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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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316 - 330 of 488
Distance learning in Italian primary and middle school children during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national survey

Francesca Scarpellini; Giulia Segre; Massimo Cartabia

Published: June 2021   Journal: BMC Public Health volume
School closure created difficulties for parents, who were asked to care for their children and help them with schooling, while working at home. This study aimed to explore the experiences in organising school for children at home and its implications on children’s psychological well-being and educational progress during the quarantine for the COVID-19 pandemic. A nationwide online survey of mothers of primary and middle school students was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. Demographic data and information on distance learning organisation and children’s attitudes and behavioural changes were collected.
Daily reciprocity and well-being: a diary study of intergenerational support between mothers and adult children during the COVID-19 pandemic

Da Jiang; Helene H. Fung

Published: June 2021   Journal: The Journals of Gerontology: Series B
Intergenerational support between aging parents and adult children is important to the well-being of both groups, especially during public health emergencies. However, few previous studies have examined the effects of daily support between parents and children on their well-being during public health emergencies. To fill in this gap, this study examined the association between daily support and well-being in mothers and their adult children during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Cyber-safety and COVID-19 in the early years: a research agenda

Susan Edwards

Published: June 2021   Journal: Journal of Early Childhood Research
Young children aged birth to 5 years are known users of the internet, both unsupervised and in collaboration with adults. Adults also use the internet to share details of children’s lives with others, via sharenting and educational apps. During COVID-19 internet use by children and families rose significantly during periods of enforced stay-home. Internet use by children, and by adults on behalf exposes children to conduct, contact and content risks online. These risks mean that cyber-safety in the early years is increasingly necessary, especially concerning increased internet usage during COVID-19. While cyber-safety is well developed for primary and secondary-school aged children this is not the case for young children, their families and educators. This paper proposes a research agenda for cyber-safety in the early years, using critical constructivism and internet studies to define the internet as a non-unitary technology. Three main objects of study concerning cyber-safety in the early years, including the reference to COVID-19 are identified for targeted research, including: technologies, context and policy.
Barriers and facilitators to mood and confidence in pregnancy and early parenthood during COVID-19 in the UK: mixed-methods synthesis survey

Alejandra Perez; Elena Panagiotopoulou; Peter Curtis (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: BJPsych Open
Parental well-being during pregnancy and early parenthood is critical for child development. Environmental stressors can significantly challenge parental well-being. This study aims to investigate how COVID-19 and associated restrictions influence mood and parenting confidence of expectant parents and those in early parenthood, identifying barriers and facilitators.
Associations between parenting stress, feeding practices, and child eating behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic

Lupita Gonzalez; Alison Ventura

Published: June 2021   Journal: Current Developments in Nutrition
The pandemic provides an opportunity to explore how parenting stress during times of crisis may predict parent-child interactions, especially during mealtimes. The objective of the present study was to explore whether parents’ perceived increases in and overall levels of parenting stress during the pandemic were associated with feeding practices and perceptions of child eating behaviors.
Parental stress of Korean immigrants in the U.S.: meeting child and youth’s educational needs amid the COVID-19 pandemic

Joo Young Hong; Shinwoo Choi; Gregory A. Cheatham

Published: June 2021   Journal: Children and Youth Services Review
This study investigates Korean immigrants’ parental stress amid the COVID-19 pandemic, especially when they experience difficulties trying to meet their children’s educational needs. Korean immigrant parents residing in the U.S. were invited to complete an online survey through purposive sampling. The final sample included a total of 341 Korean immigrant parents from 42 U.S. states. Three models of Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regressions were conducted to examine the associations between parent-reported difficulties meeting the children’s educational needs, parental stress, and the immigrant parents’ resilience and social support. Findings indicate that parents’ difficulties meeting their children’s educational needs in general as well as language barriers were associated with increased parental stress. Moreover, parents’ resilience and social support also significantly decreased parental stress levels. Implications for practice, policy, and future research are presented.
Parenting Under Pressure: a mixed-methods investigation of the impact of COVID-19 on family life

Kristen A. Chu; Chloe Schwartz; Emily Towner (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders Reports

Development and implementation of effective family-based psychosocial intervention and treatment strategies during COVID-19 will require a detailed understanding of how the virus has impacted the lives of families. Written reports on the life impacts of COVID-19 for parents (n = 56) and their children (n = 43), and a questionnaire assessing parent positive and negative affect, were collected between April and May 2020. An inductive approach was used to identify themes in written reports, followed by statistical analysis to explore associations between themes and changes in parent positive and negative affect pre- and post-writing.

From the pandemic to the pan: the impact of COVID19 on parental inclusion of children in cooking activities – a cross-continental survey

Tony Benson; Blain Murphy; Amanda McCloat (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Public Health Nutrition

This study aimed to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on time spent cooking and parental inclusion of children in cooking. A secondary aim was to investigate differences between those who frequently included their children in cooking activities during the COVID-19 pandemic and those that included their children less, on a number of factors such as working from home, parents’ diet quality and cooking skills confidence. Cross-continental survey with Wilcoxon signed ranks, Independent t-tests, Mann Whitney-U, Chi2, and a binomial logistic regression used for assessment.

The implications of COVID-19 for early childhood education in Ethiopia: perspectives from parents and caregivers

Janice H. Kim; Mesele Araya; Belay Hagos Hailu (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Early Childhood Education Journal
Recent research on the effects of COVID-19 on school closures has mainly focused on primary and secondary education, with extremely limited attention to early childhood education (ECE). To address this gap, this study identifies the extent to which parents and caregivers with pre-primary school-aged children were engaged in their children’s learning during school closures in Ethiopia.
Gender intersectionality and family separation, alternative care and the reintegration of children
Institution: Save the Children
Published: May 2021
Family Care First (FCF) and Responsive and Effective Child Welfare Systems Transformation (REACT), facilitated by Save the Children, is a multi-donor supported network of organizations working together to support children to live in safe, nurturing family-based care. FCF|REACT works collaboratively with the government, local and international NGOs, academic institutions and UN agencies, to promote and strengthen family-based care. With approximately 60 member organizations, some of whom are funded, FCF|REACT is working to prevent children from being separated from their families and increase the number of children that are safely and successfully integrated into family care. A key element of FCF|REACT is integrating learnings from good practice research into interventions. Given the lack of previous studies covering gender intersectionality for vulnerable children in Cambodia, FCF|REACT is trying to understand the effects of gender, identity, and institutional practices on the well-being of children in alternative care.
Parenting & children’s psychological adjustment during the COVID-19 pandemic

Samantha J. Gregus; Juventino Hernandez Rodriguez; Melissa A. Faith (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: School Psychology Review
Empirical data on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on families with school-aged children is limited. This study used a cross-sectional, descriptive design to examine pandemic-related family impacts and whether impacts varied based on demographics. It also examined whether parenting behaviors in response to the virus and parent–child interactions were related to pandemic impacts and children’s psychological adjustment. It surveyed 595 United States parents (69.2% non-Latinx White, 12.1% Black/African American) using Amazon Mechanical Turk in May 2020.
Transnational communication between children and grandparents during the COVID-19 lockdown. The case of migrant children in Poland

Anzhela Popyk; Paula Pustułka

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of Family Communication
Transnational intergenerational communication between migrant children and their grandparents depends on family relationships and the specific migration context, but also shifts in response to emerging factors, such as the current COVID-19 crisis. The goal of this study is to offer an agile typology of communication between migrant children in Poland and their grandparents in other countries. It points to two types of family communication practices, namely direct (face-to-face) and technology-mediated communication (TMC). Drawing on data from a qualitative study of immigrant children (n = 19) and parents (n = 18) conducted during the lockdown and associated travel restrictions caused by the pandemic, the study offers a typology of emotional, symbolic, mediated, and discontinuous modes of intergenerational family communications. It also indicates that cessation of direct contact during an “immobility regime” reduces the scope of intergenerational communication in transnational families.
The interplay between maternal childhood maltreatment, parental coping strategies as well as endangered parenting behavior during the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic

Franziska Köhler-Dauner; Vera Clemens; Katherina Hildebrand (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Developmental Child Welfare
The SARS-CoV-2-pandemic is associated different challenges, especially for families. The disruption and challenges require parents to develop strategies to cope with the current situation. One factor that may influence how parents deal with pandemic-associated stressors are experiences of parental childhood maltreatment (CM), which represent a high risk of engaging in endangered parenting. A decisive candidate for the connection between parental CM and the transgenerational transmission could be the parental ability to employ coping strategies. Mothers of a well-documented birth cohort for investigating the pathways leading to resilience or vulnerability in the transgenerational transmission of CM were imbedded in an online “SARS-CoV-2 pandemic survey” assessing maternal ability for coping strategies and the dimension of endangered maternal parenting behavior. 91 mothers completed the online survey.
Coparenting autistic children during COVID-19: emerging insights from practice

Sarah Southey; Rae Morris; Michael Saini

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Social Work
Globally, parents and caregivers of children with autism have been particularly impacted by the recent changes due to COVID-19. Reduced access to schools, community supports, and therapeutic services makes parenting more challenging during the pandemic, and especially for parents with children with autism and who are experiencing family breakdown. There remains little guidance to assist coparenting autistic children during COVID-19 after separation and divorce. This brief paper summarizes emerging issues arising in clinical practice to offer recommendations for social work practice.
Experiences and attitudes of elementary school students and their parents toward online learning in China during the COVID-19 pandemic: questionnaire study

Shu Cui; Chao Zhang; Shijiang Wang (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Due to widespread SARS-CoV-2 infection, an emergency homeschooling plan was rigorously implemented throughout China. This study aimed to investigate the experiences and attitudes of elementary school students and their parents (two generations from the same family) toward online learning in China during the pandemic.
Cite this research | Vol.: 23 | Issue: 5 | No. of pages: 12 | Language: English | Topics: Education | Tags: COVID-19 response, e-learning, lockdown, parent-child relationship, remote learning, school attendance | Countries: China
316 - 330 of 488

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.