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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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1 - 15 of 52
Innovative methods for remote assessment of neurobehavioral development

Hanna C. Gustafsson; Anna S. Young; Gayle Stamos (et al.)

Published: October 2021   Journal: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, research institutions across the globe have modified their operations in ways that have limited or eliminated the amount of permissible in-person research interaction. In order to prevent the loss of important developmentally-timed data during the pandemic, researchers have quickly pivoted and developed innovative methods for remote assessment of research participants. This manuscript describes methods developed for remote assessment of a parent child cohort with a focus on examining the perinatal environment, behavioral and biological indicators of child neurobehavioral development, parent-child interaction, as well as parent and child mental and physical health.
COVID-19 pandemic-related transition to telehealth in child and adolescent mental health

Leslie K. Moorman

Published: September 2021   Journal: Family Relations

This article explores one mental health company's urgent response to the global COVID-19 pandemic, and the multifaceted implications of quickly transitioning to telehealth services. The purpose of this article is to share information with interdisciplinary professionals about the planning, implementation, and results of transitioning to telehealth services during a pandemic. It compiled practice-related data regarding company attendance rates and customer and employee satisfaction with telehealth. Data include feedback from more than 40 clinicians and 60 families.

Rethinking autism spectrum disorder assessment for children during COVID-19 and beyond

Lonnie Zwaigenbaum; Somer Bishop; Wendy L. Stone (et al.)

Published: September 2021   Journal: Autism Research
The COVID-19 pandemic has posed unique challenges for families and caregivers, as well as for autism-focused clinicians, who are faced with providing a thorough and accurate evaluation of children's specific needs and diagnoses in the absence of in-person assessment tools. The shift to telehealth assessments has challenged clinicians to reconsider approaches and assumptions that underlie the diagnostic assessment process, and to adopt new ways of individualizing standard assessments according to family and child needs. Mandates for physical distancing have uncovered deficiencies in diagnostic practices for suspected autism and have illuminated biases that have posed obstacles preventing children and families from receiving the services that they truly need. This Commentary outlines several considerations for improving diagnostic practices as we move forward from the current pandemic and continue to strive to build an adaptable, sustainable, equitable, and family-centered system of care.
The effect of online solution-focused brief therapy on parents with high level of anxiety in the COVID 19 pandemic: a randomized controlled study

Mürşide Zengin; Ceyda Başoğul; Emriye Hilal Yayan

Published: September 2021   Journal: International Journal of Clinical Practice is

The aim of this study was to determine the anxiety levels of parents with children aged 3-6 years because of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and to examine the effects of Solution-Focused Support Program (SFSP) applied to parents with a high level of anxiety. The study was conducted as a parallel-group, randomised controlled design. The sample of the study consisted of 77 parents who were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups (control group n = 40; intervention group n = 37). One session of online SFSP was applied to the intervention group each week and 4 sessions were applied in total. No intervention was applied to the control group. 

COVID-19 and the acceleration of behavioral parent training telehealth: current status and future directions

Alexandra D. W. Sullivan; Rex Forehand; Juliana Acosta (et al.)

Published: September 2021   Journal: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
The SARS CO-V-2 (COVID-19) pandemic and associated social distancing guidelines have accelerated the telehealth transition in mental health. For those providing Behavioral Parent Training (BPT), this transition has called for moving sessions that are traditionally clinic-based, active, and directive to engaging, supporting, and treating families of children with behavior disorders remotely in their homes. Whereas many difficulties accompany this transition, the lessons learned during the current public health crisis have the potential to transform BPT service delivery on a large scale in ways that address many of its long-standing limitations. This study describes both challenges and opportunities and consider the possibilities inherent in a large scale BPT service delivery model capable of increasing the reach and impact of evidence-based treatment for all families.
COVID-19 employment status, dyadic family relationships, and child psychological well-being

Ming-Te Wang; Daphne A. Henry; Juan Del Toro (et al.)

Published: September 2021   Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health

COVID-19 has led to soaring unemployment rates and the widespread adoption of working-from-home (WFH) arrangements that have disrupted family relationships and adolescent psychological well-being. This longitudinal study investigated how parental employment status (i.e., job loss and WFH) influenced adolescents' daily affect indirectly through family functioning (i.e., parent-adolescent conflict and parental warmth) and whether these links varied by family's socioeconomic status. Daily-diary approaches were used to collect dyadic parent-adolescent data from a nationwide American sample (6,524 daily assessments from 447 parent-adolescent dyads; 45% black, 36% white, 10% Latinx, 7% Asian American, 2% Native American) over the course of 15 consecutive days at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Alliance between therapist and multi-stressed families during the COVID-19 pandemic: the effect of family-based videoconferencing

Aurelie. M. C. Lange; Marc J. M. H. Delsing; Marieke van Geffen (et al.)

Published: August 2021   Journal: Child & Youth Care Forum

A strong therapeutic alliance or working relationship is essential for effective face-to-face family-based psychotherapy. However, little is known about the use of VC on alliance in family-based therapy. The recent COVID-19 pandemic led to a national lockdown during which most family-based therapy transferred to VC. The current study analyzed the development and strength of alliance prior and during lockdown for multi-stressed families participating in Multisystemic Therapy (MST).

The association between the COVID-19 pandemic and postpartum care provision

Allie Sakowicz; Chloe N. Matovina; Sidney K. Imeroni (et al.)

Published: August 2021   Journal: American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology MFM

The COVID-19 pandemic led to a rapid transformation of the healthcare system in order to mitigate viral exposure. In the perinatal context, one change included altering the prenatal visit cadence and utilizing more telehealth methods. Whether this approach had inadvertent negative implications for postpartum care, including postpartum depression screening and contraceptive utilization, is unknown. To examine whether preventative health service utilization, including postpartum depression screening and contraceptive utilization, differed during the COVID-19 pandemic as compared to a pre-pandemic period.

The digital divide between high school students in Colombia

Frederick Andrés Mendoza-Lozano; Jose Wilmar Quintero-Peña; Jose Felix García-Rodríguez

Published: August 2021   Journal: Telecommunications Policy
By extracting information from Saber 11 Tests taken by high school students close to finishing that educational period in Colombia, the digital divide evolution over time and its determinants are analyzed using a probabilistic model and the calculation of georeferenced concentration indexes. The topic is relevant as previous studies have shown a positive relationship between access to ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies), educational achievement, and economic growth.
Growth assessment of children during the COVID-19 pandemic—Can we rely on parental measurements?

Ariel Tenenbaum; Noa Shefer-Averbuch; Liora Lazar (et al.)

Published: July 2021   Journal: Acta Paediatrica

The COVID-19 pandemic prompted the rapid development of remote medical services. During lockdown periods, children's growth data were obtained from parents’ home assessments. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of home height and weight measurements and analyse their utility in clinical decision-making. A retrospective, single-centre observational study. Children aged 3–18 years were measured for weight and height at home using guidance provided to parents on proper measurements techniques before subsequent professional re-evaluation at our endocrine institution clinic. The two sets of measurements were compared and analysed according to various clinical parameters.

Pain management in children during the COVID-19 pandemic

Patricia A. Richardson; Anjana Kundu

Published: July 2021   Journal: Current Anesthesiology Reports
For many children, the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has impacted the experience and treatment of their pain. This narrative review draws from the pain literature and emerging findings from COVID-19 research to highlight potentially meaningful directions for clinical consideration and empirical inquiry in the months and years to come. COVID-19 has been linked to diffuse acute pains as well as chronic pain sequelae. Contextual factors known to increase vulnerability for pain and associated functional disability have been exacerbated during the pandemic. Beyond these salient concerns has been the remarkable resilience demonstrated by patients and providers as healthcare systems have sought to harness creativity and innovative digital solutions to support optimal child wellbeing throughout this crisis.
Parent and adolescent perspectives on the impact of COVID on the care of seriously ill children

Leah J. Beight; Gabrielle Helton; Madeline Avery (et al.)

Published: July 2021   Journal: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

Few studies have explored the impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19) on the care of seriously ill children which may be especially affected due to the child's vulnerability, complexity of care, and high reliance on hospital-based care. This study aims to explore parental and adolescent perspectives on the impact of COVID-19 on care of seriously children.

Adaptation of cognitive behaviour therapy for autistic children during the pandemic: a mixed-methods program evaluation

Vivian Lee; Flora Roudbarani; Paula Tablon Modica (et al.)

Published: July 2021   Journal: Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Distancing requirements due to the pandemic have halted many in-person therapeutic programs, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), increasing the likelihood that autistic children with mental health problems will struggle without adequate access to evidence-based care. Policies meant to limit the spread of COVID have inadvertently exacerbated the difficulties experienced by autistic children and further exposed them to vulnerabilities that will impact their mental health. In response, interventions have been adapted for remote delivery. There is limited evidence of the acceptability, feasibility, and clinical utility for treating mental health challenges in autistic children through an online medium, within the context of a pandemic. The current study used an explanatory sequential mixed methods design to assess parents’ experience as they participated in an adapted manualized CBT program (Secret Agent Society: Operation Regulation, SAS:OR; Beaumont, 2013) with their autistic child.
Boom boom in the zoom zoom room: online music therapy with children and adolescents with visual impairment

Bill Ahessy

Published: July 2021   Journal: British Journal of Visual Impairment
The COVID-19 pandemic created a major transformation in the delivery of music therapy services worldwide as they moved online. Telehealth research is in its infancy and online work with children and adolescents with visual impairment has yet to be investigated. This survey-based study explored the experiences and perceptions of parents of children and adolescents with visual impairment (n = 11) who engaged in online music therapy.
Widespread implementation of a low-cost telehealth service in the delivery of antenatal care during the COVID-19 pandemic: an interrupted time-series analysis

Kirsten R. Palmer; Michael Tanner; Miranda Davies-Tuck (et al.)

Published: July 2021   Journal: The Lancet Journal
Little evidence is available on the use of telehealth for antenatal care. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, this study developed and implemented a new antenatal care schedule integrating telehealth across all models of pregnancy care. To inform this clinical initiative, it aimed to assess the effectiveness and safety of telehealth in antenatal care.
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UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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