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Zlata Bruckauf


Zlata is a consultant researcher working on the Innocenti Report Card series. She leads the cross-national comparative work on inequality of educational outcomes, educational and socio-economic disadvantage. Her research focuses on education, child-poverty, and family dynamics as related to child rearing and time use. Prior to joining Innocenti, she carried out research for the Department of Social Policy and Intervention, University of Oxford and UNICEF Bosnia and Herzegovina on child poverty and deprivation. She also worked on USAID, WB and other donor funded social protection and research support projects in Russia and Central Asia. She has a doctorate degree in social policy from the University of Oxford (UK), and a master in international development policy from Duke University (USA).
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Inequality can have wide-ranging effects on communities, families and children. Income inequality (measured through the Gini index) was found to have an association with higher levels of peer violence in 35 countries (Elgar et al. 2009) and to influence the use of alcohol and drunkenness among 11- and 13-year olds (Elgar et al. 2005). On a macro level, countries with greater income inequality among children have lower levels of child well-being and higher levels of child poverty (Toczydlowska et al. 2016). More worrying still is that growing inequality reinforces the impact of socio-economic status (SES) on children’s outcomes, limiting social mobility. Concern about growing inequality features prominently on the current international development agenda. Goal 10 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) calls specifically to reduce inequality within and among countries, while the concept of ‘leaving no one behind’ reflects the spirit of greater fairness in society. But with a myriad of measures and definitions of inequality used in literature, the focus on children is often diluted. This brief contributes to this debate by presenting child-relevant distributional measures that reflect inequality of outcomes as well as opportunity for children in society, over time.


Emilia Toczydlowska; Zlata Bruckauf
The new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development aim to build on the achievements made under the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by broadening their scope and building upon a consultative process. The MDGs contributed to substantial social progress in eight key areas: poverty; education; gender equality; child mortality; maternal health; disease; the environment; and global partnership. The SDGs not only include a greater number of development goals than the MDGs, but are also global in focus, including advanced economies for the first time. This paper draws attention to the main challenges the 2030 Agenda presents for rich countries, by highlighting a set of critical child specific indicators, evaluating countries’ progress towards meeting the Goals, and highlighting gaps in existing data. The paper will inform UNICEFs Report Card 14, Building the Future: Children and the Sustainable Development Goals in Rich Countries.



Multidimensional Poverty Among Adolescents in 38 Countries: Evidence from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2013/14 Study (2017)

Yekaterina Chzhen, Zlata Bruckauf, Emilia Toczydlowska, Frank Elgar, Conception Moreno-Maldonado, Gonneke W.J.M. Stevens, Dagmar Sigmudova, Geneviève Gariépy
Child Indicator Research, , pp. 1-25.


Child and adolescent mental health key indicators of progress toward SDG targets (14 Jun 2017)

Any parent can recognise the signs of early distress in a small child.  Young children can be very vocal in showing their emotions: cry ...


Children in high income countries

In-depth analysis of the latest comparable data on the well-being of children in high income countries.