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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 144
A reasoned approach towards administering COVID-19 vaccines to pregnant women

AUTHOR(S)
Angsumita Pramanick; Abhiram Kanneganti; Jing Lin Jeslyn Wong (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Prenatal Diagnosis

There are over 50 SARS-CoV-2 candidate vaccines undergoing Phase II and III clinical trials. Several vaccines have been approved by regulatory authorities and rolled out for use in different countries. Due to concerns of potential teratogenicity or adverse effect on maternal physiology, pregnancy has been a specific exclusion criterion for most vaccine trials with only two trials not excluding pregnant women. Thus, other than limited animal studies, gradually emerging development and reproductive toxicity data, and observational data from vaccine registries, there is a paucity of reliable information to guide recommendations for the safe vaccination of pregnant women. Pregnancy is a risk factor for severe COVID-19, especially in women with comorbidities, resulting in increased rates of preterm birth and maternal morbidity.

Relationship of fear of COVID-19 and pregnancy-related quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Somayyeh Naghizadeh; Mojgan Mirghafourvand

Published: June 2021   Journal: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing

The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and quality of life in Iranian pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional study was carried out on 250 Iranian pregnant women. Data was collected through questionnaires including demographic and obstetric characteristics, fear of COVID-19 and quality of life. An adjusted general linear model was used to determine the relationship between variables.

Newborns of COVID-19 mothers: short-term outcomes of colocating and breastfeeding from the pandemic’s epicenter

AUTHOR(S)
Uday P. Patil; Sheela Maru; Parvathy Krishnan (et al.)

Published: June 2021
The United States of America has been severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic during the spring of 2020. The largely immigrant and densely populated neighborhoods of Queens, NY, served by a large public hospital, Elmhurst Hospital Center (NYC H+H/Elmhurst), have emerged as one of the hardest-hit areas in the country. Newborns are at high risk of acquiring severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) from their infected mothers who delivered during this period; however, data remains limited. This article aims to describe the unique experience from our Baby Friendly hospital at the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Alcohol and substance use in pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Preeti Kar; Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen; Gerald Giesbrecht (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Europe PMC
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on rates of alcohol and substance use raises significant concerns, as substances may be coping mechanisms for social isolation and/or disruptions to employment and the economy. Pregnant women are currently experiencing unusually high rates of anxiety and depression symptoms and may be especially affected. This study analysed results from an ongoing study of pregnant individuals in Canada: Pregnancy during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Participants were asked about current substance during pregnancy, and concerns about the threat of COVID-19 to their baby’s life, decreased quality of prenatal care, and whether they felt more socially isolated, experienced financial difficulties, or lost their job.
COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy and postpartum

AUTHOR(S)
Eleonora Brillo; Valentina Tosto; Sandro Gerli

Published: May 2021   Journal: The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine

This study aims to identify whether COVID-19 vaccines should be administered in pregnant and breastfeeding women by reviewing the guidance and other evidence. It reviewed the COVID-19 vaccination guidance for pregnant and breastfeeding women published to date and evidence from preclinical experimental and observational clinical studies, and discuss their implications.

Navigating pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic: the role of social support in communicated narrative sense-making

AUTHOR(S)
Emily Charvat; Haley Kranstuber Horstman (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of Family Communication
Grounded in communicated narrative sense-making theory (CNSM), this study explored how women who were pregnant during the COVID-19 pandemic (n = 21) communicatively made sense of their experience in light of their received social support. Interview data were inductively analyzed for emergent themes and deductively analyzed for type of social support and narrative tone. Findings uncovered themes of a) connecting to mitigate stress, b) drawing on others’ knowledge, c) receiving socially distant instrumental support, and d) lacking medical professional support.
Childbirth experience and practice changing during COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Annalisa Inversetti; Simona Fumagalli; Antonella Nespoli (et al.)

Published: May 2021

This study aims to evaluate mothers’ satisfaction with childbirth experience in a cohort of women who delivered during COVID pandemia and to compare them to a pre-COVID cohort. A cross-sectional study in a low-risk maternity unit was performed.

Mental health among pregnant women with COVID-19–related stressors and worries in the United States
Published: May 2021   Journal: Birth

Few studies have evaluated whether pandemic-related stressors, worries, and social distancing have affected the mental health of pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data came from an online survey of United States pregnant women (n = 715), conducted in May 2020. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale were used to assess depressive symptoms, thoughts of self-harm, and moderate or severe anxiety. Multiple logistic regressions were used to examine the associations of COVID-19 experiences with mental health outcomes.

An investigation of women’s pregnancy experiences during the covid-19 pandemic: a qualitative study

AUTHOR(S)
Ruveyde Aydin; Songül Aktaş

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Journal of Clinical Practice

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has adversely affected the physical and psychosocial health of pregnant women and their access to antenatal care and health services. This study aims to examine women's pregnancy experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Unintended pregnancy during COVID-19 pandemic among women attending antenatal care in Northwest Ethiopia: magnitude and associated factors

AUTHOR(S)
Melaku Hunie Asratie

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Journal of Women's Health
COVID-19 pandemic has a great impact on the disruption of maternal health- care services. Family planning is one component of maternal health-care service that needs attention during this devastating time. Compromise on family planning services and the preventive strategies of COVID-19 might increase the burden of unintended pregnancy, but there is limited evidence that shows the magnitude of unintended pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess unintended pregnancy during the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated factors among women attend-ing antenatal care in northwest Ethiopia
The Effects of the COVID 19 Pandemic on Vaccine Decisions in Pregnant Women

AUTHOR(S)
Hatice Gencer; Sevgi Özkan; Okan Vardar (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Women and Birth

Pregnancy is an important time for developing attitudes and beliefs about childhood vaccinations. Vaccinations are among the most effective way of preventing some infectious diseases. Discussions on vaccinations have increased due to the Covid-19 pandemic and there is an opportunity to give society correct information on vaccinations. The aim of the study was to determine the opinions of pregnant women on vaccinations in pregnancy and childhood and the effect of the Covid-19 pandemic on these views.

COVID-19 and mental health of pregnant women in Ceará, Brazil

AUTHOR(S)
Márcia Maria Tavares Machado; Luciano Lima Correia

Published: May 2021   Journal: Revista de Saúde Pública

The aim of this paper is to assess the perceptions of pregnant women about COVID-19 and the prevalence of common mental disorders during the implemented social distancing period. This was an observational, cross-sectional study using digital media, of pregnant women exposed to social distancing due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in Fortaleza, Ceará, Northeastern Brazil. Common mental disorders were estimated using the modified Self-Report Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) scale, and the feelings towards COVID-19 were assessed using the Fear of COVID-19 scale through telephone calls made in May 2020. COX multivariate regression models were used to verify the associations.

Knowledge and practice to prevent COVID-19 and its associated factors among pregnant women in Debre Tabor Town Northwest Ethiopia, a community-based cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Alemu Degu Ayele; Gedefaye Nibret Mihretie; Habtamu Gebrehana Belay (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Coronavirus disease is now a global concern with the non-availability of antiviral treatment and attacks all groups of the population. Hence, applying preventive measures is the most critical intervention to control the infection. Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to respiratory pathogens because of their immunosuppressive state and physiological adaptive change during pregnancy. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess knowledge and practice to prevent coronavirus disease and its associated factors among pregnant women in Debre Tabor Town.
SARS-CoV-2 vaccination during pregnancy: a complex decision

AUTHOR(S)
Elizabeth Wenqian Wang; Jacqueline G. Parchem; Robert L. Atmar (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
As the first severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccines passed UK and US regulatory milestones in late 2020 and early 2021, multiple professional societies offered recommendations to assist pregnant and breastfeeding people as they choose whether to undergo vaccination. Despite such guidance, the lack of data describing vaccine safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy in pregnant and breastfeeding people has made this decision challenging for many. However, even considering the paucity of data, the known risks of coronavirus disease 2019 during pregnancy likely outweigh the not yet fully elucidated risks of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines, which have reassuring safety and efficacy profiles among nonpregnant people.
Prevalence and contributory factors of anxiety and depression among pregnant women in the post-pandemic era of COVID-19 in Shenzhen, China

AUTHOR(S)
Fei Wu; Wei Lin; Peiyi Liu (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of Affective Disorders

Pregnant women are emotionally vulnerable and have suffered great psychological impacts. Following the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, a study was undertaken of the prevalence of, and factors contributing to, symptoms of anxiety and depression among pregnant women in Shenzhen, China. A cross-sectional study on pregnant women was conducted from September to December 2020 in Shenzhen, using a random-recruit method. The General Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) surveys were used to evaluate symptoms of anxiety and depression. A multivariate logistic regression model was developed to explore factors potentially associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression during pregnancy.

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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.