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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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16 - 30 of 263
Trends in physical fitness and nutritional status among school-aged children and adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic in Shaanxi, China: a cross-sectional study

Zijun Lu; Chuangui Mao; Yuanyuan Tan (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Nutrients
This study aimed to explore the characteristics of trends in physical fitness and nutritional status among school-aged students during the COVID-19 pandemic, which could help to develop targeted guidelines and policies for students (adolescents) to promote health during lockdowns resulting from public health emergencies. The physical fitness and nutritional status were measured from 2019 to 2021; the correlation between years and grade were analyzed.
Cite this research | Open access | Vol.: 14 | Issue: 15 | No. of pages: 11 | Language: English | Topics: Health, Nutrition | Tags: child health, child nutrition, COVID-19 response, lockdown, physical activity, social distance | Countries: China
Impact of COVID-19 on childhood obesity: data from a paediatric weight management trial

Michelle Trivedi; Christine Frisard; Sybil Crawford (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Pediatric Obesity
There is growing concern that the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is exacerbating childhood obesity. This study sought to examine the effects of the pandemic on weight and weight-related behaviours among children with overweight and obesity participating in an ongoing cluster randomized controlled trial of a paediatric practice-based weight intervention with 2 study arms: nutritionist-delivered coaching telephone calls over 8 weeks with an accompanying workbook on lifestyle changes versus the same workbook in eight mailings without nutritionist coaching calls. In a pooled, secondary analysis of 373 children in central Massachusetts (aged 8–12 years, 29% Latinx, 55% White, 8% Black), the monthly rate of BMI increase more than doubled for those children whose 6-month study visit occurred post-pandemic onset (n = 91) compared to children whose 6-month study visit occurred pre-pandemic onset (n = 282) (0.13 kg/m2 versus 0.05 kg/m2; ratio = 2.47, p = 0.02). The post-pandemic onset group also had a significant decrease in activity levels (β −8.18 MVPA minutes/day, p = 0.01). Caloric intake and screen time did not differ between the pre- and post-pandemic onset groups.
The impact of COVID-19 on adolescents with eating disorders: increased need for medical stabilization and decreased access to care

Marissa A. Feldman; Callie K. King; Sarah Vitale (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: International Journal of Eating Disorders

This study aimed to identify trends of patients with eating disorders (EDs) requiring hospitalization before and during the pandemic at a children's hospital in the southeastern United States. A retrospective chart review was completed for 71 adolescents and young adults (ages 10–21 years; M = 14.61, SD = 2.121).

Impact of the first COVID–19 lockdown on the lifestyle of elementary school children

K. O. Bartha; L. Csengeri; A. Lichthammer (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Acta Alimentaria

COVID-19 lockdown affects people’s daily routine and has an impact on their lifestyle. Recent studies documented associations between body weight changes and children’s lifestyle during social isolation. Childhood obesity is associated with a higher risk of COVID-19 severity and mortality. This study aimed to assess the effects of lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic on children’s sleep, screen time, physical activity, and eating habits. 387 parents of five elementary school students between 16 and 26 June 2020 were interviewed through an online questionnaire. Physical activity level decreased (63.8%), sleep (60.9%)and screen (5.64±3.05 h/day) times and food intake (39.8%) increased. 80.6% of parents reported changes in children’s diet: increased consumption of fruits and vegetables (32.4%), breakfast (15.5%), water and sugar-free beverages (17.6%), snacks (40.4%), sugary drinks (9.9%) was observed. Body weight increased in 44.4% of children.

Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on young children with feeding and eating problems and disorders and their families

Hilde Krom; Joost van Mameren; Lianne Remijn (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

The incidence of feeding and eating problems and disorders (FEPD) in children increased during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young children with FEPD and their parents. Cross-sectional survey: parents of children with FEPD (0-11 years) in the Netherlands completed an online questionnaire (January-April 2021). This questionnaire included 4 demographic questions (including criteria of Pediatric Feeding Disorder (PFD) and/or Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID)) and 11 questions related to experienced impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Parental responses regarding children with FEPD (including PFD and ARFID) were compared to those of healthy controls (HC).

Impact of school closure due to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic on body mass index in Japanese children: Retrospective longitudinal study

Yuka Nagashima; Mikako Inokuchi; Yosuke Yasui (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Paediatrics and Chils Health

During the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, the governments of many countries responded to high levels of infection with lockdowns. As a result, some children were reported to experience weight gain. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of school closures on body mass index (BMI) in Japanese children. This was a retrospective study of students enrolled in the participating schools (6- to 11-year-old elementary school students and 12- to 14-year-old junior high school students) between 2015 and 2020. Using school health check-up data, annual changes in the BMI standard deviation score (ΔBMI-SDS) were calculated. We compared ΔBMI-SDS in 2019–2020 with the corresponding control years.

Analysis of supporting factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice in the urban setting during the COVID-19 pandemic

Agrina Agrina; Dedi Afandi; Suyanto Suyanto (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Children
Breastfeeding mothers have had limited access to breastfeeding support throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to investigate breastfeeding practices during the COVID-19 period and to determine the factors associated with supporting exclusive breastfeeding. A sequential explanatory mixed methods approach was adopted, including a quantitative method in the first phase and qualitative method in the second phase. Mothers whose babies were aged over 6 months to 24 months old from July to September 2021 in Pekanbaru City were selected as research subjects. Data analysis was performed with multivariate and deductive content analysis. Of 156 participants, 97 mothers (62.2%) exclusively breastfed their babies. Of those, mothers who delivered exclusive breastfeeding worked less than eight hours per day, were aged 17–25 and had low education. Though by using exclusive breastfeeding practice as a reference, associated supports, including emotional, instrumental, appraisal and information regarding exclusive breastfeeding practice were insignificant; however, mothers who practice exclusive breastfeeding had higher information support.
Change in nutritional status of urban slum children before and after the first COVID-19 wave in Bangladesh: a repeated cross-sectional assessment

Hayman Win; Sohana Shafique; Nicole Probst-Hensch (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Plos One
The onset of COVID-19 severely disrupted economies and increased acute household food insecurity in developing countries. Consequently, a global rise in childhood undernutrition was predicted, especially among vulnerable populations, but primary evidence on actual changes in nutritional status remained scarce. This paper assessed shifts in nutritional status of urban slum children in Bangladesh pre- and post- the country’s first wave of COVID-19 and nationwide lockdown. It used two rounds of cross-sectional data collected before and after the pandemic’s first year in two large slum settlements (Korail and Tongi) of Dhaka and Gazipur, Bangladesh (n = 1119).
Virtual class and children food patterns during pandemic: a review

Sandeep ; Sudha Rathore; O. M. Prakash (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: Journal of Educational and Social Research,
The new normal due to COVID-19 has changed the dynamics of every aspect of on life, be it household, professional life, finances, education or the food patterns. There has been lack of a fixed routine in the lives of children because of closure of schools, therefore the routine of wake up, sleep, time food timings have gone haywire. Children are indirectly affected by the pandemic, through poor diet, mental health effects, social isolation, screen addiction, unhealthy and irregular food habits. This paper is aimed at discussing the potential effect of pandemic on nutritional status of children; especially when children are indulged in continue classes for long hours, sitting one place. Data from various research papers have been discussed in this review paper, highlighting the impact of the new normal health of covid-19 on the nutritional health of children this situation requires effective and practical measures which can be adopted at the home setting to enhance the nutritional status and overall wellbeing of the children.
There should always be a free lunch: the impact of COVID-19 lockdown suspension of the mid-day meal on nutriture of primary school children in Karnataka, India

Prashanth Thankachan; Sumithra Selvam; Agnita R. Narendra (et al.)

Published: July 2022   Journal: BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health

The COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in 2020 resulted in school closures with eventual suspension of the mid-day meal programme, biannual deworming and iron–folic acid supplements. One year into the lockdown, we evaluated the impact of the withdrawal of these programmes on the nutritional status of rural primary-school children, aged 6–12 years, in Karnataka, India.  Anthropometry, haemoglobin, serum ferritin and C reactive protein were measured in 290 children at two time points, 1 year apart, starting from just before the lockdown (February 2020 to February 2021).

Multi-sectoral impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on nutrition outcomes: an analytical framework
Institution: *UNICEF, World Health Organisation, USAID
Published: July 2022
This document describes the process and methodology used to develop the Analytical Framework, explains the different components and provides guidance on how it can be adapted for its application to different contexts for specific nutrition outcomes.
Exploring the factors associated with dietary diversity of children aged 6-59 months in some rural and slum areas of Bangladesh amid COVID-19 pandemic: a mixed-effect regression analysis

Satyajit Kundu; Abu Sayeed; Abebaw Gedef Azene (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Current Developments in Nutrition

Dietary diversity (DD) is one of the key components of diet quality, and malnutrition due to poor diet quality led to child morbidity and mortality. However, in Bangladesh, there is a lack of information on childhood DD (aged 6–59 months) amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to assess the minimum DD and its associated factors among children aged 6–59 months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh. A cross sectional study was carried out in six districts of Bangladesh. A total of 1190 respondents were included using cluster random sampling. Individual Dietary Diversity scale (IDDS) for children was used to assess the children's dietary diversity score. Factors associated with DD of children were identified using multilevel binary logistics regression model.

Household food security during the COVID-19 pandemic as a risk factor for toddler stunting in Majene

Rahmaniah ; Masniati ; Fauziah (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Stunting is a condition of failing to grow a toddler as an accumulation of chronic nutritional problems. Toddlers are categorized as stunting if the z-score is in the range of -3 to <-2SD based on the Height By Age index. Stunting children are more susceptible to disease and contribute to a child's below-average level of intelligence. The long-term effects of stunting can stunt economic growth as well as increase a nation's poverty. This study aims to analyze household food security during the covid-19 pandemic with stunting events in toddlers aged 6-23 months in Pangali-Ali Village, Majene, West Sulawesi.

Breastfeeding promotion during the COVID-19 pandemic in northeastern Brazil

Brena Carvalho Pinto de Melo; Glaucia Virgínia de Queiroz Lins Guerra; Judith Correa (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: World Nutrition Journal
Early COVID-19 delivery room reports routinely described maternal and neonatal physical distancing, in both confirmed or suspected cases. Immediately, breastfeeding experts expressed their concern for the potential catastrophic consequences of such separation, with great potential for breastfeeding discontinuity, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. This manuscript reports a positive experience of early breastfeeding promotion and maintenance in labour and delivery room, from the time of the first cases of COVID-19, confirmed or suspected, at a Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) and tertiary teaching hospital in Recife, in the northeastern region of Brazil.
Food security, household size and anemia status among Malaysian urban poor adolescents during the pandemic

Satvinder Kaur; Nik Norasma Che’Ya; Wan Ying Gan (et al.)

Published: June 2022   Journal: Current Developments in Nutrition
The study aimed to determine the association between food security, household size, and anemia status among Malaysian urban poor adolescents during the pandemic. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 204 urban poor adolescents aged between 10–17 years in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia between November 2021 to January 2022. Food insecurity status was assessed using the 18-item US Household Food Security Survey Module. Anthropometric assessments including weight and height were performed and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. WHO Anthro Plus was used to determine the height-for-age (HAZ) and BMI-for-age (BAZ). Haemoglobin concentration was measured using HemoCueR 201+.
16 - 30 of 263

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.


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