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Children and COVID-19 Research Library

UNDER DEVELOPMENT UNICEF Innocenti's curated library of COVID-19 + Children research

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UNICEF Innocenti Publication
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16 - 30 of 2037
Calculating the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on child abuse and neglect in the U. S.

AUTHOR(S)
Loc H. Nguyen

Published: June 2021   Journal: Child Abuse & Neglect

COVID-19 has had a major impact on child abuse and neglect (CAN) in the U.S. leading to a change in the number of reported screened-in CAN investigations, missed prevention cases, and missed CAN cases. This paper aims to estimate the deficit number of CAN investigations and resultant estimated number of missed prevention and CAN cases due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S. from March 2020 to December 2020.

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the provision of routine childhood immunizations in Ontario, Canada

AUTHOR(S)
Pierre-Philippe Piché-Renaud; Catherine Ji; Daniel S. Farrar (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Vaccine

The COVID-19 pandemic has a worldwide impact on all health services, including childhood immunizations. In Canada, there is limited data to quantify and characterize this issue. We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study by distributing online surveys to physicians across Ontario. The survey included three sections: provider characteristics, impact of COVID-19 on professional practice, and impact of COVID-19 on routine childhood immunization services. Multivariable logistic regression identified factors associated with modification of immunization services.

The COVID-19 pandemic impact on pediatric surgery residency programs

AUTHOR(S)
Gunadi Gunadi; Naisya Balel; Alvin Santoso Kalim (et al.)

Published: June 2021   Journal: Heliyon
The residency program as a part of the clinical services itself has been influenced by the COVID-19 outbreak. Several reports have been published regarding the impact of COVID-19 on the residency programs; however, all studies were performed in developed countries or did not comprehensively analyze what residents think about the COVID-19 impact on their residency program. We investigated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the pediatric surgery residency program in our institution as an important part of hospital medical services.
COVID-19 and behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorder: disparities by income and food security status

AUTHOR(S)
Anita A. Panjwania; Regan L. Bailey; Bridgette L.

Published: June 2021   Journal: Research in Developmental Disabilities

Research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is lacking. This study investigates the relationship between COVID-19 and behaviors of children with ASD living in the United States.

People will continue to suffer If the virus is around: a qualitative analysis of sub-saharan African children’s experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Samantha Watters Kallander; Rebecca Gordon; Dina L. G. Borzekowski

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Children are particularly impressionable and at risk during a global public health crisis, making it important to examine their unique perspectives. To hear and understand sub-Saharan African children’s experiences with the COVID-19 pandemic, this study conducted an exploratory qualitative analysis based on interviews with 51 children, ages 9 to 13, from Nigeria, Tanzania, and Sierra Leone. Applying the organization of Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory, it reveals how COVID-19 affected children’s daily lives and domestic challenges, schooling and neighborhood issues, media use (and its relationship to knowledge and fear of the disease), perceptions of the country and government response, and thoughts of religion and hope. Children’s responses differed greatly, but patterns emerged across sex, age, household size, religion, and country. This study offers guidance and recommendations for meeting the needs of children, especially in times of crisis.
Doing what I can, but I got no magic wand: a snapshot of early childhood educator experiences and efforts to ensure quality during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
April Crawford; Kelly A. Vaughn; Cathy L. Guttentag (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Early Childhood Education Journal
The COVID-19 pandemic impacted early childhood programs serving infants, toddlers, and preschoolers in dramatic ways. After temporarily closing, many educators quickly adapted their procedures to ensure children’s safety as they reopened to provide childcare for essential workers and then the community at large. This manuscript reports on statewide efforts to continue quality improvement initiatives for early childhood programs amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. This study first describes the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic for over 2000 educators—teachers, administrators, and specialists—who completed surveys in the Spring and Fall of 2020. These survey data come from a statewide system called the Texas Early Childhood Professional Development System (TECPDS), designed to track the professional development needs/progress of early childhood educators. Second, it describes an example of how a statewide professional development and quality improvement program shifted to remote delivery during the pandemic.
COVID-19 vaccination in pregnancy and postpartum

AUTHOR(S)
Eleonora Brillo; Valentina Tosto; Sandro Gerli

Published: May 2021   Journal: The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine

This study aims to identify whether COVID-19 vaccines should be administered in pregnant and breastfeeding women by reviewing the guidance and other evidence. It reviewed the COVID-19 vaccination guidance for pregnant and breastfeeding women published to date and evidence from preclinical experimental and observational clinical studies, and discuss their implications.

Parenting & children’s psychological adjustment during the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Samantha J. Gregus; Juventino Hernandez Rodriguez; Melissa A. Faith (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: School Psychology Review
Empirical data on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on families with school-aged children is limited. This study used a cross-sectional, descriptive design to examine pandemic-related family impacts and whether impacts varied based on demographics. It also examined whether parenting behaviors in response to the virus and parent–child interactions were related to pandemic impacts and children’s psychological adjustment. It surveyed 595 United States parents (69.2% non-Latinx White, 12.1% Black/African American) using Amazon Mechanical Turk in May 2020.
A make-believe confinement for Brazilian young children in the COVID-19 pandemic

AUTHOR(S)
Gabriela Tebet; Anete Abramowicz; Jader Lopes

Published: May 2021   Journal: Children's Geographies
Brazil is one of the countries that were most affected by COVID-19. This article aims to present a viewpoint on how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting the lives of people in Brazil, emphasizing the impacts on the lives of the youth, showing how the global crisis emerges with particularities in Brazil and affects the private lives of the population in a heterogeneous way. In this text, we support the idea that Brazilian children did not experience a pandemic quarantine, but only a school quarantine; moreover, the pandemic affects different social groups of the country unequally, mainly affecting the poor, black, and indigenous populations.
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the schooling of public and private school students in Pakistan

AUTHOR(S)
Hazir Ullah; Johar Ali

Published: May 2021   Journal: Education 3-13
More than 200 countries across the globe, including Pakistan, have closed educational institutions (schools, colleges, universities and madrassas) to contain the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19 pandemic). These closures have disrupted the learning of more than 1.7 billion learners (representing 91 per cent of the total enrolled students) across the world. It attempts to critically examine how schools’ closures in Pakistan perpetuate and reproduce inequalities in education. We have attempted to explore and explain inequalities in education during COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and bring the issue of public school students’ learning loss into public debate. The paper is based on qualitative primary data and is analysed and interpreted vis-à-vis the social reproduction theories. We deduce that unequal schools, unequal parenting and geographical location have further inflamed education inequalities in Pakistan during COVID-19 pandemic.
Transnational communication between children and grandparents during the COVID-19 lockdown. The case of migrant children in Poland

AUTHOR(S)
Anzhela Popyk; Paula Pustułka

Published: May 2021   Journal: Journal of Family Communication
Transnational intergenerational communication between migrant children and their grandparents depends on family relationships and the specific migration context, but also shifts in response to emerging factors, such as the current COVID-19 crisis. The goal of this study is to offer an agile typology of communication between migrant children in Poland and their grandparents in other countries. It points to two types of family communication practices, namely direct (face-to-face) and technology-mediated communication (TMC). Drawing on data from a qualitative study of immigrant children (n = 19) and parents (n = 18) conducted during the lockdown and associated travel restrictions caused by the pandemic, the study offers a typology of emotional, symbolic, mediated, and discontinuous modes of intergenerational family communications. It also indicates that cessation of direct contact during an “immobility regime” reduces the scope of intergenerational communication in transnational families.
Remote learning for children with special education needs in the era of COVID-19: beyond tele-conferencing sessions

AUTHOR(S)
Valeria Aloizou; Tania Chasiotou; Symeon Retalis (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Educational Media International
The unprecedented situation of Covid-19 which resulted in the closure of schools, enforced the educational community worldwide to find alternative ways to design the learning process. In special education the challenges are greater due to the need of individualized learning in 1:1 base, physical prompt, visual support and direct reinforcement. Nowadays, the internet services, like remote learning and teletherapy, could be an alternative and effective method of providing virtual intervention services using either well known video conferencing platforms, or more specialized ones. However, while such platforms hold great promise, there are few research studies that discuss the design decisions of the remote learning services and the most effective learning model that could be offered to children with Special Education Needs (SEN). The goal of this paper is to present a case study where SEN teachers and therapists applied a remote learning approach using an innovative online education gaming platform in combination with a video conferencing platform during the period of school closures due to Covid-19. Thirteen (13) children from three special schools participated in the study, with the majority having the autism diagnosis. The positive effects of this remote learning approach are discussed with the focus remaining on autism population.
Inclusive education for students with disabilities in the global COVID-19 outbreak emergency: some facts and thoughts from China

AUTHOR(S)
Lishuai Jia; Marina Santi

Published: May 2021   Journal: Disability & Society
The outbreak of COVID-19 has globally affected many countries and territories. Among COVID-19 influences, the education sector is really becoming an area of public concern. According to UNESCO report, due to COVID-19 more than 1 billion students were affected by school closures in 106 countries. Among that large number of students, students with disabilities need to be given specific attention as they tend to have fewer educational opportunities outside school because of various barriers. Take China as an example, the current study considers there are four challenges that inclusive education for students with disabilities are facing during the pandemic: education policy design lacks a disability perspective; technology offered is not accessible; mainstream schools overlook the responsibility for educating students with disabilities, and parents of students with disabilities are unprepared for distance and home-schooling. The experiences of some related stakeholders being affected by COVID-19 are shared in the article.
Those in the shadow of the pandemic: impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak on the mental health of children with neurodevelopmental disorders and their parents

AUTHOR(S)
Baris Guller; Ferhat Yaylaci; Damla Eyuboglu

Published: May 2021   Journal: International Journal of Developmental Disabilities
This study aimed to investigate the emotional and behavioral responses of children with neurodevelopmental disorders and their parents during the recent novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the associated factors. Our study included 299 children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders and 299 mothers or fathers. Participant groups were as follows: autism spectrum disorder (n = 131, 43.8%); intellectual disability (n = 103, 34.4%); specific learning disorder (n = 46, 15.4%); and communication disorder (n = 19, 6.4%).
Impact of COVID-19 on achieving the goal of sustainable development: E-learning and educational productivity

AUTHOR(S)
Xin-Yu Wang; Guang Li; Summaira Malik (et al.)

Published: May 2021   Journal: Economic Research = Ekonomska Istraživanja
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a thought-provoking impact on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that were approved by United Nations in the year 2015. Therefore, taking this very consideration forward, this study primarily explores the impact of COVID-19, particularly on the SDG number 4, i.e., education. Due to the COVID-19 contagion, given the unusual and never been experienced circumstances, educational institutions all over the world have been forced to establish their e-learning systems practically overnight. For this purpose, this study collected the relevant data from middle school students, by using a technique known as convenience sampling. Furthermore, moving on in the same context, it also developed an integrated model with five dimensions, i.e., Learner, Design, Technology, Instructor, and Environment, in order to gauge this relationship in further detail.
16 - 30 of 2037

UNICEF Innocenti's Children and COVID-19 Library is a database collecting research from around the world on COVID-19 and its impacts on children and adolescents.

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COVID-19 & Children: Rapid Research Response

UNICEF Innocenti is mobilizing a rapid research response in line with UNICEF’s global response to the COVID-19 crisis. The initiatives we’ve begun will provide the broad range of evidence needed to inform our work to scale up rapid assessment, develop urgent mitigating strategies in programming and advocacy, and preparation of interventions to respond to the medium and longer-term consequences of the COVID-19 crisis. The research projects cover a rapid review of evidence, education analysis, and social and economic policies.