections. We sought to understand the impact of social media on parental vaccine hesitancy and to determine the risk factors associated with vaccine hesitancy.  An electronic survey conducted from November 2021 to March 2022. Data on the demographic profiles of respondents and to classify them based on their vaccine hesitancy status. Data including the choice of social media used to obtain information on the COVID-19 pandemic, frequency of use were collected. Statistical significance was defined as p < 0.05.

Fear of COVID-19 and vaccine hesitancy among pregnant women in Poland: a cross-sectional study

Kinga Janik; Kinga Nietupska; Grazyna Iwanowicz-Palus (et al.)

Published: October 2022   Journal: Vaccines
Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to anxiety and stress, and the COVID-19 pandemic has definitely contributed to anxiety in this group. Researchers continue their work on COVID-19 vaccine formulations to reduce the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and minimise the impact of the pandemic. Despite the increased prevalence and severity of anxiety among pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic, their attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccine vary. The aim of this study was to assess the levels of anxiety experienced by pregnant women due to COVID-19 and their attitudes to vaccination. Materials and methods: A total of 595 women voluntarily participated in the study. The respondents were divided into two groups: the study group (n = 288), which consisted of women who were pregnant at the time of the survey, and the control group (n = 307), which included women of reproductive age (18–49 years). The study used a diagnostic survey method with a web-based questionnaire consisting of the author’s survey questionnaire and the following standardised tools: the Scale to Measure the Perception of SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines Acceptance (VAC-COVID-19 SCALE), the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S), the Drivers of COVID-19 Vaccination Acceptance Scale (DrVac-COVID19S) and the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS).
The COVID-19 pandemic and vaccination abandonment in children: spatial heterogeneity maps

Rayssa Nogueira Rodrigues; Gabriela Lourença Martins do Nascimento; Luiz Henrique Arroyo (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

This study aims to identify spatial clusters corresponding to abandonment of routine vaccines in children. It is an ecological study, according to data from the 853 municipalities of a Brazilian state. The records analyzed were those of the multidose pentavalent, pneumococcal 10-valent, inactivated poliomyelitis and oral human rotavirus vaccines of 781,489 children aged less than one year old. The spatial scan statistics was used to identify spatial clusters and assess the relative risk based on the vaccination abandonment indicator.

Outcomes at least 90 days since onset of myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination in adolescents and young adults in the USA: a follow-up surveillance study

Ian Kracalik; Matthew E. Oster; Karen R. Broder (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Data on medium-term outcomes in indivduals with myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination are scarce. This study aimed to assess clinical outcomes and quality of life at least 90 days since onset of myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination in adolescents and young adults. This follow-up surveillance study conducted surveys in US individuals aged 12–29 years with myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination, for whom a report had been filed to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System between Jan 12 and Nov 5, 2021. A two-component survey was administered, one component to patients (or parents or guardians) and one component to health-care providers, to assess patient outcomes at least 90 days since myocarditis onset. Data collected were recovery status, cardiac testing, and functional status, and EuroQol health-related quality-of-life measures (dichotomised as no problems or any problems), and a weighted quality-of-life measure, ranging from 0 to 1 (full health). The EuroQol results were compared with published results in US populations (aged 18–24 years) from before and early on in the COVID-19 pandemic.
Risk of COVID-19 hospitalizations among school-aged children in Scotland: a national incident cohort study

Ting Shi; Jiafeng Pan; Emily Moore (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Journal of Global Health

There is considerable policy, clinical and public interest about whether children should be vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 and, if so, which children should be prioritised (particularly if vaccine resources are limited). To inform such deliberations, we sought to identify children and young people at highest risk of hospitalization from COVID-19. This study used the Early Pandemic Evaluation and Enhanced Surveillance of COVID-19 (EAVE II) platform to undertake a national incident cohort analysis to investigate the risk of hospitalization among 5-17 years old living in Scotland in risk groups defined by the living risk prediction algorithm (QCOVID). A Cox proportional hazard model was used to derive hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between risk groups and COVID-19 hospital admission. Adjustments were made for age, sex, socioeconomic status, co-morbidity, and prior hospitalization.

Adult and children's use of hand sanitizer during a pandemic - an observational study

Theresa K. Lopez; Kelly Jones; Ann Roseberry-Lincoln (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology

The use of hand sanitizers has been one of the key public health measures recommended to reduce the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 during the pandemic. As such, its daily use among the general population has reportedly increased dramatically since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. To better understand the impact of this recommendation, hand sanitizer use, including the frequency and amount handled, was examined among adults in a non-occupational setting and children in both the home and school/childcare settings.

Intrinsic kidney pathology in children and adolescents following COVID-19 vaccination: a systematic review

Henry H. L. Wu; Mohan Shenoy; Philip A. Kalra (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Children
Global COVID-19 vaccination programs for children and adolescents have been developed with international clinical trial data confirming COVID-19 mRNA vaccine safety and efficacy for the pediatric population. The impact of COVID-19 vaccination in the kidneys is thought to be explained by a complex immune-mediated relationship between the two, although the pathophysiological mechanisms of how COVID-19 vaccination potentially induces kidney pathology are not presently well known. Whilst intrinsic kidney pathologies following COVID-19 vaccination have been reported in adults, such cases are only being recently reported with greater frequency in children and adolescents. Conforming to the PRISMA checklist, this study conducted a systematic review of the current literature to provide an overview on the range of intrinsic kidney pathologies that have been reported following COVID-19 vaccination in children and adolescents. All English language research articles published on or before 30 June 2022 reporting new-onset or relapsed intrinsic kidney pathology in children or adolescents (≤18 years) following COVID-19 vaccination were selected for qualitative analysis.
Loot boxes use, video gaming, and gambling in adolescents: Results from a path analysis before and during COVID-19-pandemic-related lockdown in Italy

Caterina Primi; Francesco Sanson; Marta Vecchiato (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
Loot Boxes (LBs), i.e., virtual items embedded within video games with numerous features reminiscent of gambling, are increasingly widespread among adolescents. LB use is associated with problem gambling in youth, but few studies have been conducted on the association between LB use and gambling behavior considering adolescents. Thus, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are not clear. As LB use is a significant and positive risk factor for video gaming severity, and video gaming is associated with problem gambling, we hypothesized that LB use would be related to gambling frequency and problem gambling through the intermediary role of video gaming frequency and problem video gaming.
Impact of Covid-19 infection on pregnancy: scoping review

Tezi Kharina Aprezia; Mohammad Hakimi; Herlin Fitriani Kurniawati

Published: September 2022   Journal: Jurnal Health Sains
The current COVID-19 pandemic is considered an example of a natural disaster with so much global health burden, over 22 million people worldwide contracted it and more than 791,000 people died. The purpose of compiling this Scoping Review is to obtain evidence based and case descriptions, impacts, vertical transmission of Covid-19 infection in pregnant women. Using Scoping Review data obtained from Pubmed, ScienceDirect and Ebscohost. Furthermore, an assessment and mapping of themes is carried out.
COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among pregnant women worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Milad Azami; Marzieh Parizad Nasirkandy; Hadi Esmaeili Gouvarchin Ghaleh (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Plos One

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the death of many people worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared vaccine resistance as one of the greatest health threats in the world even before the COVID-19 epidemic. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccine in pregnant women. A systematic review and meta-analysis in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines was performed. The standard search strategy to the PubMed/Medline, Web of Science (ISI), Scopus, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and EBSCO databases, and the Google Scholar search engine was applied. Heterogeneity between studies was relatively high and therefore meta-analyses were performed based on random effects model with 95% CI using STATA version 16.

16 - 30 of 418

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