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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 240
Social support in a parenting Facebook group during the COVID-19 pandemic

Alison Hooper; Claire Schweiker; Cailin Kerch

Published: November 2022   Journal: Family Relations

This paper includes a mixed methods content analysis of a parenting Facebook group focused on COVID-19. It analyze participants' posts to identify the types of support parents sought and gave. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in increased parental stress and challenges related to children's development. Many families turned to social media as a source of information and social support. This study analyzed 1,180 posts from a large, closed Facebook group focused on parenting during COVID-19. It coded posts using a modified version of social support theory and supplemented this analysis with codes related to giving and receiving support, post format, and topic.

Willingness and attitudes of parents towards COVID-19 vaccines for children in Vietnam

Thi Loi Dao; Hue Vu Thi; Philippe Gautret (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Communication in Healthcare

With an increasing need for COVID-19 vaccination around the globe, we aim to investigate willingness and attitudes of parents regarding COVID-19 vaccines for children in Vietnam. A 24-item online survey was conducted among 602 parents and legal guardians of children under 18 years of age.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on parents' perceptions and acceptance of routine childhood vaccination in Canada: a national longitudinal study

Robin M. Humble; Shannon D. Scott; Eve Dubé (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Vaccine

A decline in routine vaccination was reported by some countries early in the COVID-19 pandemic. In the context of the pandemic, determinants of routine childhood vaccination may have changed. Changes over time in parents’ perceptions of routine vaccines and intentions for their children during the pandemic have not been fully explored. Understanding changes provides opportunities to promote routine childhood vaccines and address factors that may compromise parents’ acceptance. This is a longitudinal analysis of two sequential national surveys during the pandemic (Dec 2020 and Oct/Nov 2021) to assess changes over time in Canadian parents’ perceptions of routine childhood vaccines, intentions to vaccinate, access for their children ≤ 17 years, and differences among sociodemographic characteristics. McNemar-Bowker tests were used to determine changes in parents’ responses collected at two time points.

Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 41 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 407-415 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19 response, immunization, immunization programmes, lockdown, parents, social distance, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: Canada
Corona disease anxiety and parenting stress: predictions of Ahvaz children anxiety during home quarantine due to Corona Virus outbreak

Reyhaneh Yahyaei; Mah Asa Rasoli; Mohammad Ismail Zand (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results
Anxiety is one of the important variables that can effect on the present and future life of children.The aim of this study was to predict
children's anxiety through Corona Disease Anxiety and Parental Stress during coronavirus quarantine. The research method was
correlational. The study statistical population was all primary children and their mothers of Ahwaz in the year 2019-20. Out of 400
eligible mothers, 300 mothers were selected as the sample by convenience sampling method and answered online the questionnaires
including Corona Disease Anxiety Scale, short form of Parental Stress Questionnaire and Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale- Parent
Version. The Mothers completed Corona Disease Anxiety Scale, short form of Parental Stress Questionnaire and Spence Children’s
Anxiety Scale- Parent Version. Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression were used to analyze the data.
Anxiety and depressive symptoms, and positive and negative couple interactions among postpartum mothers and fathers before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

Tiago Miguel Pinto; Bárbara Figueiredo

Published: November 2022   Journal: Families, Systems, & Health. Advance
The negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and couples’ relationships may be particularly higher in vulnerable groups, including mothers and fathers during the transition to parenthood. This study compared mental health symptoms and couples’ relationship quality among parents who were at 6 months postpartum before or during the COVID-19 pandemic. A sample of 109 primiparous mothers and fathers recruited before the COVID-19 pandemic were assessed at 6 months postpartum, before (n = 69) or during the COVID-19 pandemic (n = 40). Participants completed self-reported measures of anxiety and depressive symptoms, and couples’ positive and negative interactions
Psychological stress and parenting styles predict parental involvement for children with intellectual disabilities during the COVID-19

Sanyin Cheng; Meng Deng

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Child and Family Studies
This study explored how psychological stress and parenting styles predicted parental involvement for children with intellectual disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic by adminsitering the Psychological Stress Questionnaire, Parenting Style Index and Parental Involvement Scale to 995 parents of children with intellectual disabilities.
In relation to the relationship: teachers of pupils with multiple disabilities and parents following the COVID-19 pandemic

Michal Nissim; Orly Ido; Yasser Sanduka (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: European Journal of Special Needs Education
The purpose of this research is to study the relationship between parents of pupils with multiple disabilities and their teachers. This, in order to understand the needs for special education teacher training programmes as these are perceived by the teachers who experienced an abrupt transition to distance learning as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research combines both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The data was collected through an online questionnaire which included open and closed questions. The closed questions were analysed through frequency mapping and percentages and the open questions were analysed through content analysis method. The participants of the research were 48 teachers from schools for pupils with multiple disabilities who were teaching via distance learning during the 2019–2020 school year at the time of the first lockdown. Thematic analysis resulted in the identification of three main themes: (1) Factors challenging the cooperation between parents and the teachers; (2) supportive needs of parents; (3) Recommendations for training of teachers. There is no doubt that the teachers’ toolbox must encompass two central aspects: First is the inclusion of hands-on digital experience in the teachers’ training. The second includes the incorporation of skills focusing involving parents when teaching via distance learning; that is, training parents how to use the assistive technology during distance learning.
Playgroup families' experiences of play-based remote learning

Victoria Minson; Karen McLean

Published: November 2022   Journal: Australasian Journal of Early Childhood
This qualitative study aimed to investigate enablers and barriers facing community-playgroup families in the provision of play opportunities for children throughout periods of lockdown restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study used a capabilities approach, focussing specifically on the concepts of resources, capabilities and functionings. Using case study methodology, the study comprised two case studies and involved five community-playgroup families. Data methods included semi-structured interviews with playgroup families and the use of audio data from Zoom™ workshops conducted with families in each case study. A thematic approach to data analysis identified seven themes characterising identified enablers and barriers. These were: internet and networked technologies, ideas and information, routines and structure, relationships, space, everyday life, and support. Implications for how playgroups can support children and families in post pandemic times are discussed.
Cohesion and conflict for mothers during the pandemic: Results of the Portuguese version of the COVID-19 Household environment scale

Joana Arsénio; Gabriela Fonseca; Alda Portugal (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Family Process
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a worldwide event that has caused significant changes in the daily lives of individuals and families. The combined effect of the pandemic and the stress associated with major life cycle changes, such as the transition to parenthood, is yet to be understood. The aim of the current study was to validate the Portuguese version of the recently developed COVID-19 Household Environment Scale (CHES) and examine its psychometric properties in a sample of mothers who had given birth during the pandemic. The CHES is a self-report measure assessing the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic in household cohesion and conflict and includes two sections. Section 1 contains 25 descriptive items pertaining to sociodemographic and household characteristics and COVID-19 stressors. Section 2 encompasses household cohesion and conflict, assessing any change in household experiences and activities following the onset of social distancing. The participants consisted of 342 mothers, aged between 19 and 50 years (M = 31.43; SD = 4.38). A confirmatory factor analysis supported the original CHES bifactor structure of household cohesion and conflict, which obtained an acceptable fit (CFI = 0.900, RMSEA = 0.065). Correlations between household cohesion and conflict and family cohesion and dyadic coping contributed to developing the construct validity of this scale.
Psychiatric symptoms and couple satisfaction in parents of newborns before and during the COVID-19 pandemic-a comparison of two prospective studies

Siiri Isokääntä; Krista Koivula; Hannu Kokki (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Nursing Open

This study aimed to assess anxiety, depression, perceived stress, couple satisfaction and life satisfaction of parents of healthy newborns in two cohorts in 2015 and in 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic. A prospective follow-up study. It enrolled 60 parents of healthy newborns (n = 30 dyads) in 2015 and 60 parents (n = 30 dyads) in 2020. Both parents completed six valid and reliable questionnaires independently 1–2 days and 12 months after delivery: Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, Couple Satisfaction Index and Life Satisfaction Scale-4.

Correlates of parents' readiness towards inperson schooling among senior high school students during COVID-19 pandemic in Central Java, Indonesia

Novia Handayani; Aditya Kusumawati; Syamsulhuda B. Musthofa (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: BIO Web of Conferences
During the COVID-19 pandemic, in-person schoolings has been allowed since July 2021, especially for senior high schools. However, school clusters of COVID-19 happened in Central Java Province. This study aimed to analyze factors correlated to parents’ readiness toward in-person schooling during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study was conducted for 2 weeks on June-July 2021. The population was parents with senior high school students in Central Java Province. The questionnaire's link was shared through Education Office’s parents’ networks throughout Central Java. There were 1,520 respondents participated. Most respondents permit their children to in-person schooling (75.66%). Respondents were from 14 cities in Central Java, and most of them were from Pemalang (41.1%). Most respondents have good knowledge of COVID-19 (73.3%), good perception of COVID-19 (59.4%), high self-efficacy (57.2%), and sufficient parents’ readiness (64.4%).
Home learning environments during the COVID-19 pandemic: caregivers' and children's perceptions

Burcu Izci; Rachel Louise Geesa; Shiyi Chen (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Journal of Research in Childhood Education
This study explored Pre-K through 3rd-grade children’s home learning environments and caregivers’ perceptions, strategies, and attitudes regarding home learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants included 10 caregivers and their Pre-K through 3rd-grade children. Data were collected via caregiver and child interviews, and a caregiver survey in Summer 2020. Descriptive statistics, and open, axial, and selective coding were used to analyze research data.
Evaluating the impact of COVID-19 on severity at admission and response to inpatient treatment for adult and adolescent patients with eating disorders

Colleen C. Schreyer; Irina A. Vanzhula; Angela S. Guarda

Published: November 2022   Journal: International Journal of Eating Disorders

The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with increased hospitalization rates and worsened symptom severity in patients with eating disorders (ED), but most studies focused exclusively on adolescents. Further, research evaluating the impact of COVID-19 on response to inpatient treatment for ED is limited. This study aimed to compare demographic characteristics, symptom severity at admission, and discharge outcomes for adult and adolescent inpatients with EDs admitted before and after onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.  The post-COVID cohort was expected to report elevated symptomatology and poorer response to treatment compared to the pre-COVID cohort and this effect was expected to be amplified for adolescents. Patients were consecutively hospitalized adults and adolescents treated in a specialized behavioral integrated inpatient-partial hospitalization program for eating disorders between March 2018 and March 2022 (N = 261).

Parents' attitudes toward childhood vaccines and COVID-19 vaccines in a Turkish pediatric outpatient population

Nihal Durmaz; Murat Suman; Murat Ersoy (et al.)

Published: November 2022   Journal: Vaccines
Vaccination hesitancy (VH) is an important public health issue. The determinants of parental decisions on whether to vaccinate their children are multidimensional and need to be carefully considered in the COVID-19 era. Our study aims to investigate the prevalence of VH among parents, parents’ use of social media, and their attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccine upon vaccine refusal. Materials and methods: Our participants were the parents of children admitted to hospitals in three different cities in Turkey between September 2021 and December 2021. The parents were asked to complete sociodemographic data and their attitudes toward COVID-19 diseases, the Parental Attitudes Toward Childhood Vaccines (PACV) scale, and the Attitudes Toward COVID-19 Vaccine (ATV-COVID-19) scale. Participants were categorized as “non-hesitant”, with a score of <50, and “hesitant”, with a score of ≥50.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 10 | Issue: 11 | No. of pages: 13 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: COVID-19, immunization, immunization programmes, infectious disease, pandemic, parents, vaccination, vaccination policies | Countries: Turkey
Interpersonal communication between special educational needs teachers and parents of special-needs student during Covid-19 pandemic

Retno Sulistiyaningsih; Nur Rohmah Hidayatul Qoyyimah; Alifia Damara Nurochim (et al.)

Published: November 2022
The pandemic has had a significant impact on all sectors, especially on education which has a systemic impact. The changing pattern of teaching, learning, and the consequences endured are also a problem, especially in schools that administer inclusive education. This results in a changing pattern of communication between teachers, special-needs students, and parents. The study aims to illustrate the interpersonal communication dynamics inherent between a teacher and a parent as a central figure in the study of courage for special-needs students. The type of method used was a qualitative method with a case study approach. The study included five participants, three with details of special educational needs teachers and two for parents of special-needs students. The study was conducted in a data search phase through observation, documentation, and interviews. To strengthen the results, the focus group discussion included the five participants directly. For data analysis Miles and Huberman method was applied, whereas for data credibility data triangulation was used.
16 - 30 of 240

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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