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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 33
Emerging lessons from country experiences of reopening schools
Institution: UNHCHR
Published: September 2020
Education systems around the world continue to grapple with the complex decisions of when and how to reopen schools for in-person learning following widespread closures due to the COVID 19 pandemic. Many countries closed schools along with other widespread restrictions as an immediate response to the increased spread of COVD-19. But school closures have had increasingly clear negative impacts on child health, education and development, family income and the overall economy.
Cite this research | No. of pages: 6 | Language: English | Topics: Education | Tags: child education, educational policy, school attendance
Countries embracing maternal employment have opened schools sooner after COVID-19 lockdowns

AUTHOR(S)
Ansgar Hudde; Natalie Nitsche

Published: September 2020
This study shows that societal gender ideology likely has affected school closure and opening policies. Societies that are more supportive of maternal employment have reopened schools significantly sooner than societies less supportive of maternal employment, relative to other opening measures and net of infection rates. The study contributes novel evidence on the role of attitudes on policy-decision making, and unveils the presence of a potential gender ideology bias in policy-makers’ ad-hoc decision-making under time pressure. The epidemic threat remains high and questions about the operation of schools continue to be a pressing matter. Considering this bias in decision-making can improve further policy-measures during the remainder of the pandemic, and beyond.
COVID-19 and school return: The need and necessity

AUTHOR(S)
Cecily L. Betz

Published: September 2020   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
This paper discusses children and youth safely returning to schools in the midst of this Pandemic and the roles and responsibilities of pediatric nurses in supporting their school return. As evidence accumulates to inform treatment and public health preventive practices, questions arise as to the current and long-term psychosocial concerns and risk factors affecting the health and wellbeing of children that are the indirect yet problematic effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic. Child health experts, educators and families themselves, are calling attention to the actual and potential consequences of the necessary preventive practices of social distancing and stay at home directives. 
Missing school-based data due to COVID-19: some guidelines

AUTHOR(S)
Jessica A. R. Logan

Published: September 2020
In the wake of a global pandemic, most school buildings closed for the 2019-2020 school year two or three months early, while universities and research firms forced all in-person data collection to stop. Education scientists testing the efficacy or effectiveness of particular interventions were forced to abruptly stop data collection prior to collecting the critical data on children’s end-of school year progress. Methodological researchers have spent years developing ways to accommodate missing data into research strategies, both retrospectively and prospectively. In this research note, I discuss the potential educational research scenarios, and how missing data theory and methods can be applied to data collected during COVID-19 school year, allowing researchers to maximize the time, effort, and resources invested in their previously collected data.
Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in schools: special focus on COVID-19
Institution: *UNICEF, World Health Organisation
Published: September 2020 UNICEF Publication
Global school closures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic affect up to 1.6 billion children and present an unprecedented risk to their education and well-being. WHO and UNICEF guidelines on infection prevention in schools identify a range of measures that need to be in place for schools to reopen and operate safely, including regular hand-washing with soap and water, daily disinfection and basic drinking water and sanitation services.
SARS-CoV-2 transmission, the ambiguous role of children and considerations for the reopening of schools in the fall

AUTHOR(S)
Cleo Anastassopoulou; Nicholas Spanakis; Athanasios Tsakris

Published: September 2020   Journal: Future Microbiology
The reopening of schools in the fall entails risks given the controversies in pediatricCOVID-19 pathogenesis and the ambiguous role of children in transmission.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 150 | Issue: 13 | No. of pages: 1201-1206 | Language: English | Topics: Health | Tags: child health, school attendance, infectious disease, COVID-19 response
School closures and social anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Matthew Morrissette

Published: September 2020   Journal: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
This paper deals with effects that social isolation and loneliness may have on children and adolescents during the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
The effects of online homeschooling on children, parents, and teachers of grades 1-9 during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Ying Zhao; Yong Guo; Yu Xiao (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Medical Science Monitor
Beginning in the 2020 spring semester, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, all school-age children in China were homeschooled via live/recorded broadcasts, online group communication, and software-based homework submission. This study assessed the effects of and proper preparation for this educational approach.
Young children's online learning during COVID-19 pandemic: Chinese parents' beliefs and attitudes

AUTHOR(S)
Chuanmei Dong; Simin Cao; Hui Li

Published: September 2020
This study surveyed 3275 Chinese parents’ beliefs and attitudes around young children’s online learning during the lockdown of the COVID-19 pandemic. Most parents (92.7%) in the study reported that their children had online learning experiences during the pandemic, and many (84.6%) spent less than a half-hour each time. The parents generally had negative beliefs about the values and benefits of online learning and preferred traditional learning in early childhood settings.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 118 | No. of pages: 9 | Topics: Education | Tags: school attendance, e-learning, lockdown, remote learning | Countries: China
Covid-19 and behavioural changes in students' learning patterns and efficiency

AUTHOR(S)
Jiang Yucheng; Jiao Bohan; Wang Nanzhi (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Frontiers in Educational Research
This research is aimed to investigate this change in Chinese high school students’ studying behavior and their learning efficiency. Previous researches have revealed that the COVID-19 outbreak already brought mental and emotional stress to college students and young teenagers, which might cause their learning behaviors to change. However, as there were no researches that are based on a population of high school students, we aimed to fill this gap in previous research and examine the changes in high school students’ studying efficiencies.
The long-term distributional and welfare effects of Covid-19 school closures

AUTHOR(S)
Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln; Dirk Krueger; Alexander Ludwig (et al.)

Published: September 2020
Using a structural life-cycle model, this study quantifies the long-term impact of school closures during the Corona crisis on children affected at different ages and coming from households with different parental characteristics. In the model, public investment through schooling is combined with parental time and resource investments in the production of child human capital at different stages in the children's development process.
The review of the international voices on the responses of the worldwide school closures policy searching during Covid-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Sardjana Orba Manullang; Erwinsyah Satria

Published: September 2020   Journal: Jurnal Iqra'
This article was to determine the voice of the international community in responding to the challenges of school closure policies during the 2019 Covid-19 pandemic. In order to understand the impacts and challenges of school closure, a series of critical searches were under taken on various online sources, for instance news updates publications , practitioners, and school reactions to unplanned global policies to obligate students learning from home.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 5 | Issue: 2 | No. of pages: 13 | Language: English | Topics: Education | Tags: child education, school attendance, COVID-19 response, e-learning, remote learning
The influence of classroom seating arrangement on children's cognitive processes in primary school: The role of individual variables

AUTHOR(S)
Valentina Tobia; Simona Sacchi; Veronica Cerina

Published: September 2020
To date, despite the great debate regarding the best seating arrangement for learning in classrooms, no empirical studies have examined the direct effects of different seating arrangements on children’s cognitive processes. This is particularly important nowadays that the COVID-19 measures include maintaining distance in the classroom. Aim of this study was experimentally investigating the effect of changing the seating arrangement (clusters vs. rows and columns), on logical reasoning, creativity and theory of mind, in children attending primary school. Furthermore, some individual characteristics (e.g., gender, loneliness, popularity) were analysed as potential moderators.
Sensory influences in children due to online classes in the COVID  Era

AUTHOR(S)
Raghu Nandhan; Mohan Kameswaran

Published: September 2020   Journal: Otolaryngology: Open Access
School education has undergone a drastic change in recent timesdue to the Covid-19 Pandemic. The global choice today is delivering remote virtual learning thanks to the availability of internet technology and this has evolved into a 'New Normal'. Both teachers and students are slowly adapting to the art of online classes and are finding ways to engage in learning activity akin to the erstwhile schooling.
Cite this research | No. of pages: 2 | Language: English | Topics: Education | Tags: child education, school attendance | Countries: India
COVID-19 and schools: guidelines of the French pediatric society

AUTHOR(S)
R. Cohen; C. Delacourt; C. Gras-Le Guen (et al.)

Published: September 2020   Journal: Archives de Pédiatrie
The educational and social benefits provided by school far outweigh the risks of a possible COVID-19 contamination of children in school environments or in daycare centers. Following summer break, the back-to-school period in France is taking place in the context of an increasing viral spread and requires strict adherence to health measures to limit the risk of outbreaks in communities. Based on a critical update of the role of children in the transmission of the infection, and of children's susceptibility to infection, the French Pediatric Society published practical guidelines for school re-entry and the management of COVID-19 infections in schools.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.