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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 822
Parental perceptions of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the sleep of children with neurodevelopmental disorders

Alex Pizzo; Elizabeth Keys; Penny Corkum

Published: September 2022   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Little is known about the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sleep in schoolaged children with neurodevelopmental disorders. This study aimed to (1) determine and describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, and (2) identify and describe contributing factors. Parents of children with neurodevelopmental disorders and insomnia symptoms (n = 100) were surveyed to determine if their child's sleep had changed because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Parents who reported changes were asked to describe how the pandemic influenced their child's sleep.
The effectiveness of increasing parental competence in assisting children accessing gadgets in the Covid-19 pandemic era before and after being given counseling

Rina Mardiyana

Published: September 2022   Journal: Jombang Nursing and Midwifery Journal

Parents are people who play a role and are fully responsible for their children. During the COVID-19 pandemic, all activities and daily habits have changed, especially in education. For this reason, parental assistance in accessing gadgets during the COVID-19 pandemic is very necessary. The role of parents in assisting children's success while studying at home is central to that. One of the challenges of parents in this modern era is the magnitude of the existence of technology in children's lives, so that it is almost inseparable from the activities of daily life, and one of them is gadgets as a form of modernity. Gadget is a term that comes from English, which means a small electronic device that has a special function. One thing distinguishing gadget from other electronic devices is the element of "novelty". Every day, gadgets always appear by presenting the latest technology that makes human life more practical. Gadget is one of the multifunctional technological devices, and its development is very fast. Gadget users are not only adults. Even children are very familiar with gadgets. The purpose of this study was that respondents, especially parents, can be more competent in accompanying their children when accessing gadgets and increasing parental competence in assisting children accessing gadgets was one solution to increase children's learning motivation. The type of this study used is quantitative with a pre-experimental design. The population of this study were all mothers of Muslimat NU 6 Kindergarten children. While the sampling technique in this study was Total sampling, the sample was all mothers of Muslimat NU 6 Kindergarten children.

Educational processes and learning at home during COVID-19: parents' experiences with distance education

Mehmet Raci Demir; Hülya Yıldızlı

Published: September 2022   Journal: International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning

Due to the lockdown measures and severe restrictions taken to reduce COVID-19 transmission, which  has globally  been  inflicted  on  people  since  March  2020,  a  new  type  of  education  in  the  form  of  online homeschooling  has  brought  the  role  of  parents  to  the  forefront. Using online  semi structured  interviews, this study aimed to investigate parents’ views on the implementation of distance education during COVID-19  in  Istanbul,  Turkey. The  data  obtained  from  parents with different  socio economic backgrounds  and whose children were at public and private schools were coded using initial, process, and emotion qualitative coding  techniques.  The  data  were  categorized  into  three  main  themes : beginning  of  distance  education, process  of  distance  education,  and  outcomes  of  distance  education.

Breastfeeding practices during Covid-19

Tahreem Nisar; Syed Ammar Bin Zia; Sarah Ishaq (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Pakistan BioMedical Journal

The covid-19 has disrupted all parts of life especially maternal-child relationship. Many lactating womenwerequarantinedincovid-19whichhasaffectednourishmentoftheirinfant. Breastfeeding has innumerable benets for both mother and infants as it provides them protection. The Maternal-child relationship is drastically affected if an infant is separated from its mother. It greatly affects lactation, which acts as a shield against infectious diseases. It is approved by all the international agencies and government bodies to promote breastfeeding including the neonates of infected mothers. It is suggested to adopt proper hand and respiratory hygiene measures to prevent transmission from mother to infant. Although many studies and literature reviews have conrmed that there are no direct transmission cases related to coronavirus during breastfeeding. However, WHO, UNICEF, and many other organizations suggested to adopt some hygiene-specic guidelines while practicing lactation. These include wearing a mask, washing hands, and disinfecting surfaces. As we are in the middle of this pandemic and new information is being gathered by scientists, it is hoped that they will also support promoting breastfeeding. As its advantages outweigh the risks of COVID-19. The main aim of this review is to promote early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding during COVID-19.

Parenting and adjustment problems among preschoolers during COVID-19

Jamie M. Ostrov; Dianna Murray-Close; Kristin J. Perry (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Journal of Child and Family Studies
A critical area of developmental science explores factors that confer risk or protection as young children and their families experience stressful circumstances related to sociohistorical events. This study contributes to this important area by assessing relations between family context and child adjustment as children transitioned from preschool to home learning during COVID-19, and whether children higher in stress levels, indexed by morning basal cortisol, were more strongly affected. Parents of 74 children (Mage = 53.56 months, SDage = 3.68 months) completed reports spanning the home learning transition; children’s pre-COVID-19 transition salivary cortisol levels were assessed. Path analyses were used to test the preregistered study aims. Significant interactions were decomposed using simple slopes and Preacher’s Regions of Significance (ROS) method. Across the COVID-19 transition to home-based school, children with higher morning basal cortisol experienced the sharpest increase in anger when exposed to harsh/inconsistent parenting contexts. Importantly, these effects held when controlling for household chaos, socioeconomic resources, and supportive parenting. Parallel models with supportive parenting were also tested and are discussed. This study is one of the first to test and provide support for biological sensitivity to context theory within the context of a natural experiment like COVID-19.
The impact of school attachment and parental involvement on the positive mental health of 2SLGBTQ + students during COVID-19

Christopher Campbell; Ley Fraser; Tracey Peter

Published: September 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Education
On March 11th, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the worldwide outbreak of COVID-19 as a pandemic. On the following day, the Ontario government (Canada’s most populous province) ordered all public schools to close. By Monday, March 16th, 2020, all public schools (and most private schools) in Canada announced plans to physically shutter schools, with a shift to remote and online learning to follow soon after. This unprecedented shift in learning environment for young Canadians came at a time when the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic was creating a challenging environment for the mental health of all Canadians. While all students may have struggled to cope, 2SLGBTQ + students faced an unusually complex shift, as their school and home environments may have contributed differentially to the social supports and acceptance (related to their 2SLGBTQ + identity or identities) that their cisgender heterosexual peers routinely experience in their social surroundings. This paper explores the relationship between school attachment, parental involvement and positive mental health in 2SLGBTQ + youth using data collected as part of the Second Annual School Climate Survey on Homophobia, Biphobia, and Transphobia in Canadian Schools.
The impact of COVID-19, mental health distress, and school-based sociocultural protective factors among elementary-aged children and their caregivers

Aijah K. B. Goodwin; Anthony J. Roberson; Ar’Reon Watson (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: School Psychology International
Given the individual and systemic stress endured by children and families during the COVID-19 pandemic, research examining culturally responsive school experiences and supports to enhance resilience is critical. This study examined the relationship between caregivers’ perceptions of COVID-19 impact, mental health distress among children and caregivers, and school-based sociocultural protective factors, including culturally responsive practices in schools and the relationships between teachers and caregivers, concurrently and longitudinally. Data were collected from caregivers of elementary-aged children at two-time points from March to April 2020 (N = 174) and one year later in 2021 (N = 114).
Trajectories of parent and child well-being across the pandemic year: role of financial strain, social distancing, and COVID-19 prevalence

Yunying Le; Jacqueline A. Mogle; Mark E. Feinberg

Published: September 2022   Journal: Family Process
Existing research demonstrated large deteriorations in parent, child, and family well-being within 2 months after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, little is known about the trajectories of families' adjustment in the following months, including what risk factors are associated with changes in families' adjustment. The current study examined (1) change in the parent, child, and family well-being over time; (2) associations of pandemic-related stressors, financial and social distancing-associated stress, with well-being between and within families; and (3) the role of local COVID-19 prevalence, prior participation in family-focused prevention, and parent gender. From April 2020 to January 2021, 393 parents from 235 families reported five times on parent mental health, child behavior problems, family relationships, and pandemic-related stressors.
COVID-19 history increases the anxiety of mothers with children in intensive care during the pandemic in Turkey

Eren Yildiz; Zuhal Koc Apaydin; Berna Alay (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Children
This study aimed to examine the mental status of mothers whose children were hospitalized during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially in places where risk factors are higher such as pediatric intensive care units, and to contribute to the development of psychological health policies, especially for these high-risk groups in epidemic situations. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2021 and July 2021. The population of the study was mothers whose children were hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit during the study period. Data collection was carried out via a face-to-face interview method by experienced nurses working in pediatric clinics using a sociodemographic data form, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Fear of COVID-19 Inventory, and the Coronavirus Anxiety Inventory.
Children's age matters: parental burnout in Chilean families during the COVID-19 pandemic

Carolina Panesso Giraldo; María P. Santelices; Daniela Oyarce (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Frontiers in Psychology
For families all over the world, going through a pandemic has presented a number of challenges. In particular, social distancing measures involving the closure of schools and day care centers, as well as increasing work hours at home, made parents face very demanding situations. However, we know little about whether parents’ burnout levels are influenced by the age of their children. This study sought to determine whether levels of parental burnout (PB) are higher in families with at least one child under the age of four than in families with older children (5 to 18 years). The second goal was to explore whether having children under 4 years of age moderates the relationship between parental cooperation and PB. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 651 participants (525 mothers and 126 fathers) since May 18th until August 27th, 2020.
Sometimes "we" can help: parents' pronoun use buffers fear and anxiety transmission

Jennifer A. Somers; Kristen Chu; Chloe Schwartz (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Anxiety, Stress & Coping

Parents’ natural language when describing health-related threats reflects parents’ cognitions that may shape their transmission of anxiety and fear. Parents’ greater communal focus (i.e., higher we-talk) and less self-focus (i.e., lower I-talk) may buffer against intergenerational fear/anxiety transmission. The current study investigated whether the relation between parents’ and children’s anxiety and pandemic-related fear differed by parent we- and I-talk. Parents of 114 children (2–19 years; M = 9.75, SD = 3.73) completed online measures assessing children’s and parents’ anxiety and COVID-19-related fears, and engaged in a written reflection on their early pandemic experiences. The proportion of parents’ we-talk and I-talk during the reflection was obtained using Linguistic Inquiry Word Count software.

Rural parent and elementary school student resilience to COVID-19: disability status and parental predictors of change

Suzannah B. Chatlos; Preeti G. Samudra; Jillian M. Magoon (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: School Psychology International
Little is known about how the COVID-19 pandemic relates to child and parent functioning in a rural population. The present study investigated how disability status and parent factors related to resilience in a rural population before and after the shift to remote instruction. Parents of elementary-aged children in a rural area of the U.S. completed an online questionnaire, rating their own functioning and their child's academic, cognitive, and socioemotional functioning (1) retrospectively thinking back to a month before the pandemic, and (2) at the time of the survey, approximately four months after the onset of pandemic changes.
Psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and their families

Nur Berna Çelik; Yağmur Ünsal; Dicle Canoruç Emet (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Turkish Archives of Pediatrics

This study aimed to investigate the psychosocial impact of the pandemic in pediatric patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and their families and whether congenital adrenal hyperplasia imposes an additional burden compared to other endocrine disorders. Patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (n = 38) and congenital hypothyroidism (n = 41) and their families were enrolled in the prospective longitudinal survey study. Questionnaires that were completed remotely in June 2020 and in July 2021 included Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form, The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children, and purpose-built daily routine, parent, and child COVID information scores, factors affecting drug usage, and parents’ thoughts about the pandemic. At the end of 1 year, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale short form and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children were repeated in the congenital adrenal hyperplasia group and they were questioned about the incidence and severity of coronavirus infection.

Spread too thin: parents' experiences of burnout during COVID-19 in Australia

Samira Wiemer; Larissa Clarkson

Published: September 2022   Journal: Family Relations

This study aimed to investigate parental burnout (PB) within an Australian context during COVID-19. Little is known about how the increase in the parental burden created by COVID-19 restrictions has affected parents and whether this has resulted in increased PB. A mixed-methods approach examined PB in a sample of Australian parents (N = 403) during COVID-19. Regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors of PB, and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was used to compare PB scores to scores collected prior to COVID-19. Thematic analysis was used to understand the qualitative experience of parenting during lockdowns.

Young children's traumatic stress reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic: the long reach of mothers' adverse childhood experiences

Melissa J. Hagan; Danielle R. Roubinov; Alana Cordeiro (et al.)

Published: September 2022   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted parental and child mental health; however, it is critical to examine this impact in the context of parental histories of adversity. this study hypothesized that maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and pandemic-related negative life events would predict child traumatic stress symptoms (TSS) and tested potential mediating pathways through maternal pandemic-related TSS and/or poorer maternal sensitivity during the pandemic. Data were collected from a longitudinal sample of low-income, racially/ethnically diverse mothers and their children. Between May and November 2020, mothers (n = 111) of young children (M age = 7.42 years, SD = 0.45) completed questionnaires to assess their own and their child's pandemic-related TSS, exposure to pandemic-related negative events, and parent-child relationship quality. Maternal ACEs, maternal depression, parent-child relationship quality, and child internalizing symptoms had been assessed approximately 1–3 years prior.

16 - 30 of 822

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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