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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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31 - 45 of 418
Comparing COVID-19 vaccination outcomes with parental values, beliefs, attitudes, and hesitancy status, 2021–2022

AUTHOR(S)
Tuhina Srivastava; Angela K. Shen; Safa Browne (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Vaccines
Despite the availability of safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines, vaccine acceptance has been low, particularly among parents. More information is needed on parental decision-making. A prospective cohort study was conducted from October 2021 to March 2022 among 334 parents in a large urban/suburban pediatric primary care network and linked longitudinal survey responses about attitudes and beliefs on vaccination, social norms, and access to vaccination services for COVID-19 to electronic health-record-derived vaccination outcomes for their eldest age-eligible children in June 2022. The odds of accepting two doses of COVID-19 vaccine for their child was higher in respondents who indicated the COVID-19 vaccine would be very safe (aOR [CI]: 2.69 [1.47–4.99], p = 0.001), as well as those who previously vaccinated their child against influenza (aOR [CI]: 4.07 [2.08–8.12], p < 0.001). The odds of vaccinating their child were lower for respondents who attended suburban vs. urban practices (aOR [CI]: 0.38 [0.21–0.67], p = 0.001). Parents in the cohort were active users of social media; the majority (78%) used their phone to check social media platforms at least once per day.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 10 | No. of pages: 14 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, pandemic, parents, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: United States
The effectiveness of health promotion using social media on adolescent knowledge about Covid-19 in the work area of Health Center Batu Panjang, Rupat District, Bengkalis Regency

AUTHOR(S)
Nanda Tri Cahtiya; Hastuti Marlina; Novita Rany

Published: September 2022   Journal: Science Midwifery

Health promotion through teen social media can increase knowledge about  Covid - 19  by 95%  and  influence  behavior  to  prevent Covid-19 by 77%. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the  use  of  social  media  for  health  promotion  on  youth  Covid-19 knowledge  in  the  workplace  at  Batu  Panjang  Health  Centre,  Rupat District,   Bengalis   Regency in   2021. This   type of research   is quantitative analysis with a quasi-experimental    design.    The population for this study was all 12th graders at Rupat High School, for a total of 30 respondents. Research tools are using Whatsapp and Instagram  to  promote  health.  Collecting  data  using  a  questionnaire via google form. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate tests. The result of the research is that there is a difference in the average value of respondents' knowledge before and after health promotion using whatsapp  and  instagram  is  63.73  and  85.33  in  the  whatsapp  group and 64.13 and 80.00 in the instagram group.

 


What do adolescents think about vaccines? Systematic review of qualitative studies

AUTHOR(S)
Hana Mitchell; Rebecca Lim; Prubjot K. Gill (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: PLOS Global Public Health
Adolescence presents a key opportunity to build vaccine-related health literacy and promote vaccine confidence and uptake. Although adolescents are central to vaccination programs, their views around vaccines are frequently underrepresented in qualitative literature. We reviewed qualitative studies to systematically identify and summarize existing evidence on adolescents’ own understanding of vaccines and experiences with vaccine decision-making, including self-consent when applicable. CINAHL; Embase; Ovid Medline; and Psych Info database searches were last updated on May 28, 2022. Data pertaining to general study characteristics, participant demographics, and qualitative content were extracted independently by two reviewers and analyzed using textual narrative synthesis.
Can high COVID-19 vaccination rates in adults help protect unvaccinated children? Evidence from a unique mass vaccination campaign, Schwaz/Austria, March 2021

AUTHOR(S)
Hannes Winner; Janine Kimpel; Florian Krammer (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Eurosurveillance

In 2021, many countries still did not have vaccines against coronavirus disease (COVID-19) available for young age cohorts. In addition, some parents were and still are hesitant regarding potential risks and benefits of inoculating their children, meaning that vaccination coverage for this population remains modest. This raises the important question whether population immunity can be achieved by high vaccination rates when a sufficiently large share of vaccinated adults provide indirect protection to unvaccinated individuals in the community. If this indirect vaccination effect exists, a high coverage among older cohorts may protect younger cohorts such as children from infection. More generally, community protection may help contain the pandemic even in the presence of groups unwilling or unable to get vaccinated. This study aimed to analyse this indirect protection effect, a unique rapid mass vaccination campaign. In particular, following an outbreak of the Beta variant (Phylogenetic Assignment of Named Global Outbreak (Pango) lineage designation B.1.351) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the district of Schwaz (Austria), the government of Austria supplied 100,000 extra doses of the Comirnaty vaccine (BNT162b2 mRNA, Pfizer/BioNTech) to rapidly mass-vaccinate the entire adult population (≥ 16 years) of Schwaz.

Attitude toward COVID-19 vaccines and its association with depressive symptoms in 386,924 Chinese primary school students during COVID-19 epidemic normalization

AUTHOR(S)
Qingqing Xu; Zhenxing Mao; Keliang Fan (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Journal of Psychosomatic Research

Before Chinese primary school students were generally vaccinated against the COVID-19 vaccine, this study evaluated the willingness of this population and its influencing factors before vaccination, and evaluate its association between attitudes toward the vaccine and depressive symptoms. A cross-sectional study involved 386,924 primary school students using a cluster sampling method during May 21–27, 2021. The Chinese version of the Children Depression Inventory (CDI) was used to assess depressive symptoms. Multiple logistic regression analysis models were used to estimate the relationship between attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccines and depressive symptoms.

Exclusive breastfeeding and women's psychological well-being during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic in Italy

AUTHOR(S)
Louise Marron; Annamaria Ferenczi; Katie M. O'Brien (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Vaccine
Vaccination of children aged 5 years and older is recommended as part of a multifaceted strategy to protect children against SARS CoV-2 infection and serious disease, and to control the spread of infection. COVID-19 vaccine trials in children aged less than5 years are underway, however, parental acceptance of vaccines for this age group is unknown. Between June and August 2021, a cross-sectional national survey of parental attitudes towards childhood vaccination in Ireland was conducted. Parents of children aged 0–48 months were surveyed to determine their attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccines for their children. A total of 855 parents were surveyed. Overall, 50.6 % reported that they intend to vaccinate their child, 28.7 % reported that they did not intend to vaccinate and 20.2 % were unsure. Among those who stated that they did not intend to vaccinate their child, concern about risks and side effects of vaccination was the primary reason reported (45.6 %). The most frequently reported information needs related to side effects of the vaccine (64.7 %) and vaccine safety (60.3 %).
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 40 | Issue: 39 | No. of pages: 10 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, infectious disease, pandemic, parents, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: Ireland
Examining roles, support, and experiences of community health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh: a mixed methods study

AUTHOR(S)
Shongkour Roy; Sarah Kennedy; Sharif Hossain (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Global Health: Science and Practice
Understanding community health workers’ (CHWs) experiences of sustaining routine health care promotion and provision activities as well as their challenges in adopting new responsibilities within a dynamic context is critical. This study explored the roles and perspectives of CHWs within the government-led coronavirus disease (COVID-19) community health response in Bangladesh.
Cite this research | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 4 | No. of pages: 16 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: community health workers, COVID-19, health education, health services, infectious disease, pandemic | Countries: Bangladesh
Analysis of postpartum and breastfeeding mother's participation in the Covid-19 vaccination program

AUTHOR(S)
Ariu Dewi Yanti

Published: August 2022   Journal: Jombang Nursing and Midwifery Journal
Postpartum and breastfeeding mothers are one of the targets of COVID-19 vaccination. Anxiety about the side effects of the COVID-19 vaccination makes people reluctant to participate in the vaccination program, as well as breastfeeding mothers. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the participation of postpartum and breastfeeding mothers in the COVID-19 vaccination program. This study uses quantitative (analytic) research methods using a cross-sectional design. The population in this study were all postpartum and breastfeeding mothers in the Wuluh Village and Carangrejo Village, Kesamben District, Jombang Regency, with a total of 78 respondents. The analysis criteria included age, education, and occupation of postpartum and breastfeeding mothers.
Parents' perception of COVID-19 risk of infection and intention to vaccinate their children

AUTHOR(S)
Hamdy Khaled Sabra; Mostafa Abdulraheem Bakr; Omar El Sayed Mohmed Rageh (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Vacunas

Parent's perception of the COVID-19 vaccines is very important to protect themselves and their children and achieve maximum effect of vaccination programs. This study aims to evaluate the perception and attitude of parents towards COVID-19 risk of infection and intentions to vaccinate their children. It is a cross-sectional study including 1032 participants who have children aged from 5 to 18 years using a structured questionnaire.

Emotional status, stress and insomnia in pediatric healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Pelin Elibol; Kayı Eliaçık; Alper Çiçek (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Clinical Research
Facing the critical situation of the pandemic, healthcare professionals are directly involved in the diagnosis, treatment, and care of patients with COVID-19 in the front line and they are at risk of developing psychological distress and other mental health symptoms. Here it is aimed to determine where the child clinic staff stand in terms of the psychological burden of the disease. A hundred and fifty-one eligible physicians and nurses working in the Clinic of Pediatric, University of Health Sciences Turkey, İzmir Tepecik Education and Research Hospital who answered a web-based questionnaire between 10-20 June 2020 were included in the study. Socio-demographic questions, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) were used to evaluate the psychological determinants of the healthcare workers.
Support for mask use as a COVID-19 public health measure among a large sample of Canadian secondary school students

AUTHOR(S)
Karen A. Patte; Terrance J. Wade; Adam J. MacNeil (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: BMC Public Health

Youth voice has been largely absent from deliberations regarding public health measures intended to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission, despite being one of the populations most impacted by school-based policies. To inform public health strategies and messages, this study examined the level of student support of mask use in public spaces and school mask requirements, as well as factors associated with students’ perspectives. It used cross-sectional survey data from 42,767 adolescents attending 133 Canadian secondary schools that participated in the COMPASS study during the 2020/2021 school year. Multinomial regression models assessed support for i) wearing a mask in indoor public spaces and ii) schools requiring students to wear masks, in association with COVID-19 knowledge, concerns, and perceived risk.

Self-medication patterns during a pandemic: a qualitative study on Romanian mothers' beliefs toward self-treatment of their children

AUTHOR(S)
Petruța Tarciuc; Doina Anca Pleșca; Alina Duduciuc (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Healthcare
Self-medication represents a significant healthcare and health policy issue worldwide, both in developed and underdeveloped countries. Currently, the COVID-19 pandemic is considered a relevant context that could subtly trigger self-medication behavior because of limited access to health care services and the threat of infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus. While the previous research conducted with quantitative methodologies reported a dramatically increased rate of self-medication around the world, qualitative inquiries on the subjective experience with self-medicine remain scarce in medical and related fields of study. For this purpose, a qualitative study with semi-structured interviews was undertaken to better understand how Romanian mothers (n = 18) applied self-treatment with their children by avoiding medical advice during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 9 | No. of pages: 14 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, COVID-19 response, lockdown, pandemic, parent-child relationship, social distance | Countries: Romania
Unravelling the role of the mandatory use of face covering masks for the control of SARS-CoV-2 in schools: a quasi-experimental study nested in a population-based cohort in Catalonia (Spain)

AUTHOR(S)
Ermengol Coma; Martí Català; Leonardo Méndez-Boo (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Archives of Disease in Childhood

This study aims to assess the effectiveness of mandatory use of face covering masks (FCMs) in schools during the first term of the 2021–2022 academic year. It is a retrospective population-based study conducted in the schools of Catalonia (Spain).

Attitudes and perceptions of mothers towards childhood vaccination in Greece: lessons to improve the childhood COVID-19 vaccination acceptance

AUTHOR(S)
Georgia Fakonti; Andria Hadjikou; Eleana Tzira (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Pediatrics

Maternal attitudes and beliefs have been shown to influence childhood vaccination coverage, resulting in under-vaccination, non-vaccination, and vaccination delay. This study aimed to investigate the mothers' attitudes and perceptions about vaccination for their children in Greece. This was an online cross-sectional study, conducted from 4 April to 8 June 2020. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information about mothers' and their children's socio-demographic characteristics, previous vaccination behavior, and mothers' attitudes and perceptions about childhood vaccination. Participants included adult mothers with at least one minor child.

Family communication patterns and parents' intentions to vaccinate their child against COVID-19

AUTHOR(S)
Nichole Egbert; Ying Zhu; Mina Choi (et al.)

Published: August 2022   Journal: Health Communication
This study explored how family communication patterns relate to parental knowledge about COVID-19, vaccine confidence, and intentions to vaccinate their children. Parents from 4 states (Ohio, New York, Georgia, and Texas; n = 702) completed an online survey in March 2021.
31 - 45 of 418

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UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.